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Wagener R.,University of Kiel | Aukema S.M.,University of Kiel | Schlesner M.,German Cancer Research Center | Haake A.,University of Kiel | And 21 more authors.
Genes Chromosomes and Cancer | Year: 2015

The genetic hallmark of Burkitt lymphoma is the translocation t(8;14)(q24;q32), or one of its light chain variants, resulting in IG-MYC juxtaposition. However, these translocations alone are insufficient to drive lymphomagenesis, which requires additional genetic changes for malignant transformation. Recent studies of Burkitt lymphoma using next generation sequencing approaches have identified various recurrently mutated genes including ID3, TCF3, CCND3, and TP53. Here, by using similar approaches, we show that PCBP1 is a recurrently mutated gene in Burkitt lymphoma. By whole-genome sequencing, we identified somatic mutations in PCBP1 in 3/17 (18%) Burkitt lymphomas. We confirmed the recurrence of PCBP1 mutations by Sanger sequencing in an independent validation cohort, finding mutations in 3/28 (11%) Burkitt lymphomas and in 6/16 (38%) Burkitt lymphoma cell lines. PCBP1 is an intron-less gene encoding the 356 amino acid poly(rC) binding protein 1, which contains three K-Homology (KH) domains and two nuclear localization signals. The mutations predominantly (10/12, 83%) affect the KH III domain, either by complete domain loss or amino acid changes. Thus, these changes are predicted to alter the various functions of PCBP1, including nuclear trafficking and pre-mRNA splicing. Remarkably, all six primary Burkitt lymphomas with a PCBP1 mutation expressed MUM1/IRF4, which is otherwise detected in around 20-40% of Burkitt lymphomas. We conclude that PCBP1 mutations are recurrent in Burkitt lymphomas and might contribute, in cooperation with other mutations, to its pathogenesis. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Source


Tatar D.,Ondokuz Mayis University | Guven K.,Anadolu University | Sproer C.,Leibniz Institute DSMZ German Collection of Microorganisms and Cell Cultures GmbH | Klenk H.-P.,Leibniz Institute DSMZ German Collection of Microorganisms and Cell Cultures GmbH | Sahin N.,Ondokuz Mayis University
International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology | Year: 2014

The taxonomic positions of two novel actinomycetes, designated strains BNT558T and SM3501T, were established by using a polyphasic approach. The organisms had chemical and morphological features that were consistent with their classification in the genus Streptomyces. The whole-cell hydrolysates of the two strains contained LL-diaminopimelic acid as the diagnostic diamino acid. The predominant menaquinones were MK-9(H6) and MK-9(H8) for strain BNT558T and MK-9(H8) and MK-9(H6) for strain SM3501T. Major fatty acids of the strains were anteiso-C15: 0, anteiso-C17: 0 and iso-C16: 0. The polar lipid profile of strain BNT558T contained diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylinositol, one unidentified glycolipid and one unidentified aminophospholipid, while that of strain SM3501T consisted of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol, phosphatidylethanolamine, three unidentified atypical aminolipids, one unidentified aminolipid and two unidentified glycolipids. The G+C contents of the genomic DNA were 70.2 and 69.6 mol% for strains BNT558T and SM3501T, respectively. 16S rRNA gene sequence data supported the classification of the isolates in the genus Streptomyces and showed that they formed two distinct branches within the genus. Based on almost-complete 16S rRNA gene sequences, strain BNT558T was related most closely to Streptomyces albiaxialis NRRL B-24327T and strain SM3501T was related most closely to Streptomyces cacaoi subsp. cacaoi NBRC 12748T. DNA–DNA relatedness between each of the isolates and its closest phylogenetic neighbours showed that they belonged to distinct species. The two isolates were readily distinguished from one another and from the type strains of the other species classified in the genus Streptomyces based on a combination of phenotypic and genotypic properties. Based on the genotypic and phenotypic evidence, strains BNT558T and SM3501T belong to two novel species in the genus Streptomyces, for which the names Streptomyces iconiensis sp. nov. (type strain BNT558T=KCTC 29198T=DSM 42109T) and Streptomyces smyrnaeus sp. nov. (type strain SM3501T=KCTC 29214T=DSM 42105T) are proposed, respectively. © 2014 IUMS. Source


Saricaoglu S.,Ondokuz Mayis University | Isik K.,Ondokuz Mayis University | Veyisoglu A.,Ondokuz Mayis University | Saygin H.,Ondokuz Mayis University | And 5 more authors.
International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology | Year: 2014

