Prat J.,Polytechnic University of Catalonia |
Angelou M.,Optronics Technologies SA |
Kazmierski C.,3 5 Labs |
Pous R.,LHospitalet de Llobregat |
And 5 more authors.
International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks
This paper presents the high-level COCONUT architecture of an optical access network based on coherent technology, supporting ultra-dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing (WDM). The COCONUT network should allow for seamless evolution from present PON architectures, but also support new emerging applications such as mobile back-haul and front-haul. Coherent techniques will hence allow serving a higher number of users, thanks to ultra-dense WDM, and reaching higher power budget, thanks to higher sensitivity. These features should allow for economy of scale and network consolidation. Although coherent solutions are well-developed for core networks, the prohibitive cost of their optical and electronic parts makes them unsuitable for the massive deployment of access networks. To this aim, COCONUT will address realization of coherent transmitter/receivers exploiting low-cost components and simple electronics, so that the cost of typical line terminals would be affordable to the end-users. The paper presents an overview of the target results and key issues that are addressed by the COCONUT partners. © 2013 IEEE. Source
Schmoll H.-J.,Martin Luther University of Halle Wittenberg |
Cunningham D.,Royal Marsden Hospital |
Sobrero A.,Hospital San Martino |
Karapetis C.S.,Flinders University |
And 10 more authors.
Journal of Clinical Oncology
Purpose: To compare the efficacy of cediranib (a vascular endothelial growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor [VEGFR TKI]) with that of bevacizumab (anti-VEGF-A monoclonal antibody) in combination with chemotherapy as first-line treatment for advanced metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). Patients and Methods: HORIZON III [Cediranib Plus FOLFOX6 Versus Bevacizumab Plus FOLFOX6 in Patients With Untreated Metastatic Colorectal Cancer] had an adaptive phase II/III design. Patients randomly assigned 1:1:1 received mFOLFOX6 [oxaliplatin 85 mg/m2 and leucovorin 400 mg/m2 intravenously followed by fluorouracil 400 mg/m2 intravenously on day 1 and then continuous infusion of 2,400 mg/m2 over the next 46 hours every 2 weeks] with cediranib (20 or 30 mg per day) or bevacizumab (5 mg/kg every 14 days). An independent end-of-phase II analysis concluded that mFOLFOX6/cediranib 20 mg met predefined criteria for continuation; subsequent patients received mFOLFOX6/cediranib 20 mg or mFOLFOX6/bevacizumab (randomly assigned 1:1). The primary objective was to compare progression-free survival (PFS). Results: In all, 1,422 patients received mFOLFOX6/cediranib 20 mg (n = 709) or mFOLFOX6/bevacizumab (n = 713). Primary analysis revealed no significant difference between arms for PFS (hazard ratio [HR], 1.10; 95% CI, 0.97 to 1.25; P = .119), overall survival (OS; HR, 0.95; 95% CI, 0.82 to 1.10; P = .541), or overall response rate (46.3% v 47.3%). Median PFS and OS were 9.9 and 22.8 months for mFOLFOX6/cediranib and 10.3 and 21.3 months for mFOLFOX6/bevacizumab. The PFS upper 95% CI was outside the predefined noninferiority limit (HR < 1.2). Common adverse events with more than 5% incidence in the cediranib arm included diarrhea, neutropenia, and hypertension. Cediranib-treated patients completed fewer chemotherapy cycles than bevacizumab-treated patients (median 10 v 12 cycles). Patient-reported outcomes (PROs) were significantly less favorable in cediranib-treated versus bevacizumab-treated patients (P < .001). Conclusion: Cediranib activity, in terms of PFS and OS, was comparable to that of bevacizumab when added to mFOLFOX6; however, the predefined boundary for PFS noninferiority was not met. The cediranib safety profile was consistent with previous studies but led to less favorable PROs compared with bevacizumab. Investigation of oral TKIs in CRC continues. © 2012 by American Society of Clinical Oncology. Source
Implication of radiological pattern in the prognosis of oligodendroglial tumors: Correlation with genetic Profile [Implicación del patrón radiológico en el pronóstico de los tumores oligodendrogliales: Correlación con el perfil genético]
Brell M.,Hospital Universitario Son Dureta |
Pujol-Farre T.,LHospitalet de Llobregat |
Boluda S.,Servicio de Anatomia Patologica |
Ribalta T.,Servicio de Anatomia Patologica |
And 8 more authors.
