Simon P.,Leichtmetallkompetenzzentrum Ranshofen GmbH LKR |
Beggs P.D.,Swinburne University of Technology
International Journal of Crashworthiness | Year: 2010
Bumper bar systems are important automotive structures to help protect passengers during frontal and rear collisions. This paper presents the outcomes of a numerical modelling study of a simple rectangular cross section bumper bar system using the explicit finite element code LS Dyna for a low velocity (16 km/h) centre pole frontal impact. The study utilises and compares a dual-phase steel (DP600) and two aluminium alloys (A16061T6 and A17108T6). A simple material model using isotropic elastic plastic material behaviour is utilised together with a failure criterion. When the bumper system weight is held constant by reducing the wall thickness of the steel bumper system, both aluminium alloy bumpers outperform the high-strength dual-phase steel. © 2010 Taylor & Francis.
Voyer J.,Leichtmetallkompetenzzentrum Ranshofen GmbH LKR
Journal of Thermal Spray Technology | Year: 2010
The flame-spraying process (powder and wire) was used to spray Nanosteel SHS-7170 powder and Eutectic-Castolin EnDOtec DO-390N wire onto aluminum and mild steel substrates to produce partially amorphous iron-based coatings. The phase content and the wear resistance of the coatings were evaluated in the as-sprayed condition only. The results obtained showed that the powder and wire flame iron-based coatings performed relatively well in terms of wear resistance. The coating microstructure, phase content, hardness, and wear performance all depended strongly on the spraying parameters used. This study showed that amorphous iron-based coatings with good wear resistance could be produced using the flame-spray process, showing that this process appeared to be a suitable inexpensive alternative to plasma or high velocity oxygen-fuel spraying processes. © 2010 ASM International.