Life Science Research Institute

Kakegawa, Japan

Life Science Research Institute

Kakegawa, Japan
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Choi W.S.,Korea University | Noh J.Y.,Korea University | Song J.Y.,Korea University | Cheong H.J.,Korea University | And 11 more authors.
Human Vaccines and Immunotherapeutics | Year: 2017

Background: The influenza B virus has two lineages; Yamagata and Victoria. The two lineages are antigenically distinct and it is difficult to expect cross-protection between the lineages. Actually, the mismatch between circulating influenza B viruses and vaccine strains has been occurred frequently. The cell-culture system for the production of influenza vaccine can contribute to improve vaccine strain selection and expand vaccine supplies. We investigated the immunogenicity and safety of cell culture-derived quadrivalent inactivated influenza vaccine (NBP607-QIV) in adults and elderly subjects. Methods: A randomized controlled phase III trial was undertaken in 10 university hospitals in the Republic of Korea (Clinical trial Number—NCT02467842). Adults (aged 19–59 years) and elderly subjects (aged ≥60 years) were randomly assigned in a 2:1:1 ratio to NBP607-QIV versus cell culture-based trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine-Yamagata (NBP607-Y) and cell culture-based trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine-Victoria (NBP607-V). Immunogenicity was assessed 3 weeks after vaccination by hemagglutination inhibition assay. Safety was assessed for 6 months post-vaccination: solicited adverse events (AEs) for 7 days, unsolicited AEs for 21 days and serious adverse events (SAEs) for 6 months. AEs were sub-classified as adverse drug reactions (ADRs) according to the causality. Results: A total of 1,503 participants were randomly assigned to NBP607-QIV (n = 752), NBP607-Y (n = 373) and NBP607-V (n = 378). The seroconversion rates of NBP607-QIV were 52.4%, 51.2%, 43.7% and 55.8% against A/H1N1, A/H3N2, B/Yamagata and B/Victoria, respectively. Non-inferiority against shared strains and superiority against alternate-lineage B strains were demonstrated for NBP607-QIV vs. NBP607-Y and NBP607-V. A total of 730 reactions occurred in 324 (43.1%) subjects of NBP607-QIV group. Majority of ADRs was solicited (99.2%) and mild (90.3%) in intensity. In adults (aged 19–59 years), solicited local AEs were slightly more frequent in NBP607-QIV group than NBP607-Y or NBP607-V group (40.9%, 33.4% and 32.5%, respectively). One SAE was observed among NBP607-QIV group, which was considered to be unrelated to the study vaccine within 3 weeks of vaccination and no vaccine-related SAEs were reported up to 6 months after vaccination. Conclusions: NBP607-QIV is a safe, well-tolerated and immunogenic influenza vaccine in Korean adults and elderly subjects. © 2017 Taylor & Francis


Chipman P.H.,Dalhousie University | Chipman P.H.,RIKEN | Schachner M.,Rutgers University | Rafuse V.F.,Dalhousie University | Rafuse V.F.,Life Science Research Institute
Journal of Neuroscience | Year: 2014

The function of neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM) expression in motor neurons during axonal sprouting and compensatory reinnervation was explored by partially denervating soleus muscles in mice lacking presynaptic NCAM (Hb9creNCAMflx). In agreement with previous studies, the contractile force of muscles in wild-type (NCAM+/+) mice recovered completely 2 weeks after 75% of the motor innervation was removed because motor unit size increased by 2.5 times. In contrast, similarly denervated muscles in Hb9creNCAMflx mice failed to recover the force lost due to the partial denervation because motor unit size did not change. Anatomical analysis indicated that 50% of soleus end plates were completely denervated 1-4 weeks post-partial denervation in Hb9creNCAMflx mice, while another 25% were partially reinnervated. Synaptic vesicles (SVs) remained at extrasynaptic regions in Hb9creNCAMflx mice rather than being distributed, as occurs normally, to newly reinnervated neuromuscular junctions (NMJs). Electrophysiological analysis revealed two populations of NMJs in partially denervated Hb9creNCAMflx soleus muscles, one with high (mature) quantal content, and another with low (immature) quantal content. Extrasynaptic SVs in Hb9creNCAMflx sprouts were associated with L-type voltage-dependent calcium channel (L-VDCC) immunoreactivity and maintained an immature, L-VDCC-dependent recycling phenotype. Moreover, acute nifedipine treatment potentiated neurotransmission at newly sprouted NMJs, while chronic intraperitoneal treatment with nifedipine during a period of synaptic consolidation enhanced functional motor unit expansion in the absence of presynaptic NCAM. We propose that presynaptic NCAM bridges a critical link between the SV cycle and the functional expansion of synaptic territory through the regulation of L-VDCCs. © 2014 the authors.


