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Kamiya K.,Tokyo Medical and Dental University | Tsumoto K.,Mie University | Tsumoto K.,Liposome Engineering Laboratory Inc. | Yoshimura T.,Liposome Engineering Laboratory Inc. | And 4 more authors.
Biomaterials | Year: 2011

N-cadherin (CDH2) proteins were reconstituted with liposomes using a baculovirus expression-liposome fusion method. CDH2 budded viruses were fused with giant liposomes containing dioleoylphophogycerol/dioleoylphosphatidylcholine (DOPG/DOPC) at pH 4.5 and the localization of CDH2 on the liposome membrane was observed by confocal laser scanning microscopy. CDH2 liposomes showed Ca 2+-dependent association. CDH2-mediated association/dissociation in CDH2 liposomes was specific to Ca 2+ and reversible. CDH2-expressing LN-229 cells (human glioblastoma cell) adhered to CDH2 liposomes and small CDH2 liposomes (diameter approximately 150 nm), in particular, were internalized by endocytosis and partly escaped endosomes. Cadherin-containing liposomes show high potential as a new cell-specific proteoliposome. The baculovirus expression-liposome fusion method is useful as a new enabling technology for biomedical applications of functional proteoliposomes. © 2011.

Kamiya K.,Tokyo Medical and Dental University | Tsumoto K.,Mie University | Tsumoto K.,Liposome Engineering Laboratory Inc. | Arakawa S.,Tokyo Medical and Dental University | And 6 more authors.
Biotechnology and Bioengineering | Year: 2010

Connexin-43 (Cx43) containing giant liposomes (GL) were prepared by a baculovirus expression-liposome fusion method. Recombinant budded viruses expressing Cx43 were prepared and then fused with GLs containing DOPG/DOPC at pH 4.5. Connexon formation on the GL membrane was observed by transmission electron microscope. Hydrophilic fluorescent dye transfers were observed through a Cx43-mediated pathway not only between Sf9 (Spodoptera frugiperda) cells with Cx43 but also from giant Cx43 liposomes to Cx43-expressing U2OS cells (human osteosarcoma cell). The functional connexin-containing liposome is expected to be useful for cellular cytosolic delivery systems. The original orientation and function of Cx43 was maintained after integration into the liposomes. The liposome fusion method will create new opportunities as a tool for analysis of channel membrane proteins. © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Kamiya K.,Mie University | Kobayashi J.,Yamaguchi University | Yoshimura T.,Mie University | Yoshimura T.,Liposome Engineering Laboratory Inc. | And 3 more authors.
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Biomembranes | Year: 2010

We assayed fusion events between giant unilamellar vesicles (GUVs) and budded viruses (BVs) of baculovirus (Autographa californica nucleopolyhedrovirus), the envelopes of which have been labeled with the fluorescent dye Alexa Fluor 488. This involves observing the intensity of fluorescence emitted from the lipid bilayer of single GUVs after fusion using laser scanning microscopy. Using this assay system, we found that fusion between single GUVs and BV envelopes was significantly enhanced at around pH 5.0-6.0, which suggests that: (1) envelope glycoprotein GP64-mediated membrane fusion within the endosome of insect cells was reproduced in our artificial system; (2) acidic phospholipids in GUVs are necessary for this fusion, which are in agreement with the previous results with conventional small liposomes including large unilamellar vesicles and multilamellar vesicles; and (3) the efficiency of fusion is significantly affected by membrane properties that can be modulated by adding cholesterol to GUV lipid bilayers. In addition, the microscopic observation of BV-fused single GUVs showed that a weak interaction occurred between BVs and GUVs containing dioleoylphosphatidylserine at pH 6.0-6.5, and components of BV envelopes were unevenly distributed upon fusion with GUVs containing saturated phospholipid with cholesterol. We further demonstrated that when the recombinant membrane protein, adrenergic β2 receptor, was expressed on recombinant BV envelopes, the protein distribution on BV-fused GUVs was also affected by their lipid contents. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.

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