Lebanese American University

www.lau.edu.lb
Jbail, Lebanon

The Lebanese American University is a secular, private and independent American university and research institution located in Lebanon. The university is chartered by the Board of Regents of the University of the State of New York and is accredited by the Commission on Institutions of Higher Education of the New England Association of Schools and Colleges . It is composed of two campuses, one in Beirut and the other in Byblos, and offers programs leading to degrees in Arts, Business, Engineering, Nursing, science, Pharmacy, and Medicine.LAU is governed by a Board of Trustees that oversees the primary functions of leadership, stewardship and audit. A Board of International Advisors provides counsel on university policies and other matters to the Board of Trustees, president, and senior management. Wikipedia.

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News Article | July 12, 2017
Site: www.eurekalert.org

The Lebanese American University (LAU) and New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT) have signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) that establishes research collaboration between the two institutions. LAU President Dr. Joseph Jabbra and Dr. Fadi Deek, NJIT provost and senior executive vice president, signed the MOU June 20, 2017 on LAU's Byblos campus. Graduates from the Lebanese American University with a master's degree will be able to apply for admission in Ph.D. programs offered at NJIT, and after admission by NJIT, will be able to be co-advised jointly in dissertation research by faculty from both participating institutions. This collaboration will initially focus on engineering programs and paves the way for additional programs. The second objective of the MOU was to enable NJIT Ph.D. engineering students to spend up to two semesters at LAU to carry out their dissertation research. The MOU seeks to provide opportunities for collaborative research between LAU and NJIT faculty, involving LAU M.S. graduates and NJIT exchange students. Such collaboration is expected to lead to joint research proposals for funding and higher research productivity for Ph.D. students since research expertise, infrastructure, co-supervision and research outputs will be shared. At the signing ceremony, Dr. Jabbra called on NJIT to work closely with LAU's dean of the School of Engineering to "find ways to enable access to our students, who are looking to pursue higher education and who meet all of your institution's criteria." "In the coming stages, I hope we can finalize the establishment of a collaborative Ph.D. program between the two institutions," he added. In response, Dr. Deek praised the academic excellence of the LAU students currently enrolled in Ph.D. programs at NJIT and anticipated full support for LAU students admitted to NJIT programs who are working on projects funded by various agencies, as is the case with currently enrolled students. "We have also started work on establishing a collaborative Ph.D. program. This may eventually lead to a fully-fledged joint Ph.D. program which will be truly unique. I look forward to the consolidation of our partnership," he said. One of the nation's leading public technological universities, New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT) is a top-tier research university that prepares students to become leaders in the technology-dependent economy of the 21st century. NJIT's multidisciplinary curriculum and computing-intensive approach to education provide technological proficiency, business acumen and leadership skills. With an enrollment of 11,400 graduate and undergraduate students, NJIT offers small-campus intimacy with the resources of a major public research university. NJIT is a global leader in such fields as solar research, nanotechnology, resilient design, tissue engineering, and cybersecurity, in addition to others. NJIT is among the top U.S. polytechnic public universities in research expenditures, over $130 million, and is among the top 1 percent of public colleges and universities in return on educational investment, according to PayScale.com. NJIT has a $1.74 billion annual economic impact on the State of New Jersey.


