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Meng M.-B.,University of Sichuan | Meng M.-B.,Tianjin Medical University | Jiang X.-D.,Lianyungang First Peoples Hospital | Deng L.,University of Sichuan | And 8 more authors.
Radiotherapy and Oncology | Year: 2013

Purpose: This study aimed to examine the effect of the novel recombinant human endostatin (rh-Endo) protein on tumor vasculature, and to explore and evaluate the optimal scheduling of rh-Endo and radiotherapy (RT). Methods: Tumor-perfusion parameters and hypoxia were monitored after rh-Endo treatment in 10 non-small cell lung-cancer (NSCLC) patients. Eight-week female C57BL/6J mice were randomized to receive rh-Endo or control (saline) once daily for 12 days when Lewis lung carcinoma (LLC) reached approximately 100-150 mm3. On planned days, tumors were measured for cell apoptosis, microvessel density, pericytes, blood-vessel morphology, and tumor hypoxia. The tumor response under different combinations of rh-Endo and RT schedules was evaluated. Results: Tumor hypoxia was significantly reduced 5 days after rh-Endo in NSCLC patients, and a similar result was found in the LLC mouse model. The anti-tumor effect was markedly enhanced when RT was administered within the remodeling period compared to any other treatment schedule. rh-Endo treatment remodeled the tumor vasculature after 5 days by reducing microvessel density and increasing pericytic coverage of the vessel endothelium. Conclusion: This study demonstrated decreased hypoxia in animals and patients upon rh-Endo treatment, which also enhanced the radioresponse within the vasculature-remodeling period. The optimal clinical combination of rh-Endo and RT warrants further investigation. © 2013 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved. Radiotherapy and Oncology. Source

Lv M.,Nanjing Medical University | Li Y.,Lianyungang First Peoples Hospital | Ji M.-H.,Nanjing Medical University | Zhuang M.,Lianyungang First Peoples Hospital | Tang J.-H.,Nanjing Medical University
Molecular Medicine Reports | Year: 2014

Sodium hydrosulfide (NaHS) is an exogenous hydrogen sulfide (H2S)-releasing molecule and has antitumor potential against a wide variety of human cancer types. The effect of exogenous H2S on the invasion of breast cancer and the possible underlying mechanisms remain unknown. The present study aimed to investigate the in vitro effects of H2S on transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1)-induced human breast cancer cells and the associated mechanisms. MCF-7 cells were incubated with TGF-β1 to induce epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and an MTT assay was performed to detect cell viability. Flow cytometry, using propidium iodide (PI) staining, was used to determine the stages of the cell cycle. Apoptosis was detected with Annexin V-fluorescein isothiocyanate and PI double staining. Western blotting was performed to detect the protein expression of cystathionine γ-lyase (CSE, an endogenous H2S producer), phospho-p38 (a signaling protein associated with apoptosis), and SNAI1 (Snail, associated with the induction of EMT). A Boyden chamber invasion assay was performed to detect tumor invasion. The results demonstrated that when NaHS was administered to TGF-β1-treated MCF-7 cells, the cells exhibited decreased proliferation, G0/G1 phase cell cycle arrest and increased apoptosis. NaHS treatment following TGF-β1 administration also resulted in decreased cell invasion and decreased EMT, which was indicated by decreased Snail protein expression. In addition, incubation with NaHS increased endogenous CSE protein expression and decreased p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase phosphorylation in MCF-7 cells stimulated by TGF-β1. Furthermore, the inhibition of endogenous CSE by DL-propargylglycine increased EMT in the MCF-7 cells treated with NaHS and TGF-β1. In conclusion, the present study provides insights into a novel anticancer effect of H2S on breast cancer cells through activation of the CSE/H2S pathway and decreased expression of phospho-p38. Source

Jiang L.,Lianyungang First Peoples Hospital
Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University | Year: 2010

To study the expression of livin at the invasive tumor front of oral squamous cell carcinoma. Forty-eight samples of oral squamous cell carcinoma were graded according to invasive front gading (IFG). The expression of livin was evaluated at the ITF and other parts of the same tumor using immunohistochemistry. Significant difference in the pathological grades was found between the ITF and the other parts of oral squamous cell carcinoma (P<0.01). The expression of livin at the ITF was significantly stronger than that in the other regions (P<0.01). A significant positive correlation was noted between livin expression and the TFG score (P<0.05). Inhibition of cell apoptosis is more obvious at the ITF of oral squamous cell carcinoma than in the other regions. Livin overexpression at the ITF may indicate greater malignancy and higher likeliness of tumor recurrence and metastasis. Source

