Guangzhou Liuhuaqiao Hospital

Guangzhou, China

Guangzhou Liuhuaqiao Hospital

Guangzhou, China
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PubMed | Ningbo Municipal Hospital of TCM, Ningbo No 2 Hospital and Guangzhou Liuhuaqiao Hospital
Type: Case Reports | Journal: Der Orthopade | Year: 2016

The purpose of this work is to evaluate the outcome of the transoral atlantoaxial pedicle screw technique for the treatment of irreducible atlantoaxial dislocation (IAAD).A total of 10patients with IAAD were treated using the transoral atlantoaxial pedicle screw technique. We compared preoperative and postoperative JOA (Japanese Orthopedic Association) scores and observed bone graft fusion rate of the atlantoaxial joint, and examined whether our technique was suitable for the treatment of IAAD.The mean preoperative and postoperative JOA scores (9.20.63 and 12.90.73, respectively) were significantly different (P<0.05). The atlantoaxial rigid bony fusion rate was 100% in 10cases. All cases were followed up for an average of 5.1years (range 3.5-6years).The transoral atlantoaxial screw reconstruction plate technique is a novel surgical technique for the treatment of IAAD in upper cervical diseases.


Wu Z.-H.,Guangzhou Liuhuaqiao Hospital | Zheng Y.,Guangzhou Liuhuaqiao Hospital | Zheng Y.,Southern Medical University | Yin Q.-S.,Guangzhou Liuhuaqiao Hospital | And 2 more authors.
European Spine Journal | Year: 2014

Study design: Human cadaveric study measuring the morphology of C2 vertebra, description of anterior placement of pedicle screw with post-fixation computed tomography (CT) analysis. Objective: To assess the potential feasibility and safety anterior placement of C2 pedicle screws. Summary of background data: Posterior pedicle screw fixation has become an established technique for upper cervical reconstruction. To our knowledge few reports in the previous literature have described the placement of or anatomy related to anteriorly approach C2 pedicle screws. Methods: The morphology of 60 human C2 vertebrae was measured directly to assess the size, position, and relative approach angle of the pedicles from an anterior perspective. In an additional 20 cadaveric cervical spines, bilateral 3.5 mm titanium C2 pedicle screws were placed and analyzed for pedicle morphology and placement accuracy with thin cut, 1 mm axial CT. Results: The mean C2 pedicle width measured directly and by CT scan was 7.8 and 6.6 mm, and the average length of the right and left pedicle was 26.4 and 25 mm, respectively. The mean transverse angle (α) was 17.6 and 21.4, whereas declination angle (β) anterior to posterior was 13.8 and 10.6, respectively. Conclusions: Quantitative data regarding C2 pedicle shape and location with respect to the anterior placement of pedicle screws have not been previously reported. This study indicates that anterior placement of 3.5 mm C2 pedicle screws through a transoral approach may be both feasible and safe and also provides an important anatomic analysis that may guide clinical application. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.


Zhang H.,Guangzhou Liuhuaqiao Hospital | Wu J.,Centers for Disease Control and Prevention | Zhang Y.,Guangzhou Liuhuaqiao Hospital | Fu N.,Guangzhou Liuhuaqiao Hospital | And 2 more authors.
Molecular Biology Reports | Year: 2010

A prokaryotic expression system has been used to produce recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2). However, low rhBMP-2 yields and protein loss during purification and renaturation are the hurdles in the clinical application. Previous studies have indicated that variables such as temperature, host cell, salt concentration, and culture time affect the final rhBMP-2 yield. The optimization of these conditions in an Escherichia coli culture yielded 28.258 mg of rhBMP-2 per liter of culture. To reduce rhBMP-2 loss during purification and renaturation, we performed purification before renaturation in the prokaryotic expression system instead of using the traditional renaturation-before-purification approach. rhBMP-2 was separated on a Sephacryl S-300 HR column and eluted from a DEAE-Sepharose Fast Flow column. The collected protein was refolded by dialysis with urea buffer, which was followed by dialysis with ultrapure water. The purified rhBMP-2 dimer significantly increased alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity and osteogenic activity in the femoral muscle and showed the same level of bone-forming activity as natural BMP-2. This optimized procedure for expression and renaturation of rhBMP-2 has potential clinical applications. © 2009 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.


