Wang C.-Y.,Dalian Polytechnic University |
Shi-Hong P.,China Academy of Building Research |
Qi L.,Liaoning Exit Entry Inspection and Quarantine Bureau |
Teng-Cai M.,Dalian University of Technology |
Wang P.W.,Bradley University
Materials Chemistry and Physics | Year: 2011
The UV-induced wetting effect on titanium oxide surface is well-known; however, the UV-induced hydrophilicity of titanium implanted soda-lime silicate glass has not been investigated. Hence the contact angle of water droplet under the indoor fluorescent lights on titanium-ion implanted soda-lime silicate glasses was investigated. The silicate glasses were implanted by MEVVA ion implanter by 40 keV titanium ions with a fluence of 1015 ions cm -2. The contact angle, the chemical bonding environment, and surface morphologies were examined. Results show the formation of TiO2, the increase of surface roughness, and the reduction of the contact angle after the ion implantation. Further enhancement of hydrophilicity after the 254 nm pre-UV irradiation for 1 h on the implanted sample surface was observed. The enhancement of the wetting effect after ion implantation could be attributed to rougher TiO2 content surface. However, according to the mechanisms of UV photo-induced hydrophilicity on TiO2 proposed previously, the enhancement of hydrophilicity of titanium implanted surface with and without 254 nm pre-photon radiation can be attributed to not only the reduction of hydrocarbon on surface during the UV radiation but also to the oxygen vacancies produced by 254 nm UV photon irradiation. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.