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Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-TP | Phase: NMP-2007-3.1-2 | Award Amount: 5.17M | Year: 2008

The overall objective of Open Garments is the Manufacturing Service Provider (MSP) Business Model enabling individual garments. This model will enable a new way of design, production and sales of consumer designed and configured garments, based on the provision of individualised services and products to customers and partners. This will lead to new product designs, to a much more customer satisfaction, and to an improvement of the stability and competitiveness of SMEs. Applying this the European Textile and Clothing Industry will be able to create and provide individual garments with a very high degree of customisation in terms of fit, fashion and function at a comparable price in typically 72 hours. The idea is to empower the consumer as designer, producer and retailer for individual garments by (1) taking the creativity and the willingness of consumers by means of web-based virtual communities of individuals, (2) adopting and integrating (mainly) existing digital technologies for design and production of individual garments in a framework of Open Innovation and (a new concept of) Open Manufacturing, and (3) turning this into a new MSP concept for SMEs with an appropriate business model and tools, which coordinates, supports and manages the Open Innovation community and the Open Manufacturing network. Targeted results are (1) the concept of Open Innovation for individual garments together with free tools and working virtual communities, (2) the concept of Open Manufacturing for flexible and quick manufacturing of individual garments, together with tools and working micro-plants in micro-enterprises, (3) adopted technologies for digital fabric printing and Rapid Manufacturing of accessories, and (4) a business model for the knowledge based MSP together with design and production tools and services for Open Innovation and Open Manufacturing. The MSP business model will be developed, implemented and tested in real industrial environments.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-SA | Phase: SiS-2010-2.2.1.1 | Award Amount: 4.14M | Year: 2011

Following the recommendations of the Science Education Now: A renewed Pedagogy for the Future of Europe report, the Pathway Supporting Action is bringing together experts in the field of science education research and teachers communities, scientists and researchers involved in pioneering scientific research, policy makers and curriculum developers to promote the effective widespread use of inquiry and problem based science teaching techniques in primary and secondary schools in Europe and beyond. The proposed approach is based on three main axes that could facilitate the uptake of IBSE (Inquiry-Based Science Education): It a) proposes a standard-based approach to teaching science by inquiry that outlines instructional models that will help teachers to organise effectively their instruction, b) deploys a series of methods to motivate teachers to adopt inquiry based techniques and activities in their classrooms and c) offers access to a unique collection of open educational resources and teaching practices (linked with the science curricula) that have proven their efficiency and efficacy in promoting inquiry based education and that are expanding the limitations of classroom instruction. Such an approach enables all stakeholders (teachers, teachers trainers, curriculum developers, policy-makers) to examine their own practices in the light of the best performing approaches that set the standards on what can be achieved and provides them with a unique tool to bring about improvements in their everyday practice.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-ITN | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2013-ITN | Award Amount: 1.69M | Year: 2013

TRADERS focuses on developing and testing a framework of methodologies on which art and design (A&D) researchers can rely when working on public space projects in participatory ways. This framework is transferable and aims to enhance the potentials in A&D practices to contribute creatively in processes of urban and branch-related change. The framework will inform and will be informed by a toolkit. For coherence in the training, Hasselt-Genk will be the anchor case area on which the ESR researchers work together. TRADERS will cooperate with Z-OUT: a centre of expertise on art, design and architecture in relation to public space. To assure the adequacy of an A&D research project, five complementary research foci are covered that correspond to the methodological framework and entail innovative research topics on participation for public space: Intervention (KHLIM (research group Social Spaces, Media, Arts & Design Faculty i.c.w. LUCA)), Play (UGOT), Multiple Performative Mapping (DAE), Data-mining (RCA) and Modeling in dialogue (CHALMERS). A sixth focus will be on the development of a meta-framework allowing these research foci to communicate and collaborate (KU Leuven). To bundle the strengths of different disciplines to commonly approach other non-A&D disciplines and sectors, every participant will work in a partnership with a public or private organization, offering a research and training environment to the researcher and ensuring that his/her research project has a practical and use-oriented focus. TRADERS contains a training program consisting of, a.o.: supervised involvement in six research/training projects at the host organizations with shared activities in Training-through-Research Synergy weeks, collaboration for the research/training with stakeholders and branches that represent future employers, collaboration with various researchers and enterprises from different countries, network-wide research training and Complementary Skills Training at Summer Schools, conference and secondments to associated partners.