Iczkowski K.A.,Medical College of Wisconsin | Egevad L.,Karolinska Institutet | Ma J.,Bostwick Laboratories Inc. | Harding-Jackson N.,Medical College of Wisconsin | And 36 more authors.
Annals of Diagnostic Pathology | Year: 2014

The diagnosis of intraductal carcinoma (IDC) of the prostate remains subjective because 3 sets of diagnostic criteria are in use. An internet survey was compiled from 38 photomicrographs showing duct proliferations: 14 signed out as high-grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (HGPIN), 17 IDC, and 7 invasive cribriform/ductal carcinoma. Each image was assessed for the presence of 9 histologic criteria ascribed to IDC. Thirty-nine respondents were asked to rate images as (1) benign/reactive, (2) HGPIN, (3) borderline between HGPIN and IDC, (4) IDC, or (5) invasive cribriform/ductal carcinoma. Intraclass correlation coefficient was 0.68. There was 70% overall agreement with HGPIN, 43% with IDC, and 73% with invasive carcinoma (P < .001, X2). Respondents considered 19 (50%) of 38 cases as IDC candidates, of which 5 (26%) had a two-thirds consensus for IDC; two-thirds consensus for either borderline or IDCwas reached in 9 (47%). Two-thirds consensus other than IDCwas reached in the remaining 19 of 38 cases, with 15 supporting HGPIN and 4 supporting invasive carcinoma. Findings that differed across diagnostic categories were lumen-spanning neoplastic cells (P < .001), 2× benign duct diameters (P < .001), duct space contours (round, irregular, and branched) (P < .001), papillary growth (P = .048), dense cribriform or solid growth (both P = .023), and comedonecrosis (P = .015). When the 19 of 38 images that attained consensus for HGPIN or invasive carcinoma were removed from consideration, lack of IDC consensus was most often attributable to only loose cribriform growth (5/19), central nuclear maturation (5/19), or comedonecrosis (3/19). Of the 9 histologic criteria, only 1 retained significant correlation with a consensus diagnosis of IDC: the presence of solid areas (P =.038). One case that attained IDC consensus had less than 2× duct enlargement yet still had severe nuclear atypia and nucleomegaly. Six fold nuclear enlargement was not significant (P=.083), although no image had both 6× nuclei and papillary or loose cribriform growth: a combination postulated as sufficient criteria for IDC. Finally, 20.5% of respondents agreed that an isolated diagnosis of IDC on needle biopsy warrants definitive therapy, 20.5% disagreed, and 59.0% considered the decision to depend upon clinicopathologic variables. Although IDC diagnosis remains challenging, we propose these criteria: a lumen-spanning proliferation of neoplastic cells in preexisting ducts with a dense cribriform or partial solid growth pattern. Solid growth, in any part of the duct space, emerges as the most reproducible finding to rule in a diagnosis of IDC. Comedonecrosis is a rarer finding, but in most cases, it should rule in IDC. Duct space enlargement to greater than 2× the diameter of the largest, adjacent benign spaces is usually present in IDC, although there may be rare exceptions. © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Song J.Y.,Korea University | Song J.Y.,Transgovernmental Enterprise for Pandemic Influenza in Korea | Cheong H.J.,Korea University | Lee J.,Hallym University | And 11 more authors.
Vaccine | Year: 2015

Background: Cell culture-derived influenza vaccines (CCIVs) have several important advantages over egg-based influenza vaccines, including shorter production time, better preservation of wild-type virus antigenicity and large-scale production capacity. Methods: A randomized, double-blind, phase 3 trial was undertaken to evaluate the immunogenicity and safety of a novel cell culture-derived inactivated, subunit, trivalent influenza vaccine (NBP607, SK Chemicals, Seongnam, Korea) compared to the control vaccine (Agrippal®S1, Novartis Vaccines and Diagnostics Srl, Siena, Italy) among healthy adults aged 19 years or older (Clinical trial Number-NCT02344134). Immunogenicity was determined at pre-vaccination, 1 month and 6 month post-vaccination by the hemagglutination inhibition assay. Solicited and unsolicited adverse events were assessed after vaccination. Results: A total of 1156 healthy subjects were recruited. NBP607 met all of the criteria of Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use (CHMP) at 21 days post-vaccination. Contrary to NBP607, the control vaccine did not satisfy the seroconversion criteria for influenza B irrespective of age. Although the geometric mean titer for each influenza subtype declined gradually, seroprotection rate still remained ≥80% for all subtypes up to six month after NBP607 administration. NBP607 recipients met the seroprotection criteria for all three influenza subtypes up to 6 month post-vaccination. There was no significant difference in the occurrence of adverse events between the NBP607 and control groups. Conclusion: NBP607, a novel CCIV, showed excellent immunogenicity that lasted ≥6 months after vaccination and had tolerable safety profiles. In particular, NBP607 was more immunogenic against influenza B compared to the control, an egg-based subunit vaccine. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd.


