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Mahlow K.,Leibniz Institute for Research on Evolution and Biodiversity Berlin | Tillack F.,Leibniz Institute for Research on Evolution and Biodiversity Berlin | Muller J.,Leibniz Institute for Research on Evolution and Biodiversity Berlin
Vertebrate Zoology | Year: 2013

For the first time a comprehensive checklist and description of all species of the dwarf snake genus Eirenis is presented using both external morphological characters and osteological information derived from micro-computed tomography, and by considering more than 300 specimens from the entire distribution range. Our study recognizes 18 valid species, but also emphasizes that Eirenis modestus and E. persicus each represent a complex of several taxa which urgently need a revision. Regarding the latter complex, the validity of the taxon "Eirenis mcmahoni" is not accepted due to the current lack of understanding of the persicus-group. Also, further studies should be carried out to fully understand the species status of the newly described Eirenis kermanensis, which seems closely related to E. medus. At the same time, E. hakkariensis is resurrected to full species status given the dramatic morphological differences to E. thospitis, casting doubt on the apparent genetic identity as revealed by a previous investigation. In addition, our study presents the first record of E. eiselti for Syria. On the basis of our results it is for the first time possible to compile a key to all currently recognized species of Eirenis, which should be helpful for future systematic studies and faunal surveys. © Senckenberg Gesellschaft für Naturforschung, 2013.

Gvozdik V.,University of Basel | Gvozdik V.,Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic | Tillack F.,Leibniz Institute for Research on Evolution and Biodiversity Berlin | Menegon M.,Tropical Biodiversity section | Loader S.P.,University of Basel
Zootaxa | Year: 2014

An investigation of name-bearing types and other relevant type specimens of twelve nominal Leptopelis taxa described from or distributed in the Eastern Arc Mountains in East Africa was carried out. Our aim was to clarify their status and where necessary revise respective nomina. We suggest several nomenclatural and taxonomic actions: 1) Leptopelis barbouri Ahl, 1929 is transferred to the synonymy of Leptopelis flavomaculatus (Günther, 1864) as a junior subjective synonym; 2) Leptopelis grandiceps Ahl, 1929 is resurrected from the synonymy of Leptopelis uluguruensis Barbour & Loveridge, 1928 as a valid species conforming to the tree frogs which have been known as 'L. barbouri' and a lectotype is designated; 3) Leptopelis usambarae Ahl, 1929 is transferred from the synonymy of L. uluguruensis Barbour & Loveridge, 1928 to the synonymy of L. grandiceps Ahl, 1929 as a subjective synonym; 4) a lectotype of Leptopelis amaniensis Ahl, 1929 (synonym of L. uluguruensis), Hylambates johnstoni Boulenger, 1897 (synonym of L. flavomaculatus) and Leptopelis signifer Ahl, 1929 (synonym of L. vermiculatus) is designated to stabilize identity of the nomina; and 5) the type locality of Leptopelis martiensseni Ahl, 1929 and Leptopelis tanganus Ahl, 1929 is corrected. © 2014 Magnolia Press.

Kehlmaier C.,C o Senckenberg Natural History Collections Dresden | Quaisser C.,Leibniz Institute for Research on Evolution and Biodiversity Berlin
Annales Zoologici | Year: 2013

Data on an infestation of ectoparasites on a Canarian Houbara Bustard Chlamydotis undulata, fuerteventurae Rothschild et Hartert, 1894 are presented for the first time. Two insect groups were discovered: Icosta (Rhyponotum) pilosa (Macquart, 1843) (Hippoboscidae, Diptera) and a possibly unnamed species of Philopteridae (Phthiraptera) closely allied to Otidoecus houbarae (Barthélemy, 1836). For the latter, a DNA-barcode is presented. The philopterid was found in a phoretic relationship with the hippoboscid. © Fundacja Natura optima dux.

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