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Mi C.,Northeastern University China | Tian Z.,Northeastern University China | Cao C.,LiaoNing Province Academy of Analytic Science | Wang Z.,LiaoNing Province Academy of Analytic Science | And 2 more authors.
Langmuir | Year: 2011

This work reports the novel microwave-assisted solvothermal synthesis and structural, topographic, spectroscopic characterization of NaYF 4:Yb,Er upconversion nanoparticles (UCNPs) as well as their application in the labeling of HeLa cells. The nanoparticles were prepared in ethylene glycol, with rare earth acetates as precursor and NH 4F and NaCl as the fluorine and sodium sources. X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, and luminescence spectroscopy were applied to characterize the nanoparticles. Experimental results showed that the microwave-assisted solvothermal method is an effective approach to create highly crystalline, strongly luminescent UCNPs at a lower temperature (160 °C) and within a significantly shortened reaction time (only 1 h) compared to the traditional methods. The effect of fluorine source on the optical properties of UCNPs was investigated by using NH 4F, NH 4HF 2, NaF, and 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate (BmimBF 4) as different fluorine sources; NH 4F proved to be the best one, making the luminescent intensity increase at least 2 orders of magnitude. The UCNPs with four different colors (green, yellow, orange, and cyan) were successfully obtained. After being modified with amino groups and coupled with CEA-8 antibody, the obtained nanoparticles were successfully applied in the specific fluorescent immunolabeling and imaging of HeLa cells to further verify their function as a marker in immunolabeling. © 2011 American Chemical Society.

Yang X.,Xian Jiaotong University | Li Y.,Xian Jiaotong University | He Y.,Xian Jiaotong University | Li T.,Xian Jiaotong University | And 5 more authors.
International Immunopharmacology | Year: 2015

Cordycepin (Cor), which is a naturally occurring nucleoside derivative isolated from Cordyceps militaris, has been shown to exert excellent antiinflammatory activity in a murine model of acute lung injury. Thus, this study aimed to evaluate the antiasthmatic activity of Cor (10, 20, and 40 mg/kg) and to investigate the possible underlying molecular mechanisms. We found that Cor attenuated airway hyperresponsiveness, mucus hypersecretion, and ovalbumin (Ova)-specific immunoglobulin (Ig) E, and alleviated lung inflammation with decreased eosinophils and macrophages in the bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid. Notably, Cor reduced the upregulation of eotaxin, intercellular cell adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), IL-4, IL-5, and IL-13 in the BAL fluid. Furthermore, Cor markedly blocked p38-MAPK and nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-κB) signalling pathway activation in the Ova-driven asthmatic mice. In conclusion, this study demonstrated that some of the antiasthmatic benefits of Cor attributable to diets and/or tonics may result from reductions in inflammatory processes and that these antiasthmatic properties involve the inhibition of Th2-type responses through the suppression of the p38-MAPK and NF-κB signalling pathways. © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Xue Z.,Dalian Ocean University | Li H.,Dalian Ocean University | Wang X.,Dalian Ocean University | Li X.,Dalian Ocean University | And 3 more authors.
Fish and Shellfish Immunology | Year: 2015

It is very important to identify and characterize the immune-related genes that respond to pathogens. Until recently, only some of the immune-related genes in sea cucumbers had been characterized. Their expression patterns after pathogen challenges have been analyzed via expressed sequence tag libraries, microarray studies and proteomic approaches. These genes include lectins, antimicrobial peptides, lysozyme, enzymes, clotting protein, pattern recognition proteins, Toll receptors, complement C3 and other humoral factors that might participate in the innate immune system of sea cucumbers. Although the participation of some of these immune molecules in the sea cucumber's innate immune defense against invading pathogens has been demonstrated, the functions of many of the molecules remain unclear. This review focuses on the discovery and functional characterization of the immune-related molecules from the sea cucumber for the first time and provides new insights into the immune mechanisms of the sea cucumber, which opens new possibilities for developing drugs for novel anti-bacterial and antiviral applications in fisheries. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd.

Dai R.,Shenyang Pharmaceutical University | Ren X.,LiaoNing Province Academy of Analytic Science | He X.,Shenyang Pharmaceutical University | Huo Y.,Shenyang Pharmaceutical University
Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology | Year: 2011

A convenient analytical method for quantitative characterization of 23 pesticides in three herbs has been developed. Pesticides tested included organochlorine, organophosphorus and pyrethroids. Primary secondary amine and graphitized carbon black as dispersive-SPE sorbent were applied to clean up the sample. Analytical method was established by using the technique of gas chromatography coupled with electron impact mass spectrometry in the selected ion monitoring mode (GC-MS-SIM). The recoveries of all pesticides were in the range of 78.4%-119.2% at three spiked levels of 5, 20 and 50 μg/kg, and the relative standard deviations were below 9.5%. The limits of detections of all pesticides were less than 3.0 μg/kg. This analytical method could be applied to the analysis of commonly used pesticides in commercial herbs. © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.

Zhong W.-T.,Jilin University | Jiang L.-X.,Jilin University | Wei J.-Y.,Jilin University | Wei J.-Y.,LiaoNing Province Academy of Analytic Science | And 8 more authors.
Journal of Surgical Research | Year: 2013

Background: Esculentoside A (EsA) is a saponin isolated from the Chinese herb Phytolacca esculenta. In our study, we sought to investigate the protective effects of EsA on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute lung injury (ALI) in mice. Materials and methods: To determine the effects of EsA on the reduction of histopathologic changes in mice with ALI, inflammatory cell count in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) and lung wet-to-dry weight ratio were measured in LPS-challenged mice, and lung histopathologic changes observed via paraffin section were assessed. Next, cytokine production induced by LPS in BALF was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. To further study the mechanism of EsA protective effects on ALI, IκBa, p38, and extracellular signal receptor-activated kinase pathways were investigated in lung tissue of mice with ALI. Results: In the present investigation, EsA showed marked effects by reducing inflammatory infiltration, thickening of the alveolar wall, and pulmonary congestion. Levels of tumor necrosis factor α and interleukin 6 elevated by LPS were significantly decreased in BALF in EsA-pretreated ALI model. Furthermore, EsA significantly suppressed phosphorylation of IκBa, p38, and extracellular signal receptor-activated kinase. Conclusions: Taken together, our results suggest that EsA suppressed inflammatory responses in LPS-induced ALI through inhibition of the nuclear factor kappa B and mitogen activated protein kinase signaling pathways. EsA may be a promising potential preventive agent for ALI treatment. © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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