Spijkman M.-J.,HIGH-TECH | Spijkman M.-J.,Zernike Institute for Advanced Materials | Myny K.,Limburg Catholic University College | Smits E.C.P.,Holst Center | And 5 more authors.
Advanced Materials | Year: 2011

The first dual-gate thin-film transistor (DGTFT) was reported in 1981 with CdSe as the semiconductor. Other TFT technologies such as a-Si:H and organic semiconductors have led to additional ways of making DGTFTs. DGTFTs contain a second gate dielectric with a second gate positioned opposite of the first gate. The main advantage is that the threshold voltage can be set as a function of the applied second gate bias. The shift depends on the ratio of the capacitances of the two gate dielectrics. Here we review the fast growing field of DGTFTs. We summarize the reported operational mechanisms, and the application in logic gates and integrated circuits. The second emerging application of DGTFTs is sensitivity enhancement of existing ion-sensitive field-effect transistors (ISFET). The reported sensing mechanism is discussed and an outlook is presented. Dual-gate thin-film transistors (DGTFTs) have gained popularity in recent years. The additional second gate allows controlled shifting of the threshold voltage. The shift depends on the ratio of the capacitances of the two gate dielectrics. We summarize the reported operation mechanism and review the application of DGTFTs in both integrated circuits and sensors. Copyright © 2011 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.


Guelinckx I.,Catholic University of Leuven | Devlieger R.,University Hospital Leuven | Bogaerts A.,Limburg Catholic University College | Pauwels S.,Catholic University of Leuven | Vansant G.,Catholic University of Leuven
Public Health Nutrition | Year: 2012

Objective: To determine whether pre-pregnancy BMI influences breast-feeding practice. Design: Retrospective epidemiological study. Setting: University Hospital Leuven, Catholic University Leuven, Belgium. Subjects: Two hundred women (median age 29 years, interquartile range (IQR) 4; 52 % nulliparae) were grouped into four categories according to pre-pregnancy BMI using WHO cut-offs. Results: The incidence of intention and initiation of breast-feeding was significantly lower in underweight (64 %) and obese women (68 %) compared with normal weight (92 %) and overweight women (80 %). Initiation was also related to parity (OR = 0·582; 95 % CI 0·400, 0·846), but not to gestational weight gain, method of delivery or hypertensive disorders. Fifty-two per cent of underweight, 70 % of normal weight and 56 % of overweight women were exclusively breast-feeding their infant during the first month of life. This incidence was significantly lower in the obese group (34 %; P = 0·030). Only 40 % of all infants were exclusively breast-fed at 3 months of age, with the lowest prevalence among women with obesity (P = 0·0 0 1). The median duration of any breast-feeding in the obese group (1·8 months, IQR 3·4) was significantly shorter than in the underweight (3·0 months, IQR 3·1), normal weight (3·0 months, IQR 2·4) and overweight group (3·0 months, IQR 3·5; P = 0·024). Reasons given for ceasing breast-feeding in the obese group were maternal complications (29 %), insufficient milk supply (23 %), sucking problems (21 %) and work resumption (21 %). Conclusions: Breast-feeding practice in the total population, but especially among women with obesity, fell short of global WHO recommended standards. Policy initiatives and local interventions should continue to support breast-feeding, but also prevent maternal obesity.