Revista de Neurologia
Introduction. 1p19q loss of heterozygosity (LOH1p19q) in oligodendroglial tumors has shown to be prognostic of prolonged survival and predictive of therapeutic responsiveness. During the last years, research is actively being directed to the discovery of radiological characteristics related to LOH1p19q. Aims. To confirm the existence of molecular heterogeneity in oligodendroglial tumors in relation to their anatomic distribution, and to evaluate the correlation between molecular profile and other radiological and clinical characteristics and their prognostic impact. Patients and methods. Fifty-four patients with oligodendroglial tumors managed according to a previously established protocol were included. Preoperative SE T1, T1 post-gadolinium and T2 magnetic resonance images were reviewed by two independent neuroradiologists, blinded to clinical and molecular information. LOH analysis was assessed from paired tumor-blood DNA acid samples. Results. LOH1p was highly associated with LOH19q (p < 0.0001), LOH1p (odds ratio, OR = 6.19; 95% confidence interval, 95% CI = 1.66-22.68; p = 0.004), LOH19q (OR = 7.59; 95% CI = 1.84-31.34; p = 0.006) and LOH1p19q (OR = 5.38; 95% CI = 1.51-19.13; p = 0.007) were found to be more frequent in tumors located in the frontal lobe. Frontal location (hazard ratio, HR = 4.499; 95% CI = 1.027-193.708; p = 0.046), ring enhancement (HR = 0.213; 95% CI = 0.065-0.700; p = 0.011) and extent of resection (HR = 9.231; 95% CI = 1.737-49.050; p = 0.009) resulted independent prognostic factors for overall survival in the multivariate analysis. Conclusions. Glioma classification aims to better define patients prognosis. Besides histological and immunohistochemical analyses, molecular information has become of great importance. Our results indicate that the evaluation of some MR features may also be useful. Efforts must be directed toward the use of every available resource at each institution. Source
Cihoric N.,University of Bern |
Tsikkinis A.,University of Bern |
Miguelez C.G.,LHospitalet de Llobregat |
Strnad V.,Friedrich - Alexander - University, Erlangen - Nuremberg |
And 7 more authors.
Background: To evaluate the current status of prospective interventional clinical trials that includes brachytherapy (BT) procedures. Methods: The records of 175,538 (100%) clinical trials registered at ClinicalTrials.gov were downloaded on September 2014 and a database was established. Trials using BT as an intervention were identified for further analyses. The selected trials were manually categorized according to indication(s), BT source, applied dose rate, primary sponsor type, location, protocol initiator and funding source. We analyzed trials across 8 available trial protocol elements registered within the database. Results: In total 245 clinical trials were identified, 147 with BT as primary investigated treatment modality and 98 that included BT as an optional treatment component or as part of the standard treatment. Academic centers were the most frequent protocol initiators in trials where BT was the primary investigational treatment modality (p < 0.01). High dose rate (HDR) BT was the most frequently investigated type of BT dose rate (46.3%) followed by low dose rate (LDR) (42.0%). Prostate was the most frequently investigated tumor entity in trials with BT as the primary treatment modality (40.1%) followed by breast cancer (17.0%). BT was rarely the primary investigated treatment modality for cervical cancer (6.8%). Conclusion: Most clinical trials using BT are predominantly in early phases, investigator-initiated and with low accrual numbers. Current investigational activities that include BT mainly focus on prostate and breast cancers. Important questions concerning the optimal usage of BT will not be answered in the near future. © 2016 Cihoric et al. Source
Pintado V.,Infectious Diseases Service |
Pazos R.,Infectious Diseases Service |
Jimenez-Mejias M.E.,Hospital Ramon y Cajal |
Rodriguez-Guardado A.,Hospital Virgen del Rocio |
And 11 more authors.
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) meningitis is an uncommon disease, and little is known about its epidemiology, clinical features, therapy, and outcome. We performed a multicenter retrospective study of MRSA meningitis in adults. Eighty-six adult patients were included and the following data were obtained: underlying diseases, clinical presentation, analytical and microbiologic data, response to therapy, and outcome.There were 56 men (65%) and the mean age was 51.5 years; 54 of them (63%) had severe comorbidities. There were 78 cases of postoperative meningitis and 8 of spontaneous meningitis. The infection was nosocomial in 93% (80/86) of the cases. Among the 78 patients with postoperative meningitis, the most common predisposing conditions were cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) devices (74%), neurosurgery (45%), CSF leakage (17%), and head trauma (12%). Most patients had fever (89%), altered mental status (68%), headache (40%), and meningeal signs (29%). The most common CSF findings were pleocytosis (90%), elevated protein level (77%), and hypoglycorrhachia (30%). CSF Gram stain and blood cultures were positive in 49% (32/65) and 36% (16/45) of cases, respectively. An associated MRSA infection and polymicrobial meningitis appeared in 33% (28/86) and 23% (20/86) of cases, respectively. Antimicrobial therapy was given to 84 patients. Most of them received vancomycin (92%) either as monotherapy (64%) or in combination with other antibiotics (28%), for a median of 18 days. Overall 30-day mortality was 31% (27/86). Multivariate study identified 2 independent factors associated with mortality: spontaneous meningitis (odds ratio [OR], 21.4; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.3-195.4; p = 0.007), and coma (OR, 9.7; 95% CI, 2.2-42.3; p = 0.002).In conclusion, MRSA is a relatively uncommon but serious disease. Although most cases are nosocomial infections appearing in neurosurgical patients, spontaneous meningitis may present as a community-onset infection in patients with severe comorbidities requiring frequent contact with the health care system. Most patients have a favorable response to vancomycin, but the beneficial effect of combined and intraventricular therapy, or alternative drugs, remains unclear. MRSA meningitis is associated with a high mortality, and the presence of spontaneous infection and coma are the most important prognostic factors. Copyright © 2012 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Source