Limagrain GmbH

Peine, Germany

Limagrain GmbH

Peine, Germany

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News Article | May 9, 2017
Site: marketersmedia.com

— Global Vegetable Seeds Market 2012- 2022 Report provides detailed analysis of market in 9 chapters with required tables and figures. Applications covered in this report are Farmland and Greenhouse. This report also provides key analysis for the geographical regions like Europe, North America, China, Japan & Korea. Companies like Monsanto, Syngenta, Limagrain, Bayer Crop Science, Bejo, Enza Zaden, Rijk Zwaan, Sakata, Takii, Nongwoobio, Longping High-Tech, Denghai Seeds, Jing Yan Yinong, Huasheng Seed, Horticulture Seeds, Beijing Zhongshu, Jiangsu Seed and more are profiled in this report providing information on sale, price, sales regions, products and overview. Purchase a copy of this report at: https://www.themarketreports.com/report/buy-now/502114 Table of Contents: 1 Market Overview 1.1 Objectives of Research 1.2 Market Segment 2 Industry Chain 2.1 Industry Chain Structure 2.2 Upstream 2.3 Market 3 Environmental Analysis 3.1 Policy 3.2 Economic 3.3 Technology 3.4 Market Entry 4 Major Vendors 5 Market/Vendors Distribution 5.1 Regional Distribution 5.2 Product and Application 6 Regions Market 6.1 Global 6.2 Europe 6.3 North America 6.4 China 6.5 Japan & Korea 6.6 Trade 7 Forecast 7.1 Market Trends 7.2 Segment Forecast 8 Marketing Overview 8.1 Ex-factory Price 8.2 Buyer Price 8.3 Price Factors 8.4 Marketing Channel 9 Conclusion Inquire more about this report at: https://www.themarketreports.com/report/ask-your-query/502114 For more information, please visit https://www.themarketreports.com/report/global-vegetable-seeds-market-research-2011-2022


Limagrain Céréales Ingrédients' new range of functional bakery ingredients for professionals in the bakery, Viennoiserie and pastry sectors.


CARBIOS (Paris:ALCRB), pioneer company in the field of bioplasturgy, announces that it has taken a new step forward with the production of PET oligomers made out of terephthalic acid coming from its biorecycling process of PET plastic bottles. The synthesis of PET is carried out in two major steps: By succeeding in this first step, CARBIOS demonstrates that it is now possible to use PET plastic waste rather than fossil resources for the synthesis of PET oligomers. CARBIOS previously demonstrated that it had successfully depolymerized PET bottles into its initial monomers. A first scale up of the process has since been performed. After a proof of concept at the scale of one hundred milliliters, this depolymerization was carried out in reactors of 5 and 100 liters. At such last scale, 20 kilos of PET have been treated and depolymerized at 90%. Performances of the depolymerization process were perfectly identical regardless of the reactors volume, showing by then the strength of this technology. At the end of the depolymerization process, the terephthalic acid produced has been collected and purified. Its purity reaches a level above 99% and analytic technics of reference do not allow to make any difference with commercial terephthalic acid produced from oil. “We have demonstrated that the purity of the terephthalic acid obtained through our original enzymatic process allows the efficient synthesis of PET oligomers. This is a new important step that reinforces the industrial potential of our technology. We are very confident in the forthcoming demonstration of a complete recycling of PET waste into new PET bottles of same quality as the original products. It is now our short-term goal before operating, with key players of the PET value chain, a pilot plant and launching the industrial demonstration of the process” comments Alain MARTY, Chief Scientific Officer of CARBIOS. CARBIOS is a green chemistry company whose innovations are designed to meet environmental and sustainable development issues faced by global industrial players. Since its creation in 2011, CARBIOS has developed two industrial bioprocesses dedicated to the biodegradation and the biorecycling of polymers. These breakthrough innovations, which are a worldwide premiere, leverage the highly specific properties of enzymes to optimize the performances and the life cycle of plastic and textile materials. CARBIOS’ economic development model is based on the industrialization and commercialization of its products, enzymes, technologies, and bioprocesses via the concession of licenses, directly or via joint ventures to major industrial players in the sectors that can make use of the Company’s innovative technologies. For instance, CARBIOS created in September 2016, the joint-venture CARBIOLICE, in partnership with Limagrain Céréales Ingrédients and the SPI investment fund run by Bpifrance. This company, controlled by CARBIOS, will operate the first patented enzymatic biodegradation technology licensed by CARBIOS by producing enzymated pellets to be used for the production of a new generation of bio-sourced and biodegradable plastics. Since inception, CARBIOS benefits from the financial support of the leading European venture capital firm Truffle Capital. CARBIOS was granted the label “Young Innovative Company” by Bpifrance (former OSEO) and is eligible for investments by private equity mutual funds (FCPIs). For more information, please visit: www.carbios.fr CARBIOS is eligible for the PEA-PME, a government program allowing French residents investing in SMEs to benefit from income tax rebates.


