Lilt is a brand of soft drink manufactured by The Coca-Cola Company and sold in the Seychelles, United Kingdom, Gibraltar and Ireland only. During the 1980s, Lilt was promoted with the advertising slogan, "the totally tropical taste." In the late 1990s it was heavily promoted with advertisements featuring two Jamaican women, Blanche Williams and Hazel Palmer. They became known in the media as the "Lilt Ladies". Wikipedia.
PubMed | A.U.O. San Giovanni di Dio e Ruggi dAragona, Lilt and University of Salerno
Type: | Journal: Translational medicine @ UniSa | Year: 2016
Vulvar and vaginal atrophy (VVA), is a chronic medical condition experienced by postmenopausal women, with prevalence estimated ranging from 10% to 50% . VVA is characterized by a constellation of symptoms, that may affect daily activities, sexuality, relationships, and quality of life . Early recognition and effective treatment of VVA may enhance sexual health and the quality of life of women and their partners. Some vulvar conditions such as lichen sclerosus are more prevalent in the postmenopausal years. Lichen sclerosus has been suggested as a precursor of Vulvar squamous cell carcinoma. The vulvar exam in post-menopausal women plays an essential role in prevention of cancer because it allows to identify women who should undergo vulvar skin biopsy in order to early detect pre-neoplastic lesions for early diagnosis of cancer of the vulva.
Ripamonti C.I.,Instituto Nazionale dei Tumori |
Bandieri E.,Oncological Unit |
Pessi M.A.,Instituto Nazionale dei Tumori |
Maruelli A.,Lilt |
And 2 more authors.
Supportive Care in Cancer | Year: 2014
Background: Symptoms' assessment should be considered a clinical practice routine in all cancer stages. The Edmonton Symptom Assessment System (ESAS) is a ten-item patient-rated symptom assessment developed and validated for population affected by cancer in different languages and cultures. The main objective of this study was to assess the performance of ESAS items on anxiety and depression when detecting Hospital Anxiety Depression Scale (HADS) 'cases'. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out on 194 non-advanced patients with solid (108) or hematologic malignancies on cure or follow up, Karnofsky Performance Status ≥70, life expectancy > 6 months and no metastases. Patients were assessed by means of ESAS and by HADS. Receiving operator characteristic (ROC) analysis of ESAS anxiety and depression items versus cases of severe (cutoff 11) anxiety and depression according to HADS-specific subscales was performed. Results: Depression and anxiety ESAS items correlated strongly (0.707, Spearman). Area under the curve ranged between 0.84 and 0.96 for the two ESAS items when detecting severe anxiety or depression HADS cases (cutoff = 11). ESAS anxiety or depression scores >3 detected quite well the severe depression HADS cases (Sensibility = 75-Specificity = 84, Sensibility = 87-Specificity = 90, respectively). Conclusions: Anxiety or depression ESAS items score >3 can be applied as a useful, easy and not time consuming screening tool for assessing anxiety and depression in non-advanced patients with solid or haematological malignancies. © 2013 Springer-Verlag.
Zannini L.,University of Milan |
Verderame F.,Lilt |
Cucchiara G.,Lilt |
Zinna B.,Lilt |
And 2 more authors.
European Journal of Cancer Care | Year: 2012
This study explored the perceived effects of an aesthetic care/wig programme for Italian women suffering from chemotherapy-induced alopecia. Despite advances in the treatment of many side effects of chemotherapy, alopecia remains difficult to resolve. Literature suggests that patients' reactions to alopecia and camouflaging strategies depend on their gender, individual characteristics, social context, and culture. A qualitative study was designed involving 20 patients from Sicily (Italy), who participated in an aesthetic care programme. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews, and an Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis was conducted on transcriptions. Our findings showed that, even if expected, alopecia is experienced as a traumatic event that challenges a woman's femininity, as reported by many other enquiries. Diverging from other studies, the wig is perceived as very helpful, since it camouflages baldness and reduces the 'sick aspect' related to alopecia. Patients consider their wig to be a 'friend', and it appears that through the aesthetic care programme they received support they otherwise would not have sought. We conclude that aesthetic care/wig programmes can help women affected by alopecia to cope with cancer 'stigma', especially in those rural contexts where psychosocial programmes are not frequently embraced by patients due to environmental and cultural barriers. © 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Carreras G.,Cancer Prevention and Research Institute ISPO |
Bosi S.,Lilt |
Angelini P.,Public Health Service |
Gorini G.,Cancer Prevention and Research Institute ISPO
Health Education Research | Year: 2016
The aim of this study was to investigate factors mediating the effects of Luoghi di Prevenzione (LdP) smoking prevention intervention based on social competence and social influence approaches, and characterized by peer-led school-based interventions, out-of-school workshops, school lessons, and by enforcing the school anti-smoking policy. Students aged 14-15 years in 13 secondary schools in Reggio Emilia, Italy (989 students) were randomly assigned to the LdP intervention or a control condition. The baseline and follow-up surveys were carried out before and 18 months after the intervention, respectively. The outcomes were cigarette daily and frequent smoking and smoking at school. Multilevel multiple mediation analyses were carried out in order to study effect mediation. The mediators were normative perception, positive and negative beliefs, refusal skills for smoking, social acceptability perception, risk perception, smoking knowledge and awareness about dangers of second-hand smoking. The intervention effects were explained by the social influence component through the mediator refusal skills for smoking. The programme also showed to significantly increase risk perception and smoking knowledge, even though these mediators had no effect on smoking. Moreover, LdP intervention directly reduced smoking in school areas. Future interventions should maintain and strengthen the LdP social influence component and the part regarding the school anti-smoking policy. © The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press.
