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Outdoor recreation destinations have to develop strategies for sustainable development that include the conservation of biodiversity, adaptation to climate change and the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions by using renewable energies. Using participatory spatial scenarios (describing a timeline up to 2030) such strategies were developed in three German case study areas: ‘Southeast Rügen Biosphere Reserve’, ‘Feldberg Lake District Nature Park’ and the large-scale conservation project ‘Feldberg-Belchen-Oberes Wiesental’. It was a particular challenge to find solutions for those diverging claims in sensitive protected areas. Using spatial scenarios, key stakeholders developed consensus-based strategies to combine tourism development, adaptation to climate change and biodiversity conservation, which can create synergies for sustainable regional development. However, a number of obstacles exist, e.g. missing cooperation of implementing institutions and the lack of legitimate, neutral institutions for further collaborative work. According to the stakeholders it is difficult to integrate renewable energies in protected areas, options comprise the use of woody biomass and residues from landscape management or alternative feedstock for biogas plants like wild flowering plant mixtures. © 2014, Verlag Eugen Ulmer. All rights reserved.

Luttmann A.,Pfarrer Wolf Strasse 2 | Bianchin S.,Heroldstrasse 21 | Neubert M.,Leibniz Institute fur okologische Raumentwicklung eV
Naturschutz und Landschaftsplanung | Year: 2013

GIS-based Analysis of Habitat Networks in Saxony - Identification of 'gaps' with potential functions for endangered vertebrates The ongoing anthropogenic change of the landscape has pushed back many native species to limited or isolated, mostly smallscale habitats. In order to improve the living quality of these species a habitat network could spatially and functionally connect their remaining living environment as well as other potential habitats. This process could lead to a tight network and and additionally integrate the existing protection sites as ecological core areas. Applying GIS-based methods the study investigated the spatial preconditions for the realisation of such a habitat network for threatened vertebrate species in Saxony. The focus lay on the identification of so-called 'gaps' defined as semi-natural biotopes that are currently located outside of protected areas and could potentially serve as habitats and migration corridors for endangered species. These gaps should be integrated into the network of protected areas with the help of local implementation-oriented measures. Beforehand, however, their function as possible core areas of the habitat network has to be reassessed, depending for example on their current use and on the existence of linear barriers.

Lupp G.,Leibniz Institute fur okologische Raumentwicklung eV | Heuchele L.,Albert Ludwigs University of Freiburg | Konold W.,Albert Ludwigs University of Freiburg | Renner C.,Leibniz Institute fur okologische Raumentwicklung eV | And 2 more authors.
Naturschutz und Landschaftsplanung | Year: 2013

Biological Diversity and Climate Change as Challenges for Tourist Destinations - Perception and need for action in ecologically valuable regions in Germany Since biological diversity decisively influences the character of landscapes there is a close relationship between a high biological diversity and preferred recreational landscapes. Particularly for protection areas touristic activities and climate change are complex and interactive challenges. Against this background it is an important objective of protection areas to prepare concerted strategies for the sustainable development of tourism destinations which include the aspects of the protection of the natural diversity, adaption to climate change and reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. Using the example of four German protection areas the study has investigated how far these aims are already persecuted. Further, the perception of this topic among local people involved has been investigated. Particularly the aspect "adaptation to climate change" so far has hardly been perceived as an urgent task. Individual and joint opportunities for action have been assessed as very limited, the consideration of these topics, particularly the aspect of climate change, is hardly reflected in the daily activities. There is however urgent need for immediate action facing the loss of biodiversity and climate change, e.g. by safeguarding corridors and the connectivity of the landscape as important key criteria to enable migration of species due to the changing climate. Future development plans for tourism and land use concepts need respective adaptations.

Walz U.,Leibniz Institute fur okologische Raumentwicklung eV | Schumacher U.,Leibniz Institute fur okologische Raumentwicklung eV
Naturschutz und Landschaftsplanung | Year: 2010

Based on the analysis of existing indicator systems for the spatial protection of nature and landscape in Germany, the study identifies gaps and makes proposals how to extend the existing set of indicators. The "Leibniz Institute of Ecological and Regional Development"in Dresden is establishing a federal monitoring system for the development of settlements and open space throughout Germany, in future offering two additional indicators: The first indicator on "nature and species protection" refers to the protection categories national park, nature conservation area and Natura 2000-Site (consisting of SAC- and SPA-areas). The second indicator contains all areas for "landscape protection", assembling the categories nature park, landscape protection area and biosphere reserve (without enclosed areas for nature and species protection). The cartographic representation and statistical analysis of geodata of different protection categories delivers important information for landscape planning. Spatial analyses on this base provide goal-oriented evidence on anthropogenic land use pressure in protected landscapes and on the dynamics of this development. © 2010 Verlag Eugen Ulmer.

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