CARBIOS avait précédemment démontré la dépolymérisation sélective de bouteilles en PET permettant le retour aux monomères initiaux. Une première montée en échelle du procédé de dépolymérisation enzymatique de bouteilles en PET a depuis été réalisée. Après une preuve de concept à l’échelle de la centaine de millilitres, cette dépolymérisation a été menée en réacteurs de 5 litres puis de 100 litres. A cette dernière échelle, 20 kg de PET ont été traités et dépolymérisés à plus de 90%. Les performances de dépolymérisation du procédé se sont avérées identiques en tout point, quel que soit le volume du réacteur utilisé, démontrant ainsi la robustesse du procédé. A l’issue de la dépolymérisation, l’acide téréphtalique produit a été récupéré et purifié. Il présente une pureté supérieure à 99% et les techniques d’analyse de référence ne permettent pas de le différencier de l’acide téréphtalique commercial produit à partir du pétrole. CARBIOS est une société de chimie verte dont les innovations répondent aux enjeux environnementaux et de développement durable auxquels sont confrontés les industriels. Depuis sa création en 2011, la Société a développé deux bioprocédés industriels dans le domaine de la biodégradation et du biorecyclage des polymères. Ces innovations, qui constituent une première mondiale, permettent d’optimiser les performances et le cycle de vie des plastiques et textiles en exploitant les propriétés d’enzymes hautement spécifiques. Le modèle de développement économique de CARBIOS s’appuie sur l’industrialisation et la commercialisation de ses produits et/ou enzymes, de ses technologies et de ses bioprocédés au travers de concessions de licences directement ou via des joint-ventures à des industriels majeurs des secteurs concernés par les innovations de la Société. A ce titre, CARBIOS a créé en septembre 2016, la joint-venture CARBIOLICE, en partenariat avec Limagrain Céréales Ingrédients et le fonds SPI opéré par Bpifrance. Cette société, dont CARBIOS assure un contrôle majoritaire, exploitera la première technologie licenciée par CARBIOS en produisant des granulés enzymés servant à la fabrication de plastiques biodégradables et biosourcés. Depuis sa création, CARBIOS est soutenue par Truffle Capital, acteur européen du capital-investissement. CARBIOS bénéficie de la qualification « Entreprise Innovante » de Bpifrance permettant l’éligibilité des titres de la Société à l’investissement des Fonds Communs de Placement dans l’Innovation (FCPI).


