Liaoning Provincial Key Laboratory of Biotechnology and Drug Discovery

Dalian, China

Liaoning Provincial Key Laboratory of Biotechnology and Drug Discovery

Dalian, China
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Li A.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Zhang Y.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Wang C.,Liaoning Provincial Key Laboratory of Biotechnology and Drug Discovery | Wu G.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Wang Z.,Yuming High School
World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology | Year: 2013

Antimicrobial peptides from a wide range of amphibian species, especially frogs of the genus Rana, have been characterised and are potential therapeutic agents. Here we describe the isolation, purification, and structural and biological characterisation of three novel antimicrobial peptides from the skin secretions of the black spotted frog, Rana nigromaculata, from Northeastern China. The peptides were identified as belonging to two known families: the temporin, which was first identified in R. nigromaculata from China, and the brevinin-2. Temporin-1RNa and temporin-1RNb both containing three positive charges and have a high potency against microorganisms (MIC: 3.13-8.3 μM against Gram-positive bacteria, 12.5-25.0 μM against Gram-negative bacteria, and 6.25-12.5 μM against Candida albicans) and a high haemolytic activity against human erythrocytes (HC50: 100-150 μM). Brevinin-2RNa contains a single intra-disulphide bridge at the C-terminus that is active towards the tested Gram-positive bacteria but is not active against E. coli and P. aeruginosa. The cDNAs encoding three novel peptide precursors were also subsequently cloned from an R. nigromaculata skin cDNA library and sequenced. The precursors contain 58-72 amino acid residues, which include a conserved signal peptide, acidic propeptide, and the mature temporin-1RNa, temporin-1RNb and brevinin-2RNa. The CD spectra of temporin-1RNa and temporin-1RNb in water, 30 mM SDS and 50 % trifluoroethanol (TFE) indicated that both peptides adopted an aperiodic structure in water and an organised structure with an α-helical conformation in TFE and SDS solution. The conformational transition induced by TFE or SDS reflects the potential ability of temporin-1RNa and temporin-1RNb to interact with anionic membranes. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.


Wang L.,Dalian Medical University | Xu J.,Liaoning Normal University | Zhao C.,Liaoning Normal University | Zhao C.,Liaoning Provincial Key Laboratory of Biotechnology and Drug Discovery | And 3 more authors.
Chemical and Pharmaceutical Bulletin | Year: 2013

Asiatic acid (AA) is a pentacyclic triterpene in Centella asiatica known to inhibit proliferation and induce apoptosis in several tumor cell lines. In the current study, we synthesized five AA derivatives and examined their inhibitory activities on growth in non-small cell lung cancer cell lines, A549 and PC9/G. Four derivatives were found to have stronger cell growth inhibitory activity than AA. Among them, compound A-3 showed the most significant antiproliferative effects on tumor. Growth of A549 and PC9/G cells was inhibited by A-3 in a dose- and time-dependent manner. To determine the cellular gene expression changes in A549 and PC9/G cells treated with A-3, Affymetrix GeneChip® Human Genome U133 Plus 2.0 Array were used to screen transcriptome differences. Expression levels of 1121 genes in A549 and 1873 genes in PC9/G were significantly altered upon treatment with 10 μM A-3 after 48 h, with 357 overlapping genes. The signaling pathways molecules involved in the antiproliferative and cell cycle dysregulation effects of A-3 identified using microarray were further validated via Western blot analyses. The results collectively indicate that A-3 induces inhibition of cell proliferation via downregulation of the Ras/Raf/MEK/ERK pathway and cell cycle arrest at G1/S and G2/M. © 2013 The Pharmaceutical Society of Japan.


Zhao C.-H.,Liaoning Normal University | Zhao C.-H.,Liaoning Provincial Key Laboratory of Biotechnology and Drug Discovery | Xu J.,Liaoning Normal University | Zhang Y.-Q.,CAS Institute of Microbiology | And 3 more authors.
Chemical and Pharmaceutical Bulletin | Year: 2014

A large number of bioactive pentacyclic triterpenoids have been shown to have multiple biological activities. This study was conducted to evaluate the inhibitory activities of 6 newly synthesized and novel pentacyclic triterpenoids against enterovirus 71 (EV71). The parent compound, ursolic acid (UA), showed the greatest inhibitory activity against EV71, while oleanolic acid (OA), asiatic acid (AA), and synthetic derivatives of 18-β-glycyrrhetinic acid (GA) and OA also exhibited inhibitory effects, although to lesser extents. The results suggest these compounds show potential for further optimization as antiviral candidates for treatment of EV71 infections. © 2014 The Pharmaceutical Society of Japan.


