Lincoln College

Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Lincoln College

Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
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Wang C.-L.,National Taiwan Normal University | Wang C.-L.,National Taiwan University of Science and Technology | Huang W.-C.,National Taiwan Normal University | Huang W.-C.,Taipei Tzu Chi Hospital | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Functional Foods | Year: 2017

This study examined the anti-obesity and anti-adipogenic effects of Antrodia cinnamomea. Oral administration of aqueous extract of A. cinnamomea (ACW) significantly reduced high-fat diet-induced body weight gain and relative perirenal and mesenteric fat weight in C57BL/6J mice. Administration of ACW significantly reduced serum insulin, leptin, aspartate aminotransferase levels, HOMA-IR index, and hepatic cholesterol and triacylglycerol levels. Next, investigation of whether ACW and its polysaccharides (PS) and non-polysaccharides (NPS) subfractions possess anti-adipogenic action was conducted. Evidence showed that ACW, PS and NPS significantly inhibited lipid deposits in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Both ACW and NPS significantly inhibited mitotic clonal expansion process of adipocyte differentiation. ACW and NPS also significantly decreased the expressions of PPARγ, C/EBPα, aP2 and FAS genes, while PS markedly inhibited PPARγ and aP2 gene expression. Our data indicated that ACW inhibits preadipocyte differentiation and adipogenesis. These results suggested that ACW may have therapeutic potential for obesity and related metabolic disorders. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd

News Article | December 1, 2016

Entourage Yearbooks announced their 6th Annual National Yearbook Competition awards, recognizing Lincoln College Preparatory Academy from Kansas City, MO with the distinctive 1st Place High School Overall Design award as well as the 2nd Place High School Cover Design award and an Honorable Mention award for the High School Photo category. The nationally sponsored contest, conducted by Entourage Yearbooks, judged school yearbooks in many facets including creativity, originality, and journalistic relevance. Hundreds of schools entered across all fifty states at the Elementary, Middle School, and High School level. "I'd like to offer my sincere congratulations to all of the schools that completed yearbooks and submitted entries into the yearbook contest this year," said Entourage’s President Elias Jo. "Putting together a great yearbook takes a lot of time and dedication. The award winners represent schools who clearly went above and beyond on their yearbook and deserve recognition for their work. I'm personally blown away by the level of achievement this year." This achievement recognized Lincoln College Preparatory Academy for putting together a notable yearbook at the High School level. Their entry was submitted at the end of June 2016 and was officially awarded on November 1st, 2016. The Lincoln College Preparatory Academy yearbook was selected from hundreds of schools who submitted entries from around the country. Jenny Raynor, yearbook advisor at Lincoln College Preparatory Academy, said “I am extremely proud of every student who worked tirelessly to make the 2016 Lincolnian one of our most successful yearbooks yet. This staff went above and beyond my expectations. I am so grateful for their talents and commitment to preserving the history of Lincoln College Preparatory Academy. There is a great deal of pride and responsibility in telling the story of Lincoln. I am honored to have the opportunity to guide my students throughout the process. Each staff has set the bar higher for the next. I push them to make a beautiful book that can bring someone back in time to relive their memories. Being recognized with this award means the world to us and has motivated the 2017 staff to create an even better yearbook. We were very fortunate to have the support of Kansas City Public Schools, parents, alumni, faculty, and administration to attend the Columbia Scholastic Press Association's fall conference in New York City and visit Entourage in Princeton. Entourage has been incredibly supportive of our school and my students. It is very evident how much each employee values education. Their passion for yearbooks is inspiring and our journalism program continues to be successful because of Entourage.” Avery Jones, student designer, copy editor, and interviewer at Lincoln College Preparatory Academy, said “ It was amazing to see all of the little ideas come together to show how our individuality and togetherness create our signature theme.” In particular, she liked the experience of “capturing all these moments so that we can reflect on them together.” Adrianna Schoonover, student editor in chief at Lincoln College Preparatory Academy, said that she felt “overwhelmed, ecstatic, and extremely thankful.” She felt “incredibly proud of the hard work” that that the team put into the creation of the yearbook and she expressed her gratitude for her team’s “creativity and work ethic.” She added that “everyone was very pleased with the outcome” and “we couldn’t have done it without our wonderful Ms. Raynor!” Started in 2011, this is the 6th year that the annual Entourage National Yearbook Competition has been held in recognition of schools with yearbooks created by students and school volunteers. To participate, schools had to submit their yearbook content into categories for overall yearbook theme, page design, photography, and cover design. This year, over 800 schools entered the competition. Judging of the contest entries was based on a balanced rating across the dimensions of creativity, originality and journalistic relevance. Schools were judged at separate levels: Elementary, Middle School and High School. 1st through 3rd place winners in each category receive various prizes like cameras, yearbook cover upgrades, and Columbia Scholastic Press Association membership. See the winning yearbooks by visiting the link below: Founded in 2006, Entourage Yearbooks provides yearbooks to over 4,000 schools across the US and in 18 countries around the world. Entourage’s unique collaborative yearbook technologies and industry leading production times has made the company one of the fastest growing in the country, recently recognized by Inc. Magazine as the 17th fastest growing private education company in the US. For more information about Entourage Yearbooks, visit

