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Benghazi, Libya

The Libyan International Medical University is a private university established in Benghazi, Libya, with the purpose of teaching medicine. It is the first private medical university in Libya. It is also Libya's only accredited private medical university.Its doors were opened to enrolled students on October 15, 2007. According to university references, over 200 students had enrolled under its faculties: Faculty of Basic Medical science Faculty of Medicine Faculty of Dentistry Faculty of Pharmacy Faculty of Information Technology Faculty of NursingOne of the university's major points is its focus on international partnerships and meeting the level of other international medical teaching institutes. The teaching policy emulates those of many established universities and is mainly problem-based learning. The National Quality Assurance committee of Libya visited all the universities to evaluate them on two bases: facilities and program. The Libyan International Medical University attained a very advanced position in this evaluation in both aspects.The Libyan Ministry of Health granted LIMU students the privilege of training at the national health care centers and hospitals. Wikipedia.

Bodalal Z.,Libyan International Medical University | Azzuz R.,Benghazi Medical Center | Bendardaf R.,University of Sharjah
World Journal of Gastroenterology | Year: 2014

AIM: To study the pattern of cancer incidence and determine the incidence rates in Eastern Libya (for the first time in a decade). METHODS: A hospital-based registry of cancer patients was formed using records from the primary oncology center in eastern Libya - focusing on those diagnosed in the year 2012. RESULTS: The most common malignancies in men were cancers of the colon (22.3%, n = 90), lung (20.3%, n = 82), prostate (16.1%, n = 65), pancreas (4.2%, n = 17) and liver (4.2%, n = 17). For women, they were found to be cancers of the breast (41.5%, n = 213), colon (16.4%, n = 84), uterus (8%, n = 41), ovary (5.5%, n = 28) and pancreas (3.1%, n = 16). Additionally age-standardized rates (ASR) were determined for Libya. The different cities and towns in eastern Libya were compared for any variation. The city of Beida in particular was found to have a remarkably high incidence of gastric cancer. The different findings were discussed and comparisons were made with past literature as well as the incidence rates for neighbouring countries. The incidence rates given for the eastern region showed differences from previously reported values (i.e., the rate of colon cancer was the highest in North Africa whereas other malignancies occurred less frequently). Potential explanations for the urban-rural difference as well as the difference in incidence rates were put forth. The significance of this study is that it establishes a baseline of cancer incidence which should be the backbone for any future national cancer plan in Libya. CONCLUSION: Proper surveillance programs need to be in place and healthcare policy should be adjusted to take into account the more prevalent and pressing cancers in society. © 2014 Baishideng Publishing Group Inc. All rights reserved.

Korkeila E.A.,University of Turku | Syrjanen K.,University of Turku | Bendardaf R.,University of Turku | Bendardaf R.,Libyan International Medical University | And 4 more authors.
Human Pathology | Year: 2011

The purpose of this study was to assess the value of ezrin expression as a predictor of disease outcome in rectal cancer treated by preoperative radio- or chemoradiotherapy. Operative samples from 176 rectal cancer patients and 76 diagnostic preoperative biopsies from the same cohort were analyzed for ezrin expression using immunohistochemistry. The patients had received short- (n = 76) or long-course radiotherapy with (n = 36) or without chemotherapy (n = 10) or no treatment preoperatively (n = 54). The direct effect of radiation on ezrin expression was studied in cultured cells by Western blot analysis. The biopsies and respective operative samples were significantly different (κ = -0.010 for 4-tier scoring and κ = 0.028 for dichotomized scoring) in their ezrin expression. Most preoperative biopsies (61/76, 80%) had negative/weak ezrin expression compared with 56% (43/76) of the corresponding operative samples. After preoperative treatment, negative expression in the biopsies of 18 (82%) of 22 patients turned positive, whereas positive expression in 6 (11%) of 54 biopsies turned negative in the operative samples. In univariate analysis, disease-free survival and disease-specific survival were significantly longer (P = .027 and P = .002) when ezrin expression in the preoperative biopsy was negative/weak compared with moderate/strong expression. Such prognostic association was lost in the radiated operative specimens. In multivariate regression model, ezrin was not a predictor of disease-free survival. No direct effect of radiation on ezrin expression was seen in vitro. In conclusion, radiotherapy increases ezrin expression in rectal cancer. In pretreatment biopsies, negative/weak ezrin expression correlates with favorable disease outcome, suggesting that ezrin expression modulates tumor aggressiveness and/or response to treatment. © 2011 Elsevier Inc.