Joosten E.,University Hospitals | Demuynck M.,University Hospitals | Detroyer E.,Catholic University of Leuven | Detroyer E.,Limburg Catholic University College | And 2 more authors.
BMC Geriatrics | Year: 2014

Background: The prevalence and significance of frailty are seldom studied in hospitalized patients. Aim of this study is to evaluate the prevalence of frailty and to determine the extent that frailty predicts delirium, falls and mortality in hospitalized older patients. Methods. In a prospective study of 220 older patients, frailty was determined using the Cardiovascular Health Study (CHS) and the Study of Osteoporotic Fracture (SOF) frailty index. Patients were classified as nonfrail, prefrail, and frail, according to the specific criteria. Covariates included clinical and laboratory parameters. Outcome variables included in hospital delirium and falls, and 6-month mortality. Results: The CHS frailty index was available in all 220 patients, of which 1.5% were classified as being nonfrail, 58.5% as prefrail, and 40% as frail. The SOF frailty index was available in 204 patients, of which 16% were classified as being nonfrail, 51.5% as prefrail, and 32.5% as frail. Frailty, as identified by the CHS and SOF indexes, was a significant risk factor for 6-month mortality. However, after adjustment for multiple risk factors, frailty remained a strong independent risk factor only for the model with the CHS index (OR 4.7, 95% CI 1.7-12.8). Frailty (identified by CHS and SOF indexes) was not found to be a risk factor for delirium or falls. Conclusions: Frailty, as measured by the CHS index, is an independent risk factor for 6-month mortality. The CHS and the SOF indexes have limited value as risk assessment tools for specific geriatric syndromes (e.g., falls and delirium) in hospitalized older patients. © 2014Joosten et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.


Eyckens P.,Catholic University of Leuven | Van Bael A.,Catholic University of Leuven | Van Bael A.,Limburg Catholic University College | Van Houtte P.,Catholic University of Leuven
International Journal of Plasticity | Year: 2011

Some metal sheet forming processes may induce an amount of plastic shear over the sheet thickness. This paper investigates how formability of anisotropic sheet metal is affected by such through-thickness shear (TTS). The Marciniak-Kuczynski (MK) model framework, a commonly used analytical tool to predict the limit of sheet formability due to the onset of localized necking, is extended in this paper in order to explicitly account for TTS in anisotropic metal sheets. It is a continuation of previous work by the present authors (Eyckens et al., 2009), in which TTS is incorporated for isotropic sheet. This is achieved by the introduction of additional force equilibrium and geometric compatibility equations that govern the connection between matrix and groove in the MK model. Furthermore, in order to integrate plastic anisotropy, a material reference frame available in recent literature is incorporated, as well as a particular model for anisotropic yielding that relies on virtual testing of anisotropic properties (Facet plastic potential), since out-of-plane anisotropy related to TTS cannot be measured experimentally. It is found that formability may be increased by TTS, depending on the direction onto which it is imposed by the forming process. TTS is thus a relevant aspect of the formability in, for instance, sheet forming processes in which sliding contact with friction between sheets and forming tools occur. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Bogaerts A.,Limburg Catholic University College | Van Den Bergh B.R.H.,Limburg Catholic University College | Ameye L.,Limburg Catholic University College | Witters I.,Limburg Catholic University College | And 3 more authors.
Obstetrics and Gynecology | Year: 2013

OBJECTIVE:: To examine the association between interpregnancy weight change and the risk for adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes. METHODS:: All live-born singleton births delivered at 21-42 weeks of gestation in women who had their first two consecutive births between 2009 and 2011 in Flanders (the northern part of Belgium) and who were included in the Study Center for Perinatal Epidemiology database (N=7,897) were included. Interpregnancy weight change was calculated as the difference between the prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) of the first pregnancy and the prepregnancy BMI of the second pregnancy. Multivariate logistic regression analysis to predict gestational diabetes mellitus, pregnancy-induced hypertension, cesarean delivery, macrosomia (4,000 g or greater), low birth weight (less than 2,500 g), and congenital malformations were performed. RESULTS:: The adjusted odds ratio (OR) for gestational diabetes mellitus was 2.25 (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.33-3.78; P=.002) for interpregnancy weight retention of 2 or more BMI units, and the adjusted OR for pregnancy-induced hypertension was 3.76 (95% CI 2.16-6.57; P<.001) with an increase of 3 or more BMI units between pregnancies, but these associations were only present in underweight and normal-weight women. In overweight and obese women, the adjusted OR was 2.04 (95% CI 1.41-2.95; P<.001) for cesarean delivery for an interpregnancy weight retention of 2 or more BMI units. In underweight and normal-weight women, the risk for macrosomia was halved if women lost more than 1 BMI unit between pregnancies, but at the same time, the risk for low birth weight doubled. CONCLUSION:: We show that weight retention between the first and second pregnancy is associated with an increased risk for perinatal complications, even in underweight and normal-weight women. Stabilizing interpregnancy weight appears an important target for reducing adverse perinatal outcomes in a second pregnancy. © 2013 by The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. Published by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.