Rahmatullah M.,University of Development Alternative | Jahan R.,University of Development Alternative | Khatun M.A.,University of Development Alternative | Khatun M.A.,Lincoln College | And 8 more authors.
American-Eurasian Journal of Sustainable Agriculture | Year: 2010

An ethnomedicinal survey was carried out at Station Purbo Para village of Jamalpur Sadar sub-district in Jamalpur district of Bangladesh. Information on 121 medicinal plant species was obtained from the folk medicinal practitioners. All plants were screened in the scientific databases and scientific journals for pharmacological activities or presence of phytochemicals, which could be relevant to their folk medicinal uses. 61 plants (50.4%) of the total were found to have relevant pharmacological activities consistent with their uses. The actual number of relevant plants can increase further for a number of plants used by the folk medicinal practitioners are yet to be studied through relevant scientific experiments. The results suggest that the medicinal plants used by the folk medicinal practitioners of Bangladesh cannot be dismiised as irrelevant; in fact, the present study demonstrates that a substantial percentage of plants should be scientifically studied as soon as possible in a thorough manner for they can be sources of potentially important and efficacious drugs. © 2010, American Eurasian Network for Scientific Information.

Rahmatullah M.,University of Development Alternative | Kabir A.A.B.T.,University of Development Alternative | Rahman M.M.,University of Development Alternative | Hossan M.S.,University of Development Alternative | And 3 more authors.
Advances in Natural and Applied Sciences | Year: 2010

Christians form a minority group within the overall Muslim population of Bangladesh and comprises less than 0.5% of the total population. The majority of Christians belong to the various tribes, while non-tribal pockets of Christian population, who have converted to Christianity from Hinduism or Islam are spread around the country. The objective of the present survey was to conduct an ethnomedicinal survey among one such pocket of Christianity in Mirzapur village of Dinajpur district of Bangladesh. It was observed that the group depends on their own folk medicinal healers or Kavirajes for their primary health-care needs. After obtaining informed consent of the Kavirajes, interviews were conducted with the help of a semi-structured questionnaire and the guided field-walk method. Data was obtained on the medicinal plants or plant parts used, ailments treated, formulations and administration. All plant specimens as pointed out by the Kavirajes were collected, dried and identified at the Bangladesh National Herbarium. It was observed that 41 medicinal plant species distributed into 28 families were used by the Christian Kavirajes for treatment of various ailments. The ailments treated included pain, gastrointestinal disorders, urinary tract infections, hepatic problems, cuts and wounds, sexual disorders, kidney and gall bladder stones, diabetes, heart disorders, tumor, elephantiasis, rheumatism, edema, epilepsy, nerve weakness, respiratory tract disorders, paralysis, fever, helminthiasis, and debility. Overall, it may be concluded that the medicinal plants used by the Kavirajes can be of excellent potential for further scientific studies and discovery of newer and effective drugs. At the same time, the importance of conservation of these medicinal plants must be emphasized for it was observed that a considerable number of the plants are fast disappearing from the wild because of over-exploitation and lack of conservation measures. © 2010, American Eurasian Network for Scientific Information.