PubMed | Jinan University, Sun Yat Sen University and Guangzhou Liuhuaqiao Hospital
Type: | Journal: European journal of medicinal chemistry | Year: 2015

Discovery of novel antibacterial agents with new structural scaffolds that combat drug-resistant pathogens is an urgent task. Cajaninstilbene acid, which is isolated from pigeonpea leaves, has shown antibacterial activity. In this study, a series of cajaninstilbene acid derivatives were designed and synthesized. The antibacterial activities of these compounds against gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria, as well as nine strains of methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) bacteria are evaluatedand the related structure-activity relationships are discussed. Assays suggest that some of the synthetic cajaninstilbene acid derivatives exhibit potent antibacterial activity against gram-positive bacterial strains and MRSA. Among these compounds, 5b, 5c, 5j and 5k show better antibacterial activity than the positive control compounds. The results of MTT assays illustrate the low cytotoxicity of the active compounds.


Liao X.,Jinan University | Xie G.-H.,Jinan University | Liu H.-W.,Jinan University | Cheng B.,Guangzhou Liuhuaqiao Hospital | And 4 more authors.
Photomedicine and Laser Surgery | Year: 2014

Objective: The present study was conducted to investigate the effects of helium-neon (He-Ne) laser irradiation on the proliferation, migration, and differentiation of cultured human epidermal stem cells (ESCs). Background data: A He-Ne laser with a wavelength of 632.8 nm is known to have photobiological effects, and is widely used for accelerating wound healing; however, the cellular mechanisms involved have not been completely understood. Methods: The ESCs were prepared from human foreskin, and irradiated by using He-Ne laser at 632.8 nm with 2 J/cm2. The ESC proliferation, migration, and differentiation were examined by using XTT assay, scratch assay, and flow cytometry technology, respectively. The phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK) was analyzed by using Western blotting. Results: He-Ne laser irradiation markedly promoted cell proliferation and migration accompanied by an increase in the phosphorylation of ERK, but did not significantly influence cell differentiation. Conclusion: Our data indicated that photostimulation with a He-Ne laser resulted in a significant increase in human ESC proliferation and migration in vitro, which might contribute, at least partially, to accelerated wound re-epithelialization by low-level laser therapy. © Copyright 2014, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.


Wang L.,Zhejiang University | Xiao H.,Zhejiang University | Xiao H.,Guangzhou Liuhuaqiao Hospital | Zhang X.,Zhejiang University | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Hematology and Oncology | Year: 2014

Telomeres are specific nucleoprotein structures at the ends of eukaryotic chromosomes. Telomeres and telomere-associated proteins maintain genome stability by protecting the ends of chromosomes from fusion and degradation. In normal somatic cells, the length of the telomeres gradually becomes shortened with cell division. In tumor cells, the shortening of telomeres length is accelerated under the increased proliferation pressure. However, it will be maintained at an extremely short length as the result of activation of telomerase. Significantly shortened telomeres, activation of telomerase, and altered expression of telomere-associated proteins are common features of various hematologic malignancies and are related with progression or chemotherapy resistance in these diseases. In patients who have received hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), the telomere length and the telomerase activity of the engrafted donor cells have a significant influence on HSCT outcomes. Transplantation-related factors should be taken into consideration because of their impacts on telomere homeostasis. As activation of telomerase is widespread in tumor cells, it has been employed as a target point in the treatment of neoplastic hematologic disorders. In this review, the characteristics and roles of telomeres and telomerase both in hematologic malignancies and in HSCT will be summarized. The current status of telomerase-targeted therapies utilized in the treatment of hematologic malignancies will also be reviewed. © 2014 Wang et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.


Xiao H.,Zhejiang University | Xiao H.,Guangzhou Liuhuaqiao Hospital | Shi J.,Zhejiang University | Luo Y.,Zhejiang University | And 12 more authors.
Blood | Year: 2011

Donor cell leukemia after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation might provide a unique human model for our understanding of leukemogenesis in vivo. We hypothesized that the "2-genetic-hits model" may contribute to the "leukemization" of donor cells and first evaluated these genetic mutations that are implicated in the development of acute myeloid leukemia in a donor cell leukemia patient and donor. The patient and his donor-sister both harbored a germline mutation in CEBPA (584-589dup). Susceptible donor hematopoietic cells evolved to overt acute myeloid leukemia by developing 2 somatic CEBPA mutations (247dupC and 914-916dup) in the patient's microenvironment. These were identical to the acquired mutations identified in leukemic cells that originated from the patient during de novo acute myeloid leukemia. Our results provide the first report of multiple mutations of CEBPA contributing to the transformation of donor cells to the leukemic phenotype and provide clues to support the multiplegenetic-hits mechanism of donor cell leukemia. © 2011 by The American Society of Hematology.