News Article | February 24, 2017
Site: globenewswire.com

4e semencier mondial, Vilmorin & Cie crée des semences potagères et de grandes cultures à haute valeur ajoutée, contribuant à répondre aux enjeux alimentaires.  Soutenue par son actionnaire de référence Limagrain, groupe coopératif agricole international, la croissance de Vilmorin & Cie s'appuie sur un investissement soutenu en recherche et une stratégie d'internationalisation affirmée, pour renforcer durablement ses positions concurrentielles sur des marchés mondiaux porteurs. Guidée par une vision long terme de son développement, Vilmorin & Cie inscrit sa performance dans le respect de trois valeurs fondatrices : le progrès, qui se situe au coeur de ses convictions et de sa mission, la persévérance, inhérente aux métiers d'agriculteur et de semencier, et la coopération, aussi bien au niveau scientifique, industriel que commercial.


News Article | February 15, 2017
Site: globenewswire.com

Au cours du second trimestre, l'activité a été quasiment stable (-0,6 % à données comparables), après plusieurs trimestres de progression extrêmement soutenue. Le ralentissement constaté concerne principalement le continent européen et notamment l'Europe du Sud (Italie et Espagne), affectée par des conditions climatiques défavorables pour certaines productions maraîchères. Il traduit également certaines anticipations et décalages d'activité ainsi que la baisse pilotée de l'activité de fourniture agricole de la Business Unit Vilmorin-MKS au Japon. Sur l'ensemble du semestre, la croissance reste élevée et concerne la plupart des zones géographiques - en particulier l'Amérique du Nord et l'Amérique Latine - et des espèces stratégiques, avec de belles progressions en piment/poivron, carotte, courgette et concombre. 4e semencier mondial, Vilmorin & Cie crée des semences potagères et de grandes cultures à haute valeur ajoutée, contribuant à répondre aux enjeux alimentaires.  Soutenue par son actionnaire de référence Limagrain, groupe coopératif agricole international, la croissance de Vilmorin & Cie s'appuie sur un investissement soutenu en recherche et une stratégie d'internationalisation affirmée, pour renforcer durablement ses positions concurrentielles sur des marchés mondiaux porteurs. Guidée par une vision long terme de son développement, Vilmorin & Cie inscrit sa performance dans le respect de trois valeurs fondatrices : le progrès, qui se situe au coeur de ses convictions et de sa mission, la persévérance, inhérente aux métiers d'agriculteur et de semencier, et la coopération, aussi bien au niveau scientifique, industriel que commercial.


