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Nisselle A.,Royal Melbourne Hospital | Nisselle A.,Murdoch Childrens Research Institute | Nisselle A.,Learning Center | Hanns S.,Royal Melbourne Hospital | And 4 more authors.
Technology, Pedagogy and Education | Year: 2012

Hospitalised children and young people not only face challenges to their health but also to their continued education and social connections. These challenges can impact on future life trajectories, so it is crucial to maintain learning and socialising. Educational technologies, such as laptops and iPads, are used in the multidisciplinary educational programme provided to patients at the Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne. This paper reports on the use of laptops by 71 patients at the hospital, who represented a range of ages, gender, home location and type of hospital admission (short, long, infrequent and frequent). Surveys revealed these technologies were used throughout the hospital with use varying according to the stage of development; however, restrictions to academic and social networking sites were problematic. The results highlight how educational technologies can provide access to flexible learning opportunities and socialising for hospitalised children and young people. © 2012 Copyright Association for Information Technology in Teacher Education. Source

Kovalik C.,Kent State University | Yutzey S.,Learning Center | Piazza L.,Upper Arlington High School
School Library Media Research | Year: 2013

To better understand how high school students apply their information literacy skills when conducting research and how these students carry out research projects, researchers asked a group of 289 high school seniors to complete an information literacy survey related to the research process. In addition, approximately ten percent of these students were randomly selected and asked to participate in an interview to provide more in-depth information about their perspectives on finding and using information. Results indicate the study participants were able to use library resources to locate and use information, that they used a variety of resources, and that they considered themselves successful library users. However, participants voiced a need for help in deciding which resources are best to use and how to identify important information from those resources. These high school seniors also wanted to learn more about how to use books for research. Although these students indicated they may need assistance when doing research, they rarely asked the school librarians for help. These findings are discussed in the context of the role of school librarians. Source

Martin L.,University of Warwick | Cook C.,University of Warwick | Matasci N.,Thomas W Keating Bioresearch Building | Williams J.,Learning Center | Bastow R.,University of Warwick
Journal of Experimental Botany | Year: 2015

High-throughput sequencing technologies have rapidly moved from large international sequencing centres to individual laboratory benchtops. These changes have driven the 'data deluge' of modern biology. Submissions of nucleotide sequences to GenBank, for example, have doubled in size every year since 1982, and individual data sets now frequently reach terabytes in size. While 'big data' present exciting opportunities for scientific discovery, data analysis skills are not part of the typical wet bench biologist's experience. Knowing what to do with data, how to visualize and analyse them, make predictions, and test hypotheses are important barriers to success. Many researchers also lack adequate capacity to store and share these data, creating further bottlenecks to effective collaboration between groups and institutes. The US National Science Foundation-funded iPlant Collaborative was established in 2008 to form part of the data collection and analysis pipeline and help alleviate the bottlenecks associated with the big data challenge in plant science. Leveraging the power of high-performance computing facilities, iPlant provides free-to-use cyberinfrastructure to enable terabytes of data storage, improve analysis, and facilitate collaborations. To help train UK plant science researchers to use the iPlant platform and understand how it can be exploited to further research, GARNet organized a four-day Data mining with iPlant workshop at Warwick University in September 2013. This report provides an overview of the workshop, and highlights the power of the iPlant environment for lowering barriers to using complex bioinformatics resources, furthering discoveries in plant science research and providing a platform for education and outreach programmes. © The Author 2014. All rights reserved. Source

