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Pan X.,Linyi City Peoples Hospital | Ji Z.,Affiliated Hospital of Shandong Medical College | Xue J.,Shandong University
Medical Science Monitor | Year: 2016

Background: As a major cause of mortality in neonates, neonatal sepsis is often accompanied by immune dysfunctions, which are frequently caused by dysregulated T cell sub-populations. The role of regulatory B cells in neonatal sepsis, however, remains unknown. Therefore, this study investigated the percentage and functional variation of CD19+CD24hiCD38hi regulatory B cells in peripheral blood of neonatal sepsis patients in an attempt to elucidate the role of these regulatory B cells in pathogenesis of sepsis. Material/Methods: Flow cytometry was used to quantify the percentage of CD19+CD24hiCD38hi regulatory B cells from peripheral blood samples. The correlation between B cell percentage and C reactive protein (CRP) level was analyzed. Secretion level of interleukin-10 (IL-10) and effects on the proliferation of naive CD4+ T cells were further analyzed. Results: The percentage of CD19+CD24hiCD38hi regulatory B cells in neonatal sepsis patients was significantly higher compared to healthy controls (p<0.05), and was positively correlated with serum CRP level. The percentage of IL-10+ CD19+CD24hiCD38hi regulatory B cells was also higher in sepsis patients, and also had more potent inhibition on naive CD4+ T cells (p<0.01). Conclusions: The elevation of CD19+CD24hiCD38hi regulatory B cells in neonatal sepsis can inhibit body immune function and thus may participate in the pathogenesis of sepsis. © Med Sci Monit.


Zhang H.,Linyi City Peoples Hospital | Zhang Z.,Linyi City Peoples Hospital | Li G.,Linyi City Peoples Hospital
International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine | Year: 2015

Background: A large body of studies has investigated the potential role of ABCB1 polymorphism in ALL susceptibility. However, the results are conflicting. The aim of the present meta-analysis was to define the effect of ABCB1 polymorphism on ALL risk. Methods: We identified 8 eligible studies involving 1,308 cases and 1,427 controls through searching PubMed and Enbase databases. Odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were used to access the strength of the association with both fixed effects and random effect models. Results: We found ABCB1 polymorphism was associated with an increased risk of ALL under the homozygote genotypes (TT vs. CC: OR, 1.29, 95% CI, 1.08-1.54), the recessive model (TT vs. CT + CC: OR, 1.47, 95% CI, 1.02-2.13) and the allele model (T vs. C: OR, 1.14, 95% CI, 1.04-1.25). Similar results were indicated in Asian populations (TT vs. CC: OR, 1.79, 95% CI, 1.32-2.43; TT vs. CT + CC: OR, 2.55, 95% CI, 1.47-4.43; T vs. C: OR, 1.38, 95% CI, 1.18-1.62), but not in Caucasian populations. Conclusions: These findings indicate that ABCB1 polymorphism may play a critical role in the development of ALL in Asians. © 2015, E-Century Publishing Corporation. All right reserved.


Zhang X.,Linyi City Peoples Hospital | Zhang Y.,Linyi City Peoples Hospital | Nie Y.,Linyi City Peoples Hospital | Wang S.,Linyi City Peoples Hospital | And 2 more authors.
Tumor Biology | Year: 2014

The diagnosis of nasopharyngeal cancer (NPC) remains a clinical challenge. Many studies have assessed the diagnostic potential of Zta antibody of the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) in NPC patients but with controversial results. This study aims to summarize the overall diagnostic performance of EBV Zta antibody in NPC. Based on a comprehensive search of the Pubmed and Embase, Web of Science, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wanfang Databases and China Citation Databases, we identified outcome data from all articles estimating diagnostic accuracy of EBV Zta antibody for NPC. A summary estimation for sensitivity, specificity, and other diagnostic indexes were pooled using a bivariate model. The overall measure of accuracy was calculated using summary receiver operating characteristic curve and the area under curve (AUC) was calculated. According to our inclusion criteria, 17 studies with 11,822 subjects (1,645 NPC cases, 10,177 controls) were included. The summary estimates were: sensitivity 0.87 (95 % confidence interval [CI]=0.86-0.89), specificity 0.94 (95 % CI=0.93-0.94), positive likelihood ratio 8.05 (95 % CI=5.59-11.59), negative likelihood ratio 0.16 (95 % CI=0.12-0.21), diagnostic odds ratio 52.93 (95 % CI=29.95-93.56), the AUC and Q* index were 0.9352 and 0.8714, respectively. In conclusion, serum EBV Zta had a better diagnostic performance for NPC. Further studies should be performed to confirm our findings. © 2014 International Society of Oncology and BioMarkers (ISOBM).