News Article | February 15, 2017
Site: globenewswire.com

SALES FOR THE 1ST SEMESTER ENDING ON DECEMBER 31, 2016 UP 10.2% WITH CURRENT DATA STRONG IMPROVEMENT OF RESULTS FOR THE 1ST SEMESTER 2016-2017 On average, sales for the first semester globally represent around one third of the annual sales for Vilmorin & Cie. Because of this highly seasonal pattern, the consolidated financial statements for the first semester traditionally show very negative income. The consolidated financial statements for the first semester 2016-2017, closed on December 31, 2016, were approved at the Vilmorin & Cie Board meeting of February 14, 2017. The Statutory Auditors have carried out a limited audit of the financial information for the first semester; in their conclusions they have not indicated any reservations or particular remarks. Consolidated financial information is established in compliance with the IFRS referential (International Financial Reporting Standards) as endorsed by the European Union on December 31, 2016. The accounting methods and principles adopted in the consolidated financial statements for the first semester on December 31, 2016 are identical to those used in the consolidated financial statements for the fiscal year closing on June 30, 2016. Thus, no change in accounting methods or estimates with any impact on Vilmorin & Cie's consolidated financial statements was applied by Vilmorin & Cie over the course of the semester. Evolution of the data for the semester is analyzed using current data and on a like-for-like basis. Comparable data is restated with constant scope and currency impact; accordingly, the result for the first semester 2015-2016 takes into account in particular the impact of changes in currency translation, by applying the average rate on December 31, 2016 to the income statement on December 31, 2015. The activity of the company Genica Research (United States. Vegetable Seeds), acquired in February 2016, has not been restated for scope for fiscal year 2016-2017, since the company's American activities were integrated into the HM.CLAUSE Vegetable Seeds Business Unit while its European activities into that of Vilmorin-MKS. SaleS for thE FIRSt SEMESTER: VERY DYNAMIC GROWTH MARKED BY A PERFORMANCE OF EXCELLENT QUALITY for THE FIELD SEEdS ACTIVITY Vilmorin & Cie's consolidated sales for the first semester of 2016-2017, closed on December 31, 2016, came to 503 million euros, a rise of 10.2% with current data and 10.8% on a like-for-like basis. VEGETABLE SEEDS DIVISION: A FIRST SEMESTER WITH SIGNIFICANT GROWTH IN SPITE OF A SLOWDOWN IN BUSINESS OVER THE 2ND QUARTER Sales for the Vegetable seeds division for the first semester came to 286.9 million euros, an increase of 5.7% with current data compared with the first semester for 2015-2016. Restated on a like-for-like basis, the division achieved an increase of 5.2 %. During the course of the second quarter, business was practically stable (-0.6% on a like-for-like basis), after several quarters of extremely strong progression. This slowdown mainly concerns Europe, and particularly southern Europe (Italy and Spain), affected by unfavorable climate conditions for certain vegetable productions. It also conveys the anticipation and offset of certain business operations and the programmed drop in the agricultural supplies activity of the Business Unit Vilmorin-MKS in Japan. This performance therefore does not cast any doubt on Vilmorin & Cie's growth impetus for this activity or its global sales growth objective for fiscal year 2016-2017. Over the full semester, growth remains high and concerns most geographical zones - particularly North America and Latin America - and strategic crops, with fine progression of hot and sweet pepper, carrot, summer squash and cucumber. FIELD SEEDS DIVISION: SUSTAINED GROWTH IN BUSINESS, DRIVEN BY STRONG DYNAMIC BUSINESS IN SOUTH AMERICA Sales for the Field seeds division for the first semester came to 201.6 million euros, an increase of 18.2% compared with the first semester for 2015-2016; this increase was 21% on a like-for-like basis. In Europe, on a rapeseed market characterized by the continuing adoption of hybrid seeds, the commercial campaign for this crop achieved an excellent level of growth, both in terms of volume and value, resulting in market share gains. Vilmorin & Cie thus confirmed its position as a top-ranking European player. The first part of the straw cereal seed campaign (wheat, barley) recorded a marked drop in sales, in a market context where the use of commercial seeds has fallen, particularly in France. In a market environment still heavily influenced by the low level of prices for agricultural production, orders for corn are lower, in line with the falling trends for cultivated acreage for this crop, particularly in Western Europe. However, orders to date for sunflower seeds are promising, particularly in Eastern Europe. In South America, the first corn campaign in Brazil (safra) was considerably higher than the previous year, with an increase both in volume and in value, in line with market trends, while the second corn campaign (safrinha) has also made a very good start, partly