Wang J.,Liaoning Normal University | Wang J.,Liaoning Provincial Key Laboratory of Biotechnology and Drug Discovery | Zhang Y.,Liaoning Normal University | Zhang Y.,Liaoning Provincial Key Laboratory of Biotechnology and Drug Discovery | And 5 more authors.
Shengwu Gongcheng Xuebao/Chinese Journal of Biotechnology | Year: 2011

Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD)-toxin protein Lj-RGD3 of Lampetra japonica shares homologous with a Histidine-rich glycoprotein (HRG), and both RGD-toxin protein and HRG have antiangiogenic activities with different targets. To study the relationship between the function and the structure of Lj-RGD3, we studied the anti-angiogenic characteristics of both Lj-RGD3 and the mutation named Lj-112 of which three RGD motifs of Lj-RGD3 were deleted. We synthesized the gene of Lj-112, constructed it to the plasmid pET23b, and expressed the recombinant proteins in Escherichia coli BL21. Both recombinant proteins with the C-terminal his-tag were 15 kDa soluble proteins. Then we purified rLj-RGD3 and rLj-112 using the His-Bind affinity chromatography. To examine the effect of both proteins on bFGF-induced proliferation of ECV304 cell, we carried out the 3-(4, 5)-dimethylthiahiazo (-z-y1)-3, 5-di-phenytetrazoliumromide (MTT) assays. For cell migration and invasion assays, we used Transwell containing insert filter and Matrigel to imitate the in vivo environment. To examine whether both proteins were capable of interrupting the angiogenesis in vivo, we used the chick chicken embryonic chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) as an angiogenesis model. We used Integrin-linked kinase1 (ILK1) ELISA method to study functionary mechanisms of rLj-RGD3 and rLj-112. Both rLj-RGD3 and rLj-112 inhibited bFGF-induced proliferation of ECV304 cells in a dose-dependent manner with IC50 at 0.889 μmol/L and 0.160 μmol/L, respectively. The results of migration and invasion assays revealed that both rLj-RGD3 and rLj-112 showed significant inhibition on bFGF induced migration and invasion of ECV304; and rLj-112 was more active than rLj-RGD3. The result of CAM angiogenesis assay demonstrated that both proteins inhibited the angiogenesis in chick CAM, and rLj-112 was more active than rLj-RGD3. ELISA assay of ILK1 showed that both rLj-RGD3 and rLj-112 down-regulated ILK1 expression of ECV304 cell. The fact of rLj-112 was more active than rLj-RGD3 on anti-angiogenesis indicate that rLj-112 was likely with histidine-rich glycoprotein (HRG), and the factor of sequence homologous between rLj-RGD3 and HRG cannot enhance antiangiogenic activities of rLj-RGD3, the signal pathway of anti-angiogenesis of rLj-RGD3 and rLj-112 are differently. © 2011 CJB, All rights reserved.


Shang D.,Liaoning Normal University | Shang D.,Liaoning Provincial Key Laboratory of Biotechnology and Drug Discovery | Zhang Q.,Liaoning Normal University | Dong W.,Liaoning Normal University | And 3 more authors.
Acta Biomaterialia | Year: 2016

