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Carvalho L.M.D.,Polytechnic Institute of Beja | Fernandes F.M.,University of Évora | Nunes M.D.F.,University of Évora | Mills C.,Library
Harvard Papers in Botany | Year: 2012

In traditional societies, religious and political leaders often use elements from the surrounding ecosystems to symbolically affirm their power. This ethnobotanical research looks for a similar pattern of use in urbanized western societies. We selected the use of plants by Queen Elizabeth II as a case study due to her singular position as a political and religious leader. We analysed the use of plants in public ceremonies to study how they are symbolically linked to the renewal of traditions. © President and Fellows of Harvard College, 2012.

Ardalan R.,Library | Feyzbaksh O.,IAU Tehran North Branch
Library Hi Tech News | Year: 2011

Purpose: Many universities and libraries throughout the world are now making digitized versions of traditional (print) dissertations available online. Some of these institutions have even gone so far as to completely eliminate printed copies. The purpose of this paper is to examine the extent of Electronic Theses and Dissertations (ETDs) in Iran and elsewhere. Design/methodology/approach: The paper notes that many theses and dissertations are now sitting on shelves, unread, in our libraries. Electronic publication can make these works accessible to students, researchers, and others who perhaps lack time, search capabilities, or finances. The paper looks at what universities are doing about the problem, and summarizes the current position in Iran university libraries. Findings: A growing realization has emerged among those working on ETDs in Iran that it is critically important that libraries remain not just involved, but centrally positioned in the development of the national information infrastructure. Practical implications: The paper shows that the future of E-theses and of archiving and searching in general depends on institutions being able to deliver top quality services, with a high degree of interoperability. This means, among other things, that systems must continue to be developed and they must be able to handle many different types of digital objects. Originality/value: The paper claims that as we prepare students for scholarship in the twenty-first century, Iran 1400, for example, it is imperative that librarians consider how to manage these important new forms of writing. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited.

Shivalingaiah D.,Tumkur University | Sheshadri K.N.,Library
Proceedings of 2012 International Conference on Cloud Computing Technologies, Applications and Management, ICCCTAM 2012 | Year: 2012

Universities and Colleges are the core of innovation through their advanced research and development. Higher education libraries of different size and type all over the world suffer from common problems such as shrinking budgets, accommodating resources within the budgetary constraints, Countering increased scope of interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary nature of subjects, flexibility associated with the e-data, diminished levels of efficiency, and huge cost involved in managing the entire IT infrastructure in the modern day academic libraries. Libraries are at the threshold of embracing the concept of cloud computing because of its both technological and economic advantages. Resource sharing, among the academic libraries through Cloud will in principle reduce the overall cost and increase the efficiency. It will also enhance the user experience and will help in making the libraries a lot more scalable. In this paper authors have made an attempt to discuss the types, applications, advantages and disadvantages of implementing cloud computing mainly for resource sharing in an academic library environment. The purpose of this article is to look specifically at how cloud computing can be employed by libraries and what are the potential areas need to be considered before moving into a cloud computing solution implementation. © 2012 IEEE.

Mamdapur G.M.N.,Global Mind | Govanakoppa R.A.,Tumkur University | Rajgoli I.U.,Library
Annals of Library and Information Studies | Year: 2011

Analyses articles in Baltic Astronomy published during the years 2000 to 2008 with regard to distribution of contributions, authorship pattern of contributions, distribution of references, analysis of length of papers, etc. Out of 8489 references appended, 1521 (17.92 percent) appeared in the year 2004. The degree of collaboration for the period 2000-2008 was 0.89. Authors have primarily relied on journals followed by books, conference proceedings and reports. Authors from USA have contributed maximum number of papers compared to other countries and India stood 21 st in the ranked list. Astrophysical Journal topped the ranked list of journals cited by the authors followed by Astronomy and Astrophysics. It can be concluded that top 20 journals cited by the authors cover almost 87.60 percent of references and also indicates that collaborative research is prevalent in astronomy research.

Guo X.,Shenyang University | Zheng L.,Library | Li Y.,Shenyang University | Zhang X.,Shenyang University | And 5 more authors.
Pediatric Research | Year: 2013

Background:We determined the prevalence and risk profiles of being overweight or obese among children and adolescents in rural northeast China.Methods:We conducted a cross-sectional study consisting of 4,094 children and adolescents aged 5-18 y. Anthropometric measurements and information on health-related variables were collected by well-trained personnel. Odds ratios (ORs) are presented with 95% confidence intervals (CIs).Results:The overall prevalence of subjects who were overweight or obese was 21.8% (15.4% overweight and 6.4% obese). Among boys, getting more sleep was found to be a protective factor against being overweight or obese, and a higher monthly family income (2,000-5,000 Chinese yuan (CNY); 1 CNY = 0.163 US dollar) was associated with an increased risk as compared with lower incomes. For girls, not having breakfast every day conferred higher odds of being overweight or obese (OR, 1.45 (95% confidence interval (CI), 1.11-1.91)). When both parents were overweight, this increased the risk of a child being overweight or obese in both boy (overweight father: OR, 1.54 (95% CI, 1.26-1.89); overweight mother: OR, 1.73 (95% CI, 1.35-2.22)) and girl participants (overweight father: OR, 2.01 (95% CI, 1.57-2.57); overweight mother: OR, 1.45 (95% CI, 1.07-1.96)).Conclusion:The prevalence of pediatric obesity in rural China was relatively high. Risk profiles should be fully considered when planning prevention and treatment programs for pediatric obesity. Copyright © 2013 International Pediatric Research Foundation, Inc.