through anticipation of the sales campaign. In the other new development zones (Asia and Africa), the level of business achieved overall during the first semester corresponds to expectations. The Field Seeds division thus recorded sales for the second quarter up 29.5% on a like-for-like basis. Finally, on the North American market, the beginning of the commercial campaign for corn and soybean seeds is running well, in the context of a drop predicted for corn acreage, benefitting an increase in soybean acreage. RESULTS FOR THE FIRST SEMESTER: A STRONG IMPROVEMENT Directly linked TO THE INCREASE IN BUSINESS AND TIGHTER management of OPERATING CHARGES After taking into account the cost of destruction and depreciation of inventory, margin on the cost of sales came to 246 million euros, representing 48.9% of total sales, down 1.1 percentage point compared to the first semester for the previous fiscal year; it was mainly affected by the business mix. Net operating charges came to 264.5 million euros, an increase of 4.2 million euros compared with the first semester for fiscal year 2015-2016, including an additional investment of 6.4 million euros in research and development. Consequently, the operating income for the first semester shows a loss of 18.5 million euros on December 31, 2016, a strong reduction (13.4 million euros compared to the first semester for 2015-2016); the operating margin, traditionally negative at the end of the first semester, came to -3.7%, as opposed to -7% on December 31, 2015. The income contribution from associated companies, in particular AgReliant (North America. Field Seeds) and Seed Co (Africa. Field Seeds), stood at -24.9 million euros at the end of the first semester for 2016-2017, virtually the same level as at the end of the first semester for the previous fiscal year. The financial income shows a net charge of 6.8 million euros as opposed to 22.9 million euros on December 31, 2015. In particular, this year foreign exchange gains of 4.1 million euros were recorded, as opposed to foreign exchange losses of 5.4 million euros for the previous fiscal year. Income tax on December 31, 2016 shows a net tax income of 10.5 million euros, a decrease of 5.9 million euros compared to the previous year. As a result of these factors, the net result for the semester shows a loss of 39.7 million euros, including a group share loss of 38.8 million euros, a reduction of 22.9 million euros compared with the first semester for fiscal year 2015-2016. At the end of December 2016, the balance sheet structure is naturally influenced to a large extent by the seasonal nature of the annual business cycle. Net of cash and cash equivalents (224.9 million euros), financial indebtedness came to 988.8 million euros, including a non-current share of 884.1 million euros. The group share of equity stood at 1,112.6 million euros and minority interests at 109.1 million euros. In view of the results for the first semester, as presented above, and on the basis of information currently available, Vilmorin & Cie confirms its global sales growth objective for fiscal year 2016-2017 at +5% on a like-for-like basis compared with fiscal year 2015-2016. Vilmorin & Cie has also fixed the objective of achieving a current operating margin rate at the same level as that of fiscal year 2015-2016. Over the second semester, reaching these objectives will nevertheless partly depend on the definitive evolution of cultivated acreage and prices for agricultural production, in a context of pressure on pricing policies for the Field Seeds activity, and also on the confirmation of growth potential for the Vegetable Seeds activity demonstrated over recent fiscal years. You can consult a presentation of sales and results at the end of the first semester as of 9:00 am on the website www.vilmorin.info Thursday February 23, 2017: registration with the AMF of the update of the annual report for 2015-2016 Tuesday April 25, 2017(1): sales at the end of the third quarter 2016-2017 Monday July 31, 2017(1): sales for the fiscal year 2016-2017 Wednesday October 18, 2017(1): results for the fiscal year 2016-2017 (1) disclosure after trading on the Paris stock market. FOR ANY FURTHER INFORMATION: Valérie MONSÉRAT Head of Financial Communication and Investor Relations           Vilmorin & Cie, the 4th largest seed company in the world, develops vegetable and field seeds with high added value, contributing to meeting global food requirements.  Accompanied by its reference shareholder Limagrain, an international agricultural cooperative group, Vilmorin & Cie's strategy for growth relies on sustained investments in research and international development to durably strengthen its market shares on promising world markets. True to its vision of sustainable development, Vilmorin & Cie ensures its achievements fully respect its three founding values: progress, at the heart of its beliefs and its mission, perseverance, inherent to farming and the seeds business, and cooperation, in the fields of science, industry and commerce.  For further information: www.vilmorin.info SALES FOR THE FIRST SEMESTER 2016-2017 AND EVOLUTION PER QUARTER AND PER DIVISION


