Lichenologisches Institute Neumarkt

Neumarkt in der Oberpfalz, Germany

Lichenologisches Institute Neumarkt

Neumarkt in der Oberpfalz, Germany
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Jia Z.-F.,Shandong Agricultural University | Kalb K.,Lichenologisches Institute Neumarkt | Kalb K.,University of Regensburg
Lichenologist | Year: 2013

Abstract In the present paper, seven species of the lichen genus Platygramme are reported from China. Two of these, Platygramme pudica and P. platyloma, are new to China and two species, Platygramme hainanensis and P. lueckingii, both from a tropical rain forest in Hainan Island, are described as new to science. The new species belong to a group within Platygramme, which is characterized by concealed discs, while the type species, P. caesiopruinosa, and some others have widely open discs. Descriptions and the known distribution of each species are given and a working key to the Chinese species is provided. Copyright © British Lichen Society 2013.

Rivas Plata E.,Field Museum | Rivas Plata E.,University of Illinois at Chicago | Kalb K.,Lichenologisches Institute Neumarkt | Frisch A.,Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
Lichenologist | Year: 2010

The new genus Wirthiotrema Rivas Plata, Kalb & Frisch. is described for the Thelotrema glaucopallens group, based on molecular and morphological evidence, with W. glaucopallens as the type species. The genus is characterized by myriotremoid thalli and apothecia, in combination with a paraplectenchymatous excipulum, I ascospores, and stictic acid as a secondary compound. The new combinations W. glaucopallens (Nyl.) Rivas Plata & Kalb comb. nov., W. santessonii (Hale) Rivas Plata & Frisch comb. nov., and W. trypaneoides (Nyl.) Rivas Plata & Lcking comb. nov., are proposed and a key to the three species is presented. Copyright © 2010 British Lichen Society.

Kalb K.,Lichenologisches Institute Neumarkt | Kalb K.,University of Regensburg | Jia Z.-F.,Liaocheng University
Phytotaxa | Year: 2014

Four species of the lichen family Graphidaceae from Zhejiang Province, China, are described as new, namely Fissurina baishanzuensis, with hemithecioid ascomata, an entire, dark orange brown exciple and broadly ellipsoid muriform ascospores; F. subundulata, distinguished by hemithecioid ascomata, an entire, dark orange brown exciple and ellipsoid, muriform ascospores which are distinctly larger than in F. baishanzuensis; Graphis jinhuana, distinguished by mostly unbranched erumpent ascomata with a lateral thalline margin, open, non-pruinose discs, a laterally carbonized exciple, 7–9-septate ascospores and producing norstictic acid; and Graphis pananensis with irregularly branched ascomata with a lateral thalline margin, a concealed disc, a completely carbonized exciple, 7–9-septate ascospores and without secondary chemistry. © 2014 Magnolia Press.

Plata E.R.,University of Illinois at Chicago | Hernandez M J.E.,Central University of Venezuela | Lucking R.,The Field Museum | Staiger B.,University of Regensburg | And 2 more authors.
Taxon | Year: 2011

Molecular phylogenetic analysis of the mitochondrial small subunit and nuclear large subunit ribosomal DNA revealed that the lichen genus Graphis sensu Staiger represents two separate lineages. Graphis s.str. comprises the species of the G. scripta and G. subserpentina groups ('Eugraphis'), as well as the G. striatula group sensu Lücking. For the segregate genus, the name Allographa Chevall. is available, and this genus includes the G. acharii, G. dussii, G. marginata, G. nuda, and G. symplecta groups. The separation of both lineages is supported by principal component analysis species ordination based on phenotype characters, although the G. dussii and G. subserpentina groups appear phenotypically intermediate. Species formerly placed in Hemithecium subg. Hemithecium sensu Staiger were shown to belong to at least four lineages, one nested within Graphis (H. implicatum), one within Allographa (H. chlorocarpum), one sister to Allographa (H. rufopallidum), and one nested within the Phaeographis clade (H. plicosum). Allographa is genetically close to the bulk of lirellate Graphidaceae (Diorygma, Glyphis, Pallidogramme, Phaeographis, Platygramme, Platythecium, Sarcographa, Thalloloma, Thecaria), whereas Graphis s.str. exhibits unique genetic apomorphies and takes a more isolated position.