Radhakrishnan N.,Library | Poorna Chelvan N.,Nms S Vellaichamy Nadar College | Ramkumar D.,Alagappa Government Arts College
Proceedings of 2012 International Conference on Cloud Computing Technologies, Applications and Management, ICCCTAM 2012 | Year: 2012

Cloud computing is one of the most discussed solutions on the education prospect. Cloud computing is growing rapidly, with applications in almost any area, including education. E-learning systems usually require many hardware and software resources. The popularity of learning on the internet, the creation of perfect web-based learning environment has become one of the hot points on researching remote education. It is predicted that, in the near future, cloud computing will have a significant impact on the educational and learning environment, facilitating their own users(i.e., learners, instructors, and administrators) to perform their tasks effectively with less cost by utilizing the available cloud-based applications offered by the cloud service providers. This paper discusses the employability of cloud computing in the educational and learning ring, to be called 'Teaching and Learning as a Service' (TLaaS), emphasizing its possible benefits and offerings. © 2012 IEEE.

Delozier E.P.,Library
OCLC Systems and Services | Year: 2013

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to describe personal privacy and data authenticity problems in the cloud and provide solutions to reduce or eliminate them. Design/methodology/approach: This paper reveals issues and applications of anonymity and authenticity in the cloud. It outlines common privacy settings of five web browsers, anonymous browsing on the Tor network and standard methods for verifying the integrity of files obtained in the cloud. Findings: Cloud computing is an emerging technology for libraries which must balance the convenience of ubiquitous access against the potential risks for loss of anonymity and authenticity. Originality/value: This article contributes to the body of literature on user privacy and data preservation in the cloud and their impact on the library community. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited.

Millard T.,Library | Le Cornu E.,Library | Smith R.,Library | Hasler E.,Library | And 3 more authors.
Journal of the Institute of Conservation | Year: 2011

The Marianne North project involved the restoration of the Marianne North Gallery at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew and the conservation of its contents. As part of this project, 830 oil paintings on paper were examined, documented and conserved. Treatments included consolidation of cracking and flaking media, surface cleaning, removal of acidic and deteriorated backing boards, removal or reduction of bloom and blanching, non-aqueous de-acidification, remounting and, where appropriate, in-painting. © 2011 Icon, The Institute of Conservation.

Premise of the study: I present a protocol for creating geometric leaf shape metrics to facilitate widespread application of geometric morphometric methods to leaf shape measurement. Methods and Results: To quantify circularity, I created a novel shape metric in the form of the vector between a circle and a line, termed geometric circularity. Using leaves from 17 fern taxa, I performed a coordinate-point eigenshape analysis to empirically identify patterns of shape covariation. I then compared the geometric circularity metric to the empirically derived shape space and the standard metric, circularity shape factor. Conclusions: The geometric circularity metric was consistent with empirical patterns of shape covariation and appeared more biologically meaningful than the standard approach, the circularity shape factor. The protocol described here has the potential to make geometric morphometrics more accessible to plant biologists by generalizing the approach to developing synthetic shape metrics based on classic, qualitative shape descriptors. © 2014 Crawford and Belcher. Published by the Botanical Society of America.

PubMed | Library
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Circulation journal : official journal of the Japanese Circulation Society | Year: 2016

The cause-and-effect relationship between human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) and stroke has not been widely elucidated. We aimed to determine if HCMV infection has an increased risk of future stroke in hypertensive patients in rural areas of China.This was a nested case-control study from a prospective cohort study. A total of 300 newly diagnosed stroke cases with a median follow-up period of 8.4 years and 300 matched controls were selected for the present analysis. Adjusted odds ratio (OR) for stroke associated with HCMV DNA seropositivity was calculated by conditional logistic regression. HCMV DNA was detected in 38 of 300 samples from stroke patients and in 17 of 300 control samples (12.7% vs. 5.7%; P=0.023). Seropositivity for HCMV DNA increased the risk of incident stroke (unadjusted OR, 1.437; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.023-2.020, P=0.037) and adjustment for other potential cardiovascular confounders only slightly changed the OR (1.464; 95% CI, 1.003-2.137, P=0.048). After controlling for potential cardiovascular confounders, the OR for hemorrhagic stroke associated with HCMV DNA was 1.718 (95% CI, 1.042-2.832), whereas the OR for ischemic stroke was 0.450 (95% CI, 0.142-1.428).Seropositivity for HCMV DNA was positively associated with total and hemorrhagic but not ischemic stroke, which persisted after controlling for other cardiovascular factors. (Circ J 2016; 80: 2235-2239).

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