Luo Y.,Zhejiang University | Xiao H.,Zhejiang University | Xiao H.,Guangzhou Liuhuaqiao Hospital | Lai X.,Zhejiang University | And 11 more authors.
Blood | Year: 2014

We developed an approach of T-cell-replete haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) with low-dose anti-T-lymphocyte globulin and prospectively compared outcomes of all contemporaneous T-cell-replete HSCT performed at our center using matched sibling donors (MSDs), unrelated donors (URDs), and haploidentical related donors (HRDs). From 2008 to 2013, 90 patients underwent MSD-HSCT, 116 underwent URD-HSCT, and 99 underwent HRD-HSCT. HRDs were associated with higher incidences of grades 2 to 4 (42.4%) and severe acute graft-versus-host disease (17.2%) and nonrelapse mortality (30.5%), compared with MSDs (15.6%, 5.6%, and 4.7%, respectively; P < .05), but were similar to URDs, even fully 10/10 HLA-matched URDs. For high-risk patients, a superior graft-versus-leukemia effect was observed in HRD-HSCT, with 5-year relapse rates of 15.4% in HRD-HSCT, 28.2% in URD-HSCT (P = .07), and 49.9% in MSD-HSCT (P = .002). Furthermore, 5-year disease-free survival rates were not significantly different for patients undergoing transplantation using 3 types of donors, with 63.6%, 58.4%, and 58.3% for MSD, URD, and HRD transplantation, respectively (P = .574). Our data indicate that outcomes after HSCT from suitably matched URDs and HRDs with low-dose anti-T-lymphocyte globulin are similar and that HRD improves outcomes of patients with high-risk leukemia. This trial was registered at www.chictr.org (Chinese Clinical Trial Registry) as #ChiCTR-OCH-12002490. © 2014 by The American Society of Hematology.


Wang W.,Guangzhou Liuhuaqiao Hospital | Chen X.-D.,Guangzhou Liuhuaqiao Hospital | Bai H.-M.,Guangzhou Liuhuaqiao Hospital | Liao Q.-L.,Guangzhou Liuhuaqiao Hospital | And 3 more authors.
Neuropathology | Year: 2015

A 29-year-old male patient was admitted into hospital with the main complaint of progressive visual disturbance. Both CT SCAN and MRI demonstrated a cystic-solid contrast-enhancing sellar-suprasellar mass with obvious calcification. Histopathological examination of the first resected specimen showed a typical appearance of adamantinomatous craniopharyngioma. The patient received gamma knife therapy after his first operation because of partial tumor removal. He experienced two relapses in the subsequent 2 years, for which only surgical resection was performed. The later histopathology presented malignant appearance with tumor cells moderate to severe pleomorphism, hyperchromasia, increased nuclear cytoplastic ratio, high mitotic activity (30/10 high power fields) and focal coagulative necrosis. The patient died 9 months after identification of histologic malignancy. Clinical and histopathological features, biological behavior of one case of malignant craniopharyngioma were discussed, with a brief review of the relevant literature. © 2014 Japanese Society of Neuropathology.


PubMed | Guangzhou Liuhuaqiao Hospital
Type: Case Reports | Journal: Neuropathology : official journal of the Japanese Society of Neuropathology | Year: 2015

A 29-year-old male patient was admitted into hospital with the main complaint of progressive visual disturbance. Both CT SCAN and MRI demonstrated a cystic-solid contrast-enhancing sellar-suprasellar mass with obvious calcification. Histopathological examination of the first resected specimen showed a typical appearance of adamantinomatous craniopharyngioma. The patient received gamma knife therapy after his first operation because of partial tumor removal. He experienced two relapses in the subsequent 2 years, for which only surgical resection was performed. The later histopathology presented malignant appearance with tumor cells moderate to severe pleomorphism, hyperchromasia, increased nuclear cytoplastic ratio, high mitotic activity (30/10 high power fields) and focal coagulative necrosis. The patient died 9 months after identification of histologic malignancy. Clinical and histopathological features, biological behavior of one case of malignant craniopharyngioma were discussed, with a brief review of the relevant literature.

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