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Saint Charles, MO, United States

Lindenwood University, often referred to as Lindenwood or LU, is a private, coeducational, liberal arts university located in Saint Charles, Missouri, United States. Founded in 1827 by George Champlin Sibley and Mary Easton Sibley as The Lindenwood School for Girls, it is the second oldest higher-education institution west of the Mississippi River and since 1990 the fastest growing university in the Midwest.Lindenwood offers undergraduate, graduate, and doctoral degrees through nine colleges and schools. Lindenwood has an annual enrollment of more than 12,000 students in all programs, including 5,662 undergraduate day students at its main campus in St. Charles. The 500-acre main academic and residential campus is located 24 miles northwest of St. Louis, Missouri in St. Charles, the Daniel Boone historic site in Defiance, Missouri 26 miles southwest of the St. Charles campus. In addition to numerous satellite campuses, Lindenwood also has an independently accredited sister college in Belleville, Illinois known as LU–Belleville.The university offers a number of extracurricular activities to its students, including athletics, honor societies, clubs and student organizations, as well as fraternities and sororities. Alumni and former students have gone on to prominent careers in government, business, science, medicine, education, sports, and entertainment. Wikipedia.


Van Leeuwen F.,University of Lyon | Koenig B.L.,Lindenwood University | Graham J.,University of Southern California | Park J.H.,University of Bristol
Evolution and Human Behavior | Year: 2014

This study evaluated the extent to which predictions derived from several theories could account for variability in human moral values across US states. We investigated moral values as conceptualized by Moral Foundations Theory, which argues that morality evolved in response to adaptive challenges in at least five domains: Ingroup/loyalty, Authority/respect, Purity/sanctity ("binding" foundations) and Harm/care, Fairness/reciprocity ("individualizing" foundations). We report correlations for measures of cognitive ability, social class, urbanization, pathogen prevalence, life expectancy, and teenage birth rates. Social class and educational attainment had fairly consistent but small effects across moral foundations (social class: positively associated with Ingroup/loyalty, negatively with individualizing foundations and Purity/sanctity; education: positively associated with individualizing foundations, negatively with binding foundations). We conducted multilevel regressions that were stratified for ethnicity. The most consistent state-level predictor of moral values was teenage birth rates (negatively associated with individualizing foundations, positively with binding foundations). This suggests that life-history theory may provide an explanation for individual differences in moral values, although the directions of effects for teenage birth rates diverged from predictions of life-history theory. We conclude that none of the tested theories provides a good explanation for the observed variability in moral values in the USA. We discuss how a life-history approach might account for the findings, and note the need for improved measurement of pathogen stress to better distinguish its effects from those of life-history variables. © 2014 Elsevier Inc. Source


Gangloff A.,Lindenwood University
Technology and Culture | Year: 2013

In 1917, a young Hugh De Haven suffered life-threatening injuries in his quest to become a World War I flyboy. While recovering in the hospital, he became convinced that crashworthy engineering, intended to protect survivors of accidents, would have prevented his most serious injuries. This insight propelled him into his life's work: the epidemiology of accidents. De Haven founded two influential organizations, the Crash Injury Research project in 1942, studying airplane accidents, and the Automotive Crash Injury Research project in 1953, doing the same for automobiles. Believing that statistical analysis would enable engineers-aeronautical and automotive engineers in particular-to eliminate hazardous design features, he lobbied aircraft and automobile manufacturers to improve their products' safety by applying data compiled from real-world events. Through his work, De Haven was instrumental in developing the study of crash injuries into a legitimate science. © 2013 by the Society for the History of Technology. All rights reserved. Source


Glancy F.H.,Lindenwood University | Yadav S.B.,Texas Tech University
Decision Support Systems | Year: 2011

A computational fraud detection model (CFDM) was proposed for detecting fraud in financial reporting. CFDM uses a quantitative approach on textual data. It incorporates techniques that use essentially all of information contained in the textual data for fraud detection. Extant work provides a foundation for detecting deception in high and low synchronicity computer-mediated communication (CMC). CFDM provides an analytical method that has the potential for automation. It was tested on the Management's Discussion and Analysis from 10-K filings and was able to distinguish fraudulent filings from non-fraudulent ones. CFDM can serve as a screening tool where deception is suspected. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Source


Engemann K.M.,Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis | Owyang M.T.,Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis | Wall H.J.,Lindenwood University
Journal of Regional Science | Year: 2014

Much of the literature examining the effects of oil shocks asks the question "What is an oil shock?" and has concluded that oil-price increases are asymmetric in their effects on the U.S. economy. That is, sharp increases in oil prices affect economic activity adversely, but sharp decreases in oil prices have no effect. We reconsider the directional symmetry of oil-price shocks by addressing the question "Where is an oil shock?" the answer to which reveals a great deal of spatial/directional asymmetry across states. Although most states have typical responses to oil-price shocks-they are affected by positive shocks only-the rest experience either negative shocks only (five states), both positive and negative shocks (five states), or neither shock (five states). © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Source


Bohner M.,Missouri University of Science and Technology | Wintz N.,Lindenwood University
International Journal of Dynamical Systems and Differential Equations | Year: 2011

In this work, we study a natural extension of the Linear Quadratic Regulator (LQR) on time scales. Here, we unify and extend the Linear Quadratic Tracker (LQT). We seek to find an affine optimal control that minimises a cost functional associated with a completely observable linear system. We then find an affine optimal control for the fixed final state case in terms of the current state. Finally we include an example in disturbance/rejection modelling. A numerical example is also included. © 2011 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd. Source

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