A series of synthesized Trp-containing antimicrobial peptides showed significantly different antimicrobial activity against Gram-negative bacteria despite having similar components and amino acid sequences and the same net positive charge and hydrophobicity. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in the outer membrane is a permeability barrier to prevent antimicrobial peptides from crossing into Gram-negative bacteria. We investigated the interaction of five Trp-containing peptides, I1W, I4W, L5W, L11W and L12W, with LPS using circular dichroism (CD), IR spectroscopy, isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC), dynamic light scattering (DLS), zeta-potential measurements and confocal laser scanning microscopy, to address whether bacterial LPS is responsible for the different susceptibilities of Gram-negative bacteria to Trp-containing peptides. Our data indicate that I1W and I4W penetrated the LPS layer and killed Gram-negative bacteria by a "self-promoted uptake" pathway in which the peptides first approach LPS by electrostatic forces and then dissociate LPS micelle. This process results in disorganization of the LPS leaflet and promotes the ability of the peptide to cross the outer membrane into the inner membrane and disrupt the cytoplasmic membrane. Although L5W, L11W and L12W strongly bind to LPS bilayers and depolarize bacterial cytoplasmic membranes, similar to I1W and I4W, they are unable to destabilize LPS aggregates and traverse through the tightly packed LPS molecules. This study increases our understanding of the mechanism of action of these peptides in the LPS outer membrane and will help in the development of a potent broad-spectrum antibiotic for future therapeutic purposes. Statement of Significance: Tryptophan (Trp) residues show a strong preference for the interfacial region of biological membranes, and this property endows Trp-containing peptides with the unique ability to interact with the surface of bacterial cell membranes. In this manuscript, we report the membrane interaction of Trp-containing peptide to address whether bacterial LPS is responsible for the different susceptibilities of Gram-negative bacteria to Trp-containing peptides. Based on the data collected, we propose a molecular mechanism for the peptide-LPS interactions that allows the peptides to traverse or prevents them from transversing the LPS layer and the target inner membrane. The data should help in the development of a potent broad-spectrum antibiotic for future therapeutic purposes. © 2016 Acta Materialia Inc.


Shang D.,Liaoning Normal University | Shang D.,Liaoning Provincial Key Laboratory of Biotechnology and Drug Discovery | Sun Y.,Liaoning Normal University | Wang C.,Liaoning Provincial Key Laboratory of Biotechnology and Drug Discovery | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Applied Microbiology | Year: 2012

Aims: To understand the structure-activity relationship of chensinin-1, a anti-microbial peptide (AMP) with an unusual structure, and to develop novel AMPs as therapeutic agents. Methods and Results: A series of chensinin-1 analogues were designed and synthesized by one to three replacement of glycines with leucines at the hydrophilic face of chensinin-1 or rearrangement of some of the residues in its sequence. Circular dichroism spectroscopy showed that the analogues adopted α-helical-type conformations in 50% trifluoroethanol/water but adopted β-strand-type conformations in 30 mmol l-1 sodium dodecyl sulphate. The anti-microbial activities of the peptides against Gram-positive bacteria increased 5- to 30-fold, and these increases paralleled the increases in the peptides' hydrophobicities. Their haemolytic activities also increased. Amphipathicities had little influence on the bactericidal activity of chensinin-1. All peptides caused leakage of calcein entrapped in negatively charged liposomes although with different efficiencies. The peptides did not induce leakage of calcein from uncharged liposomes. Conclusions: Peptide adopted an aperiodic structure can improve the anti-microbial potency by increasing peptide hydrophobicity. Its target is bacteria plasma membrane. Significance and Impact of the Study: Chensinin-1 can act as a new lead molecule for the study of AMPs with atypical structures. © 2012 The Authors. Journal of Applied Microbiology © 2012 The Society for Applied Microbiology.


Shang D.,Liaoning Normal University | Shang D.,Liaoning Provincial Key Laboratory of Biotechnology and Drug Discovery | Sun Y.,Liaoning Normal University | Wang C.,Liaoning Provincial Key Laboratory of Biotechnology and Drug Discovery | And 3 more authors.
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology | Year: 2012

Many antimicrobial peptides from amphibian skin have been purified and structurally characterized and may be developed as therapeutic agents. Here we describe the antibacterial properties and membrane interaction of chensinin-1, a cationic arginine/histidine-rich antimicrobial peptide, from the skin secretions of Rana chensinensis. The amino acid composition, sequence, and atypical structure of chensinin-1 differ from other known antimicrobial peptides from amphibian skin. Chensinin-1 exhibited selective antimicrobial activity against Gram-positive bacteria, was inactive against Gram-negative bacteria, and had no hemolytic activity on human erythrocytes. The CD spectra for chensinin-1 indicated that the peptide adopted an aperiodic structure in water and a conformational structure with 20 % β-strands, 8 % α-helices, and the remaining majority of random coils in the trifluoroethanol or SDS solutions. Time-kill kinetics against Gram-positive Bacillus cereus demonstrated that chensinin-1 was rapidly bactericidal at 2× MIC and PAE was found to be >5 h. Chensinin-1 caused rapid and large dye leakage from negatively charged model vesicles. Furthermore, membrane permeation assays on intact B. cereus indicated that chensinin-1 induced membrane depolarization in less than 1 min and followed to damage the integrity of the cytoplasmic membrane and resulted in efflux of molecules from cytoplasma. Hence, the primary target of chensinin-1 action was the cytoplasmic membrane of bacteria. Chensinin-1 was unable to overcome bacterial resistance imposed by the lipopolysaccharide leaflet, the major constituent of the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria. Lipopolysaccharide induced oligomerization of chensinin-1, thus preventing its translocation across the outer membrane. © Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012.


