Liaoning Anti Degenerative Diseases Natural Products Engineering Research Center

Dalian, China

Liaoning Anti Degenerative Diseases Natural Products Engineering Research Center

Dalian, China

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Liu Y.-N.,Dalian Medical University | Liu Y.-N.,Liaoning Anti Degenerative Diseases Natural Products Engineering Research Center | Wang Y.-X.,Dalian Medical University | Wang Y.-X.,Liaoning Anti Degenerative Diseases Natural Products Engineering Research Center | And 10 more authors.
Toxicon | Year: 2015

Citreoviridin (CIT) is one of toxic mycotoxins derived from fungal species in moldy cereals. Whether CIT exerts hepatotoxicity and the precise molecular mechanisms of CIT hepatotoxicity are not completely elucidated. In this study, the inhibitor of autophagosome formation, 3-methyladenine, protected the cells against CIT cytotoxicity, and the autophagy stimulator rapamycin further decreased the cell viability of CIT-treated HepG2 cells. Knockdown of Atg5 with Atg5 siRNA alleviated CIT-induced cell death. These finding suggested the hypothesis that autophagic cell death contributed to CIT-induced cytotoxicity in HepG2 cells. CIT increased the autophagosome number in HepG2 cells observed under a transmission electron microscope, and this effect was confirmed by the elevated LC3-II levels detected through Western blot. Reduction of P62 protein levels and the result of LC3 turnover assay indicated that the accumulation of autophagosomes in the CIT-treated HepG2 cells was due to increased formation rather than impaired degradation. The pretreatment of HepG2 cells with the ROS inhibitor NAC reduced autophagosome formation and reversed the CIT cytotoxicity, indicating that CIT-induced autophagic cell death was ROS-dependent. In summary, ROS-dependent autophagic cell death of HpeG2 cells described in this study may help to elucidate the underlying mechanism of CIT cytotoxicity. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Zhu X.-X.,Dalian Medical University | Yao X.-F.,Dalian Medical University | Jiang L.-P.,Liaoning Anti Degenerative Diseases Natural Products Engineering Research Center | Geng C.-Y.,Liaoning Anti Degenerative Diseases Natural Products Engineering Research Center | And 5 more authors.
Food and Chemical Toxicology | Year: 2014

Inorganic arsenic is a worldwide environmental pollutant. Inorganic arsenic's positive relationship with the incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus arouses concerns associated with its etiology in diabetes among the general human population. In this study, the inhibitor of autophagosome formation, 3-methyladenine, protected the cells against sodium arsenite cytotoxicity, and the autophagy stimulator rapamycin further decreased the cell viability of sodium arsenite-treated INS-1 cells. These finding suggested the hypothesis that autophagic cell death contributed to sodium arsenite-induced cytotoxicity in INS-1 cells. Sodium arsenite increased the autophagosome-positive puncta in INS-1 cells observed under a fluorescence microscope, and this effect was confirmed by the elevated LC3-II levels detected through Western blot. The LC3 turnover assay indicated that the accumulation of autophagosomes in the arsenite-treated INS-1 cells was due to increased formation rather than impaired degradation. The pretreatment of INS-1 cells with the ROS inhibitor NAC reduced autophagosome formation and reversed the sodium arsenite cytotoxicity, indicating that sodium arsenite-induced autophagic cell death was ROS-dependent. In summary, the precise molecular mechanisms through which arsenic is related to diabetes have not been completely elucidated, but the ROS-dependent autophagic cell death of pancreatic β-cells described in this study may help to elucidate the underlying mechanism. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.

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