News Article | February 22, 2017
Site: phys.org

A common strategy to create high-yielding plants is hybrid breeding - crossing two different inbred lines to obtain characteristics superior to each parent. However, getting the inbred lines in the first place can be a hassle. Inbred lines consist of genetically uniform individuals and are created through numerous generations of self-crossing. In maize, the use of so-called "haploid inducers" provides a short cut to this cumbersome procedure, allowing to produce inbred lines in just one generation. A study by Laurine Gilles and colleagues, published today in The EMBO Journal, sheds light on the genetics behind haploid induction. "Knowing the molecular identity of haploid induction represents an important breakthrough to fully understand the fertilization process in plants, and hopefully will allow to translate this breeding tool to other species," said the study's senior author Dr. Thomas Widiez, an INRA (Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique) researcher at the École Normale Supérieure in Lyon, France. Haploid inducers were first discovered in the 1950s. Pollination of female flower with pollen of a haploid inducer strain will yield offspring that are haploid, meaning that they will only contain one single copy of each gene as opposed to the usual two copies. All their genetic material comes from the mother. Treating these haploid plants with a chemical that causes chromosome doubling will lead to plants with two identical copies of all genes in just one generation. With classical inbreeding, this condition takes seven to ten years to achieve. Haploid offspring in maize are not unusual; they emerge naturally, albeit at a very low rate. Haploid inducers can bring this rate up to about 10% of the progeny being haploid - enough to make it a useful tool for breeders. More than 50 years after the discovery of haploid inducers, Widiez and his team, in collaboration with Limagrain, have now identified the gene that mainly causes the phenomenon and termed it Not Like Dad to highlight the fact that its dysfunction induces embryos without genetic contribution from the father. The gene product is necessary for successful fertilization so that its failure promotes the formation of haploid embryos. Two other research groups have in parallel identified the same gene and come to similar conclusions. Haploid inducers are nowadays powerful breeding tools, but as yet the technology is restricted to maize, while in-vitro haploid induction in certain crops is labor-intense. Understanding the genes and molecular mechanism behind the process will help translate this technology to other crops. The identification of Not Like Dad is an important step to this end. While Not Like Dad is the most important contributor to haploid induction in inducer lines, there are at least seven more genes that play a role in increasing the rate of haploid offspring. Revealing their molecular identity, as well as understanding their mode of action, will be important to fully understand the process. Explore further: Doubled haploid technology for quickly developing inbred corn lines offered at ISU More information: Loss of pollen-specific phospholipase Not Like Dad (NLD) triggers gynogenesis in maize, DOI: 10.15252/embj.201694969


News Article | February 22, 2017
Site: www.eurekalert.org

Heidelberg, 22 February 2017 - A common strategy to create high-yielding plants is hybrid breeding - crossing two different inbred lines to obtain characteristics superior to each parent. However, getting the inbred lines in the first place can be a hassle. Inbred lines consist of genetically uniform individuals and are created through numerous generations of self-crossing. In maize, the use of so-called "haploid inducers" provides a short cut to this cumbersome procedure, allowing to produce inbred lines in just one generation. A study by Laurine Gilles and colleagues, published today in The EMBO Journal, sheds light on the genetics behind haploid induction. "Knowing the molecular identity of haploid induction represents an important breakthrough to fully understand the fertilization process in plants, and hopefully will allow to translate this breeding tool to other species," said the study's senior author Dr. Thomas Widiez, an INRA (Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique) researcher at the École Normale Supérieure in Lyon, France. Haploid inducers were first discovered in the 1950s. Pollination of female flower with pollen of a haploid inducer strain will yield offspring that are haploid, meaning that they will only contain one single copy of each gene as opposed to the usual two copies. All their genetic material comes from the mother. Treating these haploid plants with a chemical that causes chromosome doubling will lead to plants with two identical copies of all genes in just one generation. With classical inbreeding, this condition takes seven to ten years to achieve. Haploid offspring in maize are not unusual; they emerge naturally, albeit at a very low rate. Haploid inducers can bring this rate up to about 10% of the progeny being haploid - enough to make it a useful tool for breeders. More than 50 years after the discovery of haploid inducers, Widiez and his team, in collaboration with Limagrain, have now identified the gene that mainly causes the phenomenon and termed it Not Like Dad to highlight the fact that its dysfunction induces embryos without genetic contribution from the father. The gene product is necessary for successful fertilization so that its failure promotes the formation of haploid embryos. Two other research groups have in parallel identified the same gene and come to similar conclusions. Haploid inducers are nowadays powerful breeding tools, but as yet the technology is restricted to maize, while in-vitro haploid induction in certain crops is labor-intense. Understanding the genes and molecular mechanism behind the process will help translate this technology to other crops. The identification of Not Like Dad is an important step to this end. While Not Like Dad is the most important contributor to haploid induction in inducer lines, there are at least seven more genes that play a role in increasing the rate of haploid offspring. Revealing their molecular identity, as well as understanding their mode of action, will be important to fully understand the process. Loss of pollen-specific phospholipase Not Like Dad (NLD) triggers gynogenesis in maize EMBO is an organization of more than 1700 leading researchers that promotes excellence in the life sciences. The major goals of the organization are to support talented researchers at all stages of their careers, stimulate the exchange of scientific information, and help build a European research environment where scientists can achieve their best work. EMBO helps young scientists to advance their research, promote their international reputations and ensure their mobility. Courses, workshops, conferences and scientific journals disseminate the latest research and offer training in techniques to maintain high standards of excellence in research practice. EMBO helps to shape science and research policy by seeking input and feedback from our community and by following closely the trends in science in Europe. ?For more information: http://www.


