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Wang Y.,Liaoning Beifang Envirnnmental Protection Co. | Shi Y.M.,Liaoning Beifang Envirnnmental Protection Co. | Zhao J.,Liaoning Academy of Environmental science
Advanced Materials Research | Year: 2014

Liaohe River is one of seven big river in China, its environmental pollution control is an important task all the time. In this paper, Liaohe River basin ecological footprint was introduced, water quality and ecological restoration measures were analyzed in the period of the 9th Five-Year, the 10th Five-Year and the 11th Five-Year, the development on ecological restoration in the 12th Five-Year was put forward. © (2014) Trans Tech Publicutions, Switzerland. Source

Shi Y.,Liaoning Academy of Environmental science
Applied Mechanics and Materials | Year: 2011

SCRUBBER substitution in on-line H 2S analyzer was prepared as modified treatment molecular sieve in the media of some buffer solutions, by ionic of acetates exchanged in the solution. Results showed that this substitution was satisfied for H 2S analyzer on-line, and better than America's, with 99.9% of scrubbing SO 2 and 99.4% of transforming H 2S. © (2011) Trans Tech Publications. Source

Chen S.,Key Laboratory of Production Environment and Agro Product Safety of Ministry of Agriculture | Chen S.,Shenyang University | Chao L.,Liaoning Academy of Environmental science | Sun L.,Shenyang University | Sun T.,Shenyang University
International Journal of Phytoremediation | Year: 2013

To investigate the effects of two cadmium-tolerant bacteria, Staphylococcus pasteuri (S. pasteuri X1) and Agrobacterium tumefaciens (A. tumefaciens X2), on cadmium uptake by the cadmium hyperaccumulator plant Beta vulgaris var. cicla L., a pot experiment with artificially contaminated soil was conducted. The results demonstrated that both cadmium-tolerant bacteria enhanced the dry weight of Beta vulgaris var. cicla L. The total dry weights of plants in the control CK20, S. pasteuri X1 and A. tumefaciens X2 treatments were 0.85, 1.13, and 1.38 g/pot, respectively. Compared with the control CK20 findings, the total dry weight of plants was increased by 32.8 and 61.1% after inoculation with S. pasteuri X1 and A. tumefaciens X2, respectively, indicating that A. tumefaciens X2 more strongly promoted the growth of Beta vulgaris var. cicla L. than S. pasteuri X1. In addition, inoculation with S. pasteuri X1 and A. tumefaciens X2 significantly (p < 0.05) promoted cadmium uptake by plants and improved the bioaccumulation of cadmium by the plants from the soil. Moreover, the inoculation of S. pasteuri X1 and A. tumefaciens X2 effectively facilitated the transfer of cadmium in the soil from the Fe-Mn oxide and residual fractions to the soluble plus exchangeable and weakly specially adsorbed fractions in the rhizosphere soils of plants. The bacterial enhancement of cadmium phytoavailability might provide a potential and promising method to increase the efficiency of phytoextraction. © 2013 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC. Source

Zhou Y.-C.,CAS Beijing Institute of Geographic Sciences and Nature Resources Research | Fan J.-W.,CAS Beijing Institute of Geographic Sciences and Nature Resources Research | Harris W.,Landcare Research | Zhong H.-P.,CAS Beijing Institute of Geographic Sciences and Nature Resources Research | And 2 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2013

Relationships of foliar carbon isotope composition (δ13C) with foliar C, N, P, K, Ca, Mg contents and their ratios of 219 C3 species leaf samples, obtained in August in 2004 to 2007 from 82 high altitude grassland sites on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau China, were examined. This was done with reference to the proposition that foliar δ13C increases with altitude and separately for the life-form groups of graminoids, forbs and shrubs and for the genera Stipa and Kobresia. For all samples, foliar δ13C was negatively related to foliar K, P and ∑K+ Ca+ Mg, and positively correlated to foliar C, C/N and C/P. The significance of these correlations differed for the taxonomic and life-form groups. Lack of a relationship of foliar δ13C with foliar N was inconsistent with the majority of studies that have shown foliar δ13C to be positively related to foliar N due to a decrease of Ci/Ca (the ratio between intercellular and atmospheric concentration of CO2) and explained as a result of greater photosynthetic capacity at higher foliar N concentration. However this inconsistency relates to other high altitude studies that have found that photosynthetic capacity remains constant as foliar N increases. After accounting for the altitudinal relationship with foliar δ13C, of the elements only the K effect was significant and was most strongly expressed for Kobresia. It is concluded that factors critical to plant survival and growth at very high altitudes, such as low atmospheric pressure and low temperatures, may preclude expression of relationships between foliar δ13C and foliar elements that have been observed at lower altitudes. © 2013 Zhou et al. Source

Zhang Y.,Dalian University of Technology | Cai X.,Dalian University of Technology | Lang X.,Liaoning Academy of Environmental science | Qiao X.,Dalian University of Technology | And 2 more authors.
Environmental Pollution | Year: 2012

Co-contamination of ligand-like antibiotics (e.g.; tetracyclines and quinolones) and heavy metals prevails in the environment, and thus the complexation between them is involved in environmental risks of antibiotics. To understand toxicological significance of the complex, effects of metal coordination on antibiotics' toxicity were investigated. The complexation of two antibiotics, oxytetracycline and ciprofloxacin, with three heavy metals, copper, zinc, and cadmium, was verified by spectroscopic techniques. The antibiotics bound metals via multiple coordination sites and rendered a mixture of various complexation speciations. Toxicity analysis indicated that metal coordination did modify the toxicity of the antibiotics and that antibiotic, metal, and their complex acted primarily as concentration addition. Comparison of EC50 values revealed that the complex commonly was highest toxic and predominately correlated in toxicity to the mixture. Finally, environmental scenario analysis demonstrated that ignoring complexation would improperly classify environmental risks of the antibiotics. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

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