Lishui University

Zhejiang, China

Lishui University

Zhejiang, China
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OBJECTIVE:: The aim of this study was to revisit and further investigate the association between menopause and disc degeneration in the lumbar spine using a magnetic resonance imaging-based eight-level grading system. METHODS:: This study cohort comprised of 1,566 women and 1,382 age-matched men who were admitted for low back pain from June 2013 to October 2016. Data on age, weight, height, body mass index, age at natural menopause, and years since menopause (YSM) were obtained. Lumbar disc degeneration was assessed using a magnetic resonance imaging-based eight-level grading system. RESULTS:: After adjustment for the confounding factors of age, height, and weight, young age-matched men were more susceptible to disc degeneration than premenopausal women (P??0.05). CONCLUSIONS:: Menopause is associated with lumbar disc degeneration. The association occurred in the first 15 YSM, suggesting estrogen deficiency might be a risk factor of disc degeneration of the lumbar spine. Further studies need to be carried out for deciding whether age or menopause plays a more important role in the progression of disc degeneration in the lumbar spine. © 2017 by The North American Menopause Society.

Wang L.,Lishui University
Environmental Science and Pollution Research | Year: 2013

This research involved the use of response surface methodology (RSM) to investigate the adsorption of Disperse Red 167 dye onto the bamboo-based activated carbon activated with H3PO4 (PBAC) in a batch process. F400, a commercially available activated carbon, was used in parallel for comparison. Analysis of variance showed that input variables such as the contact time, temperature, adsorbent dosage and the interaction between the temperature and the contact time had a significant effect on the dye removal for both adsorbents. RSM results show that the optimal contact time, temperature, initial dye concentration and adsorbent dosage for both adsorbents were found to be 15.4 h, 50 °C, 50.0 mg L-1 and 12.0 g L-1, respectively. Under these optimal conditions, the removal efficiencies reached 90.23 % and 92.13 % for PBAC and F400, respectively, with a desirability of 0.937. The validation of the experimental results confirmed the prediction of the models derived from RSM. The adsorption followed a nonlinear pseudo-first-order model and agreed well with the Freundlich and Temkin isotherm as judged by the levels of the AICc and the Akaike weight. Furthermore, the thermodynamics analysis indicated that, for both adsorbents, the adsorption was a physical process that was spontaneous, entropy-increasing and endothermic. © 2012 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

Yan G.,Lishui University | Borah A.J.,Lishui University | Yang M.,Lishui University
Advanced Synthesis and Catalysis | Year: 2014

N-Oxide compounds are very important intermediates in synthetic organic chemistry as well as in the chemical industry. Numerous efforts have been devoted to the development of efficient approaches for the C-H bond activation and functionalization of N-oxides in recent years, including arylation, alkenylation, alkylation, acyloxylation, amination, amidation and sulfonylation. In this review, recent advances in this area are summarized and their mechanisms are discussed. © 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

Zhu H.-P.,Lishui University | Zhu H.-P.,Ningbo University
Nonlinear Dynamics | Year: 2014

The (3+1)-dimensional nonlinear Schrödinger equation with different distributed transverse diffraction and dispersion is studied based on the similarity transformation, and exact bright soliton solution on cnoidal wave backgrounds is derived. Moreover, three kinds of dynamical behaviors of these soliton solutions in three different dispersion/diffraction decreasing media with the Gaussian, hyperbolic, and Logarithmic profiles are discussed. Solitons interact with cnws and/or the change of characteristics of solitons by an addition of cnws are studied. Result of comparison with three media indicates that for the same parameters, the bright soliton in the Gaussian profile is compressed to the utmost degree. These results are potentially useful for future experiments in the optical communications, long-haul telecommunication networks, and Bose-Einstein condensations. © 2014 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.

Dai C.-Q.,Zhejiang Agriculture And forestry University | Zhu H.-P.,Lishui University
Annals of Physics | Year: 2014

The one-to-one correspondence between a (3 + 1) -dimensional variable-coefficient nonlinear Schrödinger equation with linear and parabolic potentials and a standard nonlinear Schrödinger equation is given, and an exact superposed Akhmediev breather solution in certain parameter conditions is obtained. These precise expressions for the peak, width, center and phase indicate that diffraction and chirp factors influence the evolutional characteristics such as phase, center and width, while the gain/loss parameter only affects the evolution of the peak. Moreover, by modulating the relation between the terminal accumulated time T e or the maximum accumulated time T m and the accumulated time T0 based on the maximum amplitude of Akhmediev breather, the controllability for the type of excitation such as postpone, maintenance and restraint of the superposed Akhmediev breather is discussed. © 2013 Elsevier Inc.