Li Y.,Linyi City Peoples Hospital | Wang X.,Women And Childrens Hospital Of Linyi City | Lou C.,Linyi City Peoples Hospital
Medical Science Monitor | Year: 2016

Background: Calcium overload, inflammation, and apoptosis play important roles in myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury (MIRI). Gastrodin pretreatment can alleviate MIRI. This study observed sarcoplasmic reticulum calcium transport ATPase (Ca2+-ATPase, SERCA) and calcium phosphate (PLB) protein expression in the ventricular remodeling process after myocardial infarction to explore the effect of gastrodin pretreatment on MIRI. Material/Methods: Healthy 7-week-old male SD rats were randomly divided into a sham group (A), a model group (B), and gastrodin pretreatment groups C, D, and E (100, 200, and 400 mg/kg, respectively) with 20 in each group. Anterior descending coronary artery ligation method was used to establish a rat MIRI model with 30-min ischemia and 120-min reperfusion. Cardiac electrophysiological activity was recorded. Serum IL-6 and IL10 levels were determined by ELISA. SERCA activity was tested by colorimetric phosphorus method. SERCA, PLB, and pSer-PLB protein expression were detected by Western blot. Results: Compared with the sham group, IL-6 and IL-10 levels were elevated, SERCA2a expression was downregulated, and PLB protein was elevated in the model group (P<0.05). pSer16-PLB showed no significant difference among groups, and the ratio of pSer16-PLB/PLB obviously decreased (P<0.05). IL-6 level gradually declined and IL-10 increased in the gastrodin group following concentration elevation. SERCA 2a expression rose in the gastrodin group in a dose-dependent manner (P<0.05). Elevated PLB protein expression showed no significant difference, while pSer16-PLB protein increased (P<0.05), leading to elevated pSer16 PLB/PLB ratio (P<0.05). Conclusions: Gastrodin pretreatment alleviates MIRI and inflammation injury by regulating SERCA and PLB expression to decrease calcium overload. © Med Sci Monit, 2016.


Zhang H.,Gynaecology Ward 1 And Linyi City Peoples Hospital | Li G.,Linyi City Peoples Hospital | Zhang Z.,Gynaecology Ward 1 And Linyi City Peoples Hospital
International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine | Year: 2015

Background: Hepatocarcinogenesis is a complex process that is influenced by many factors. Several studies have investigated the relationship between MTHFR A1298C polymorphism and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) risk, but the results are inconsistent. Therefore, we performed a meta-analysis covering a large sample size to address this controversy. Methods: Eligible studies were searched using PubMed, EMBASE, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) databases. A total of 7 studies from 6 publications with 2035 cases and 3096 controls were included. The pooled odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) was calculated by the fixed or random effects to evaluate the correlation between MTHFR A1298C polymorphism and HCC risk. The Q statistic and I2 statistic were used to assess the statistical heterogeneity among studies. Publication bias was evaluated by Egger’s linear regression test and Begg’s funnel plot. Results: In present study, the results showed that MTHFR A1298C polymorphism was not significantly associated with risk of HCC based on CC + AC vs. AA genetic model (OR=1.01, 95% CI=0.90-1.13). Similarly, in the subgroup analysis by ethnicity, no significant HCC risk was found in Asian population (OR=1.02, 95% CI=0.91-1.14). In the subgroup analysis based on source of control, we found that MTHFR A1298C polymorphism showed no effects on the occurrence of HCC in the population-based (PB) and hospital-based (HB) group (OR=0.97, 95% CI=0.83-1.15; OR=1.04, 95% CI=0.89-1.21). Conclusion: This meta-analysis suggested that MTHFR A1298C polymorphism may not be a risk factor for HCC. © 2015, E-Century Publishing Corporation. All rights reserved.