News Article | February 27, 2017
Site: news.europawire.eu

Researchers unravel one of the secrets behind haploid inducers, a powerful tool in maize breeding HEIDELBERG, 27-Feb-2017 — /EuropaWire/ — A common strategy to create high-yielding plants is hybrid breeding – crossing two different inbred lines to obtain characteristics superior to each parent. However, getting the inbred lines in the first place can be a hassle. Inbred lines consist of genetically uniform individuals and are created through numerous generations of self-crossing. In maize, the use of so-called “haploid inducers” provides a short cut to this cumbersome procedure, allowing to produce inbred lines in just one generation. A study by Laurine Gilles and colleagues, published today in The EMBO Journal, sheds light on the genetics behind haploid induction. “Knowing the molecular identity of haploid induction represents an important breakthrough to fully understand the fertilization process in plants, and hopefully will allow to translate this breeding tool to other species,” said the study’s senior author Dr. Thomas Widiez, an INRA (Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique) researcher at the École Normale Supérieure in Lyon, France. Haploid inducers were first discovered in the 1950s. Pollination of female flower with pollen of a haploid inducer strain will yield offspring that are haploid, meaning that they will only contain one single copy of each gene as opposed to the usual two copies. All their genetic material comes from the mother. Treating these haploid plants with a chemical that causes chromosome doubling will lead to plants with two identical copies of all genes in just one generation. With classical inbreeding, this condition takes seven to ten years to achieve. Haploid offspring in maize are not unusual; they emerge naturally, albeit at a very low rate. Haploid inducers can bring this rate up to about 10% of the progeny being haploid – enough to make it a useful tool for breeders. More than 50 years after the discovery of haploid inducers, Widiez and his team, in collaboration with Limagrain, have now identified the gene that mainly causes the phenomenon and termed it Not Like Dad to highlight the fact that its dysfunction induces embryos without genetic contribution from the father. The gene product is necessary for successful fertilization so that its failure promotes the formation of haploid embryos. Two other research groups have in parallel identified the same gene and come to similar conclusions. Haploid inducers are nowadays powerful breeding tools, but as yet the technology is restricted to maize, while in-vitro haploid induction in certain crops is labor-intense. Understanding the genes and molecular mechanism behind the process will help translate this technology to other crops. The identification of Not Like Dad is an important step to this end. While Not Like Dad is the most important contributor to haploid induction in inducer lines, there are at least seven more genes that play a role in increasing the rate of haploid offspring. Revealing their molecular identity, as well as understanding their mode of action, will be important to fully understand the process. Loss of pollen-specific phospholipase Not Like Dad (NLD) triggers gynogenesis in maize

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