Annville, PA, United States

Lebanon Valley College
Annville, PA, United States

Lebanon Valley College is a small, liberal arts higher education institution situated in the heart of Annville in Lebanon County, 19.5 mi east of Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. Wikipedia.

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News Article | May 7, 2017

FILE - In this Friday, Sept. 30, 2016, file photo, Tulsa police officer Betty Shelby is led from the Tulsa County Sheriff's office into a courtroom in the Tulsa County courthouse, in Tulsa, Okla. Shelby's manslaughter trial begins Monday, May 8, 2017 in the shooting of Terence Crutcher, an unarmed black man. (AP Photo/Sue Ogrocki, File) TULSA, Okla. (AP) — Jurors hearing the manslaughter case against a white Oklahoma police officer accused of fatally shooting an unarmed black man last year will be asked to decide whether she used appropriate force — a question that's been put to juries around the U.S. in other similar trials. Tulsa officer Betty Jo Shelby is accused of overreacting when she shot 40-year-old Terence Crutcher in September. Prosecutors say Crutcher wasn't armed or combative when Shelby approached him on a street after his SUV broke down and that he obeyed Shelby's commands to raise his hands. Shelby's attorneys say she feared for her life, believing he was reaching into his vehicle for a gun. Crutcher is among at least 20 black people in the U.S. who have died after police encounters in the past several years. The killings have galvanized the Black Lives Matter movement, which called on citizens to demand more accountability from law enforcement. Shelby, who has been on unpaid leave, faces four years to life in prison if convicted. Her trial starts Monday. Some key elements of the case: Shelby came upon Crutcher's stalled SUV while on her way to a domestic violence call. Police video shows Crutcher walking away from Shelby toward his vehicle with hands above his head. The footage doesn't offer a clear view of when Shelby shot Crutcher. Her attorneys say that in the two minutes before cameras began recording the encounter, Shelby repeatedly ordered Crutcher to stop walking away from her and get on the ground. Shelby also said she feared Crutcher was under the influence of PCP, a powerful hallucinogenic known as Angel Dust that makes users erratic, unpredictable and combative. "Her options went to zero when he turned and put his hand in the car," defense attorney Shannon McMurray said. An autopsy showed PCP was in Crutcher's system, and police said they found a vial of it in his SUV. Crutcher's family said police attempted to "demonize" Crutcher over the drug possession to deflect attention from the fact officers didn't find a gun inside his SUV. "His hands were up, there was daylight, everyone can clearly see that he had no weapon in his hand whatsoever," Crutcher's twin sister, Tiffany Crutcher, told The Associated Press in September. Tulsa County District Attorney Steve Kunzweiler charged Shelby with first-degree manslaughter six days after the shooting. An affidavit accused her of "becoming emotionally involved to the point that she overreacted." McMurray argued that prosecutors rushed to charge Shelby for political reasons, fearing civil unrest like the angry street protests that erupted in Charlotte, North Carolina, after the fatal shooting of 43-year-old Keith Lamont Scott four days after Crutcher was killed. The Justice Department also opened a civil rights investigation into Crutcher's death. Loretta Radford, the acting U.S. attorney for the Northern District of Oklahoma, declined to comment on the case. Crutcher's backing partner, Tyler Turnbough, deployed his stun gun on Crutcher even as Shelby was firing her handgun, and prosecutors have questioned why Shelby didn't do the same. But Turnbough told the nonprofit National Center for Police Defense that Shelby followed protocol, especially if she suspected Crutcher was under the influence of a mind-altering drug. "Officer Shelby's reaction was appropriate and necessary," he told the nonprofit, which provides medical and legal aid to officers in similar cases. "There is no way of knowing what he was reaching for and to take a chance could be deadly." The nonprofit estimated last month that it had raised about $100,000 for Shelby's cost-of-living expenses. How Shelby and Turnbough each assessed the situation illustrates the dilemma officers face when "someone can go from unarmed to armed" in seconds, said Louis Laguna, a professor of forensic psychology at Lebanon Valley College in Annville, Pennsylvania. "It's a Catch-22 really, because it's almost impossible to kind of go back and Monday morning quarterback it," said Laguna, a former police officer. A judge in April reprimanded Shelby and her attorneys after she talked about her case on national TV. Shelby, 43, told CBS' "60 Minutes" that Crutcher appeared to reach inside his SUV for a weapon and ignored her commands to stop. "I say with a louder, more intense voice, 'Stop. Stop! Stop!' And he didn't. And that's when I took aim," she said.