News Article | May 11, 2017
Site: globenewswire.com

PORT LOUIS, Mauritius, May 11, 2017 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Smile Telecoms Holdings Ltd (“Smile”) (www.SmileComs.com), a Pan-African telecommunications group with operations in Nigeria, Uganda, Tanzania and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, is delighted to announce the appointment of Ahmad Farroukh to its Board as Executive Director, Operations, effective 1 May 2017. Multimedia content can be accessed here (http://APO.af/MngKIU). Ahmad is an experienced telecoms executive with a distinguished record of commercial success, extensive experience working in Africa and an impressive ability to drive strategy and profitability in accordance with international standards. He has held executive management positions at Investcom Holdings and the MTN Group, including being CEO of MTN Nigeria for five years, CEO of MTN South Africa and MTN Group Chief Operating Executive (responsible for 19 countries). Most recently, he served as CEO of Mobily, Saudi Arabia’s second largest telecommunications operator. Given the extent of the opportunity and the significance to Smile, Ahmad will spend the majority of his executive time in Nigeria. “The Africa telecoms market is as dynamic as it is challenging, and Ahmad Farroukh is perfectly suited to lead Smile’s next exciting phase of growth, as we have transitioned from a spectrum rich start-up to the most reliable data gigabyte factory in Sub-Sahara Africa,” said Irene Charnley, Smile Group’s Chief Executive Officer. “Africa is experiencing explosive data growth, and I am honoured to have the opportunity to lead the operations of the continent’s best 4G LTE network at this exciting time. It has also been a revelation after over 20 years in the industry to witness the power and versatility of Smile’s proprietary technology applications and billing platform, which was developed in-house and provides a huge competitive and cost advantage,” said Ahmad. Ahmad holds a Master’s Degree in Business Administration and Accounting from the Lebanese American University and is a Certified Public Accountant (New York, USA). Distributed by APO on behalf of Smile Telecoms Holdings Ltd. About Smile Telecoms Holdings Ltd: Smile (www.SmileComs.com), founded in 2007, is a Mauritius-based Pan-African telecommunications group with operations in Nigeria, Tanzania, Uganda, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and South Africa. The company is majority owned by Saudi-based, Al Nahla group. Smile has the largest sub-1 GHz 4G LTE commercial network in Africa, operating in the 800 MHz band, providing SuperFast and Reliable broadband services to its customers. Smile was the first to launch VoLTE on its network and has continued with its innovation, having introduced SmileVoice, which is a free mobile app that enables customers with any Android or Apple handset (including those which are not VoLTE-enabled) to make SuperClear voice calls over Smile’s 4G LTE networks. Smile was also the first to introduce an Unlimited offering, which enables SuperFastReliable data and SuperClear voice, all in one bundle.


News Article | May 11, 2017
Site: globenewswire.com

PORT LOUIS, Mauritius, May 11, 2017 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Smile Telecoms Holdings Ltd (“Smile”) (www.SmileComs.com), a Pan-African telecommunications group with operations in Nigeria, Uganda, Tanzania and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, is delighted to announce the appointment of Ahmad Farroukh to its Board as Executive Director, Operations, effective 1 May 2017. Multimedia content can be accessed here (http://APO.af/MngKIU). Ahmad is an experienced telecoms executive with a distinguished record of commercial success, extensive experience working in Africa and an impressive ability to drive strategy and profitability in accordance with international standards. He has held executive management positions at Investcom Holdings and the MTN Group, including being CEO of MTN Nigeria for five years, CEO of MTN South Africa and MTN Group Chief Operating Executive (responsible for 19 countries). Most recently, he served as CEO of Mobily, Saudi Arabia’s second largest telecommunications operator. Given the extent of the opportunity and the significance to Smile, Ahmad will spend the majority of his executive time in Nigeria. “The Africa telecoms market is as dynamic as it is challenging, and Ahmad Farroukh is perfectly suited to lead Smile’s next exciting phase of growth, as we have transitioned from a spectrum rich start-up to the most reliable data gigabyte factory in Sub-Sahara Africa,” said Irene Charnley, Smile Group’s Chief Executive Officer. “Africa is experiencing explosive data growth, and I am honoured to have the opportunity to lead the operations of the continent’s best 4G LTE network at this exciting time. It has also been a revelation after over 20 years in the industry to witness the power and versatility of Smile’s proprietary technology applications and billing platform, which was developed in-house and provides a huge competitive and cost advantage,” said Ahmad. Ahmad holds a Master’s Degree in Business Administration and Accounting from the Lebanese American University and is a Certified Public Accountant (New York, USA). Distributed by APO on behalf of Smile Telecoms Holdings Ltd. About Smile Telecoms Holdings Ltd: Smile (www.SmileComs.com), founded in 2007, is a Mauritius-based Pan-African telecommunications group with operations in Nigeria, Tanzania, Uganda, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and South Africa. The company is majority owned by Saudi-based, Al Nahla group. Smile has the largest sub-1 GHz 4G LTE commercial network in Africa, operating in the 800 MHz band, providing SuperFast and Reliable broadband services to its customers. Smile was the first to launch VoLTE on its network and has continued with its innovation, having introduced SmileVoice, which is a free mobile app that enables customers with any Android or Apple handset (including those which are not VoLTE-enabled) to make SuperClear voice calls over Smile’s 4G LTE networks. Smile was also the first to introduce an Unlimited offering, which enables SuperFastReliable data and SuperClear voice, all in one bundle.