PubMed | Karolinska Institutet, University of Houston, Loyola University, University of Zürich and 29 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Annals of diagnostic pathology | Year: 2014

The diagnosis of intraductal carcinoma (IDC) of the prostate remains subjective because 3 sets of diagnostic criteria are in use. An internet survey was compiled from 38 photomicrographs showing duct proliferations: 14 signed out as high-grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (HGPIN), 17 IDC, and 7 invasive cribriform/ductal carcinoma. Each image was assessed for the presence of 9 histologic criteria ascribed to IDC. Thirty-nine respondents were asked to rate images as (1) benign/reactive, (2) HGPIN, (3) borderline between HGPIN and IDC, (4) IDC, or (5) invasive cribriform/ductal carcinoma. Intraclass correlation coefficient was 0.68. There was 70% overall agreement with HGPIN, 43% with IDC, and 73% with invasive carcinoma (P < .001, (2)). Respondents considered 19 (50%) of 38 cases as IDC candidates, of which 5 (26%) had a two-thirds consensus for IDC; two-thirds consensus for either borderline or IDC was reached in 9 (47%). Two-thirds consensus other than IDC was reached in the remaining 19 of 38 cases, with 15 supporting HGPIN and 4 supporting invasive carcinoma. Findings that differed across diagnostic categories were lumen-spanning neoplastic cells (P < .001), 2 benign duct diameters (P < .001), duct space contours (round, irregular, and branched) (P < .001), papillary growth (P = .048), dense cribriform or solid growth (both P = .023), and comedonecrosis (P = .015). When the 19 of 38 images that attained consensus for HGPIN or invasive carcinoma were removed from consideration, lack of IDC consensus was most often attributable to only loose cribriform growth (5/19), central nuclear maturation (5/19), or comedonecrosis (3/19). Of the 9 histologic criteria, only 1 retained significant correlation with a consensus diagnosis of IDC: the presence of solid areas (P = .038). One case that attained IDC consensus had less than 2 duct enlargement yet still had severe nuclear atypia and nucleomegaly. Six fold nuclear enlargement was not significant (P = .083), although no image had both 6 nuclei and papillary or loose cribriform growth: a combination postulated as sufficient criteria for IDC. Finally, 20.5% of respondents agreed that an isolated diagnosis of IDC on needle biopsy warrants definitive therapy, 20.5% disagreed, and 59.0% considered the decision to depend upon clinicopathologic variables. Although IDC diagnosis remains challenging, we propose these criteria: a lumen-spanning proliferation of neoplastic cells in preexisting ducts with a dense cribriform or partial solid growth pattern. Solid growth, in any part of the duct space, emerges as the most reproducible finding to rule in a diagnosis of IDC. Comedonecrosis is a rarer finding, but in most cases, it should rule in IDC. Duct space enlargement to greater than 2 the diameter of the largest, adjacent benign spaces is usually present in IDC, although there may be rare exceptions.


PubMed | Korea University, Catholic University of Korea, Life Science Research Institute, Kyungpook National University and 2 more.
Type: Clinical Trial, Phase III | Journal: Vaccine | Year: 2015

Cell culture-derived influenza vaccines (CCIVs) have several important advantages over egg-based influenza vaccines, including shorter production time, better preservation of wild-type virus antigenicity and large-scale production capacity.A randomized, double-blind, phase 3 trial was undertaken to evaluate the immunogenicity and safety of a novel cell culture-derived inactivated, subunit, trivalent influenza vaccine (NBP607, SK Chemicals, Seongnam, Korea) compared to the control vaccine (AgrippalS1, Novartis Vaccines and Diagnostics Srl, Siena, Italy) among healthy adults aged 19 years or older (Clinical trial Number-NCT02344134). Immunogenicity was determined at pre-vaccination, 1 month and 6 month post-vaccination by the hemagglutination inhibition assay. Solicited and unsolicited adverse events were assessed after vaccination.A total of 1156 healthy subjects were recruited. NBP607 met all of the criteria of Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use (CHMP) at 21 days post-vaccination. Contrary to NBP607, the control vaccine did not satisfy the seroconversion criteria for influenza B irrespective of age. Although the geometric mean titer for each influenza subtype declined gradually, seroprotection rate still remained 80% for all subtypes up to six month after NBP607 administration. NBP607 recipients met the seroprotection criteria for all three influenza subtypes up to 6 month post-vaccination. There was no significant difference in the occurrence of adverse events between the NBP607 and control groups.NBP607, a novel CCIV, showed excellent immunogenicity that lasted 6 months after vaccination and had tolerable safety profiles. In particular, NBP607 was more immunogenic against influenza B compared to the control, an egg-based subunit vaccine.


