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Seongnam, South Korea

Kim T.K.,Seoul National University | Kim T.K.,Life Science R and nter | Kim I.S.,Hanyang University | Yoo H.H.,Hanyang University
Biomedical Chromatography | Year: 2013

In this study, a sensitive, simple and reliable method for the quantification of docetaxel in rat plasma was developed and validated using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). The plasma samples were prepared by protein precipitation, and paclitaxel was used as an internal standard (IS). Chromatographic separation was achieved using a Gemini C18 column (2.0×150mm, 5μm) with a mobile phase consisting of 0.1% formic acid-acetonitrile (30:70, v/v). The precursor-product ion pairs used for multiple reaction monitoring were m/z 808.5→527.5 (docetaxel) and m/z 854.2→286.5 (IS, paclitaxel). A calibration curve for docetaxel was constructed over the range 1-1000ng/mL. The developed method was specific, precise and accurate, and no matrix effect was observed. The validated method was applied in a comparative pharmacokinetic study in which two docetaxel formulations, SID530, a new parenteral formulation of docetaxel with hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (HP-β-CD), and Taxotere, were administered to rats at a dose of 5mg/kg. For SID530 and Taxotere, the mean C0 values were 1494 and 1818ng/mL, respectively, and the AUClast values were 837 and 755hng/mL, respectively. These two formulations did not show any statistical differences with regard to the pharmacokinetic parameters, thus establishing that the SID530 and Taxotere products are pharmacokinetically comparable in male rats. © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Yoo H.,Seoul National University | Ryu K.H.,Life Science R and nter | Bae S.K.,Catholic University of Korea | Kim J.,Seoul National University
Journal of Separation Science | Year: 2014

A new liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry method was developed and validated for the simultaneous determination of trifolirhizin, (-)-maackiain, (-)-sophoranone, and 2-(2,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-5,6-methylenedioxybenzofuran from Sophora tonkinensis in rat plasma using chlorpropamide as an internal standard. Plasma samples (50 μL) were prepared using a simple deproteinization procedure with 150 μL of acetonitrile containing 100 ng/mL of chlorpropamide. Chromatographic separation was carried out on an Acclaim RSLC120 C18 column (2.1 × 100 mm, 2.2 μm) using a gradient elution consisting of 7.5 mM ammonium acetate and acetonitrile containing 0.1% formic acid (0.4 mL/min flow rate, 7.0 min total run time). The detection and quantitation of all analytes were performed in selected reaction monitoring mode under both positive and negative electrospray ionization. This assay was linear over concentration ranges of 50-5000 ng/mL (trifolirhizin), 25-2500 ng/mL ((-)-maackiain), 5-250 ng/mL ((-)-sophoranone), and 1-250 ng/mL 2-(2,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-5,6-methylenedioxybenzofuran) with a lower limit of quantification of 50, 25, 5, and 1 ng/mL for trifolirhizin, (-)-maackiain, (-)-sophoranone, and 2-(2,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-5,6-methylenedioxybenzofuran, respectively. All the validation data, including the specificity, precision, accuracy, recovery, and stability conformed to the acceptance requirements. The results indicated that the developed method is sufficiently reliable for the pharmacokinetic study of the analytes following oral administration of Sophora tonkinensis extract in rats. © 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.

Jo H.J.,Seoul National University | Kim N.,Seoul National University | Nam R.H.,Seoul National University | Kang J.M.,Seoul National University | And 10 more authors.
American Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology | Year: 2014

Little is known about the time course of aging on interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) of colon. The aim of this study was to investigate the change of morphology, ICC, and neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS)-immunoreactive cells in the aged rat. The proximal colon of 344 Fischer rats at four different ages (6, 31, 74 wk, and 2 yr) were studied. The immunoreactivity of c-Kit, nNOS, anti-protein gene product 9.5, and synaptophysin were counted after immunohistochemistry. The c-kit, stem cell factor (ligand of Kit), and nNOS mRNA were measured by real-time PCR. c-Kit and nNOS protein were assessed by Western blot. Isovolumetric contractile force measurement and electrical field stimulation (EFS) were conducted. The area of intramuscular fat deposition significantly increased with age after 31 wk. c-Kit-immunoreactive ICC and nNOS-immunoreactive neurons and nerve fibers significantly declined with age. mRNA and protein expression of c-kit and nNOS decreased with aging. The functional study showed that the spontaneous contractility was decreased in aged rat, whereas EFS responses in the presence of atropine and L-NG-Nitroarginine methyl ester were increased in aged rat. In conclusion, the decrease of proportion of proper smooth muscle, the density of ICC and nNOS-immunoreactive neuronal fibers, and the number of nNOS-immunoreactive neurons during the aging process may explain the aging-associated colonic dysmotility. © 2014 the American Physiological Society.

Choi C.H.,Hanyang University | Kim T.-H.,Hanyang University | Sung Y.-K.,Hanyang University | Choi C.-B.,Hanyang University | And 3 more authors.
Korean Journal of Internal Medicine | Year: 2014

Background/Aims: SKI306X, a mixed extract of three herbs, Clematis mandshurica (CM), Prunella vulgaris (PV), and Trichosanthes kirilowii (TK), is chondroprotective in animal models of osteoarthritis (OA). The objectives of this study were to investigate its effect on interleukin (IL)-1β-induced degradation of glycosaminoglycan (GAG) and the basis of its action in human OA cartilage, as well as to screen for the presence of inhibitors of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-13 and a disintegrin and metalloprotease with thrombospondin motifs (ADAMTS)-4 in SKI306X and its component herbs, as well as in fractions from SKI306X.Methods: Human OA chondrocytes and cartilage explants were obtained during total knee replacements and incubated with IL-1β ± oncostatin M with or without SKI306X or its component herb extracts. GAG degradation was assayed in cartilage explants using a commercial kit. Expression of genes involved in cartilage destruction was measured by real-time polymerase chain reaction using chondrocyte RNA. SKI306X was fractionated by preparative liquid chromatography to test for the presence of inhibitors of MMP-13 and ADAMTS-4.Results: SKI306X and PV inhibited IL-1β-induced GAG release from cartilage explants, and SKI306X, CM, PV, and TK inhibited IL-1β-induced MMP gene expression. Unexpectedly, SKI306X greatly stimulated IL-1β + oncostatin M-induced ADAMTS-4 gene expression, probably due to its TK component. Some fractions of SKI306X also inhibited ADAMTS-4 activity.Conclusions: SKI306X and its herbal components inhibit GAG degradation and catabolic gene expression in human OA chondrocytes and cartilage explants. SKI306X likely also contains one or more ADAMTS-4 inhibitor. © 2014 The Korean Association of Internal Medicine.

Hyun Yoo H.,Hanyang University | Kon Kim T.,Life Science R and nter | Lee B.-Y.,Life Science R and nter | Kim D.-H.,Inje University
Mass Spectrometry Letters | Year: 2011

The pharmacokinetic properties of S-amlodipine were studied using racemic amlodipine and single S-enantiomer (SK310) administration to rats. Plasma levels of the drug were determined using chiral liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry following solid phase extraction. The stereospecific analysis of amlodipine was performed on an α-acid glycoprotein (AGP) column using a mobile phase comprising 10 mM ammonium acetate (pH 4.0) and propanol at a flow rate of 0.2 mL/min. This method was used to perform a comparative study of the pharmacokinetics of amlodipine and SK310. The results revealed that the pharmacokinetic profile of S-amlodipine after the administration of SK310 was comparable to that following the administration of the racemic mixture.

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