Jianan L.,Liaoning Normal University | Jianan L.,Liaoning Provincial Key Laboratory of Biotechnology and Drug Discovery | Jia S.,Liaoning Normal University | Jia S.,Liaoning Provincial Key Laboratory of Biotechnology and Drug Discovery | And 4 more authors.
Tumor | Year: 2015

Estrogen receptor-alpha 36 (ER-α36), which is a new type of ER with a relative molecular weight of 3.57×104, has been demonstrated to have many important physiological functions in different tissues and organs in recent years. Many studies have shown that the occurrence and development of cancer are closely related to the expression level of ER-α36, which suggests that ER-α36 may serve as a potential therapeutic target in the treatment of some cancers. This paper reviews the advances in research on the correlation between ER-α36 and some cancers such as breast cancer, gastric cancer, liver cancer, and so on. © 2015 by TUMOR All rights reserved.


Bi X.,Liaoning Normal University | Wang C.,Liaoning Provincial Key Laboratory of Biotechnology and Drug Discovery | Ma L.,Liaoning Provincial Key Laboratory of Biotechnology and Drug Discovery | Sun Y.,Liaoning Normal University | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Applied Microbiology | Year: 2013

Aims: To understand the effects of Trp residues in linear antimicrobial peptides with α-helical conformations on cell permeation ability and membrane transduction efficacy. Methods and Results: A series of L-K6 analogues were designed and synthesized by replacing Ile or Leu with Trp at different positions on the hydrophobic face of L-K6. The antimicrobial and haemolytic activity and secondary structure of the designed Trp-containing peptides were assessed. In addition, the role of Trp in membrane disruption for these designed peptides was investigated. I1W, I4W and L5W demonstrated stronger activity than the other peptides against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. All of the tested peptides preferentially interacted with negatively charged vesicles composed of phosphatidylglycerol (PG)/cardiolipin (CL) or PG/CL/phosphatidylethanolamine, and, to a lesser extent, with zwitterionic vesicles. I1W, I4W and L5W caused calcein release at 2·5 μmol l-1. Conclusions: The position of Trp, rather than the number of Trp residues, in these peptides was an important factor in the antimicrobial activity. Trp residues were deeply inserted into negatively charged membranes but were largely exposed in aqueous buffer solution. Significance and Impact of the Study: These Trp-containing peptides may represent good candidates for new antibiotic agents and for use in new therapeutic approaches. Copyright © 2013.


PubMed | Liaoning Provincial Key Laboratory of Biotechnology and Drug Discovery and Liaoning Normal University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: The Journal of antibiotics | Year: 2014

Tryptophan (Trp) residues reportedly exhibit a strong membrane-disruptive activity, and this property endows Trp-containing antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) with a unique ability to interact with the surface of bacterial cell membranes, possibly improving antimicrobial properties. In this study, we investigated the influence of Trp residues engineered to have a distinct preference for the interface region of lipid bilayers on antimicrobial activity. We designed two Trp-substituted AMPs (I1WL5W and I4WL5W) by replacing Ile or Leu residues with two Trp residues at different positions in the L-K6 peptide, and determined their antimicrobial activity and mechanism of membrane action. Both I1WL5W and I4WL5W exhibited significantly higher antimicrobial activity and lower cytotoxicity against Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria compared with L-K6. The Trp-substituted peptides had a disordered structure in aqueous solution and adopted an -helical structure in solutions of 50% trifluoroethanol/water and 30mM SDS. I1WL5W and I4WL5W caused a significant leakage of calcein from liposomes containing membranes that mimicked those of Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. Scanning electron microscopy analysis suggested that I1WL5W and I4WL5W killed bacteria by disrupting bacterial cell membranes. Furthermore, fluorescence and quenching data from a variety of liposomes, which mimic different cell membranes, indicated that the Trp-substituted peptides could insert into the lipid bilayers and induce blue shifts in the emission spectra of the Trp residues. I1WL5W and I4WL5W were also less susceptible to acrylamide or KI quenchers. The current work may be important for designing novel Trp-containing peptides exhibiting strong antimicrobial abilities by penetrating bacterial membranes.

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