Bodalal Z.,Libyan International Medical University | Agnaeber K.,University of Benghazi | Nagelkerke N.,United Arab Emirates University | Stirling B.,University of Victoria | And 2 more authors.
Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal | Year: 2014

Stressful life events experienced by pregnant women may lead to adverse obstetric outcomes. This study in Benghazi compared the rates of preterm, low-birth-weight and caesarean-section births at Al-Jamhouria hospital in the months before and during the armed conflict in Libya in 2011. Data were collected on all women admitted to the delivery ward during February to May 2011 (the months of the most active fighting in the city) (n = 7096), and October to December 2010 (the months immediately before the war) (n = 5935). Compared with the preceding months there was a significant rise during the conflict in the rate of deliveries involving preterm (3.6% versus 2.5%) and low-birth-weight (10.1% versus 8.5%) infants and caesarean sections (26.9% versus 25.3%). Psychosocial stress may have been a factor (among others) in an increase in negative pregnancy outcomes, and obstetric hospitals should be aware of these issues in times of war.

Garoushi S.,University of Turku | Garoushi S.,Libyan International Medical University | Sailynoja E.,Stick Technology Ltd. | Vallittu P.K.,University of Turku | Lassila L.,University of Turku
Dental Materials | Year: 2013

Objectives To determine the physical properties and curing depth of a new short fiber composite intended for posterior large restorations (everX Posterior) in comparison to different commercial posterior composites (Alert, TetricEvoCeram Bulk Fill, Voco X-tra base, SDR, Venus Bulk Fill, SonicFill, Filtek Bulk Fill, Filtek Superme, and Filtek Z250). In addition, length of fiber fillers of composite XENIUS base compared to the previously introduced composite Alert has been measured. Materials and methods The following properties were examined according to ISO standard 4049: flexural strength, flexural modulus, fracture toughness, polymerization shrinkage and depth of cure. The mean and standard deviation were determined and all results were statistically analyzed with analysis of variance ANOVA (a = 0.05). Results XENIUS base composite exhibited the highest fracture toughness (4.6 MPa m 1/2) and flexural strength (124.3 MPa) values and the lower shrinkage strain (0.17%) among the materials tested. Alert composite revealed the highest flexural modulus value (9.9 GPa), which was not significantly different from XENIUS base composite (9.5 GPa). Depth of cure of XENIUS base (4.6 mm) was similar than those of bulk fill composites and higher than other hybrid composites. The length of fiber fillers in XENIUS base was longer (1.3-2 mm) than in Alert (20-60 μm). Conclusions The new short fiber composite differed significantly in its physical properties compared to other materials tested. This suggests that the latter could be used in high-stress bearing areas. © 2013 Academy of Dental Materials.

Agnaeber K.,University of Benghazi | Bodalal Z.,Libyan International Medical University
Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology | Year: 2013

We performed a comparative study between abdominal and vaginal hysterectomies using clinical data from Al-Jamhouria hospital (one of the largest maternity hospitals in Eastern Libya). Various parameters were taken into consideration: the rates of each type (and their subtypes); average age of patients; indications; causes; postoperative complications; and duration of stay in the hospital afterwards. Conclusions and recommendations were drawn from the results of this study. In light of the aforementioned parameters, it was found that: (1) abdominal hysterectomies were more common than vaginal hysterectomies (p < 0.001); (2) patients admitted for abdominal hysterectomies are younger than those admitted for vaginal hysterectomies (p < 0.001); (3) the most common indication for an abdominal hysterectomy was menstrual disturbances, while for vaginal hysterectomies it was vaginal prolapse; (4) the histopathological cause for abdominal and vaginal hysterectomies were observed and the most common were found to be leiomyomas and atrophic endometrium; (5) there was no significant difference between the two routes in terms of postoperative complications; (6) patients who were admitted for abdominal hysterectomies spent a longer amount of time in the hospital (p < 0.01). It was concluded that efforts should be made to further pursue vaginal and laparoscopic hysterectomies as a viable option to the more conventional abdominal route. © 2013 Informa UK, Ltd.

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