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Pingtung, Taiwan

Wang C.-P.,I - Shou University | Lu L.-F.,I - Shou University | Yu T.-H.,I - Shou University | Hung W.-C.,I - Shou University | And 6 more authors.
Atherosclerosis | Year: 2010

Objective: p-Cresylsulphate (PCS), a protein-bound uraemic retention solute, is known to cause endothelial dysfunction and possibly plays a role in coronary atherosclerosis. We aimed to investigate the relationship of total PCS with traditional biomarkers associated with chronic coronary atherosclerosis. In addition, the relationship between serum total PCS levels and the severity of coronary artery stenosis was also explored. Methods and results: Serum total PCS concentrations were measured by using the Ultra Performance LC System in 202 consecutive stable angina patients, and their associations with angiographic indexes of the number of diseased vessels and modified Gensini score were estimated. Patients with significant coronary artery stenosis have higher median serum total PCS levels than patients with normal coronary arteries. Statistically significant associations were observed between the serum total PCS levels and the number of diseased vessels (β= 0.261, p= 0.0002), and modified Gensini score (β= 0.171, p= 0.016). Using multivariate analysis, serum total PCS level was independently associated with the presence and severity of CAD. Conclusions: This study indicates that serum total PCS levels are significantly higher in the presence of CAD and are correlated with the severity of the disease, which suggest that increased serum total PCS may be involved in the pathogenesis of coronary atherosclerosis. © 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. Source


Lee Y.-J.,Lees Endocrinologic Clinic | Wang M.-Y.,Jen Ai Hospital | Lin M.-C.,Yang Ming Hospital | Lin P.-T.,Chung Shan Medical University
Nutrients | Year: 2016

Diabetes is considered an oxidative stress and a chronic inflammatory disease. The purpose of this study was to investigate the correlations between vitamin B-12 status and oxidative stress and inflammation in diabetic vegetarians and omnivores. We enrolled 154 patients with type 2 diabetes (54 vegetarians and 100 omnivores). Levels of fasting glucose, glycohemoglobin (HbA1c), lipid profiles, oxidative stress, antioxidant enzymes activity, and inflammatory makers were measured. Diabetic vegetarians with higher levels of vitamin B-12 (>250 pmol/L) had significantly lower levels of fasting glucose, HbA1c and higher antioxidant enzyme activity (catalase) than those with lower levels of vitamin B-12 (≤250 pmol/L). A significant association was found between vitamin B-12 status and fasting glucose (r = -0.17, p = 0.03), HbA1c (r = -0.33, p = 0.02), oxidative stress (oxidized low density lipoprotein-cholesterol, r = -0.19, p = 0.03), and antioxidant enzyme activity (catalase, r = 0.28, p = 0.01) in the diabetic vegetarians; vitamin B-12 status was significantly correlated with inflammatory markers (interleukin-6, r = -0.33, p < 0.01) in diabetic omnivores. As a result, we suggest that it is necessary to monitor the levels of vitamin B-12 in patients with diabetes, particularly those adhering to a vegetarian diet. © 2016 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. Source


Hung W.-C.,I - Shou University | Wang C.-P.,I - Shou University | Lu L.-F.,I - Shou University | Yu T.-H.,I - Shou University | And 6 more authors.
Endocrine Journal | Year: 2010

Elevated levels of circulating adiponectin (ADPN), an anti- inflammatory and anti-oxidative peptide, are associated with unfavorable cardiovascular outcomes in patients with cardiovascular diseases. The aim of this study was to investigate whether plasma ADPN levels could help predict major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) in patients with documented coronary artery disease (CAD). We prospectively enrolled 193 CAD patients, who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), and/or stenting and coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. ELISA was used to measure plasma ADPN concentrations. MACE-myocardial infarction, PCI, CABG, stroke, carotid revascularization, and death-was evaluated during a follow-up period of median 15.3 months (range 5-21 months). Cox regression analysis revealed that diabetes status, waist circumference, and plasma ADPN levels were significantly associated with MACE occurrence. On stratification according to diabetes status, plasma ADPN levels helped predict MACE only in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed higher MACE rates in diabetic patients with high-plasma ADPN levels than in those with low-plasma ADPN levels. High ADPN plasma concentrations can independently be associated with MACE in CAD with T2DM but not in those without diabetes. This indicates that plasma ADPN may have potential roles in high risk T2DM patients with ischemic heart disease. © The Japan Endocrine Society. Source


Chiu C.-A.,I - Shou University | Lu L.-F.,I - Shou University | Yu T.-H.,I - Shou University | Hung W.-C.,I - Shou University | And 7 more authors.
Review of Diabetic Studies | Year: 2010

BACKGROUND: Indoxyl sulphate (IS) and pcresylsulphate (PCS) are uremic toxins with similar proteinbinding, dialytic clearance, and proinflammatory features. Few studies have evaluated the possible associations between these solutes and coronary artery disease (CAD) in type 2 diabetes (T2D) patients. METHODS: A hospitalbased case control study was performed. A total of 209 T2D patients were divided into two groups based on the presence/absence of significant CAD (≥=50% luminal reduction). Serum total PCS and IS levels were measured using the Ultra Performance LC System. The relationship between total PCS and IS levels were investigated. Coronary calcium scores and the modified Gensini score were analyzed. RESULTS: Serum total PCS and IS levels were significantly higher in patients with both T2D and significant CAD, than in non-diabetic control subjects and T2D patients without CAD (all p < 0.05). Logistic regression analysis revealed independent and significant associations between the two solutes and CAD status. Serum total PCS, IS, and numbers of diseased vessels were elevated in groups with estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) of 60-89 ml/min/1.73 m2 and below. Also, serum total PCS and IS levels were significantly associated with eGFR, coronary calcium scores, Gensini score, adipocytokines (adiponectin, visfatin, and leptin), and total white blood cell count. CONCLUSIONS: Serum total PCS and IS levels were elevated in patients with T2D and CAD. These increases were associated with renal function deterioration, inflammation, and coronary atherosclerosis. © by Lab & Life Press/SBDR. Source


Wang C.-P.,I - Shou University | Lu L.-F.,I - Shou University | Yu T.-H.,I - Shou University | Hung W.-C.,I - Shou University | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Nephrology | Year: 2013

Background: Cardiovascular disease is prevalent among patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Patients with CKD have elevated levels of p-cresylsulfate (PCS), which has been linked with cardiovascular mortality in this population. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical significance of CKD in coronary artery disease (CAD) patients and to investigate whether a significant correlation exists between CKD, total PCS and poor clinical outcomes in CAD patients. Methods: We assessed the occurrence of major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) among 340 consecutive CAD patients who enrolled in a disease management program after the patients were discharged from the hospital. CKD was defined as an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) of <60 ml/min per 1.73 m2. Results: Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed that CKD and high total PCS levels (>1.66 mg/L) were significantly associated with the occurrence of MACE. A multivariate Cox hazard regression model revealed that the predictive independent risk factor for the occurrence of MACE was high total PCS level (relative risk = 1.387). We divided the patients with or without CKD and high or low total PCS levels into 4 groups according to their eGFR and total PCS levels, respectively. The hazard ratio for MACE in the group with both CKD and high total PCS level was 1.721, relative to the group without CKD that had low total PCS level (p=0.005). Conclusions: A high serum level of total PCS may be a predictor of elevated risk of MACE in CAD patients with low eGFR. © 2012 Società Italiana di Nefrologia - ISSN 1121-8428. Source

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