Bogaerts A.F.L.,Limburg Catholic University College | Devlieger R.,Catholic University of Leuven | Nuyts E.,Limburg Catholic University College | Witters I.,Catholic University of Leuven | And 3 more authors.
International Journal of Obesity | Year: 2013

Objective:Lifestyle intervention could help obese pregnant women to limit their weight gain during pregnancy and improve their psychological comfort, but has not yet been evaluated in randomized controlled trials. We evaluated whether a targeted antenatal lifestyle intervention programme for obese pregnant women influences gestational weight gain (GWG) and levels of anxiety or depressed mood.Design and subjects:This study used a longitudinal interventional design. Of the 235 eligible obese pregnant women, 205 (mean age (years): 29±4.5; body mass index (BMI, kg m-2): 34.7±4.6) were randomized to a control group, a brochure group receiving written information on healthy lifestyle and an experimental group receiving an additional four antenatal lifestyle intervention sessions by a midwife trained in motivational lifestyle intervention. Anxiety (State and Trait Anxiety Inventory) and feelings of depression (Edinburgh Depression Scale) were measured during the first, second and third trimesters of pregnancy. Socio-demographical, behavioural, psychological and medical variables were used for controlling and correcting outcome variables.Results:We found a significant reduction of GWG in the brochure (9.5 kg) and lifestyle intervention (10.6 kg) group compared with normal care group (13.5 kg) (P=0.007). Furthermore, levels of anxiety significantly decreased in the lifestyle intervention group and increased in the normal care group during pregnancy (P=0.02); no differences were demonstrated in the brochure group. Pre-pregnancy BMI was positively related to levels of anxiety. Obese pregnant women who stopped smoking recently showed a significant higher GWG (β=3.04; P=0.01); those with concurrent gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) (β=3.54; P=0.03) and those who consumed alcohol on a regular base (β=3.69; P=0.04) showed significant higher levels of state anxiety. No differences in depressed mood or obstetrical/neonatal outcomes were observed between the three groups.Conclusions:A targeted lifestyle intervention programme based on the principles of motivational interviewing reduces GWG and levels of anxiety in obese pregnant women. © 2013 Macmillan Publishers Limited.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-SA | Phase: SiS.2013.2.2.1-1 | Award Amount: 2.79M | Year: 2014

The Ark of Inquiry project aims to raise youth awareness to Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI) by providing young European citizens (7 to 18-year-olds) with a pool of engaging inquiry activities to improve their inquiry skills, increase their awareness and understanding of conducting real science, and prepare them to participate in different roles in the European research and innovation process. In order to achieve these aims, the project will 1) develop a framework for identifying inquiry activities that promote pupils awareness of RRI; 2) collect existing inquiry activities and environments from various national and international projects; 3) make the activities available across Europe through the Ark of Inquiry platform in order to bring together inquiry activities, learners, and supporters (teachers, science and teacher education students, and staff of universities and science centres); 4) train at least 1 100 teachers to support pupils inquiry activities in a manner that attracts pupils interest and motivation towards RRI; and 5) implement the inquiry activities on a large-scale across a European school network. During the project at least 23 000 students will participate in the Ark of Inquiry. After completing a particular set of inquiry activities the pupils can apply for an Inquiry Award. A large community consisting of 1 100 trained teachers and at least 100 science and teacher education students and 50 researchers from universities and science centres over Europe will support learners inquiry activities and award their performance. Based on evaluation results the Ark of Inquiry platform will be made available for the whole of Europe. The platform will connect formal learning settings and curricula to centres for science and research, so that generations of scientists can meet each other. This project helps build a society skilled in RRI and related scientific communication.

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