News Article | May 10, 2017
Site:, a leading resource provider for higher education and career information, has determined its ranking of the best colleges in Pennsylvania for 2017. 50 four-year schools were included on the list, with University of Pennsylvania, Lehigh University, Carnegie Mellon University, Duquesne University and University of Scranton ranked as the top five. 25 two-year schools were also ranked, with Thaddeus Stevens College of Technology, Harrisburg Area Community College—Harrisburg, University of Pittsburgh—Titusville, Bucks County Community College and Manor College taking the top five spots on the list. A list of all winning schools is included below. “These Pennsylvania colleges and universities offer not only great degree programs but also excellent resources for preparing students for post-college careers,” said Wes Ricketts, senior vice president of “They have demonstrated superior overall value to students by providing an overall positive, high-quality educational experience.” To be included on the “Best Colleges in Pennsylvania” list, institutions must be regionally accredited, not-for-profit schools. Each college is also ranked on metrics like the variety of degree programs offered, the number of employment and academic resources offered, financial aid availability, graduation rates and annual alumni earnings 10 years after entering college. Complete details on each college, their individual scores and the data and methodology used to determine the “Best Colleges in Pennsylvania” list, visit: Best Four-Year Colleges in Pennsylvania for 2017 include: Allegheny College Arcadia University Bryn Mawr College Bucknell University Carnegie Mellon University Cedar Crest College Chatham University DeSales University Dickinson College Drexel University Duquesne University Eastern University Elizabethtown College Franklin and Marshall College Gannon University Gettysburg College Gwynedd Mercy University Haverford College Holy Family University Immaculata University Juniata College King's College La Salle University Lafayette College Lebanon Valley College Lehigh University Marywood University Mercyhurst University Messiah College Misericordia University Moravian College Muhlenberg College Pennsylvania State University-Main Campus Rosemont College Saint Francis University Saint Joseph's University Saint Vincent College Susquehanna University Swarthmore College Temple University University of Pennsylvania University of Pittsburgh-Pittsburgh Campus University of Scranton University of the Sciences Ursinus College Villanova University Washington & Jefferson College Westminster College Widener University-Main Campus York College Pennsylvania Best Two-Year Colleges in Pennsylvania for 2017 include: Bucks County Community College Butler County Community College Commonwealth Technical Institute Community College of Allegheny County Community College of Beaver County Community College of Philadelphia Delaware County Community College Harcum College Harrisburg Area Community College - Harrisburg Johnson College Lackawanna College Lehigh Carbon Community College Luzerne County Community College Manor College Montgomery County Community College Northampton County Area Community College Pennsylvania Highlands Community College Pennsylvania Institute of Technology Pittsburgh Institute of Aeronautics Reading Area Community College Rosedale Technical Institute Thaddeus Stevens College of Technology University of Pittsburgh - Titusville Valley Forge Military College Westmoreland County Community College ### About Us: was founded in 2013 to provide data and expert driven information about employment opportunities and the education needed to land the perfect career. Our materials cover a wide range of professions, industries and degree programs, and are designed for people who want to choose, change or advance their careers. We also provide helpful resources and guides that address social issues, financial aid and other special interest in higher education. Information from has proudly been featured by more than 700 educational institutions.

Walck S.N.,Lebanon Valley College
Electronic Proceedings in Theoretical Computer Science, EPTCS | Year: 2016

To learn quantum mechanics, one must become adept in the use of various mathematical structures that make up the theory; one must also become familiar with some basic laboratory experiments that the theory is designed to explain. The laboratory ideas are naturally expressed in one language, and the theoretical ideas in another. We present a method for learning quantum mechanics that begins with a laboratory language for the description and simulation of simple but essential laboratory experiments, so that students can gain some intuition about the phenomena that a theory of quantum mechanics needs to explain. Then, in parallel with the introduction of the mathematical framework on which quantum mechanics is based, we introduce a calculational language for describing important mathematical objects and operations, allowing students to do calculations in quantum mechanics, including calculations that cannot be done by hand. Finally, we ask students to use the calculational language to implement a simplified version of the laboratory language, bringing together the theoretical and laboratory ideas. © 2016, Open Publishing Association. All rights reserved.

