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Huang Z.,Liaoning Cancer Hospital and Institute
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research | Year: 2014

Background: Bmi-1 (B-cell-specific moloney murineleukemia virus insertion site), a colorectal cancer stem cell gene is of great significance in the regulation of telomere reverse transcriptase activity and transcriptional status as well as cell aging and carcinogenesis. Objective: To investigate the correlation between Bmi-1 expression and clinicopathological changes of colorectal cancer. Methods: The expression of Bmi-1 mRNA in carcinoma cells was detected in 50 cases of colorectal cancer using quantitative real-time PCR. The expression of Bmi-1 protein in cancer tissue was detected by hematoxylin-eosin staining and immunohistochemical staining SP method. Results and Conclusion: Sex, age, and tumor size showed no different effects on the expression of Bmi-1 mRNA. The expression of Bmi-1 protein showed no significant difference in patients who were different in sex, age, tumor size and Duke staging of tumor. The expressions of Bmi-1 mRNA and protein in patients with lymph node metastasis and depth of invasion deeper than the serosa were much higher than those in patients with no lymph node metastasis and depth of invasion shallower than the serosa (P < 0.05). The expression of Bmi-1 mRNA was much higher in patients with higher Duke staging cancer (P < 0.05). The expression of Bmi-1 mRNA and protein are closely related to different pathological features of colorectal cancer, such as metastasis, infiltration, and Duke staging. Source

Background: The biological axis of CXC chemokine ligand 12 (CXCL12)/CXC chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) plays an important role in the specific metastasis of tumors, whereas the mRNA expression of glycoprotein hormone receptor 5, a stem cell marker, exerts an important effects on tumor proliferation, invasion and metastasis. Objective: To investigate the expressions of CXCL12/CXCR4 and glycoprotein hormone receptor 5 in human colorectal cancer tissues as well as their relationship with clinical and pathological characteristics. Methods: Totally 100 colorectal cancer patients admitted at Liaoning Cancer Hospital & Institute from January to June 2013 were enrolled as experimental group, and another 100 healthy volunteers served as control group. Immunohistochemical SP method was used to detect the expression of CXCL12, CXCR4 and glycoprotein hormone receptor 5 mRNA in human colorectal cancer tissues. We analyzed the correlation of CXCL12, CXCR4 and glycoprotein hormone receptor 5 mRNA expression with colorectal cancer patients' age, sex, tumor size and site, lymphatic metastasis and prognosis Results and Conclusion: There was a higher expression of CXCR4 and glycoprotein hormone receptor 5 mRNA, but lower expression of CXCL12 mRNA in the human colorectal cancer tissues. The mRNA expression of CXCR4, CXCL12 and glycoprotein hormone receptor 5 showed no correlation with age, gender, tumor size and site of colorectal cancer patients, but was related to lymphatic metastasis. For colorectal cancer patients with lymphatic metastasis, the expression of CXCR4 and glycoprotein hormone receptor 5 mRNA was higher, but no change was found in the expression of CXCL12 mRNA. The expression of CXCR4 was increased with the degree of tumor malignancy as well as glycoprotein hormone receptor 5 expressed on the surface of gastrointestinal cancer and brain tumor stem cells. These findings indicate that the growth and metastasis of human colorectal cancer tissues are promoted by increasing the expression of CXCR4 and glycoprotein hormone receptor 5 in human colorectal cancer tissues; the CXCL12/CXCR4 biological axis and glycoprotein hormone receptor 5 are expected to become a new target therapy for tumor diagnosis and treatment. Source

Wang Y.,Liaoning Cancer Hospital and Institute | Wang S.,Shenyang Environmental Protection Bureau of China | Huang Z.-Q.,Liaoning Cancer Hospital and Institute | Chou W.-P.,Liaoning Cancer Hospital and Institute
Surgeon | Year: 2014

