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El-Sherbiny Y.M.,Leeds Institute of Cancer and Pathology and
Blood | Year: 2013

In paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH), hematopoietic cells lacking glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-linked proteins on their surface (GPI(neg)) exist alongside normal (GPI+) cells. Analysis of natural killer (NK) cell subsets in 47 PNH patients revealed that the ratio of CD56(bright):CD56(dim) NK cells differed in the GPI+ and GPI(neg) populations, with GPI(neg)CD56(bright) NK cells significantly more abundant in peripheral blood than their normal GPI+ counterparts. Indeed, GPI+CD56(bright) NK cells were not detected in the peripheral blood of some patients, suggesting their trafficking to a niche unavailable to the GPI(neg)CD56(bright) NK cell population. Defective cellular trafficking in this disease was supported by findings showing differential chemokine receptor expression between GPI+ and GPI(neg) NK cells and impaired stromal cell-derived factor 1 (SDF-1)-induced chemotaxis of GPI(neg) NK cells. Our results indicate a role for GPI-linked proteins in NK cell subset homeostasis and suggest that differential chemokine responses might contribute to the balance of GPI+ and GPI(neg) populations in this disease.

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