Ji G.-Q.,Lianyungang First Peoples Hospital | Chen R.-Q.,Lianyungang First Peoples Hospital | Wang L.,Changshu First Peoples Hospital
Immunopharmacology and Immunotoxicology | Year: 2016

To elucidate the anti-inflammatory mechanisms involved, we investigated the effects of atractylenolide III (ATL-III) on cytokine expression, extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1 and 2 (ERK1/2), p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38), C-Jun-N-terminal protein kinase1/2 (JNK1/2) and nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) pathways in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced RAW264.7 mouse macrophages. Macrophages were incubated with various concentrations (0, 25, 50, 100 M) of ATL-III and/or LPS (1 μg/mL) for 24 h. The production of nitric oxide (NO) was determined by the Greiss reagent. The production of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and interleukin 6 (IL-6) was determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Furthermore, macrophages were treated with ATL-III (0, 25, 100 M) for 1 h and then stimulated by LPS. NF-κB, p38, JNK1/2 and ERK1/2 were determined by western blotting. We found ATL-III showed no inhibitory effect on cell proliferation at concentrations ranging from 1 M to 100 M. In addition, ATL-III decreased the release of NO, TNF-α, PGE2 and IL-6 in a dose-dependent manner and showed statistically significant at concentrations of 50 M and 100 M as well as cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression. Furthermore, ATL-III suppressed the transcriptional activity of NF-κB. ATL-III also inhibited the activation of ERK1/2, p38 and JNK1/2 in LPS-treated macrophages and showed statistically significant at concentrations of 25 M and 100 M. These data suggest that ATL-III shows an anti-inflammatory effect by suppressing the release of NO, PGE2, TNF-α and IL-6 related to the NF-κB- and MAPK-signaling pathways. © 2015 Taylor & Francis. Source

Jiang X.-D.,Lianyungang First Peoples Hospital | Dai P.,Lianyungang First Peoples Hospital | Wu J.,Lianyungang First Peoples Hospital | Song D.-A.,Lianyungang First Peoples Hospital | Yu J.-M.,Shandong Cancer Hospital
International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics | Year: 2012

Purpose: To observe the effects of recombinant human endostatin (RHES) on the radiosensitivity of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods and Materials: First, 10 hypoxia-positive cases of pathology-diagnosed NSCLC selected from 15 patients were used to determine the normalization window, a period during which RHES improves NSCLC hypoxia. Second, 50 hypoxia-positive cases of pathology-diagnosed NSCLC (Stages I-III) were randomly divided into a RHES plus radiotherapy group (25 cases) and a radiotherapy-alone group (25 cases). Intensity = modulated radiotherapy with a total dose of 60 Gy in 30 fractions for 6 weeks was adopted in the two groups. The target area included primary foci and metastatic lymph nodes. In the RHES plus radiotherapy group, RHES (15 mg/day) was intravenously given during the normalization window. Results: After RHES administration, the tumor-to=normal tissue radioactivity ratio and capillary permeability surface were first decreased and then increased, with their lowest points on the fifth day compared with the first day (all p < 0.01). Blood flow was first increased and then decreased, with the highest point on the fifth day, compared with the first and tenth day (all p < 0.01). In the RHES plus radiotherapy group and the radiotherapy-alone group, the total effective rates (complete response plus partial response) were 80% and 44% (p = 0.009), respectively. The median survival times were 21.1 ± 0.97 months and 16.5 ± 0.95 months (p = 0.004), respectively. The 1-year and 2-year local control rates were 78.9 ± 8.4% and 68.1 ± 7.8% (p = 0.027) and 63.6 ± 7.2% and 43.4 ± 5.7% (p = 0.022), respectively. The 1-year and 2-year overall survival rates were 83.3 ± 7.2% and 76.6 ± 9.3% (p = 0.247) and 46.3 ± 2.4% and 37.6 ± 9.1% (p = 0.218), respectively. Conclusion: The RHES normalization window is within about 1 week after administration. RHES combined with radiotherapy within the normalization window has better short-term therapeutic effects and local control rates and no severe adverse reactions in the treatment of NSCLC, but it failed to significantly improve the 1-year and 3-year overall survival rates. © 2012 Elsevier Inc. Source

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