News Article | September 29, 2017
Site: motherboard.vice.com

Humanity's past—the far past, as in prehistory—has a curious way of creeping up into the present. Whether the topic at hand is gender equity in a multinational corporation or the diet of the future, images of Neanderthals lumbering around unspoiled nature are, as Sam Kriss pointed out in a recent essay for The Outline, readily conjured up to point out the correct path to us. They scream: Humans are naturally competitive, men are naturally more assertive than women, and so on. Prehistory has this in common with the future: It is what we dream it to be. The result is a past that resembles an episode of The Flintstones, which is a funhouse mirror reflection of The Jetsons. No trend epitomizes this better than "Bitcoin carnivory," a diet-slash-lifestyle being promoted by a small but prolific group of cryptocurrency enthusiasts online. The idea is simple: Use only Bitcoin, eat only meat. The espoused benefits are as much spiritual as they are financial and physical, and its advocates are self-serious. For the Bitcoin carnivore, there is a kind of metaphysical parallel between decentralized digital ledgers and an imagined idea of what our ancestors ate, and by extension, how they lived. Politics, food, and money—it's all connected. "The 20th century was disastrous for human health and wealth, and the rise of central banking and industrial food was clearly a major reason why," Michael Goldstein, founder of the Satoshi Nakamoto Institute and a vocal Bitcoin carnivore, wrote me in an email. "Bitcoin is a revolt against fiat money, and an all-meat diet is a revolt against fiat food." The implication of "fiat" is that modern money and modern foods are both artificial, and Bitcoin carnivorism supposedly solves this problem. Goldstein has been a dedicated carnivore since 2015, he told me, and eats "only from the animal kingdom, and mostly fat." When I asked him to spell out the apparent Bitcoin-carnivory-libertarianism trifecta at play, Goldstein responded, "Once you put on the They Live glasses, you can't take them off," referring to the 1988 film in which a drifter finds a pair of sunglasses that when worn reveal the world is controlled by evil aliens. You can think of Bitcoin carnivory as an extreme version of the "paleo" diet (as in paleolithic) that supposedly mimics what humanity's ancestors ate—nuts, vegetables, and lots of meat. Paleo and Bitcoin carnivory are distinguished from other meat-centric diets by their explicit reference to prehistory. Paleo, by basing itself on a past that wasn't recorded in writing but can only be conjured in imagination, invites politics. "The people who tell you to eat your 6-10 portions of indigestible toxic grains a day 'for a healthy and balanced diet' are the same kind of people who tell you central banks have to determine interest rates for a modern economy to function" John Durant, the author of the 2014 book The Paleo Manifesto, describes paleo as an alternative to the "left-wing plant-based movement." At base, the paleo lifestyle says that a return to health (as in politics) means a return to our past. The past here being, of course, a fiction. Recently, University of Adelaide paleomicrobiologists analyzed Neanderthal dental plaque and found that our ancestors' diets were extremely varied based on what was available to them, and some populations were essentially vegetarian. But nevermind that; both paleo and Bitcoin carnivory, for all of their nods to the past, are about reacting to the politics of now. "The people who tell you to eat your 6-10 portions of indigestible toxic grains a day 'for a healthy and balanced diet' are the same kind of people who tell you central banks have to determine interest rates for a modern economy to function," Saifedean Ammous, a professor of economics at the Lebanese American University and prominent Bitcoin carnivore, wrote me in an email. "You can choose to listen to them and watch your wealth and health disappear, or you can think for yourself." Bitcoin, similar to paleo and carnivory, preaches evils about the present and posits an imagined past as a refuge. Bitcoin's true believers (often libertarians) say that the modern financial