News Article | November 14, 2016

The Winter Lacrosse Showcase Camp will have 4 full field, 10 vs 10 games, on field turf. College coaches will be coaching teams along with attending the event to scout and recruit players. There will also be an instructional practice session the on first day. Directing the Lacrosse Showcase Camps is Roanoke College Men's Lacrosse Coach, Bill Pilat. Coach Pilat states, “I am very excited to be hosting lacrosse prospects at the winter showcase camp at Roanoke College. Every winter, I enjoy working with these talented players and providing them with a platform to showcase their talents and helping to get them ready for the next level." Coach Pilat goes on to say, "We have a great line-up of schools that attend each year and this year will be no different." The following colleges were in attendance at the Winter Showcase in 2016 - Roanoke College, VA , University of Mary Washington, VA, Lebanon Valley College, PA, Guilford College, NC, Concordia University Chicago, IL, Depauw University, IN, Lynchburg College, VA, Ferrum College, VA, Pfeiffer College, NC, Ohio Wesleyan, OH, Randolph Macon College, VA, Randolph College, VA, Shenandoah College, VA, Hampden Sydney College, VA, Virginia Tech University, VA and Cornell College, IN. This Lacrosse Showcase camp will only enroll the first 144 Players who sign up. Campers and teams are encouraged to register early. For more information please visit or call 1-800-645-3226 About US Sports Camps US Sports Camps (USSC), headquartered in San Rafael, California, is America's largest sports camp network and the licensed operator of Nike Sports Camps. The company has offered camps since 1975 with the same mission that defines it today: to shape a lifelong enjoyment of athletics through high quality sports education and skill enhancement.

Lyons D.W.,Lebanon Valley College | Walck S.N.,Lebanon Valley College
Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics | Year: 2011

The symmetric Werner states for n qubits, important in the study of quantum nonlocality and useful for applications in quantum information, have a surprisingly simple and elegant structure in terms of tensor products of Pauli matrices. Further, each of these states forms a unique local unitary equivalence class, that is, no two of these states are interconvertible by local unitary operations. © 2011 American Physical Society.

Lyons D.W.,Lebanon Valley College | Walck S.N.,Lebanon Valley College
Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics | Year: 2011

We classify, up to local unitary equivalence, local unitary stabilizer Lie algebras for symmetric mixed states of n qubits into six classes. These include the stabilizer types of the Werner states, the Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger state and its generalizations, and Dicke states. For all but the zero algebra, we classify entanglement types (local unitary equivalence classes) of symmetric mixed states that have those stabilizers. We make use of the identification of symmetric density matrices with polynomials in three variables with real coefficients and apply the representation theory of SO(3) on this space of polynomials. © 2011 American Physical Society.

Perry N.,Lebanon Valley College
Ecological Economics | Year: 2010

Using the Noah's Ark problem - the problem of efficiently allocating limited funds to conserve biodiversity - the standard economic approach to endangered species conservation constructs a human-centered biodiversity by favoring species directly valuable to humans. I analyze this approach and draw on the functional ecology literature to offer an alternative emphasizing the role species play in their ecosystems. The aim is to create a working ecosystem on the Ark rather than a collection of charismatic and distinct species. To do so, I construct a new measure of a species' ecological importance and an ecological objective appropriate for cost-effective resource allocation. The ecological approach fundamentally changes the notion of species-value from a direct value based on a species' appearance or taxonomic difference to an indirect value based on a species' ecological role in its ecosystem. In the process, 'populations' of species become the fundamental unit of biodiversity rather than 'species', and abiotic processes also possess value. When compared to the economic approach, the ecological approach prioritizes different species for the Ark and achieves superior economic outcomes in all but the mythical Noah's Ark scenario where interactions are non-existent. The analysis challenges the approach of US endangered species legislation and I call for a reformulation based on endangered ecological interactions. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Agency: NSF | Branch: Continuing grant | Program: | Phase: QIS - Quantum Information Scie | Award Amount: 273.98K | Year: 2012

Many emerging quantum information technologies require access to some form of quantum entanglement in order to operate. Understanding what is needed and what is possible to achieve with these technologies is frustrated by the large number of types of multiparticle entanglement that could be produced. The role of multiparticle quantum entanglement as a resource and the proliferation of entanglement types with increasing particle numbers motivate a program of classification. A good classification scheme provides a framework for understanding properties of and relationships among quantum states, puts interesting states in a context, and introduces concepts that allow explanation and interpretation of new findings. The goals of this research are to produce such a classification scheme, and to use the resulting knowledge about the structure of quantum states in applications of interest in quantum computation, communication, and cryptography.

