Huang Z.-Z.,Centers for Disease Control and Prevention |
Chen W.-Q.,Chinese Academy of Sciences |
Wu C.-X.,Centers for Disease Control and Prevention |
Zheng R.-S.,Chinese Academy of Sciences |
And 5 more authors.
Tumor | Year: 2012
Objective: To analyze the trends of female breast cancer incidence and mortality in Beijing, Shanghai, Linzhou and Qidong in China between 1988 and 2007. Methods: The data of female breast cancer incidence and mortality and the data of corresponding population during 1988-2007 were collected from four eligible cancer registries which could provide complete sets of historical data. The pooled analysis and time-trend analysis of the data were performed. Results: During 1988-2007, the APCs (annual percent changes) of age-standardized incidence rates (by China's population in 1982) of female breast cancer in Beijing, Shanghai, Linzhou and Qidong were 2.49%, 2.55%, 7.04% and 4.16%, respectively. Although the average annual growth of APC of age-standardized mortality was 4.10% in Linzhou, there were no significant changes in Beijing, Shanghai and Qidong. Conclusion: During 1988-2007, the breast cancer incidence and mortality of the urban women in Beijing and Shanghai were significantly higher than those of the rural women in Linzhou and Qidong. The incidence rate of female breast cancer in these four areas showed an obvious rising trend, and this increase was more significant in rural areas. The mortality rate of female breast cancer in Linzhou also showed a rising trend, but the mortality rates in the other three areas remained steady. Copyright © 2012 by TUMOR.
Huang B.,Shantou University |
Hu B.,Shantou University |
Hu B.,Shantou Dermatology Hospital |
Su M.,Shantou University |
And 8 more authors.
Human Pathology | Year: 2011
Minichromosome maintenance proteins are novel proliferative markers that have been proposed as diagnostic markers in many cancers. We evaluated the potential role of minichromosome maintenance protein 2 as a screening biomarker and compared it with proliferating cell nuclear antigen and Ki67 in a population survey of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. A total of 299 esophageal samples from a high-risk region in China, including 171 from an endoscopy population survey, 30 from brushing cytology, and 98 from surgery and autopsy, underwent immunostaining with minichromosome maintenance protein 2, proliferating cell nuclear antigen, and Ki67 antibodies. Minichromosome maintenance protein 2 expression was confined to the proliferative compartment of normal and abnormal esophageal epithelium and particularly manifested in the surface layer of dysplasia and carcinoma in situ. The expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen and Ki67 was positively correlated with that of minichromosome maintenance protein 2 (r s >0.39, P < .01); but their positive nuclei seldom reached the surface layer, and the labeling indices were significantly lower than those for minichromosome maintenance protein 2 in dysplasia (P < .05) and carcinoma in situ (P < .001). The sensitivity and specificity of minichromosome maintenance protein 2 in diagnosing dysplasia were 91.3% and 61.8%, respectively, higher than those for proliferating cell nuclear antigen (88.4% and 47.1%) and Ki67 (78.3% and 57.8%). Nine of 10 cancer and paracancerous surface-brushing samples expressed minichromosome maintenance protein 2, and the detection was higher than that for proliferating cell nuclear antigen (8/10 and 7/10) and Ki67 (7/10 and 7/10). However, none of 10 normal surface-brushing samples expressed the 3 markers. Minichromosome maintenance protein 2 is more sensitive and specific than proliferating cell nuclear antigen and Ki67 in indicating esophageal dysplasia. Minichromosome maintenance protein 2 immunostaining combined with surface brushing could be valuable in screening patients at high risk of cancer in mass surveys. © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Guohong Z.,Shantou University |
Min S.,Shantou University |
DuenMei W.,CAS Beijing Institute of Genomics |
Songnian H.,CAS Beijing Institute of Genomics |
And 11 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2010
Background and Objective: Oesophageal cancer is one of the most common and deadliest cancers worldwide. Our previous population-based study reported a high prevalence of oesophageal cancer in Chaoshan, Guangdong Province, China. Ancestors of the Chaoshan population migrated from the Taihang Mountain region of north-central China, which is another high-incidence area for oesophageal cancer. The purpose of the present study was to obtain evidence of inherited susceptibility to oesophageal cancer in the Chaoshan population, with reference to the Taihang Mountain population, with the eventual goal of molecular identification of the disease genes. Methods: We conducted familial correlation, commingling, and complex segregation analyses of 224 families from the Chaoshan population and 403 families from the Taihang population using the FPMM program of S.A.G.E. version 5.3.0. A second analysis focused on specific families having large numbers of affected individuals or early onset of the disease. Results: For the general population, moderate sib-sib correlation was noticed for esophageal cancer. Additionally, brotherbrother correlation was even higher. Commingling analyses indicated that a three-component distribution model best accounts for the variation in age of onset of oesophageal cancer, and that a multifactorial model provides the best fit to the general population data. An autosomal dominant mode and a dominant or recessive major gene with polygenic inheritance were found to be the best models of inherited susceptibility to oesophageal cancer in some large families. Conclusions: The current results provide evidence for inherited susceptibility to oesophageal cancer in certain high-risk groups in China, and support efforts to identify the susceptibility genes. © 2010 Guohong et al.