Li X.-M.,Shandong University | Li X.-M.,Linyi City Peoples Hospital | Shao M.-T.,Linyi City Peoples Hospital | Wang J.-J.,Shandong Lunan Ophthalmologic Hospital | Wang Y.-L.,Shandong University
Journal of Zhejiang University: Science B | Year: 2014

Objective: To investigate the relationship between post-operative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) and regional cerebral oxygen saturation (rSO2) and β-amyloid protein (Aβ) in patients undergoing laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy.Methods: Fifty patients undergoing elective laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy received five groups of neuropsychological tests 1 d pre-operatively and 7 d post-operatively, with continuous monitoring of rSO2 intra-operatively. Before anesthesia induction (t0), at the beginning of laparoscopy (t1), and at the time of pneumoperitoneum 120 min (t2), pneumoperitoneum 240 min (t3), pneumoperitoneum 480 min (t4), the end of pneumoperitoneum (t5), and 24 h after surgery, jugular venous blood was drawn respectively for the measurement of Aβ by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).Results: Twenty-one cases of the fifty patients suffered from POCD after operation. We found that the maximum percentage drop in rSO2 (rSO2, %max) was significantly higher in the POCD group than in the non-POCD group. The rSO2, %max value of over 10.2% might be a potential predictor of neurocognitive injury for those patients. In the POCD group, the plasma Aβ levels after 24 h were significantly higher than those of pre-operative values (P<0.01). After 24 h, levels of plasma Aβ in the POCD group were significantly higher than those in the non-POCD group (P<0.01).Conclusions: The development of POCD in patients undergoing laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy is associated with alterations of rSO2 and Aβ. Monitoring of rSO2 might be useful in the prediction of POCD, and Aβ might be used as a sensitive biochemical marker to predict the occurrence of POCD. © 2014, Zhejiang University and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.


PubMed | Linyi City Peoples Hospital, Guangdong Academy of Medical science and Sun Yat Sen University
Type: | Journal: BioMed research international | Year: 2015

Neurotrophic tyrosine kinase type 1 (NTRK1) plays critical roles in proliferation, differentiation, and survival of cholinergic neurons; however, it remains unknown whether enhanced expression of NTRK1 in neural stem cells (NSCs) can promote their differentiation into mature neurons. In this study, a plasmid encoding the rat NTRK1 gene was constructed and transfected into C17.2 mouse neural stem cells (NSCs). NTRK1 overexpression in C17.2 cells was confirmed by western blot. The NSCs overexpressing NTRK1 and the C17.2 NSCs transfected by an empty plasmid vector were treated with or without 100ng/mL nerve growth factor (NGF) for 7 days. Expression of the cholinergic cell marker, choline acetyltransferase (ChAT), was detected by florescent immunocytochemistry (ICC). In the presence of NGF induction, the NSCs overexpressing NTRK1 differentiated into ChAT-immunopositive cells at 3-fold higher than the NSCs transfected by the plasmid vector (26% versus 9%, P < 0.05). The data suggest that elevated NTRK1 expression increases differentiation of NSCs into cholinergic neurons under stimulation of NGF. The approach also represents an efficient strategy for generation of cholinergic neurons.


PubMed | Nanchang University and Linyi City Peoples Hospital
Type: | Journal: Minimally invasive surgery | Year: 2015

To describe a novel technique of transurethral seminal vesiculoscopy using a pediatric ureteroscope in the diagnosis and management of persistent hematospermia, a retrospective study was carried out for 20 patients with recurrent hematospermia whom we evaluated and treated using a 6-7.5F (6F front end and 7.5F rear end) pediatric ureteroscope from August 2009 to September 2013. For the 20 patients, the age ranges from 25 to 48 years with a mean age of 36 years. The duration of the hematospermia ranges from 6 to 48 months with a mean duration of 18 months. Transurethral seminal vesiculoscopy was successfully performed in the 20 cases and the mean operative time was 35min (ranges from 25 to 90min). Among the 20 patients, 11 patients were found to have seminal vesiculitis, five were with seminal vesicle stone, one was with prostatic utricle stone, one was with prostate cyst, and one was with ejaculatory duct obstruction. The mean follow-up period was 7 months (ranged from 6 to 12 months). Hematospermia in 19 cases disappeared after the surgery and only in one patient the hematospermia recurred 6 months after the surgery. The cure rate was 95%. This study indicated that transurethral seminal vesiculoscopy could be performed easily using a semirigid pediatric ureteroscope with few complications and is an effective therapeutic approach for persistent hematospermia.