system is corrupt, governed by self-serving elites, and that paper money is a dangerous fiction. The idea is that Bitcoin, by dint of having a limited supply of units, has more in common with ancient monies than the bills in your pocket, which governments can always print more of at will. If you extended this mentality to other parts of your life—like your diet—Bitcoin carnivorism would be the result. "We live in a digital world, so we can't transact with gold, but Bitcoin has all the properties of gold, which was the earliest form of currency that we know of," Ferdous Bhai, a Bitcoin carnivore and founder of Bitcoin media company 21 Mil, told me in a phone interview. His company is named for the digital currency's finite supply of coins. "The philosophies and principles behind Bitcoin are ancient." Bhai acknowledged that there's a kind of playfulness in the Bitcoin carnivory trend, and said he's doing it mostly because it simplifies his life. He doesn't need to think about what to eat, he said, and he only eats once a day. Many of the people espousing Bitcoin carnivorism on social media are likely not sticking to the diet, Bhai said. It's just good PR for Bitcoin, to a certain type of person: connecting the dry topic of cryptocurrencies to the image of Neanderthals hunting down a wooly mammoth certainly adds some excitement. But as a way of looking at the world, the kind of prehistory trutherism espoused by Bitcoin carnivorism is just dead boring. In this formulation, the end of the world will be the same as its beginning. History is inert, a congealed mass of free market and libertarian-leaning politics, a stinking fatberg in ideology's own sewer pipe. "If someone is willing to say, 'Oh hey, I'm into this thing that 90 percent of everyone says is dead wrong,' then you've probably got yourself both a cryptocurrency fan and an all-meat dieter" It's all a tad ironic, because the man credited with popularizing carnivorism in cryptocurrency communities doesn't buy the Neanderthal angle. Zooko Wilcox, who invented the cryptocurrency ZCash, has been a prominent advocate of a carnivorous "ketogenic" diet for years. Wilcox and his ex-wife Amber O'Hearn, who is herself a computer scientist, although not active in the cryptocurrency world, started a blog called Ketotic five years ago to preach the lifestyle's virtues. "Nobody really knows how people ate 10,000 or 100,000 years ago, and we're not necessarily ever going to find out, either," Wilcox said over the phone. "And whatever people ate long ago does not necessarily indicate what's best for you to eat today. I find that perspective interesting, but it's overvalued." As for what draws Bitcoiners into the carnivore lifestyle, Wilcox said that it's likely a shared mentality. "If someone is willing to say, 'Oh hey, I'm into this thing that 90 percent of everyone says is dead wrong,' then you've probably got yourself both a cryptocurrency fan and an all-meat dieter," he said. The ketogenic diet that Wilcox and O'Hearn subscribe to, as do the Bitcoin carnivores, fell out of fashion in the medical community after the 1960s but enjoyed a revival in the late 1990s after Johns Hopkins researchers published a promising multicentre study on the effects of the diet in treating epileptic children. Still, not much work has been done to pin down or verify the diet's benefits for an already-healthy population. For O'Hearn, the greatest benefit of Bitcoin carnivory is simply that more people are trying the diet. "Insofar as there is an association between Bitcoin advocates and carnivorous eating, I find this encouraging," O'Hearn wrote me in an email. "Early adopters in all areas forge paths, test limits, and work out the bugs. The more keen minds we have exploring, the sooner we can help raise the general health and wealth of everyone." Perhaps. But for now it's probably best to leave it at: Using Bitcoin for everything makes about as much sense as eating a steak for every meal. And that's a sentence you can take two different ways. Get six of our favorite Motherboard stories every day by signing up for our newsletter.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP-SICA | Phase: SSH.2013.4.1-2 | Award Amount: 3.12M | Year: 2014

