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Pawluczyk I.Z.A.,University of Leicester | Pawluczyk I.Z.A.,Leicester General Hospital Leicester | Pervez A.,University of Leicester | Ghaderi Najafabadi M.,University of Leicester | And 3 more authors.
Experimental Cell Research | Year: 2014

Evidence is emerging that podocytes are able to endocytose proteins such as albumin using kinetics consistent with a receptor-mediated process. To date the role of the fatty acid moiety on albumin uptake kinetics has not been delineated and the receptor responsible for uptake is yet to be identified.Albumin uptake studies were carried out on cultured human podocytes exposed to FITC-labelled human serum albumin either carrying fatty acids (HSA+FA) or depleted of them (HSA-FA).Receptor-mediated endocytosis of FITC-HSA+FA over 60min was 5 times greater than that of FITC-HSA-FA. 24h exposure of podocytes to albumin up-regulated nephrin expression and induced the activation of caspase-3. These effects were more pronounced in response to HSA-FA. Individually, anti-CD36 antibodies had no effect upon endocytosis of FITC-HSA. However, a cocktail of 2 antibodies reduced uptake by nearly 50%. Albumin endocytosis was enhanced in the presence of the CD36 specific inhibitor sulfo-N-succinimidyl oleate (SSO) while knock-down of CD36 using CD36siRNA had no effect on uptake.These data suggest that receptor-mediated endocytosis of albumin by podocytes is regulated by the fatty acid moiety, although, some of the detrimental effects are induced independently of it. CD36 does not play a direct role in the uptake of albumin. © 2014 Elsevier Inc.

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