In recent decades, laparoscopy assisted distal gastrectomy (LADG) has been introduced to treat early gastric cancer (EGC). This study evaluated the safety and efficacy of laparoscopy assisted and conventional open distal gastrectomy for EGC. Comprehensive searches of PubMed, EmBase, Cochrane Controlled Trials Register and Chinese Biomedical Database (CBM) were performed. Included literature was evaluated using the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale. Original data were extracted, pooled odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated using RevMan 5.0. Eight RCTs of 734 patients were included in the study. Compared to CODG, LADG increases the operation time (weighted mean difference [WMD]: 63.35; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 57.96, 68.74; P<. 0.01), reduces intraoperative blood loss (WMD: -127.95; 95% CI: -147.97, -107.93; P<. 0.01), decreases number of harvested lymph nodes (WMD: -4.21; 95% CI: -6.10, -2.31; P<. 0.01), forwards oral intake time (WMD:-0.43; 95% CI: -0.61, -0.24; P<. 0.01), and shortens hospital stay(WMD: -1.29; 95% CI: -1.76, -0.83; P<. 0.01). There is no significant difference in postoperative complications(OR: 0.70; 95% CI: 0.46, 1.06; P=0.09). All these findings indicate that LADG for EGC is feasible and safe. © 2013 Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh (Scottish charity number SC005317) and Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland. Source

Sun T.,Jozef Stefan Institute | Sun T.,Liaoning Cancer Hospital and Institute | Turk V.,Jozef Stefan Institute | Turk B.,Jozef Stefan Institute | Kopitar-Jerala N.,Jozef Stefan Institute
Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience | Year: 2012

Stefin B (cystatin B) is an endogenous inhibitor of cysteine proteinases localized in the nucleus and the cytosol. Loss-of-function mutations in the stefin B gene (CSTB) gene were reported in patients with Unverricht-Lundborg disease (EPM1). Our previous results showed that thymocytes isolated from stefin B-deficient mice are more sensitive to apoptosis induced by the protein kinase C inhibitor staurosporin (STS) than the wild-type control cells. We have also shown that the increased expression of stefin B in the nucleus of T98G astrocytoma cells delayed cell cycle progression through the S phase. In the present study we examined if the nuclear or cytosolic functions of stefin B are responsible for the accelerated induction of apoptosis observed in the cells from stefin B-deficient mice. We have shown that the overexpression of stefin B in the nucleus, but not in the cytosol of astrocytoma T98G cells, delayed caspase-3 and-7 activation. Pretreatment of cells with the pan-caspase inhibitor z-ValAla-Asp(OMe)-fluoromethylketone completely inhibited caspase activation, while treatment with the inhibitor of calpains- and papain-like cathepsins (2S,3S)-trans-epoxysuccinylleucylamido-3-methyl-butane ethyl ester did not prevent caspase activation. We concluded that the delay of caspase activation in T98G cells overexpressing stefin B in the nucleus is independent of cathepsin inhibition. © 2012 Sun, Turk, Turk and Kopitar?jerala. Source

Zhang R.,Liaoning Cancer Hospital and Institute | Song C.,Liaoning Cancer Hospital and Institute
Tumor Biology | Year: 2014

CUB and sushi multiple domain protein 1 (CSMD1) is a candidate tumor suppressor gene. The three members of CSMD family have very similar structures, each consisting of 14 CUB domains separated from one another by a sushi domain, an additional uninterrupted array of sushi domains, a single transmembrane domain, and a short cytoplasmic tail. In this work, we aimed to study the protein and mRNA levels of the CSMD1, CSMD2, and CSMD3 and evaluate their prognostic importance in colorectal cancer. Reduced expressions of these three proteins were detected in colorectal cancer tissues by comparing matched normal tissues. Low CSMD2 expression was significantly associated with differentiation, lymphatic invasion, and tumor size. CSMD3 was associated with differentiation and lymphatic invasion. CSMD1 and CSMD2 expressions were associated with overall survival. This study offers convincing evidence for the first time that the three genes of CSMD family were downregulated in the patients with colorectal cancer and may be used as predictors of colorectal cancer. © International Society of Oncology and BioMarkers (ISOBM) 2014. Source

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