Zhu H.-P.,Lishui University | Dai C.-Q.,Zhejiang Agriculture And forestry University
Annals of Physics | Year: 2014

Two kinds of Gaussian-type light bullet (LB) solutions of the (3+1)-dimensional Schrödinger equation with cubic and power-law nonlinearities in PT-symmetric potentials are analytically obtained. The phase switches, powers and transverse power-flow densities of these solutions in homogeneous media are studied. The linear stability analysis of these LB solutions and the direct numerical simulation indicate that LB solutions are stable below some thresholds for the imaginary part of PT-symmetric potentials in the defocusing cubic and focusing power-law nonlinear medium, while they are always unstable for all parameters in other media. Moreover, the broadened and compressed behaviors of LBs in the exponential periodic amplification system and diffraction decreasing system are discussed. Results indicate that LB is more stable for the sign-changing nonlinearity in the exponential periodic amplification system than for the non-sign-changing nonlinearity in the diffraction decreasing system at the same propagation distances. © 2014 Elsevier Inc.

The utilization of activated carbon derived from 'waste' bamboo culms (BAC) for the removal of Disperse Red 167 (DR167), an azo disperse dye, was investigated. Studies of the properties of the adsorbent, the effect of contact time, the initial pH of the solution, the initial concentration of the dye solution and temperature indicated that a low initial pH or concentration of dye solution favors the adsorption process; temperature exerts a greater effect on the removal of azo disperse red 167 dye from aqueous solution. Kinetic and isotherm data were fitted to five non-linear kinetic and nine non-linear isotherm equations. In addition, the fits were evaluated in terms of the non-linear coefficient, Chi-square test, Marquardt's percent standard deviation error function and small-sample-corrected Akaike Information Criterion (AICc) methodology. The results showed that the AICc analysis was the best statistical tool for analyzing the data, the intra-particle diffusion and the pseudo-first-order models played important roles in the controlling rate step, and the Temkin equation best described the BAC isotherm data. Furthermore, the thermodynamic analysis indicated that the adsorption was a spontaneous, endothermic, entropy-increasing and physical process. Two types of commercial activated carbon, Filtrasorb 400 and Filtrasorb (F400 and F300), were used as contrast adsorbents. The contrast experiments revealed that BAC exhibits similar properties to F400 and F300. The utilization of bamboo wastes as carbon precursors is feasible. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.

Dai C.-Q.,Zhejiang Agriculture And forestry University | Dai C.-Q.,Australian National University | Zhu H.-P.,Lishui University
Journal of the Optical Society of America B: Optical Physics | Year: 2013

The 2 1-dimensional coupled nonlinear Schrödinger equation with distributed coefficients in a graded-index grating waveguide is investigated, and an exact two-breather solution for certain functional relations is obtained. From this solution, the superposed Kuznetsov-Ma (KM) solitons can be constructed. The explicit functions that describe the evolution of the peak, width, center, and phase are found exactly, from which one knows that diffraction and chirp factors play important roles in the evolutional characteristics, such as phase, center and widths, while the gain/loss parameter only affects the evolution of their peaks. Moreover, we can change the propagation type of the superposed KM solitons by adjusting the relation between the maximumeffective propagation distance Zm and the periodic locations Zij based on the maximum amplitude of the superposed KM solitons. The controllability for the type of excitation, such as partial excitation, maintenance, and postponement of the superposed KM solitons, is exhibited. © 2013 Optical Society of America.

Yan G.,Lishui University | Yang M.,Lishui University
Organic and Biomolecular Chemistry | Year: 2013

Aromatic nitro compounds are important intermediates in synthetic organic chemistry as well as in the chemical industry. Numerous useful methods for their preparation have been developed in recent years. In this review, recent advances in the synthesis of aromatic nitro compounds are summarized, including the nitration of aromatic hydrocarbons, aryl boronic acids, aryl halides and pseudohalides, aryl carboxylic acids and the oxidation of aryl primary amines and azides. Their mechanisms are discussed. © 2013 The Royal Society of Chemistry.

Guo S.-R.,Lishui University | Guo S.-R.,Hunan University | Yuan Y.-Q.,Lishui University | Xiang J.-N.,Hunan University
Organic Letters | Year: 2013

A novel method for the preparation of alkyl aryl sulfides through direct oxidation thiolation of commercial ethers with diaryl disulfides using di-tert-butyl peroxide (DTBP) as the oxidant without a metal catalyst was established. The C(sp3)-H bond in various ethers was successfully converted into a C-S bond, and the corresponding sulfides were achieved with moderate to high yields. © 2013 American Chemical Society.

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