Rahmatullah M.,University of Development Alternative | Momen M.A.,University of Development Alternative | Rahman M.M.,University of Development Alternative | Nasrin D.,University of Development Alternative | And 5 more authors.
Advances in Natural and Applied Sciences | Year: 2010

Folk medicinal practitioners (Kavirajes) are possibly the most ancient practitioners of traditional medicine in Bangladesh and in general are the primary health-care providers to a majority of the rural population and a substantial segment of the urban population in the country. The major characteristic that separates the folk medicinal practitioners from other systems of existing medicinal practices is their almost exclusive use of simple preparations of medicinal plants for treatment of various ailments. Since the population of Bangladesh is primarily rural, village Kavirajes form the major unit from whom ethnomedicinal data can be obtained. The objective of the present study was to conduct a randomized ethnomedicinal survey among the Kavirajes of four villages, Kalakandi, Gorashal, Kadamtoli, and Gunjar, all villages being situated in Daudkandi sub-district of Comilla district in Bangladesh. Informed consent was obtained from the Kavirajes and surveys were carried out with the help of a semi-structured questionnaire and the guided field-walk method, where the Kavirajes took the interviewers to places from where they collected their medicinal plants, pointed out the plants and described their uses. All plant specimens were collected and identified at the Bangladesh National Herbarium. It was observed that the Kavirajes of the four villages surveyed used 44 plant species distributed into 32 families. The Lamiaceae family contributed 4 plants, followed by the Leguminosae, Rutaceae, and Solanaceae families with 3 plants each. Leaves constituted the major plant part used (45.3%), followed by roots (13.2%), and whole plants, fruits, and seeds (7.5% each). The various ailments treated included respiratory tract problems, gastrointestinal disorders, sexual problems, fever, cardiovascular disorders, mental disease, diabetes, loss of hair, vomiting, menstrual problems, skin disorders, hepatic disorders, piles, leprosy, calcium deficiency, dental diseases, cracked foot, bleeding, insect bites, mumps, rabies, chicken pox, body ache, and bone fracture. Cumulatively, the plants obtained in the present survey present considerable potential for further scientific research towards discovery of lead compounds and more efficacious drugs. © 2010, American Eurasian Network for Scientific Information.

Rahmatullah M.,University of Development Alternative | Khatun M.A.,Lincoln College | Morshed N.,University of Development Alternative | Neogi P.K.,University of Development Alternative | And 4 more authors.
Advances in Natural and Applied Sciences | Year: 2010

Sylhet division lies in the north-eastern corner of Bangladesh and comprises of four districts - Sylhet, Habiganj, Sunamganj, and Moulvibazar. The division contains a diversity of floral species, some of which are quite distinct from the rest of the country. A randomized ethnomedicinal survey was conducted among the folk medicinal practitioners of Komolganj in Moulvibazar district, Gulapganj of Sylhet district, and Chunarughat of Habiganj district. Informed consent was obtained from the healers and the survey was conducted with the help of a semi-structured questionnaire. In the present survey, the methodology employed was that of the guided field-walk, where the healers took the interviewers to localities from where they collected their medicinal plants and pointed out the plants besides describing the plant parts used and the ailments that they were used for. Plant specimens were collected from the field, dried in situ and identification completed at the Bangladesh National Herbarium. Information on 107 plant species distributed into 53 families was obtained. The Asteraceae family contributed the largest number of plant species (seven) followed by the Euphorbiaceae, Fabaceae and Rutaceae families (six each). Leaves comprised the major plant part used for the treatment of different ailments (48.3%) followed by fruit (15.9%) and bark (10.3%). Most plants were used to treat common ailments like gastrointestinal disorders, helminthiasis, debility, pain, skin problems, respiratory problems, fever, bleeding from cuts and wounds, urinary tract problems and sexual disorders. However, a number of plants were also used to treat more complicated ailments like cardiovascular disorders, hepatic disorders, epilepsy and cancer or tumors. In the majority of cases, a single plant part was used for treatment of any given ailment. Folk medicine in Bangladesh has a history of usage going back thousands of years. The medicinal plants used by the folk medicinal healers thus possess considerable potential for discovery of lead compounds or novel compounds that may serve as the source of effective modern drugs. © 2010, American Eurasian Network for Scientific Information.

