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Jinzhou, China

Wang G.J.,Liaoning Medical College
Zhongguo ying yong sheng li xue za zhi = Zhongguo yingyong shenglixue zazhi = Chinese journal of applied physiology | Year: 2010

To investigate whether Ca2+ contribute to cardiomyocyte hypertrophy induced by tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) through PI3-kinase pathway. The protein content was assayed with Lowry's method. The cardiomyocytes volumes were measured by computer photograph analysis system. The protein synthesis was assayed with [3H]-leucine incorporation method. [Ca2+]i transient was measured by Till image system by cell-loading Fura-2/AM. (1) TNF-alpha significantly induced the increase of protein content, [3H]-leucine incorporation and cell size. These responses were significantly suppressed by LY294002, a selective PI3-kinase inhibitor. Verapamil, L-type calcium channels antagonist, slightly attenuated TNF-alpha-induced these responses. (2) TNF-alpha increased the amplitude of the spontaneous Ca2+ transients in cultured ventricular myocytes from the neonatal rat; PI3-kinase inhibitor LY294002 could suppress the elevation induced by TNF-alpha, but calcium antagonist verapamil took the minor effects of TNF-alpha on [Ca2+]i metabolism. Increasing the intercellular free Ca2+ level may play an essential role in TNF-alpha-induced cardiomyocyte hypertrophy through PI3-kinase pathway in rats, while L-type calcium channel takes the minor effects on it. Source


Wang G.J.,Liaoning Medical College
Zhongguo ying yong sheng li xue za zhi = Zhongguo yingyong shenglixue zazhi = Chinese journal of applied physiology | Year: 2010

To demonstrate the inhibitory effect of kappa-opioid receptor activation by U50488H on hypertrophy induced by NE in cultured neonatal rat cardiac myocytes and compare its effect with that of prazosin and propranolol. The cellular proliferation was determined with crystal violet staining. The protein content was assayed with Lowry's method. The cardiomyocytes volumes were measured by computer photograph analysis system. The protein synthesis was assayed with [3H]-lencine incorporation method. (1) NE significantly induced the increase of protein content, [3H]-leucine incorporation and cell size without a concomitant increase in cell number in low serum medium. OThese responses were partially suppressed by prazosin or propranolol alone and completely abolished by both in combination. U50488H significantly inhibited the NE-induced increase of protein content, [3H]-leucine incorporation and cell size. The inhibitory effects of U50488H on NE-induced cardiac hypertrophy were greater than either prazosin or propranolol, but comparable to combination of both. NE, acting via both alpha1- and beta-adrenergic pathway, stimulates myocyte hypertrophy. Stimulating kappa-opioid receptor significantly inhibits NE-induced cardiac hypertrophy, which may be related with alpha1- and beta1-adrenergic pathway. Source


Sui R.,The First Affiliated Hospital | Zhang L.,Liaoning Medical College
Neurological Research | Year: 2011

Objective: To explore the risk factors for stroke-associated pneumonia (SAP). Methods: A retrospective research study was carried out to investigate the clinical data of 1435 patients admitted to the neurological intensive care unit at our university hospital between 1 January 2000 and 31 December 2009. Results: A multi-factorial analysis produced the following results: (1) SAP is 1.113 times more likely to occur for each 1-year increase in age; (2) diabetic patients are 1.612 times more likely to develop SAP than nondiabetic patients; (3) the incidence of SAP decreases by a factor of 0.890 with a one-point increase in the Glasgow coma scale score; (4) nasal feeding patients are 4.981 times more likely to develop SAP than nonnasal feeding patients; (5) patients who use H2-receptor blocking agents are 2.837 times more likely to develop SAP than those who do not; (6) patients who preventively use antibiotics are 2.675 times more likely to develop SAP than those who do not; (7) patients whose hospitalization periods are.> 20 days are 0.500 times more likely to develop SAP than those who do not; (8) patients who suffer from tracheal intubation are 2.980 times more likely to develop SAP than those who do not; and (9) patients who suffer from tracheal incision are 2.190 times more likely to develop SAP than those who do not. Conclusions: SAP was more closely related with diabetes, age, consciousness, days of hospitalization, tracheal intubation, tracheal incision, nasal feeding treatment, and the application of H2-receptor blocking agents and antimicrobials. © W. S. Maney & Son Ltd 2011. Source


Xu J.,First Affiliated Hospital of Liaoning Medical College | Li H.,Liaoning Medical College | Gu L.,First Affiliated Hospital of Liaoning Medical College | Zhou X.,First Affiliated Hospital of Liaoning Medical College
Tumor Biology | Year: 2014

Vitamin D receptor (VDR) poly(A) is a common genetic polymorphism in the VDR gene, and it has been implicated to be associated with breast cancer risk. However, previous studies on the association reported inconclusive results. We performed this meta-analysis to comprehensively assess the association. Eligible studies were searched in PubMed and EMBASE databases. Odds ratio (OR) and its 95 % confidence interval (95 % CI) were used for statistical analysis. A total 6,631 cases and 6,718 controls from 11 case-control studies were finally included into the meta-analysis. Meta-analysis of total eligible studies showed that VDR poly(A) polymorphism was not associated with the risk of breast cancer (S versus L: OR=0.99, 95 % CI of 0.90-1.09, P=0.84; SS versus LL: OR=0.96, 95%CI of 0.79-1.18, P=0.70; SS/LS versus LL: OR=0.96, 95%CI of 0.83-1.12, P=0.63; SS versus LL/LS: OR=1.00, 95 % CI of 0.91-1.10, P=0.98). Metaanalysis of studies with high quality also showed that there was no association between VDR poly(A) polymorphism and breast cancer risk. In addition, in the subgroup analysis by ethnicity, no significant association was found among Caucasians. Therefore, the meta-analysis suggests that VDR poly(A) polymorphism is not associated with the risk of breast cancer. Large well-designed studies are necessary to clarify the possible association in Asians. Source


Yuan C.L.,Liaoning Medical College
Zhong yao cai = Zhongyaocai = Journal of Chinese medicinal materials | Year: 2013

To study the preparation of total flavones in Glechoma longituba sustained-release tablets and evaluate its releasing features in vitro. Orthogonal experiment (L(9)3(4)) was used to optimize the process of preparation of total flavones in Glechoma longituba sustained-release tablets. Investigated the release effect in vitro of optimization test result. The optimized prescription was HPMC-K4M and carbopol 934p account for 30% of the total tablet weight, their dosage ratio was 2: 1; Lactose as additives, 20% dosage; 5% PVP ethanol as adhesives, and compressed the wet granule of the materials into the total flavones in Glechoma longituba sustained-release tablets. The released profiles of the sustained-release tablets followed zero-order equation. The sustained-release effect of total flavones in Glechoma longituba sustained-release tablets is good, the preparation craft is easy and feasible and worth widely promoting. Source

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