Young people in the South and East Mediterranean area are enduring a multiple transitions. In addition to the political and socioeconomic transformations, there is the transition to adulthood from the famous tripartite division of the life cycle in preparation for professional life, working life and retirement. Other experiences of socio-economic transformation, as in East Europe, may give us learnt lessons to manage economic, political and social change. Today, there are no longer substantial differences separating the young people of west and east. Nevertheless, there are important differences in economic resources, education and social between two shores of the Mediterranean. In addition, the SEM young Europeans differ in cultural values and practices different from their counterparts in the north. Still, some processes linked to economic globalization and the precarious living conditions, labor and difficulties in individual empowerment, among others, suggest the emergence of a youth crime and its consolidation as a category of scientific analysis. This argument lets you put so research that supports integrating the European experiences in youth employment, political participation and gender equality, the youth situation in the context of transition and European double in similar scenarios on the south bank. To articulate such research dimensions the project will articulate the concept of triple transition, taking into account political transitions, socio-economic transitions, and invisible transition such as cultural trends and emotions related to youth and the insecurity about the future (resident generation)


Tokajian S.,Lebanese American University
Clinical Microbiology and Infection | Year: 2014

Staphylococcus aureus is a bacterial pathogen that is distributed worldwide and represents an increasing problem, both in hospitals and in the community. Global transmission of methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) has been the subject of many studies. Determining the incidence of colonization with community-acquired MRSA in hospitalized patients and outpatients has been the aim of several studies conducted in the Middle East (western Asia). The local epidemiology within countries in this region is changing, owing to the introduction of new strains with the intercontinental exchange of several clones. Sequence type 80-MRSA-IV is one common clone detected in different countries within the region showing country-based differences, and hence more likely to form clonal lineages. MRSA is endemic in this region, and the burden and the difficulty in detecting imported strains are increasing. This is also increasing the risk of domestic and global transmission. To counter the threat associated with the high incidence of MRSA carriage and infections, systematic surveillance of both hospital and community isolates is required, along with appropriate measures designed to limit their spread. Additionally, antibiotic stewardship is needed to contain the further development of the observed resistance and to help in preserving antibiotics as precious therapeutic resources. It is critical for countries in this region to establish both national and international initiatives to develop better measurements designed to limit and control the spread of infections. Finally, more sequence-based studies are needed to better understand the pathogenicity and epidemiology of these important pathogens. Clinical Microbiology and Infection © 2014 European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases.


Arnaout J.-P.,Lebanese American University
Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing | Year: 2013

This paper addresses the Euclidean location-allocation problem with an unknown number of facilities, and an objective of minimizing the fixed and transportation costs. This is a NP-hard problem and in this paper, a three-stage ant colony optimization (ACO) algorithm is introduced and its performance is evaluated by comparing its solutions to the solutions of genetic algorithms (GA). The results show that ACO outperformed GA and reached better solutions in a faster computational time. Furthermore, ACO was tested on the relaxed version of the problem where the number of facilities is known, and compared to existing methods in the literature. The results again confirmed the superiority of the proposed algorithm. © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.


Abou-Rjeily C.,Lebanese American University
Journal of Lightwave Technology | Year: 2013

In this paper, we evaluate the performance of a selective-relaying (SR) protocol that is suitable for cooperative free-space optical (FSO) communications with any number of relays. The SR strategy is based on transmitting all information symbols either along the direct link between the source and the destination or along one of the indirect links via the relays. We derive closed-form expressions of upper-bounds on the average error probability that can be achieved over Rayleigh and lognormal fading channels. We also provide an asymptotic analysis for quantifying the diversity gain and reduction in fading variance that can be realized by the cooperative scheme. The performance analysis shows the superiority of the SR scheme over the strategy that corresponds to activating all available links. © 1983-2012 IEEE.


Habchi W.,Lebanese American University
Tribology International | Year: 2014

This paper presents a finite element model for the solution of thermal elastohydrodynamic lubrication in coated circular contacts. The model is based on a full-system finite element resolution of the elastohydrodynamic and heat transfer equations. The effects of the coating's thermal and mechanical properties on lubrication performance are investigated. Two categories of surface coatings are considered based on thermal properties: high and low thermal inertia. It is found that low thermal inertia surface coatings act as insulators leading to a localized increase in the lubricant's temperature at the center of the contact. Therefore, friction can be significantly reduced while film thickness is barely affected. The opposite effect is observed for high thermal inertia coatings. These effects increase with coating's thickness. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.


Hanna S.,Lebanese American University | El-Sibai M.,Lebanese American University
Cellular Signalling | Year: 2013

The last decades have witnessed an exponential increase in our knowledge of Rho GTPase signaling network which further highlighted the cross talk between these proteins and the complexity of their signaling pathways. In this review, we summarize the upstream and downstream players from Rho GTPases that are mainly involved in actin polymerization leading to cell motility and potentially playing a role in cancer cell metastasis. © 2013.

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