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Jinzhou, China

Liaoning Medical University is in Jinzhou, Liaoning, China. It was founded in 1946. Liaoning Medical University is located in the coastal city of Jinzhou in Liaoning Province, east of Beijing. The University is represented officially in India by Medico Abroad located at Hyderabad. The first batch of foreign students for English Medium Under Graduate Course in Medicine from India completed their Degree in 2010.The campus covers 1,140,000 square meters and has floor-space 279,000 square meters. It lies in the north of the city. The LMU offers six kinds of education: general high education, state-owned privately run education, adult education, vocational education, online education and international students` education. It enrolls undergraduate and postgraduate students. The University is recognised by World Health Organization WHO and listed in the world medical directory.There are 16 teaching departments, 98 teaching offices, 56 teaching laboratories, 4 affiliated comprehensive hospitals and 169 bases for teaching and practice. The university's curriculum comprises 21 specialized undergraduate subjects, 32 master degree programs and 1 doctor degree program. Among the faculty members there are 823 full-time teachers, 74 of whom have been granted a doctoral degree, 533 associate professors and 219 professors and chief doctors.The university’s library has an advanced electronic reading room and has access to the retrieval system for medical documents from the American MEDLINE and the Chinese Medical Institute.The total number of students has amounted to 13,806 of which 190 are international students, all of whom are currently studying in the undergraduate program taught in English. Furthermore, the university is actively involved in international academic exchange activities with universities abroad, such as the University of Glasgow and regularly exchanges scholars and specialists to give lectures. About 120 teachers have been sent to more than 20 countries to study and involve in research. Wikipedia.

Guo B.,Liaoning Medical University
Molecular and cellular biochemistry | Year: 2012

Deficiency of zinc plays an important role in the pathogenesis of osteoporosis; however, the underlying mechanism is not well understood. Apoptosis of osteoblast causing the loss of bone mass is an important event in the osteoporosis. In this article, we investigated whether zinc deficiency would induce cell apoptosis in MC3T3-E1 cells and ask if it is involved in mitochondrial-mediated pathway. Significant increased apoptosis were observed in zinc deficiency group (ZnD: 5 μM TPEN and 1 μM zinc) compared with untreated control or zinc adequacy group (ZnA: 5 μM TPEN and 15 μM zinc). The mitochondrial membrane potential was strikingly reduced in ZnD group. Furthermore, we observed that the levels of Bax in mitochondria fraction and cyto c, AIF, and cleaved caspase-3/-9 in cytosol fraction were increased in ZnD group. We proposed that zinc deficiency would induce the translocation of Bax into mitochondria, which could lead to the reduction in mitochondrial membrane potential as well as the increase in mitochondrial membrane permeability. In addition, cyto c and AIF were released from mitochondria into the cytosol, which finally activated caspase-dependent and caspase-independent apoptosis processes in MC3T3-E1 cells. Our findings suggested that zinc deficiency is capable of inducing apoptosis through a mitochondria-mediated pathway in osteoblastic cells.

Zhang Z.,Liaoning Medical University
Molecular and cellular biochemistry | Year: 2012

Mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) controls cell growth and proliferation via the raptor-mTOR (TORC1) and rictor-mTOR (TORC2) protein complexes. The mTORC2 containing mTOR and rictor is thought to be rapamycin insensitive and it is recently shown that both rictor and mTORC2 are essential for the development of both embryonic and extra embryonic tissues. To explore rictor function in the early development of mouse embryos, we disrupted the expression of rictor, a specific component of mTORC2, in mouse fertilized eggs by using rictor shRNA. Our results showed that one-cell stage eggs that were lack of rictor could not enter into the two-cell stage normally. Recent biochemical studies suggests that TORC2 is the elusive PDK2 (3'-phosphoinositide-dependent kinase 2) for AKT/PKB Ser473 phosphorylation, which is deemed necessary for AKT function, so we microinjected AKT-S473A into mouse fertilized eggs to investigate whether AKT-S473A is downstream effector of mTOR.rictor to regulate the mitotic division. Our findings revealed that the rictor induced phosphorylation of AKT in Ser473 is required for TORC2 function in early development of mouse embryos.

Wang F.,Liaoning Medical University
Frontiers in bioscience : a journal and virtual library | Year: 2012

Obesity has become a global health issue because of its increased morbidity and mortality, and a close association with at least 20 different cancers. Clinical and epidemiological studies have suggested that obesity and overweight are positively related with the risk of GBC. Gallbladder cancer (GBC) is a relatively infrequent but highly lethal neoplasm. Obesity may disturb lipid and endogenous hormones metabolism, affect gallbladder motility, increase the risk of gallstones, and thus plays a role in GBC. Control of obesity through measures such as lifestyle modification, healthy diet, and regular exercise may prove useful in the prevention of GBC.

BACKGROUND: The translocations of the anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) gene with the echinoderm microtubule-associated protein-like 4 (EML4) gene on chromosome 2p have been identified in non-small-cell lung cancers (NSCLCs) as oncogenic driver mutations. It has been suggested that EML4-ALK fusion is associated with the resistance in NSCLCs to epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR TKIs), such as gefitinib and erlotinib. In contrast, ALK tyrosine kinase inhibitor (ALK TKI) crizotinib has shown superior effects in combating NSCLCs with EML4-ALK. Thus, characterization of EML4-ALK fusion genes and clinical features of resulting carcinomas would be a great benefit to disease diagnosis and designing customized treatment plans. Studies have suggested that EML4-ALK translocation occurs more frequently in never-smokers with NSCLC, especially in female patients. However, it is not clear whether this is the case in male patients, too. In this study, we have determined the frequency of EML4-ALK translocation in male never-smokers with NSCLC in a cohort of Chinese patients. The clinical features associated with EML4-ALK translocation were also investigated.METHODS: A cohort of 95 Chinese male never-smokers with NSCLC was enrolled in this study. EML4-ALK fusion genes were detected using one-step real time RT-PCR and DNA sequencing. We further determined the expression levels of ALK mRNA by RT-PCR and ALK protein by immunohistochemistry in these specimens. The clinical features of EML4-ALK-positive carcinomas were also determined.RESULTS: We have identified EML4-ALK fusion genes in 8 out of 95 carcinoma cases, accounting for 8.42% in Chinese male never-smokers with NSCLC. It is significantly higher than that in all Chinese male patients (3.44%) regardless smoking habit. It is also significantly higher than that in all Chinese smokers (8/356 or 2.25%) or in smokers worldwide (2.9%) by comparing to published data. Interestingly, EML4-ALK fusion genes are more frequently found in younger patients and associated with less-differentiated carcinomas.CONCLUSIONS: The frequency of EML4-ALK translocation is strongly associated with smoking habits in Chinese male patients with higher frequency in male never-smokers. EML4-ALK translocation is associated with early-onset and less-differentiated carcinomas.

Yuan Y.,Liaoning Medical University
Cancer Biology and Medicine | Year: 2013

Screening and early diagnosis of gastric cancer play important roles in reducing the mortality of gastric cancer. A vast amount of study data on gastric cancer screening and early diagnosis has been accumulated in and out of China in the past decades. The practice of gastric cancer screening has also been efficiently carried out in different countries and regions. However, no widely accepted principle of population screening for gastric cancer has been developed yet. Screening for gastric cancer requires extensive exploration both theoretically and practically. This article focuses on the method and program of gastric cancer screening based on population. Moreover, the current situation of gastric cancer screening and its evaluation are evaluated. Copyright © 2013 by Cancer Biology & Medicine.

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