Sipman H.J.M.,Botanischer Garten and Botanisches Museum Berlin Dahlem | Lucking R.,Field Museum | Aptroot A.,ABL Herbarium | Chaves J.L.,Instituto Nacional Of Biodiversidad | And 3 more authors.
Phytotaxa | Year: 2012

In a continuation of our biotic inventory of lichenized fungi in Costa Rica and adjacent areas, we present a treatment of the thelotremoid Graphidaceae, that is the genera and species formerly included in Thelotremataceae. A total of 186 species in 23 genera are reported for Costa Rica, plus an additional 30 taxa for adjacent areas (El Salvador, Nicaragua, Panama) that are expected to occur in Costa Rica. This is the highest number of thelotremoid Graphidaceae reported for any country in the world thus far, followed by Australia (173 species), Sri Lanka (130 species), and Panama (110 species). Together with our previous treatment of the genus Graphis, a total of 293 species of Graphidaceae have now been reported for Costa Rica in revised monographic works, with revisions of larger genera such as Phaeographis still pending, suggesting that the total number of Graphidaceae in Costa Rica is over 400. In the present monograph, the following genus and 40 species taxa are described as new to science: Enigmotrema Lücking gen. nov., Acanthotrema bicellularis Sipman & Lücking, spec. nov., A. kalbii Lücking, spec. nov., Chapsa defecta Lücking, spec. nov., C. defectosorediata Lücking, spec. nov., C. farinosa Lücking & Sipman, spec. nov., C. perdissuta Sipman & Lücking, spec. nov., C. sublilacina var. cyanea Lücking, spec. nov., C. thallotrema Lücking & N. Salazar, spec. nov., Clandestinotrema analorenae Lücking, spec. nov., Enigmotrema rubrum Lücking, spec. nov., Gyrotrema aurantiacum Sipman, Lücking & Chaves, spec. nov., G. papillatum Lücking, spec. nov., Leucodecton album Sipman & Lücking, spec. nov., Myriotrema aggregans Sipman & Lücking, spec. nov., M. clandestinoides Sipman & Lücking, spec. nov., M. classicum Lücking, spec. nov., M. endoflavescens Hale ex Lücking, spec. nov., M. frondosolucens Lücking & Aptroot, spec. nov., Ocellularia albobullata Lücking, Sipman & Grube, spec. nov., O. cocosensis Lücking & Chaves, spec. nov., O. flavoperforata Lücking, spec. nov., O. gerardii Sipman, spec. nov., O. globifera Kalb & Lücking, spec. nov., O. inspersata Kalb & Lücking, spec. nov., O. inspersula Lücking & Aptroot, spec. nov., O. isohypocrellina Lücking & Kalb, spec. nov., O. laevigatula Kalb & Lücking, spec. nov., O. laeviusculoides Sipman & Lücking, spec. nov., O. praestantoides Sipman, spec. nov., O. pseudopyrenuloides Lücking, spec. nov., O. psorbarroensis Sipman, spec. nov., O. subcarassensis Sipman & Lücking, spec. nov., O. subpyrenuloides Lücking, spec. nov., O. supergracilis Kalb & Lücking, spec. nov., O. terrabensis Kalb & Lücking, spec. nov., O. zamorana Sipman, Lücking & Chaves, spec. nov., Thelotrema gomezianum Lücking, spec. nov., T. submyriocarpum Lücking, spec. nov., T. wilsonii Sipman & Lücking, spec. nov., and Wirthiotrema duplomarginatum Lücking, Mangold & Lumbsch, spec. nov. In addition, the following 19 new combinations are proposed: Ampliotrema dactylizum (Hale) Sipman, Lücking & Grube, comb. nov. [bas.: Ocellularia dactyliza Hale], A. panamense (Hale) Sipman & Lücking, comb. nov. [bas.: Leptotrema panamense Hale], C. discoides (Stirt.) Lücking, comb. nov. [Graphis discoides Stirt.], C. esslingeri (Hale) Sipman, comb. nov. [bas.: Ocellularia esslingeri Hale], C. hiata (Hale) Sipman, comb. nov. [bas.: Thelotrema hiatum Hale], C. pseudoschizostoma (Hale) Sipman, comb. nov. [bas.: Ocellularia pseudoschizostoma Hale], C. referta (Hale) Lücking, comb. nov. [bas.: Ocellularia referta Hale], C. stellata (Hale) Sipman, comb. nov. [bas.: Leptotrema stellatum Hale], Fibrillithecis pachystoma (Nyl.) Sipman, comb. nov. [bas.: Thelotrema pachystomum Nyl.], Leucodecton bisporum (Nyl.) Sipman & Lücking, comb. nov. [bas.: Thelotrema bisporum Nyl.], L. dactyliferum (Hale) Lücking, comb. nov. [bas.: Ocellularia dactylifera Hale], L. sordidescens (Fée) Lücking & Sipman, comb. nov. [bas.: Trypethelium sordidescens Fée], Ocellularia carassensis (Vain.) Sipman, comb. nov [bas.: Thelotrema carassense Vain.]., O. maxima (Hale) Lumbsch & Mangold, comb. nov. [bas.: Thelotrema maximum Hale], R. vulcani (Hale) Lücking, comb. nov. [bas.: Phaeotrema vulcani Hale], Stegobolus anamorphoides (Nyl.) Lücking, comb. nov. [bas.: Thelotrema anamorphoides Nyl.], Stegobolus lankaensis (Hale) Lücking, comb. nov. [bas.: Ocellularia lankaensis Hale], Thelotrema jugale (Müll. Arg.) Lücking, comb. nov. [bas.: Ocellularia jugalis Müll. Arg.], and Wirthiotrema desquamans (Müll. Arg.) Lücking, comb. nov. [bas.: Anthracothecium desquamans Müll. Arg.]. All species are described and discussed in detail and illustrated by photographic plates, and keys are provided to genera and species. © 2012 Magnolia Press.

