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Lee J.,Seoul National University | Park G.,Seoul National University | Min D.-H.,Seoul National University | Min D.-H.,Lemonex Inc.
Chemical Communications | Year: 2015

Graphene oxide quenches fluorescence corresponding to only a mismatched target due to selective denaturing of the thermo-unstable duplex composed of probe peptide nucleic acid and single base mismatched target RNA and thus, the fluorescence signal only from perfectly matched target RNA is measured. © The Royal Society of Chemistry 2015.

Lee J.,Seoul National University | Park I.-S.,Seoul National University | Kim H.,Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology | Woo J.-S.,Seoul National University | And 3 more authors.
Biosensors and Bioelectronics | Year: 2015

Application of peptide nucleic acid (PNA) in bioanalysis has been limited due to its nonspecific adsorption onto hydrophobic surface in spite of favorable properties such as higher chemical/biological stability, specificity and binding affinity towards target nucleic acids compared to natural nucleic acid probes. Herein, we employed BSA in PNA application to enhance the stability of PNA in hydrophobic containers and improve the sensing performance of the DNA sensor based on graphene oxide (GO) and PNA. Addition of 0.01% BSA in a PNA solution effectively prevented the adsorption of PNA on hydrophobic surface and increased the portion of the effective PNA strands for target binding without interfering duplex formation with a complementary target sequence. In the GO based biosensor using PNA, BSA interrupted the unfavorable adsorption of PNA/DNA duplex on GO surface, while allowing the adsorption of ssPNA, resulting in improvement of the performance of the DNA sensor system by reducing the detection limit by 90-folds. © 2015 Elsevier B.V.

Jang H.,Seoul National University | Choi M.-H.,Seoul National University | Yim Y.,Seoul National University | Kim Y.-K.,Seoul National University | And 2 more authors.
Advanced Healthcare Materials | Year: 2015

Herein, hybrid nanocomposite of praseodymium doped TiO2 nanocrystals and graphene oxide nanosheets are prepared by facile hydrothermal treatment. As-synthesized Pr-TiO2/NGO hybrid nanocomposite exhibits enhanced photocatalytic activity under visible light irradiation by the intact graphene oxide and doped lanthanide mediated band gap narrowing compared to TiO2. Moreover, high payload and controlled release of doxorubicin by charge reversal of hybrid nanocomposite at endosomal pH and near-infrared irradiation mediated efficient photothermal conversion provide highly favorable features in therapeutic applications. Through the combination of these three distinctive therapeutic modalities, highly efficient trimodal cancer cell ablation is demonstrated. © 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

Jang H.,Korea Basic Science Institute | Kim D.-E.,Konkuk University | Min D.-H.,Korea Basic Science Institute | Min D.-H.,Lemonex Inc.
ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces | Year: 2015

Hollow Au-Ag bimetallic nanoshell possessing hydrophobic interior space and hydrophilic exterior surface was prepared and its application as a chemo-thermo-gene therapeutic agent based on its high payload of multiple drugs having different water solubility was demonstrated. The multifunctional drug delivery system is based on the hydrophobic interior created by the self-assembled monolayer (SAM) of hexanethiol onto the inner surface of the hollow metallic nanoshells whereas the outer surface was mostly coated by hydrophilic biocompatible polymer. The nanoshells having surface environment modified by hexanethiol SAMs provided high capacity both for hydrophilic DNAzyme (Dz) to induce gene silencing and for hydrophobic SN38 (7-ethyl-10-hydroxycamptothecin), anticancer drug. The release of the loaded Dz and SN38 was independently triggered by an acidic environment and by photothermal temperature elevation upon irradiation, respectively. The chemo-thermo-gene multitherapy based on the present nanoshells having modified surface environment showed high efficacy in quantitative cell-based assays using Huh7 human liver cell containing hepatitis C viral NS3 gene replicon RNA. © 2015 American Chemical Society.

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