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Neverauskiene L.O.,Vilnius Gediminas Technical University | Pocius A.,Lithuanian Social Research Center
Business: Theory and Practice | Year: 2010

According to various sources the need for specialists with higher education is assessed in the article. The tendencies of change in group dynamics are analysed. Important priority of the article is prognosis of the need for specialists. For the analysis and prognosis of the need for specialists, the experience of foreign countries is overwied. The comparative analysis of structures by occupational groups was carried out on the vacancies and filled vacancies in order to get deeper understanding of the current situation. This comparison shows the inadequacy of filled vacancies and vacancies in employee groups with different education. The results of sociological researches supplemented by calculations carried out with the assistance of Labour Exchange database were used to assess the current situation in more detail. This helped to assess the situation at occupational structure of specialists in labour market. © Vilniaus Gedimino technikos universitetas, 2010.

Grigoriev P.,Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research | Jasilionis D.,Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research | Jasilionis D.,Lithuanian Social Research Center | Shkolnikov V.M.,Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research | And 3 more authors.
European Journal of Public Health | Year: 2016

Background: Numerous studies have addressed the problem of hazardous alcohol consumption, alcohol-related causes of death and their relationship to persisting excess male mortality in the countries of the former USSR. Yet relatively little is known about the geographical patterns of alcohol-related mortality within these countries and the cross-border continuities of such patterns. This study aims at identifying the spatial distribution and the cross-border patterns of adult male mortality from alcohol poisonings and liver cirrhosis in Belarus and Lithuania. Methods: We use cause-specific mortality data for 2003-2007. We employ spatial econometric techniques to detect 'hot spots' of alcohol-related mortality across the combined territory of the two countries. Results: Specific patterns associated with extremely high rates of mortality from alcohol poisoning can be observed in Belarus, particularly in the areas bordering Russia and Lithuania. Meanwhile, patterns of alcohol-induced liver disease dominate in Lithuania, and continue across the border from eastern Lithuania into north-western Belarus. Conclusions: The districts located along the Belarusian-Lithuanian border appear to be especially problematic, as they suffer from an enormous burden of alcohol consumption. The situation is particularly severe on the Belarusian side, where there are extremely high levels of mortality from both alcohol poisoning and liver cirrhosis. These areas should be considered primary targets for antialcohol policies. © 2015 The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Public Health Association. All rights reserved.

Jasilionis D.,Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research | Smailyte G.,Lithuanian Social Research Center | Smailyte G.,National Cancer Institute | Vincerzevskiene I.,Lithuanian Social Research Center | And 3 more authors.
International journal of public health | Year: 2015

OBJECTIVES: We investigate relative mortality inequalities by education for detailed cancer sites and provide estimates of deaths which could have been avoided through the elimination of these inequalities.METHODS: A census-linked dataset based on a follow-up of all residents registered in the 2001 census was used for the analysis. Mortality rate ratios were estimated by employing multivariate Poisson regression models for count data.RESULTS: An inverse educational gradient was observed for 11 cancer sites among men and for three cancer sites among women. Substantial shares of these cancer deaths would have been avoided if mortality among less educated groups had been the same as mortality among highly educated groups.CONCLUSIONS: Cancer control plans must consider socioeconomic inequalities and propose ways to improve prevention measures aimed at disadvantaged groups.

Smailyte G.,Vilnius University | Smailyte G.,Lithuanian Social Research Center | Jasilionis D.,Lithuanian Social Research Center | Jasilionis D.,Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research | And 6 more authors.
European Journal of Cancer Prevention | Year: 2015

This study used population-based census-linked cancer incidence data to identify patterns of educational differentials in the risk of cancer by detailed sites of cancer in Lithuania. The study is based on the linkage between all records of the 2001 population census, all records from the Lithuanian Cancer Registry (cancer incidence), and all death and emigration records from Statistics Lithuania for the period between 6 April 2001 and 31 December 2009. The study population (cohort) includes all permanent residents of Lithuania aged 30-74 years on the day of the census (6 April 2001). The study found that cancers of the lip, mouth, and pharynx, esophagus, stomach, larynx, urinary bladder, pancreas, and lung for men and cancers of the cervix uteri, lung, and colon for women show a statistically significant inverse educational gradient with excess incidence in the lowest educational group. At the same time, a reversed cancer risk gradient with the highest incidence for the higher education group was observed for thyroid cancer, melanoma, nonmelanoma skin cancers, and non-Hodgkin lymphomas. This group also includes prostate cancer, kidney cancer, and multiple myeloma for men and cancer of the pancreas, breast cancer, cancer of the colon, and cancer of the uterus for women. The associations between education and cancer incidence observed in this study reflect the concordance between social status and lifestyle-related risk factors for cancer. Cancer awareness in society has also contributed toward the observed higher risk of cancer, which is usually promoted more by patients with higher education. © 2015 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.

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