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Yan H.-H.,Sichuan Agricultural University | Baum B.R.,Agriculture and Agri Food Canada | Zhou P.-P.,Sichuan Agricultural University | Zhao J.,Sichuan Agricultural University | And 7 more authors.
Genome | Year: 2014

Two uncorrelated nucleotide sequences, chloroplast intergenic spacer psbA-trnH and acetyl CoA carboxylase gene (Acc1), were used to perform phylogenetic analyses in 75 accessions of the genus Avena, representing 13 diploids, seven tetraploid, and four hexaploids by maximum parsimony and Bayesian inference. Phylogenic analyses based on the chloroplast intergenic spacer psbA-trnH confirmed that the A genome diploid might be the maternal donor of species of the genus Avena. Two haplotypes of the Acc1 gene region were obtained from the AB genome tetraploids, indicating an allopolyploid origin for the tetraploid species. Among the AB genome species, both gene trees revealed differences between Avena agadiriana and the other species, suggesting that an AS genome diploid might be the A genome donor and the other genome diploid donor might be the Ac genome diploid Avena canariensis or the Ad genome diploid Avena damascena. Three haplotypes of the Acc1 gene have been detected among the ACD genome hexaploid species. The haplotype that seems to represent the D genome clustered with the tetraploid species Avena murphyi and Avena maroccana, which supported the CD genomic designation instead of AC for A. murphyi and A. maroccana. © 2014 Published by NRC Research Press. Source

Yan H.,Sichuan Agricultural University | Baum B.R.,Agriculture and Agri Food Canada | Zhou P.,Sichuan Agricultural University | Zhao J.,Sichuan Agricultural University | And 7 more authors.
Israel Journal of Ecology and Evolution | Year: 2014

Genetic diversities of 106 Avena accessions, including diploid, tetraploid and hexaploid species, derived from different countries were characterized based on seed storage proteins polymorphism using SDS-PAGE. A total of 24 protein bands and 72 protein patterns were detected in all 106 accessions. The genetic similarity value varied from 0.50 to 1.00. The seed storage protein patterns were largely independent of environmental fluctuation. Accessions of the same species or with identical genome constitutions had the same or similar protein patterns. Relatively lower within-species variations were observed compared with among-species variations. The AACCDD genome hexaploid species and the AA genome diploid species were more divergent than other species, with percentages of polymorphic bands of 85.7% and 61.1% respectively. In the AA genome diploid species, the AsAs genome diploids displayed higher variations than the modified AA genome diploid species. Clustering results showed a close relationship between the hexaploid species and the AACC genome tetraploid species. The AABB genome tetraploid species were similar to the AsAs genome diploid species, with the exception of the species A. agadiriana with AABB genome constitution, which showed a close relationship with the AcAc genome diploid species A. canariensis and the polyploid species carrying the A and C genomes. © 2014 © 2014 Taylor & Francis. Source

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