PubMed | Lilt, Public Health Service and Cancer Prevention and Research Institute ISPO
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Health education research | Year: 2016
The aim of this study was to investigate factors mediating the effects of Luoghi di Prevenzione (LdP) smoking prevention intervention based on social competence and social influence approaches, and characterized by peer-led school-based interventions, out-of-school workshops, school lessons, and by enforcing the school anti-smoking policy. Students aged 14-15 years in 13 secondary schools in Reggio Emilia, Italy (989 students) were randomly assigned to the LdP intervention or a control condition. The baseline and follow-up surveys were carried out before and 18 months after the intervention, respectively.The outcomes were cigarette daily and frequent smoking and smoking at school. Multilevel multiple mediation analyses were carried out in order to study effect mediation. The mediators were normative perception, positive and negative beliefs, refusal skills for smoking, social acceptability perception, risk perception, smoking knowledge and awareness about dangers of second-hand smoking.The intervention effects were explained by the social influence component through the mediator refusal skills for smoking. The programme also showed to significantly increase risk perception and smoking knowledge, even though these mediators had no effect on smoking. Moreover, LdP intervention directly reduced smoking in school areas. Future interventions should maintain and strengthen the LdP social influence component and the part regarding the school anti-smoking policy.
Guido C.,University of Calabria |
Perrotta I.,University of Calabria |
Panza S.,University of Calabria |
Middea E.,University of Calabria |
And 6 more authors.
Journal of Cellular Physiology | Year: 2011
The mechanisms by which varicocele affects fertility remain undetermined. Estrogens play a key role in the human male reproduction and human sperm expresses the estrogen receptors (ERs) and aromatase. In this study, by Western blotting we evidenced the ERs content concomitantly in healthy sperm and in oligoastenoteratozoospermic (OAT) samples without and with varicocele. In varicocele a strong reduction of the ERβ was observed, while the ERα was almost absent. Besides, transmission electron microscopy (TEM) confirmed the reduction of ERs expression in "varicocele" sperm, indicating that varicocele has a detrimental effect on sperm structure at molecular level. To further define the estrogen significance in male gamete and the pathophysiology of varicocele we investigated both the expression of ERα and ERβ in normal and pathologic sperm samples as well as we evaluated estradiol (E2) action on lipid and glucose sperm metabolism. Responses to E2 treatments on cholesterol efflux, protein tyrosine phosphorylations, motility, and acrosin activity in varicocele sperm were reduced or absent. The evaluation of the triglycerides content, lipase and acyl-CoA dehydrogenase activities, suggest that E2 exerts a lipolytic effect on human sperm metabolism. Concerning glucose metabolism, it appears that E2 induces G6PDH activity concomitantly to the insulin secretion. In "varicocele" sperm, the E2 did not induce energy expenditure. OAT sperm had E2-responsiveness but in a lesser extent with respect healthy sperm. This study discovered a novel role for E2/ERs in human sperm physiology, since they modulate sperm metabolism and new detrimental effects related to the pathophysiology of the varicocele condition. © 2011 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Wuebker J.,Lilt |
Green S.,Lilt |
Conference Proceedings - EMNLP 2015: Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing | Year: 2015
We present an incremental adaptation approach for statistical machine translation that maintains a flexible hierarchical domain structure within a single consistent model. Both weights and rules are updated incrementally on a stream of post-edits. Our multi-level domain hierarchy allows the system to adapt simultaneously towards local context at different levels of granularity, including genres and individual documents. Our experiments show consistent improvements in translation quality from all components of our approach. © 2015 Association for Computational Linguistics.
Lilt | Date: 2015-04-14
Headgear, namely, bathing caps, berets, cap peaks, caps, hats, shower caps, skull caps, visors; Clothing, namely, belts, blouses, bodices, camisoles, coats, collars, corsets, cuffs, detachable collar, dresses, ear muffs, fur stoles, furs, namely, fur coats, gloves, headbands, hoods, hosiery, jackets, jumpsuits, knitted shirts, knitted sweaters, leggings, mittens, overcoats, topcoats, pants, parkas, scarves, scarfs, shawls, shirts, skirts, sleep masks, stockings, tee-shirts, tights, trousers, underwear, vests; Footwear, namely, slippers.
PubMed | Lilt
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology | Year: 2016
e11575 Background: Sentinel lymph-node biospy (SLNB) is widely used in the management of breast cancer patients without axillary metastases.From Jan.1Four patients underwent pre-operative lymphoscintigraphy the radiotracer did not show any sentinel lymph-node (SLN), we performed axillary dissection. Three cases showed axillary isolated tumor cells (ITC). Fourteen micrometastases. Twenty-seven macrometastases. One case of negative SLN, was positive a second palpable lymph node. One case showed a double SLN in the axilla and internal mammary chain, only the internal mammary node was positive. The SLN identification rate was 99%. After surgery we distributed a questionary to the patients about the acceptability of this approach.The results archieved are extremely accurate. This procedure is safe, well accepted by patients ( 99%), reported better quality of life. The oncological results are absolutely reliable. As regards hospital logistics, operations in DS and LA can be easily managed, leading to a significant cost reduction 42.15% less expensive than the same operation performed under general anaesthesia.