Laghouat, Algeria
Laghouat, Algeria
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The application discloses a catheter apparatus comprising a diagnostic assembly having a longitudinal axis, the diagnostic assembly including an optical emitting element (1028) and an optically receiving element (1027) arranged to be spatially offset along the longitudinal axis. The catheter apparatus additionally comprises a processing element to process optical radiation using diffuse reflectance spectroscopy. The application further relates to a tissue monitoring method and an ablation lesion monitoring, measuring, and controlling algorithm including the use of diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS) and/or Arrhenius model thermal denaturation kinetics for determining the characteristics of the lesion of the tissue, especially for identifying the transmurality of the lesion.

An ablation catheter apparatus is disclosed that includes an elongated body member, a basket including a plurality of radially expanding splines and a first electrode located on one of the radially expanding splines, the first electrode configured to apply energy to tissue adjacent to the radially expanding splines during an ablation procedure. At least one of the radially expanding splines includes at least one aperture, a lumen, an optical emitting element inside the lumen and an optical receiving element inside the lumen. The optical emitting element is configured to emit optical radiation through the aperture and into adjacent tissue during the ablation procedure while the optical receiving element is configured to collect optical radiation through the aperture during the ablation procedure, the optical radiation indicating characteristics of adjacent tissue during the ablation procedure.

Lim | Date: 2017-04-05

The present invention involves a flexible dissolvable patch, comprising (i) a plurality of microneedles (40) that is made with dissolvable and hard materials, and (ii) a flexible substrate (50) made with non-dissolving and soft materials on which the microneedles are disposed. In particular, the flexible substrate (50) may be made from a tacky silicone gel to provide a natural adhesion to the substrate (50) to further provides self-sealing function so that the drug or dissolving substance which are delivered into the skin are sealed to prevent them from coming off the skin or getting contamination from the environment.

Provided are a method and a system for identifying an IP of a DDoS attack orderer by using a client route control server. A method for detecting a network problem-causing client by using a client route control server includes: forming an edge server IP allocation matrix; checking a network problem occurrence in an edge server; allocating an edge server IP according to the edge server IP allocation matrix when a network problem occurs in an edge server; and detecting user information or a client IP, which has no edge server IP to be allocated according to the edge server IP allocation matrix, as a network problem-causing client, wherein an edge server IP is allocated differently for each user information or client IP in the edge server IP allocation matrix, and the edge server IP allocation is performed by at least two-stage edge server IP for each user information or client IP.

Disclosed are a multi-connection system (MCS) and method for a service using an Internet protocol. The MCS includes a plurality of proxies; an MCS client to receive a packet to be transmitted from the client to the server, generate MCS packets by adding an MCS sequence identification (ID) to the packet, and sequentially and respectively transmit the MCS packets to the plurality of proxies, wherein a number of MCS packets corresponds to a number of pieces of proxy access information connected to the plurality of proxies or a set number of pieces of proxy access information; and an MCS server to respectively receive the MCS packets from the plurality of proxies; extract the MCS sequence IDs from the MCS packets, compare the extracted MCS sequence IDs with MCS sequence IDs stored beforehand; store the extracted MCS sequence IDs, generate server-receivable packets from the MCS packets, and transmit the server-receivable packets to the server when the extracted MCS sequence IDs are not identical to the stored MCS sequence IDs; and block the MCS packets from being transmitted to the server when the extracted MCS sequence IDs are identical to the stored MCS sequence IDs.

A relaying system and method of transmitting an IP address of a client to a server by using an encapsulation protocol are provided. The relaying system includes: a first proxy configured to receive an original packet including the IP address of the client in a header of the original packet attach the original packet to the inside of an encapsulation packet consisting of a header and a payload by using a predetermined encapsulation protocol, and generate a reconstructed packet; and at least one second proxy or bridge router configured to extract the original packet attached to the inside of the encapsulation packet and transmit information about the IP address of the client to the server. According to the relaying system and method, a host server is able to provide services using information in a packet header such as an IP address of a terminal. The presence of a proxy may be not shown to the client and the server. Tunneling communication is enabled between two terminals without any specific changes to a terminal and a host server or installation of a specific program. Furthermore, use of an encapsulation protocol is advantageous for security, and it is possible to quickly find an encapsulation packet.

The present invention relates to a domain name system (DNS) and domain name service method based on user information. The DNS includes a client which outputs a domain name query including user information and service domain name information, a DNS which receives the domain name query from the client, and a database which receives the domain name query from the DNS, extracts the user information included in the domain name query, and differently provides destination path information for each set of user information, wherein the client receives destination path information for each set of user information from the database through the DNS.

The purpose of the present invention is to provide an emotional lighting device and a control method therefor, the emotional lighting device providing optimized lighting by controlling color temperatures of lighting by compensating for a time difference between a current position and a change in the current position. As such, the present invention can provide optimized lighting.

Disclosed herein is the fuel combustion enhancement apparatus of an internal combustion engine capable of greatly reducing fuel by improving combustion efficiency and torque and reducing exhaust gas in various kinds of internal combustion engines. The fuel combustion enhancement apparatus includes a power source terminal, a conductor plate 10 for gas activation, and an amplifier 30. A gas activation enhancement device 20 includes a frequency resonance coil power source 22, a local oscillation power source, a detection circuit 23, a power amplification circuit 24, a power amplification IC 27, and an amplifier power source 28 is connected between the power source terminal and the conductor plate. The conductor plate 10 includes a coil unit 12, copper plates 14 are electrically connected between both ends of the coil unit 12, and auxiliary plates 16 made of materials having a different standard electrode potential value from materials of the copper plates are disposed at bottoms of the copper plates 14.

Lim | Date: 2016-06-29

A speaker design technology acquires a coaxial effect of an output sound by placing a high-frequency speaker for outputting a high-pitched sound apart from a low-frequency speaker for outputting a low-pitched sound by a predetermined distance and mechanically arranging output points of the high-frequency speaker and the low-frequency speaker in alignment with each other. The speaker design technology lets vibration of a low-frequency speaker to avoid interference by the high-frequency speaker and also lets the high-frequency speaker to avoid interference by the vibration of the low-frequency speaker by arranging the high-frequency speaker in front of a dust cap necessarily installed in the center of the low-frequency speaker. Since the high-frequency speaker and the low-frequency speaker are spaced apart from each other so as to independently operate, any interface is not required for enabling the high-frequency and the low-frequency speakers to interwork with each other.

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