Lucking R.,Field Museum | Sutjaritturakan J.,Ramkhamhaeng University | Kalb K.,Lichenologisches Institute Neumarkt
Lichenologist | Year: 2012

Three names in the genus Graphis are validated: Graphis norvestitoides Sutjaritturakan, G. rongklaensis Sutjaritturakan, and Graphis arbusculaeformis (Vain.) Lücking. In addition, the new species G. pseudoaquilonia Lücking is described, differing from G. norvestitoides in the clear versus inspersed hymenium. © 2012 British Lichen Society.

Giralt M.,Rovira i Virgili University | Kalb K.,Lichenologisches Institute Neumarkt | Elix J.A.,Australian National University
Lichenologist | Year: 2010

Rinodina fuscoisidiata, a muscicolous isidiate species with large isidia and Pachysporaria-type ascospores is described from Venezuela. This species contains an unknown terpene as a major secondary metabolite in addition to traces of atranorin. It is compared with the four known isidiate Rinodina taxa. © 2009 British Lichen Society.

Jungbluth P.,São Paulo State University | Marcelli M.P.,Institute Botanica | Kalb K.,Lichenologisches Institute Neumarkt
Mycotaxon | Year: 2011

In the course of a study of Pyxine species in São Paulo State, Brazil, Pyxine jolyana was recognized as a new species. It has norstictic acid in the medulla, a rare feature in South American species. Also, another species with norstictic acid, P. fallax, is recorded for the first time from the Neotropics. A world key to the Pyxine species that produce norstictic acid is presented. © 2011. Mycotaxon, Ltd.

Mongkolsuk P.,Ramkhamhaeng University | Meesim S.,Ramkhamhaeng University | Poengsungnoen V.,Ramkhamhaeng University | Kalb K.,Lichenologisches Institute Neumarkt | Kalb K.,University of Regensburg
Phytotaxa | Year: 2012

A revision of the Pyxine collections from Thailand is presented. Sixteen previously described species were found in this material and descriptions are provided for P. asiatica, P. australiensis, P. coccifera, P. cocoës, P. cognata, P. coralligera, P. cylindrica, P. daedalea, P. meissnerina, P. petricola, P. philippina, P. profallax, P. retirugella, P. schmidtii, P. sorediata and P. subcinerea. Descriptions are also included in the paper for P. berteriana and P. farinosa, because these species may well occur in Thailand. Pyxine boonpragobiana Kalb & Mongkolsuk, P. dactyloschmidtii Kalb & Mongkolsuk, P. pseudokeralensis Kalb, Mongkolsuk & Buaruang, and P. subcoralligera Kalb, Mongkolsuk & Boonpragob are described as new to science. A key for the identification of all species is provided. Terpene profiles for similar species which cannot be distinguished by spot-tests are presented and Rf-values for the most important terpenes are given. Photos showing the new species as well as characteristic structures in the genus are also provided. © 2012 Magnolia Press.

Kalb K.,Lichenologisches Institute Neumarkt | Kalb K.,University of Regensburg | Buaruang K.,Ramkhamhaeng University | Mongkolsuk P.,Ramkhamhaeng University | Boonpragob K.,Ramkhamhaeng University
Phytotaxa | Year: 2012

Eight lichenized ascomycetes and one lichenicolous non-lichenized fungus are described as new to science, namely Coniocarpon coralloideum from Venezuela and Ecuador, Crustospathula khaoyaiana from Thailand, Cryptolechia pittieriana from Venezuela, Cryptothecia napoensis from Ecuador, Malmidea incrassata from Brazil, Malmidea reunionis from Réunion, Malmidea tratiana from Thailand, Stirtonia rhizophorae from Thailand and the nonlichenized fungus Melaspilea lekae from Thailand. The following ten taxa are new additions to the lichen biota of the countries given in brackets: Agonimia pacifica (China), Bactrospora myriadea (Thailand), Brigantiaea phaeomma (China), Brigantiaea sorediata (Tanzania), Coenogonium pineti (Thailand), Cratiria vioxanthina (Brazil), Cryptothecia eungellae(Thailand), Eschatogonia dissecta (Brazil), Malmidea badimioides (Mexico) and Porpidia albocaerulescens var. polycarpiza (Thailand). Buellia vioxanthina is transferred to the genus Cratiria, and a new chemotype of Eschatogonia prolifera was found in Thailand. © 2012 Magnolia Press.

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