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Crow Agency, MT, United States

Cohn T.C.,University of Utah | Swanson E.,Montana State University | Runs Him G.W.,Little Big Horn College | Hugs D.,St. Charles Mission School | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Geoscience Education | Year: 2014

Solutions to many environmental challenges now require geoscience expertise, knowledge of global interconnectedness, and an understanding of local cultural nuances, a combination for which geoscientists and our students may not be prepared. The Crow Indian Reservation and its borderlands are a microcosm of these challenges, where geoscience expertise must integrate modern science and local worldviews. We propose sense of place education alongside the use of a digital Earth tool in classrooms as a means of (1) engaging American Indian students and teachers in geoscience, (2) using technology to help students apply geoscience expertise to land management issues in their region, and (3) preparing students for an increasingly intercultural and interdisciplinary future. Developed through a collaborative effort among university geoscientists, tribal college faculty, K-8 teachers, and Crow cultural consultants, the Crow Country Digital Globe integrates the local and global, as well as the experiential and virtual, in geoscience teaching. © 2014 National Association of Geoscience Teachers. Source

Doyle J.T.,Little Big Horn College | Redsteer M.H.,Crow Tribal member | Redsteer M.H.,U.S. Geological Survey | Eggers M.J.,Little Big Horn College | Eggers M.J.,Montana State University
Climatic Change | Year: 2013

American Indians have unique vulnerabilities to the impacts of climate change because of the links among ecosystems, cultural practices, and public health, but also as a result of limited resources available to address infrastructure needs. On the Crow Reservation in south-central Montana, a Northern Plains American Indian Reservation, there are community concerns about the consequences of climate change impacts for community health and local ecosystems. Observations made by Tribal Elders about decreasing annual snowfall and milder winter temperatures over the 20th century initiated an investigation of local climate and hydrologic data by the Tribal College. The resulting analysis of meteorological data confirmed the decline in annual snowfall and an increase in frost free days. In addition, the data show a shift in precipitation from winter to early spring. The number of days exceeding 90 °F (32 °C) has doubled in the past century. Streamflow data show a long-term trend of declining discharge. Elders noted that the changes are affecting fish distribution within local streams and plant species which provide subsistence foods. Concerns about warmer summer temperatures also include heat exposure during outdoor ceremonies that involve days of fasting without food or water. Additional community concerns about the effects of climate change include increasing flood frequency and fire severity, as well as declining water quality. The authors call for local research to understand and document current effects and project future impacts as a basis for planning adaptive strategies. © 2013 U.S. Government. Source

Richards C.L.,Montana State University Billings | Broadaway S.C.,Montana State University | Eggers M.J.,Montana State University | Doyle J.,Little Big Horn College | And 3 more authors.
Microbial Ecology | Year: 2015

Private residences in rural areas with water systems that are not adequately regulated, monitored, and updated could have drinking water that poses a health risk. To investigate water quality on the Crow Reservation in Montana, water and biofilm samples were collected from 57 public buildings and private residences served by either treated municipal or individual groundwater well systems. Bacteriological quality was assessed including detection of fecal coliform bacteria and heterotrophic plate count (HPC) as well as three potentially pathogenic bacterial genera, Mycobacterium, Legionella, and Helicobacter. All three target genera were detected in drinking water systems on the Crow Reservation. Species detected included the opportunistic and frank pathogens Mycobacterium avium, Mycobacterium gordonae, Mycobacterium flavescens, Legionella pneumophila, and Helicobacter pylori. Additionally, there was an association between HPC bacteria and the presence of Mycobacterium and Legionella but not the presence of Helicobacter. This research has shown that groundwater and municipal drinking water systems on the Crow Reservation can harbor potential bacterial pathogens. © 2015 Springer Science+Business Media New York Source

News Article
Site: http://www.sej.org/headlines/list

"CROW RESERVATION, Mont.— Alisara Knaub saw firsthand how contaminated water can upend your life. 'My daughter is three, her first year she couldn’t gain weight,' says Knaub, a greenhouse assistant at Little Big Horn College. 'The doctor said our water was the main reason.' Knaub, who lives near the town of Lodge Grass on the reservation, couldn’t recall the exact bacteria in her water but she knows it’s there: she doesn’t wash dishes with her well water. Guests who drink it get sick. Bacteria such as E. coli can cause diarrhea and vomiting. Half of the people on the reservation are on well water. 'People fear turning on their taps,' Knaub says." Brian Bienkowski reports for Environmental Health News as part of the Sacred Water series August 23, 2016. "Culture And Science Merge In Environmental Research For Crow" (EHN)

Christopher S.,Montana State University | Saha R.,University of Montana | Lachapelle P.,Montana State University | Jennings D.,Montana State University | And 11 more authors.
Family and Community Health | Year: 2011

This case study of community and university research partnerships utilizes previously developed principles for conducting research in the context of Native American communities to consider how partners understand and apply the principles in developing community-based participatory research partnerships to reduce health disparities. The 7 partnership projects are coordinated through a National Institutes of Health-funded center and involve a variety of tribal members, including both health care professionals and lay persons and native and nonnative university researchers. This article provides detailed examples of how these principles are applied to the projects and discusses the overarching and interrelated emergent themes of sharing power and building trust. Copyright © 2011 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Source

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