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de Morais E.F.,Potiguar University | Lira J.A.S.,Potiguar University | Macedo R.A.P.,Potiguar University | dos Santos K.S.,Potiguar University | And 3 more authors.
Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology | Year: 2014

Introduction: Acute lymphocytic leukemia is a type of cancer most common in children and it is characterized by excessive and disordered immature leukocytes in the bone marrow. Aim: Identify most frequent oral manifestations in children with acute lymphocytic leukemia under chemotherapy treatment. Methodology: The research was conducted on the eletronic database PubMed/Medline, Science Direct, Scielo and Scopus. It has been sought papers with full presentation, wrote in Portuguese, English and Spanish, published between January 1992 and April 2013. Results: From studies primarily selected, only eight met the criteria of inclusion. All studies performed intraoral examinations to diagnose oral lesions. According to results, the most frequent lesions were mucositis, candidiasis, periodontitis and gingivitis. The oral health condition from acute lymphocytic leukemia carriers varied according oral hygiene of the patient. Conclusion: The results of studies identified such a great part of patients with ALL presented some lesion in oral cavity during or after chemotherapy treatment. The dentist surgeon needs to recognize oral manifestations and intervene in the oral health of patients with ALL, contributing and helping with treatment. © 2014 Associação Brasileira de Otorrinolaringologia e Cirurgia Cérvico-Facial. Published by Elsevier Editora Ltda. All rights reserved. Source

Araujo R.F.,Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte | Lira G.A.,Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte | Guedes H.G.,Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte | Cardoso M.A.,Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte | And 4 more authors.
Pathology Research and Practice | Year: 2013

The aim of this research was to study prognostic parameters of CRC by analyzing clinical and pathological variables associated with cancer patients at a northeastern Brazilian Hospital. This was a retrospective study evaluating CRC-diagnosed patients across a 10-year period (1995-2005) at Dr. Luiz AntÔnio Hospital in Natal, RN, Brazil. Data were collected from patients' medical files. A total of 358 patients were included over the 10-year period. The average age at diagnosis was 58.8 years (S.D = 15.26), 48.3% of the patients were males and 51.7% were females. Alcohol consumption significantly increased the chance of dying (p < 0.023) from colorectal cancer; this increased risk of death was approximately 71%, compared to 52.2% of the non-alcoholics. In addition, tobacco increased the chance of developing high TNM stage tumors (level III, IV; p < 0.001). Another risk factor for increased mortality was a family history for colorectal cancer (p < 0.002).Our analysis found that patients with an unhealthy lifestyle and/or family history of colorectal cancer were more likely to develop advanced stage colorectal cancer and to have a poor disease prognosis compared to patients with healthy lifestyle and/or sporadic colorectal cancer. These data suggest that a mass screening program should be implemented in northeastern Brazil in order to better prevent and treat colorectal cancer. © 2013 Elsevier GmbH. Source

Rimawi M.F.,Baylor College of Medicine | Rozas A.A.,Clinica Anglo Americana | Nunes De Matos Neto J.,Hospital Universitario Of Brasilia Hub | Caleffi M.,Hospital Moinhos de Vento | And 8 more authors.
Clinical Breast Cancer | Year: 2015

Background Chemotherapy is standard neoadjuvant treatment of LA BC. Patients with HER2-positive BC require targeted therapy. Trastuzumab and pertuzumab, which target HER2, with chemotherapy are approved as neoadjuvant therapy, however, treatments with different mechanisms of action might provide a broader range of activity. In this study we evaluated the efficacy and safety of the irreversible ErbB family blocker afatinib, versus trastuzumab or lapatinib in the neoadjuvant treatment of HER2-positive, LA BC. Patients and Methods Treatment-naive, HER2-positive BC patients with stage IIIA, B, C or inflammatory disease were randomized 1:1:1 to daily afatinib (50 mg), lapatinib (1500 mg), or weekly trastuzumab (4 mg/kg loading dose, then 2 mg/kg/wk) for 6 weeks until surgery or follow-up neoadjuvant treatment. The primary end point was objective response rate according to Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (version 1.0). Results Recruitment was stopped early because of slow patient enrollment; 29 patients were randomized to afatinib (n = 10), lapatinib (n = 8), or trastuzumab (n = 11). Objective response was seen in 8 afatinib-, 6 lapatinib-, and 4 trastuzumab-treated patients. Eleven patients had stable disease (best response); 1 lapatinib- and 1 trastuzumab-treated patient had progressive disease. All 10 afatinib-treated patients experienced drug-related adverse events (commonly diarrhea, dermatitis acneiform, and paronychia) versus 6 of 8 lapatinib- (diarrhea and rash) and 5 of 11 trastuzumab-treated patients (vomiting and arthralgia). Conclusion Afatinib demonstrated clinical activity that compared favorably to trastuzumab and lapatinib for neoadjuvant treatment of HER2-positive BC, with a safety profile consistent with epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors. © 2015 Elsevier Inc. Source