Saika H.,Japan National Institute of Agrobiological Science | Horita J.,Life Science Research Institute | Taguchi-Shiobara F.,Japan National Institute of Agrobiological Science | Nonaka S.,University of Tsukuba | And 11 more authors.
Plant Physiology | Year: 2014

Target-site and non-target-site herbicide tolerance are caused by the prevention of herbicide binding to the target enzyme and the reduction to a nonlethal dose of herbicide reaching the target enzyme, respectively. There is little information on the molecular mechanisms involved in non-target-site herbicide tolerance, although it poses the greater threat in the evolution of herbicide-resistant weeds and could potentially be useful for the production of herbicide-tolerant crops because it is often involved in tolerance to multiherbicides. Bispyribac sodium (BS) is an herbicide that inhibits the activity of acetolactate synthase. Rice (Oryza sativa) of the indica variety show BS tolerance, while japonica rice varieties are BS sensitive. Map-based cloning and complementation tests revealed that a novel cytochrome P450 monooxygenase, CYP72A31, is involved in BS tolerance. Interestingly, BS tolerance was correlated with CYP72A31 messenger RNA levels in transgenic plants of rice and Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana). Moreover, Arabidopsis overexpressing CYP72A31 showed tolerance to bensulfuron-methyl (BSM), which belongs to a different class of acetolactate synthase-inhibiting herbicides, suggesting that CYP72A31 can metabolize BS and BSM to a compound with reduced phytotoxicity. On the other hand, we showed that the cytochrome P450 monooxygenase CYP81A6, which has been reported to confer BSM tolerance, is barely involved, if at all, in BS tolerance, suggesting that the CYP72A31 enzyme has different herbicide specificities compared with CYP81A6. Thus, the CYP72A31 gene is a potentially useful genetic resource in the fields of weed control, herbicide development, and molecular breeding in a broad range of crop species. © 2014, American Society of Plant Biologists. All Rights Reserved.


Wu W.,U.S. National Center for Atmospheric Research | Liu Y.,U.S. National Center for Atmospheric Research | Ge M.,U.S. National Center for Atmospheric Research | Rostkier-Edelstein D.,Israel Institute of Biology Research | And 7 more authors.
Atmospheric Research | Year: 2012

Most of the annual rainfall in the Southeastern Mediterranean falls in the wet season from November to March. It is associated with Mediterranean cyclones, and is sensitive to climate variability. Predicting the wet season precipitation with a few months advance is highly valuable for water resource planning and climate-associated risk management in this semi-arid region. The regional water resource managements and climate-sensitive economic activities have relied on seasonal forecasts from global climate prediction centers. However due to their coarse resolutions, global seasonal forecasts lack regional and local scale information required by regional and local water resource managements. In this study, an analog statistical-downscaling algorithm, k-nearest neighbors (KNN), was introduced to bridge the gap between the coarse forecasts from global models and the needed fine-scale information for the Southeastern Mediterranean. The algorithm, driven by the NCEP Climate Forecast System (CFS) operational forecast and the NCEP/DOE reanalysis, provides monthly precipitations at 2-4. months of lead-time at 18 stations within the major regional hydrological basins. Large-scale predictors for KNN were objectively determined by the correlations between the station historic daily precipitation and variables in reanalysis and CFS reforecast. Besides a single deterministic forecast, this study constructed sixty ensemble members for probabilistic estimates. The KNN algorithm demonstrated its robustness when validated with NCEP/DOE reanalysis from 1981 to 2009 as hindcasts before applied to downscale CFS forecasts. The downscaled predictions show fine-scale information, such as station-to-station variability. The verification against observations shows improved skills of this downscaling utility relative to the CFS model. The KNN-based downscaling system has been in operation for the Israel Water Authority predicting precipitation and driving hydrologic models estimating river flow and aquifer charge for water supply. © 2012.

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