A novel actinobacterial strain, designated Z1R7T, was isolated from a soil sample collected from Burgazada, in the Marmara Sea (Turkey), and the strain identity was determined using a polyphasic taxonomic approach. The organism had chemotaxonomic and morphological properties consistent with its classification in the genus Streptomyces and it formed a distinct phyletic line in the 16S rRNA gene tree, together with the type strains Streptomyces specialis GW41-1564T (95.76 %), Streptomyces mayteni YIM 60475T (95.64 %),Streptomyces hainanensis YIM 47672T (95.53 %), Streptomyces hoynatensisS1412T (95.29 %), Streptomyces avicenniae MCCC 1A01535T (94.74 %),Streptomyces sedi YIM 65188T (94.59 %) and Streptomyces zhaozhouensisNEAU-LZS-5T (94.68 %). Chomotaxonomic data revealed that strain Z1R7Tpossesed MK-9 (H8) as the predominant menaquinone, LL-diaminopimelic acid as the diagnostic diamino acid, and galactose, glucose and ribose as whole cell sugars. Diphosphatidylglycerol, phoshphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylinositol were the predominant polar lipids; iso-C16: 0, anteiso-C17: 0 and anteiso-C15: 0 were the major fatty acids, and the genomic DNA G+C content was 69.4 mol%. On the basis of these genotypic and phenotypic data, it is proposed that isolate Z1R7T (= KCTC 29434T = DSM 42126T) should be classified in the genus Streptomyces as Streptomyces burgazadensis sp. nov. © 2014 IUMS. Source


Sahin N.,Ondokuz Mayis University | Veyisoglu A.,Ondokuz Mayis University | Veyisoglu A.,Canik Basari University | Tatar D.,Ondokuz Mayis University | And 4 more authors.
International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology | Year: 2014

The taxonomic positions of four novel actinomycetes isolated from soil samples, designated KT2142T, PM2084T, K236T and A4038T, were established by using a polyphasic approach. The organisms had chemical and morphological features that were consistent with their classification in the genus Pseudonocardia. Whole-cell hydrolysates of the four strains contained mesodiaminopimelic acid and arabinose and galactose as the diagnostic sugars (cell-wall type IV). Their predominant menaquinone was found to be MK-8(H4). The major fatty acid was iso-C16: 0. 16S rRNA gene sequence data supported the classification of the isolates in the genus Pseudonocardia and showed that they formed four distinct branches within the genus. DNA-DNA relatedness studies between the isolates and their phylogenetic neighbours showed that they belonged to distinct genomic species. The four isolates were readily distinguished from one another and from the type strains of species classified in the genus Pseudonocardia based on a combination of phenotypic and genotypic properties. In conclusion, it is proposed that the four isolates be classified in four novel species of the genus Pseudonocardia, for which the names Pseudonocardia cypriaca sp. nov. (type strain KT2142T=KCTC 29067T=DSM 45511T=NRRL B-24882T), Pseudonocardia hierapolitana sp. nov. (type strain PM2084T=KCTC 29068T=DSM 45671T=NRRL B-24879T), Pseudonocardia salamisensis sp. nov. (type strain K236T=KCTC 29100T=DSM 45717T) and Pseudonocardia kujensis sp. nov. (type strain A4038T=KCTC 29062T=DSM 45670T=NRRL B-24890T) are proposed. © 2014 IUMS. Source


Makonde H.M.,Leibniz Institute DSMZ German Collection of Microorganisms and Cell Cultures GmbH | Makonde H.M.,Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology | Boga H.I.,Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology | Osiemo Z.,Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology | And 4 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2013

Background: Fungus-cultivating termites make use of an obligate mutualism with fungi from the genus Termitomyces, which are acquired through either vertical transmission via reproductive alates or horizontally transmitted during the formation of new mounds. Termitomyces taxonomy, and thus estimating diversity and host specificity of these fungi, is challenging because fruiting bodies are rarely found. Molecular techniques can be applied but need not necessarily yield the same outcome than morphological identification. Methodology: Culture-dependent and culture-independent methods were used to comprehensively assess host specificity and gut fungal diversity. Termites were identified using mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase II (COII) genes. Twenty-three Termitomyces cultures were isolated from fungal combs. Internal transcribed spacer (ITS) clone libraries were constructed from termite guts. Presence of Termitomyces was confirmed using specific and universal primers. Termitomyces species boundaries were estimated by cross-comparison of macromorphological and sequence features, and ITS clustering parameters accordingly optimized. The overall trends in coverage of Termitomyces diversity and host associations were estimated using Genbank data. Results and Conclusion: Results indicate a monoculture of Termitomyces in the guts as well as the isolation sources (fungal combs). However, cases of more than one Termitomyces strains per mound were observed since mounds can contain different termite colonies. The newly found cultures, as well as the clustering analysis of GenBank data indicate that there are on average between one and two host genera per Termitomyces species. Saturation does not appear to have been reached, neither for the total number of known Termitomyces species nor for the number of Termitomyces species per host taxon, nor for the number of known hosts per Termitomyces species. Considering the rarity of Termitomyces fruiting bodies, it is suggested to base the future taxonomy of the group mainly on well-characterized and publicly accessible cultures. © 2013 Makonde et al. Source

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