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Xu Y.,Chinese Academy of Sciences | Dong Q.,Chinese Academy of Sciences | Qiu H.,Chinese Academy of Sciences | Mab C.-W.,Lee Kum Kee Health Products Group Ltd. | Ding K.,Chinese Academy of Sciences
Carbohydrate Research

A polysaccharide, PGA4-3b, with an average molecular weight of 8.9 kDa estimated by high-performance gel-permeation chromatography (HPGPC), was isolated from radix of Platycodon grandiflorum (Jacq.) A. DC. Using monosaccharide analysis, methylation analysis and NMR spectroscopy, PGA4-3b was elucidated to be a linear poly-(1→4)-α-D-galactopyranosyluronic acid that contains no methyl ester groups. Partial acid hydrolysis of PGA4-3b yielded a series of poly- or oligogalacturonic acids with different degrees of polymerization (DP), that is, 4-3bde, 4-3bde-O-1, 4-3bde-O-2, 4-3bde-O-3, and 4-3bde-O-4. Cell tube formation inhibition tests with human microvascular endothelial cells (HMEC) for antiangiogenesis analysis showed that 4-3bde-O-1 and 4-3bde-O-2, the fractions with higher molecular weights, could inhibit tube formation, while the native PGA4-3b and low molecular weight fraction 4-3bde-O-3 and 4-3bde-O4 are ineffective. Moreover, 4-3bde-O-2 with DP 5-10 impaired cell tube formation in a dose-dependent way, suggesting its potential to be developed as an anti-angiogenesis drug. This is the first time oligogalacturonic acids are reported to show an anti-angiogenesis effect. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

Chiu P.Y.,Hong Kong University of Science and Technology | Lam P.Y.,Hong Kong University of Science and Technology | Leung H.Y.,Hong Kong University of Science and Technology | Leong P.K.,Hong Kong University of Science and Technology | And 3 more authors.
Rejuvenation Research

Wei Kang Su (WKS) is an antioxidant-enriched herbal product manufactured on the basis of Shengmai San, a well-known traditional Chinese herbal formula. In the present study, we investigated the effects of WKS co-treatment on chronic ethanol toxicity in rats. WKS co-treatment protected against chronic ethanol-induced hepatotoxicity, as evidenced by the suppression of plasma enzyme activities and reactive oxygen metabolite levels, as well as the inhibition of hepatic mitochondrial malondialdehyde production in chronic ethanol-intoxicated rats. The hepatoprotection afforded by WKS co-treatment in chronic ethanol-intoxicated rats was associated with a reversal of altered hepatic mitochondrial antioxidant status and adenosine triphosphate (ATP) generation capacity, as well as heat shock protein 25/70 production. Therefore, WKS may offer the prospect of preventing ethanol-associated liver damage by increasing the resistance of mitochondria to oxidative stress. © 2011 Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. Source

Dong Q.,CAS Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica | Wang Y.,CAS Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica | Shi L.,CAS Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica | Yao J.,CAS Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica | And 3 more authors.
Carbohydrate Research

Ganoderma lucidum is an edible and medicinal mushroom used widely in East Asia. In recent years, its spores have been used as a supplement in combination with other forms of antitumor therapies. The cell wall of Ganoderma lucidum spores contains a high amount of polysaccharides. In this study, a neutral polysaccharide, GLSA50-1B, was isolated from sporoderm-broken spores of Ganoderma lucidum, by hot-water extraction, graded ethanol precipitation, anion-exchange chromatography, and gel permeation chromatography. Using sugar compositional analysis, methylation analysis, partial acid hydrolysis, acetolysis, and NMR and ESI-MS spectroscopy, GLSA50-1B was elucidated to be a novel β-d-glucan featured by a 1,6-linked β-d-Glcp backbone with different length of branches consisting of terminal and 1,4-linked Glcp residues, attached to O-4 of alternative Glc residues in the backbone. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

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