Hungria V.T.M.,Santa Casa de Sao Paulo Medical School | Crusoe E.Q.,Santa Casa de Sao Paulo Medical School | Maiolino A.,Federal University of Rio de Janeiro | Bittencourt R.,University of Porto | And 8 more authors.
Annals of Hematology | Year: 2016

The introduction of agents such as thalidomide, lenalidomide, and bortezomib has changed the management of patients with multiple myeloma who are not eligible for autologous transplantation, many of whom are elderly. We sought to compare three thalidomide-based oral regimens among such patients in Latin America. We randomized patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma with measurable disease to one of the following regimens: melphalan, prednisone, and thalidomide (MPT); cyclophosphamide, thalidomide, and dexamethasone (CTD); and thalidomide and dexamethasone (TD). The TD arm was closed prematurely and was analyzed only descriptively. The primary endpoint was the overall response rate (ORR), whereas progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were secondary endpoints. The accrual rate was slower than expected, and the study was terminated after 82 patients had been randomized. The ORRs were 67.9 % with MPT, 89.7 % with CTD, and 68.7 % with TD (p = 0.056 for the comparison between MPT and CTD). The median PFS was 24.1 months for MPT, 25.9 months for CTD, and 21.5 months for TD. There were no statistically significant differences in PFS or OS between MPT and CTD. In an unplanned logistic regression analysis, ORR was significantly associated with treatment with CTD (p = 0.046) and with performance status of 0 or 1 (p = 0.035). Based on the current results, no definitive recommendations can be made regarding the comparative merit of the regimens tested. Nevertheless and until the results of further studies become available, we recommend either CTD or MPT as suitable frontline regimens for patients with multiple myeloma who are not candidates to transplantation in settings where lenalidomide and bortezomib are not available. © 2015, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Source

Amico E.C.,Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte | Barreto E.J.S.S.,Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte | Alves J.R.,Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte | Joao S.A.,Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte | And 2 more authors.
Revista do Colegio Brasileiro de Cirurgioes | Year: 2016

Objective: to report the group’s experience with a series of patients undergoing pancreatic resection presenting null mortality rates. Methods: we prospectively studied 50 consecutive patients undergoing pancreatic resections for periampullary or pancreatic diseases. Main local complications were defined according to international criteria. In-hospital mortality was defined as death occurring in the first 90 postoperative days. Results: patients’ age ranged between 16 and 90 years (average: 53.3). We found anemia (Hb < 12g/dl) and preoperative jaundice in 38% and 40% of cases, respectively. Most patients presented with peri-ampullary tumors (66%). The most common surgical procedure was the Kausch-Whipple operation (70%). Six patients (12%) needed to undergo resection of a segment of the mesenteric-portal axis. The mean operative time was 445.1 minutes. Twenty two patients (44%) showed no clinical complications and presented mean hospital stay of 10.3 days. The most frequent complications were pancreatic fistula (56%), delayed gastric emptying (17.1%) and bleeding (16%). Conclusion: within the last three decades, pancreatic resection is still considered a challenge, especially outside large specialized centers. Nevertheless, even in our country (Brazil), teams seasoned in such procedure can reach low mortality rates. © 2016, Colegio Brasileiro de Cirurgioes, All rights reserved. Source

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