PubMed | Linyi City Peoples Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B | Year: 2015

To explore the relationship of postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) in one-lung ventilation (OLV) patients and regional cerebral oxygen saturation (rSO2).Twenty-nine male and twenty-one female cases of OLV received thoracic surgery, with American Standards Association (ASA) physical status being at Grades I-III. Neuropsychological tests were performed on the day before operation and 7 d after operation, and there was an intraoperative continuous monitoring of rSO2. The values of rSO2 before anesthesia induction (t1), at the beginning of OLV (t2), and at the time of OLV 30 min (t3), OLV 60 min (t4), the end of OLV (t5), and the end of surgery (t6) were recorded. The intraoperative average of rSO2 , the intraoperative minimum value of rSO2 (rSO(2, min)), and the reduced maximum percentage of rSO2 (rSO(2, %max)) when compared with the baseline value were calculated. The volume of blood loss, urine output, and the amount of fluid infusion was recorded.A total of 14 patients (28%) in the 50 cases suffered from POCD. The values of mini-mental state examination (MMSE), the digit span and the digit symbol on the 7th day after the operation for POCD in OLV patients were found to be significantly lower than those before the operation (P<0.05). The values of MMSE and vocabulary fluency scores were significantly lower than those in the non-POCD group (P<0.05). The values of rSO2 in the POCD group of OLV patients at t2 and t3 and the values of rSO2 in the non-POCD group at t2 were found to be significantly higher than those at t1 (P<0.05). The values of rSO(2, %max) in the POCD group were significantly higher than those in the non-POCD group (P<0.05). When the value of rSO(2, %max) is more than 10.1%, it may act as an early warning index for cognitive function changes.POCD after OLV may be associated with a decline in rSO2.


PubMed | Linyi City Peoples Hospital and Women and Childrens Hospital of Linyi City
Type: | Journal: Medical science monitor : international medical journal of experimental and clinical research | Year: 2016

BACKGROUND Calcium overload, inflammation, and apoptosis play important roles in myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury (MIRI). Gastrodin pretreatment can alleviate MIRI. This study observed sarcoplasmic reticulum calcium transport ATPase (Ca2+-ATPase, SERCA) and calcium phosphate (PLB) protein expression in the ventricular remodeling process after myocardial infarction to explore the effect of gastrodin pretreatment on MIRI. MATERIAL AND METHODS Healthy 7-week-old male SD rats were randomly divided into a sham group (A), a model group (B), and gastrodin pretreatment groups C, D, and E (100, 200, and 400 mg/kg, respectively) with 20 in each group. Anterior descending coronary artery ligation method was used to establish a rat MIRI model with 30-min ischemia and 120-min reperfusion. Cardiac electrophysiological activity was recorded. Serum IL-6 and IL10 levels were determined by ELISA. SERCA activity was tested by colorimetric phosphorus method. SERCA, PLB, and pSer-PLB protein expression were detected by Western blot. RESULTS Compared with the sham group, IL-6 and IL-10 levels were elevated, SERCA2a expression was downregulated, and PLB protein was elevated in the model group (P<0.05). pSer16-PLB showed no significant difference among groups, and the ratio of pSer16-PLB/PLB obviously decreased (P<0.05). IL-6 level gradually declined and IL-10 increased in the gastrodin group following concentration elevation. SERCA 2a expression rose in the gastrodin group in a dose-dependent manner (P<0.05). Elevated PLB protein expression showed no significant difference, while pSer16-PLB protein increased (P<0.05), leading to elevated pSer16 PLB/PLB ratio (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS Gastrodin pretreatment alleviates MIRI and inflammation injury by regulating SERCA and PLB expression to decrease calcium overload.

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