Khatun M.A.,Lincoln College | Harun-Or-Rashid M.,Lincoln College | Rahmatullah M.,University of Development Alternative
American-Eurasian Journal of Sustainable Agriculture | Year: 2011

Malaysia has a well-developed traditional system of medicine, which has been in practice from time immemorial. The traditional medicinal practitioners use a variety of medicinal plants for treatment of various ailments. Traditional medicinal system suffers from lack of acceptance by modern allopathic doctors in the belief that traditional uses lack appropriate scientific basis for use. On the other hand, scientific validation of traditional uses of medicinal plants can become an important means through which not only low-cost medical treatment can be provided but also such treatment can be available easily to poorer segments of the population and the people living in remote areas, and as such lacking accessibility to modern medical practices. This review discusses the use of eight medicinal plants in the traditional medicinal system of Malaysia and related scientific reports on their pharmacological activities, which validate their traditional uses. The plants reviewed are Aloe vera, Morinda citrifolia, Piper sarmentosum, Acorus calamus, Andrographis paniculata, Orthosiphon aristatus, Eurycoma longifolia, and Centella asiatica. It is concluded that strong scientific evidences have emerged, which justifies the traditional medicinal uses for the plants.

Froding B.E.E.,Lincoln College
Neuroethics | Year: 2011

This article explores the respective roles that medical and technological cognitive enhancements, on the one hand, and the moral and epistemic virtues traditionally understood, on the other, can play in enabling us to lead the good life. It will be shown that neither the virtues nor cognitive enhancements (of the kind we have access to today or in the foreseeable future) on their own are likely to enable most people to lead the good life. While the moral and epistemic virtues quite plausibly are both necessary and sufficient for the good life in theory, virtue ethics is often criticised for being elitist and unachievable in practice for the vast majority. Some cognitive enhancements, on the other hand, might be necessary for the good life but are far from sufficient for such an existence. Here it will be proposed that a combination of virtue and some cognitive enhancements is preferable. © 2010 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.

Frost T.D.G.,Lincoln College | Sinha D.,Brasenose College | Gilbert B.J.,Green Templeton College
Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine | Year: 2014

When an individual facing intractable pain is given an estimate of a few months to live, does hastening death become a viable and legitimate alternative for willing patients? Has the time come for physicians to do away with the traditional notion of healthcare as maintaining or improving physical and mental health, and instead accept their own limitations by facilitating death when requested? The Universities of Oxford and Cambridge held the 2013 Varsity Medical Debate on the motion " This House Would Legalise Assisted Dying" This article summarises the key arguments developed over the course of the debate. We will explore how assisted dying can affect both the patient and doctor; the nature of consent and limits of autonomy; the effects on society; the viability of a proposed model; and, perhaps most importantly, the potential need for the practice within our current medico-legal framework. © 2014 Frost et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

Agarwala B.,University of Development Alternative | Azam F.M.S.,University of Development Alternative | Khatun M.A.,Lincoln College | Rahman F.,University of Development Alternative | Rahmatullah M.,University of Development Alternative
American-Eurasian Journal of Sustainable Agriculture | Year: 2010

This abstract describes a method for in vitro clonal propagation of Wedelia chinensis (Family: Asteraceae), a medicinal plant used by traditional medicinal practitioners of Bangladesh. This plant is used in the traditional medicinal system of Bangladesh for hepatic disorders, coughs, cephalagia, skin diseases, dyeing and promoting hair growth, cancer, and also during uterine hemorrhages and menorrhagia. Explants (shoot tips and nodes) from field grown plants were collected and treated with 0.1% HgCl 2 for surface sterilization. Sterile explants were cultured onto Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium containing different concentration of auxins, cytokinins and gibberellic acid. Tips were sprouted and regenerated on MS medium fortified with BAP (1.0 mg/l) and had an average length of 1.19 cm. [BAP (2.0 mg/l) + IAA (1.0 mg/l)] when used with MS medium showed the best response (100%) on shoot elongation. Simultaneous shooting and rhizogenesis (2.68 roots/shoot) was obtained when explants were cultured in [MS + BAP (1.0 mg/l) + NAA (1.5 mg/l)]. Shoot proliferation was obtained with profused lateral budding in [MS + BAP (1.5 mg/l) + GA 3 (0.5 mg/l)]. Auto-rooting (16 roots/shoot) with vigorous shoot growth was observed in the same medium. The rooted plantlets were successfully established in earthen potted media after proper hardening and acclimatization. After eight weeks of transplantation more than 70% plants survived and no morphological variation was observed with the donor plants. This method of clonal propagation could reduce the cost and time of plantlet production of this species. © 2010, American-Eurasian Network for Scientific Information.

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