Zappe S.,Leonhard Center for the Enhancement of Engineering Education |
Brannon M.L.,Leonhard Center for the Enhancement of Engineering Education |
Zhao Y.,Pennsylvania State University
Advances in Engineering Education | Year: 2016
The Humanitarian Engineering and Social Entrepreneurship (HESE) Program engages students and faculty across Penn State in the rigorous research, design, field-testing, and launch of technologybased social enterprises that address global development challenges. HESE ventures are embedded in a series of five courses that integrate learning, research, and entrepreneurial engagement. The goal is to educate globally-engaged problem solvers who can create sustainable and scalable value for partnering communities, while simultaneously generating and disseminating new knowledge and lessons learned. This article describes the genesis, foundational philosophies, programmatic learning outcomes, and course mechanics of the HESE Program. The eplum model of student engagement, which embeds HESE sub-projects into regular credit classes and provides rigorous yet non-travelbased experiences to a cross section of students, is discussed. A mixed methods approach is utilized to examine the effectiveness and impact of the eplum curricular model on student learning, specifically in the areas of global awareness, multidisciplinary teamwork, and entrepreneurship education. The entrepreneurial and research outcomes of the program are summarized with a culminating discussion on the emergence of an educational and entrepreneurial ecosystem that has proved pivotal to actualize the ventures and achieve sustainable impact.
Besterfield-Sacre M.,University of Pittsburgh |
Besterfield-Sacre M.,Engineering Education Research Center |
Besterfield-Sacre M.,Learning Research and Development Center |
Zappe S.,Pennsylvania State University |
And 4 more authors.
Advances in Engineering Education | Year: 2016
Entrepreneurship programs and courses in engineering education have steadily increased in the United States over the past two decades. However, the nature of these entrepreneurship courses and programs and the characteristics of the instructors who teach them are not yet well understood. The paper explores three research questions: 1) What content is typically included in engineering entrepreneurship courses and how is this content taught?; 2) What are instructors' beliefs about how entrepreneurship should be taught in the engineering context; and 3) How are instructors' beliefs actuated within a particular class related to students' self-reported perceptions of their entrepreneurial knowledge and abilities? The study shows that content associated with different course types, such as Becoming an Entrepreneur, New Venture Development, and Product Ideation and Development, often overlaps substantially, suggesting a lack of clarity in how these types of courses are defined. Second, instructors who teach entrepreneurship to engineering students believe that programs and courses should focus equally on both teaching skills and developing values and attitudes; and instructors feel confident in their ability to focus on both of these in their courses. Finally, at the end of the entrepreneurship course, students' perceptions of their own abilities were found to be similar to their instructors' intentions for the courses, particularly for students with less entrepreneurial experience as measured by their coursework, involvement in entrepreneurship-related activities (e.g., clubs, competitions). As students' prior experience with entrepreneurship increased, they reported greater familiarity with concepts than expected given their instructors' intentions.
Litzinger T.A.,Leonhard Center for the Enhancement of Engineering Education |
Litzinger T.A.,Pennsylvania State University |
Lattuca L.R.,Pennsylvania State University |
Hadgraft R.G.,University of Melbourne |
And 11 more authors.
Journal of Engineering Education | Year: 2011
BACKGROUND: Although engineering education has evolved in ways that improve the readiness of graduates to meet the challenges of the twenty-first century, national and international organizations continue to call for change. Future changes in engineering education should be guided by research on expertise and the learning processes that support its development. PURPOSE: The goals of this paper are: to relate key findings from studies of the development of expertise to engineering education, to summarize instructional practices that are consistent with these findings, to provide examples of learning experiences that are consistent with these instructional practices, and finally, to identify challenges to implementing such learning experiences in engineering programs. SCOPE/METHOD: The research synthesized for this article includes that on the development of expertise, students' approaches to learning, students' responses to instructional practices, and the role of motivation in learning. In addition, literature on the dominant teaching and learning practices in engineering education is used to frame some of the challenges to implementing alternative approaches to learning. CONCLUSION: Current understanding of expertise, and the learning processes that develop it, indicates that engineering education should encompass a set of learning experiences that allow students to construct deep conceptual knowledge, to develop the ability to apply key technical and professional skills fluently, and to engage in a number of authentic engineering projects. Engineering curricula and teaching methods are often not well aligned with these goals. Curriculum-level instructional design processes should be used to design and implement changes that will improve alignment. © 2011 ASEE.