This project will provide a framework and a language in which to articulate the needs and resources of quantum information processing tasks, and will therefore be of use to researchers trying to make these tasks a reality. A second broader impact of this project is direct influence on the scientific careers of promising young students. Undergraduates will participate as research assistants who will carry out computational experiments, write computer code to generate examples and test hypotheses, and prove special cases of broad conjectures. Engagement in research teaches the process of intellectual inquiry and discovery in a way that classroom work alone cannot achieve. This project will strengthen the research environment at Lebanon Valley College by supporting students in research activities including presentations at scientific meetings and publications in scientific journals.

Agency: NSF | Branch: Standard Grant | Program: | Phase: IRES | Award Amount: 177.79K | Year: 2014

This U.S.-Hungarian International Research Experiences for Students (IRES) project supports undergraduate students research visits to Budapest, Hungary, for an immersive collaboration with Hungarian mentors and students. With overall direction by the Principal Investigator, Dr. Timothy Peelen of Lebanon Valley College, twelve U.S. students from the mid-Atlantic region, work in laboratories at Eötvös Loránd University guided by two lead Hungarian mentors, Drs. Zoltán Novák and Péter Kele. Prior to departure, all students prepare for their eight week research experience abroad during a two week orientation at Lebanon Valley College to learn about Hungarian culture and language, and for instruction in concepts and techniques related to fundamental applications of light energy, spanning organometallic and bioorthogonal chemistry. In Budapest, students work in the Novák and Kele laboratories on a cluster of activities centered around the theme of applications of light energy. While designed around this unifying theme, specific projects allow participants to pursue individual interests in the areas of inorganic, organic, photophysical, and biological chemistry. Each of the IRES undergraduate participants also gains experience with the application of chemical tools that can be used to manipulate the photophysical properties of metal complexes and fluorogenic probes for applications in photoredox catalysis and bioorthogonal chemistry, respectively.

Overall, IRES activities at Eötvös Loránd University offer a valuable early immersive research experience that will prepare the undergraduate researchers to engage productively with international colleagues as they pursue their future careers. The P.I. will reach out to serve different underrepresented groups, including a commitment to select equal numbers of male and female participants while striving to include underrepresented minorities and students with disabilities. Participation in a rigorous research project as an undergraduate has been linked to important gains such as thinking and working like a scientist and clarification of career or graduate school plans. As a capstone experience for the program, IRES students will be strongly encouraged to participate in the Undergraduate Research Symposium in the Chemical and Biological Sciencesheld each October at Unniversity of Maryland, Baltimore Campus.

Lappas C.M.,Lebanon Valley College
Cellular and Molecular Immunology | Year: 2015

Cytokinins are plant hormones that play an integral role in multiple aspects of plant growth and development. The biological functions of cytokinins in mammalian systems are, however, largely uncharacterized. The naturally occurring cytokinin zeatin riboside has recently been demonstrated to activate the mammalian adenosine A2A receptor, which is broadly expressed by various cell types including immune system cells, with the activation of the A2AR playing a role in the regulation of cells involved in both innate and adaptive immunity. We show for the first time that zeatin riboside modulates mammalian immune system activity via an A2AR-dependent mechanism. Specifically, zeatin riboside treatment induces the production of cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) by T lymphocytes and inhibits the production by CD3 + CD4 + T cells of interferon (IFN)-γ, IL-2, tumor-necrosis factor (TNF)-α, IL-4 and IL-13, and the production by CD3 + CD8 + T cells of IFN-γ, IL-2 and TNF-α. Additionally, the upregulation of CD25, CD69 and CD40L by activated T lymphocytes is modulated by zeatin riboside. Zeatin riboside treatment also potently inhibits thioglycollate-induced peritoneal leukocytosis. The immunomodulatory activities of zeatin riboside are blocked by co-treatment with the selective A2AR antagonist ZM241385. These data suggest that zeatin riboside possesses therapeutic potential as a mammalian immunomodulatory agent. © 2015 CSI and USTC.

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