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Wiest K.,Leibniz Institute for Regional Geography
Journal of Rural Studies | Year: 2016

An important feature of rural Eastern Germany is the negative population development in combination with strong and very selective out-migration. In the rural regions of the federal state Saxony-Anhalt the effects of a demographic shrinking process and female migration have been shown especially clearly. Since spatial discourses and courses of action connected with the production of rural peripheries are a mirror reflection of social conditions, the selective migration of young women directs one's attention towards possible correlations between uneven spatial developments and gender questions. Considering the fact that employment of women is socially rooted and an exemplary provision with childcare facilities benefits the reconciliation of family and work for young families, the pronounced shortage of young women in the new German federal states seems remarkable at a first glance. Against this backdrop the paper highlights different aspects of peripheralisation processes like stigmatisation, disconnection and migration against the backdrop of the economic transformation and regional discourses. The focus is on explanations for gender-specific migration pattern and the everyday-life perspective of young women. Especially the underlying implicit social communication patterns, expectations of young people's actions in rural areas and the migration decision of young women with narratives of leaving and returning are considered. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd.

Brade I.,Leibniz Institute for Regional Geography
Regional Research of Russia | Year: 2014

The paper deals with the definition of main urban objects and processes concerning urbanization. This paper is part of a thematic set of five articles published in the "Urban Geography" category of the current journal issue. These papers review key terms and concepts used in geographic urban studies in Russia, France, and other European countries (in addition to the current paper, see also the following articles: "Cities, Rural Areas and Urbanization: Russia and the World", "Integrated Forms of Urban Settlement Pattern in Russia, Europe, and Worldwide", "Types of Cities in Russia and Across the Globe", "Cities and Social Processes: Rethinking Notions and Concepts"). © Pleiades Publishing, Ltd., 2014.

Brade I.,Leibniz Institute for Regional Geography
Regional Research of Russia | Year: 2014

This paper analyzes the phenomenon of the Russian "dacha" through the lens of Western European research. This phenomenon is studied in the context of finding the strategies of dacha residents with historical hindsight and the value of dachas in the Soviet and post-Soviet societies. Special attention is paid to social aspects of the lives of dacha residents in the suburbs in post-Soviet Russia. © Pleiades Publishing, Ltd., 2014. Original Russian Text © I. Brade, 2014.

In the past years, new patterns of regional disparities between metropolised core regions and the remaining parts of Central and Eastern European countries (CEE) have emerged. Such spatial disparities have lately fuelled concerns about further regional polarisation and the peripheralisation of non-metropolitan regions in particular. This is the case although balancing spatial development has been a major goal of European Regional Policy. The paper argues that there is a clear need to beter understand the social, economic, discursive and political processes constituting regional polarisation and to conduct further research on approaches to deal with and respond to peripheralisation. The proposed research agenda focuses on a multi-scalar relation between core and peripheral regions and applies a process based dynamic understanding of peripherality and central-ity. Following this, peripheralised regions bear agency capacities and cannot be seen as powerless victims of some overarching processes associated with the globalising economy. Applying the notions of polarisation and peripheralisation to guide further research, offers multi-dimensional, multi-scalar and process based conceptualisations of regional development research. With the proposed research agenda, I would like to open up the discussion on new interpretations of the terms peripherality and centrality, rurality and urbanity, border and rural areas, core and peripheral regions, and contribute to the development of new approaches in multi-level governance and ultimately in regional policy. © 2015, Reasearch Centre for Astronomy and Earth Sciences Hungarian Academy. All rights reserved.

Bathelt H.,University of Toronto | Henn S.,Leibniz Institute for Regional Geography
Environment and Planning A | Year: 2014

In the globalizing knowledge economy firms have become less reliant on local production and market networks and increasingly expand their reach to an international or global scale. The argument of this paper suggests that this has given rise to distinct geographies of knowledge transfers over distance, which rely on periodic or regular temporary face-to-face contacts. While some of these settings of temporary knowledge transfers have existed for a long time, they are now being intensively applied throughout the economy. In this paper we develop a typology of these geographies based on three dimensions that characterize the conditions for knowledge exchange: (i) framing, (ii) cognitive focus and goals, and (iii) trust and risks involved. Based on these variables, we identify three configurations and eight subcategories of knowledge transfers that build upon temporary face-to-face interaction, classified as (1) international community gatherings, (2) international business travel, and (3) transnational network relations. Systematic comparison reveals that with growing uncertainty in economic interaction and with increasing commitment between the agents, trust-based linkages tend to become more important, and the number of interacting agents declines, while the frequency of temporary face-to-face meetings increases.

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