News Article
Site: http://phys.org/technology-news/

A team of researchers at the University of Delaware recently received a grant from the National Institutes of Health to explore the use of the 22-inch robot in a new approach to pediatric rehabilitation based on social interaction between robots and humans. The team—robotics expert Herbert Tanner, mobility researcher Cole Galloway, and computational linguist Jeffrey Heinz—will collaborate with researchers at the Johns Hopkins University Center for Imaging Science on the project, which is known as GEAR (Grounded Early Adaptive Rehabilitation). "Our hope is that the robot will act as a magnet for very young children with disabilities, along with their typically developing peers, engaging them in dynamic group activities—controlled chaos full of fun, friends and fitness," says Galloway. "Pediatric rehabilitation equipment and training currently do not meet the needs of kids with motor disabilities," he adds. "Young children's overall knowledge depends on their ability to be mobile with peers—once they start moving, they begin to learn about the world in fundamentally different ways." Like a toy, more than a toy It's no accident that NAO resembles a toy more than a research tool, but he's a very sophisticated "toy." "NAO will interact socially with children and engage with them," says Tanner. "But, even more importantly, the robot will be programmed to react to the behaviors of individual children and deliver personalized interventions." Heinz, whose expertise lies in machine learning, will work with Tanner on the programming by developing new algorithms that will enable the robot to devise plans on its own based on its environment. "Amazingly, we can use insights from how children learn language to design robots that can likewise learn from their experience," says Heinz. This capability is what will enable NAO not only to lead kids through a prescribed sequence of steps in a choreographed training routine but also to know when enough is enough. If a child's attention wanders, NAO will redirect her attention to an activity likely to reengage her. If a child shows signs of fatigue, NAO will offer him a more restful activity. "We all know that babies' behavior is highly dynamic," says Galloway. "NAO and our entire research team will have to be equally dynamic, which should result in both significant and innovative gains for pediatrics and robotics." NAO will be used in conjunction with a portable harness system that partially supports the weight of special-needs kids and allows them to move freely in an 80-square-foot space, as well as with a network of cameras, sensors, and accelerometers that record the subjects' motion and type of activity. Experts at Johns Hopkins will contribute by developing activity recognition algorithms so that NAO can discern fine distinctions in the types of movements the children make. The data collected will enable the researchers to evaluate the effectiveness of the robotic intervention. Once the system has proven its efficacy through clinical testing in the Pediatric Mobility Lab and Design Studio at UD's Science, Technology and Advanced Research (STAR) Campus, the door will be open to develop versions of the setup for use in community homes as well as area schools, such as the classrooms and gym at UD's Early Learning Center. Tanner, who has already worked with Heinz in applying lessons from child learning to robot training, is happy to be involved in a project focused on kids with special needs. "This work has the potential to have a clear and immediate effects on people's lives," he says. Explore further: Cooperative robots that learn = less work for human handlers (w/ video)

News Article | September 13, 2016
Site: http://www.rdmag.com/rss-feeds/all/rss.xml/all

Vast coral reefs surrounding this island are considered by many experts to be the healthiest and best-protected in the Caribbean, and that makes Bonaire an ideal spot to test whether 3D printing technology can help preserve these vital marine habitats around the world. A partnership that includes the foundation of ocean explorer Fabien Cousteau will be using the rapidly developing layered printing technology to design structures that are virtually identical to the ornate natural coral formations that have long made the southern Caribbean island a top diving destination. They hope their artificial creations will foster natural growth of the reef faster than other methods. "Essentially we will be able to print rock in quotations," Cousteau said. The artificial coral will be made of sandstone and limestone and will be deployed just offshore from the Harbour Village Beach Club, a Bonaire resort that is active in conservation efforts and is a partner with Cousteau's Ocean Learning Center in the project. Reef-building coral is a tiny polyp-like animal that builds a calcium-carbonate shell around itself and survives in a symbiotic relationship with certain types of algae. Its reefs serve as vital spawning and feeding grounds for numerous marine creatures. It comes in some 1,500 known species, ranging from soft, undulating fans to those with hard skeletons that form reef bases. The partners will monitor the progress of the artificial structures with underwater cameras already in place, capturing images of the vibrant reefs that are a feature of the Bonaire National Marine Park. The Bonaire park is already host to experiments in re-growing coral in nurseries and extensive research. The island, about 50 miles north of Venezuela, is one of the bright spots for reefs in the Caribbean, where the iconic reefs have been devastated by the effects of pollution, development and climate change. "There are many places in the world now where reefs when I was a teenager were a fireworks display of life and now they are basically a desert, overgrown with algae and devoid of animals," said Cousteau, a grandson of renowned oceanographer Jacques Cousteau. "It's a sad statement because about 70 percent of the biodiversity in the ocean depends on coral reefs." Park spokeswoman Anouschka van de Ven said the park has issued a permit for the cameras but not yet for the 3D-project, which is scheduled to start this fall. "The technique of 3D printing coral-like structures is very new and therefore similar projects haven't been done on Bonaire," van de Ven said. The technique has been tried off Bahrain in conjunction with other forms of artificial reef in the Persian Gulf. The 3D printer allows for more natural looking and complex structures than using concrete and traditional molding methods. Cousteau and others hope the technology will lead to more natural formations and greater biodiversity. "Coral reefs are an essential part of the underwater web of life," he said. "They are the rainforest if you will of water, of life under water, including about 70 percent of species which live and thrive or depend on coral reefs at some point within the life cycle." Content Item Type: NewsSummary: Vast coral reefs surrounding this island are considered by many experts to be the healthiest and best-protected in the Caribbean ...Featured Image: Contributed Author: The Associated PressTopics: BiologyMeta Keywords: coral reefs, Vast coral reefs, explorer Fabien Cousteau, natural coral formations, oceanographer Jacques Cousteau, Bonaire National Marine, vibrant reefs, iconic reefs, southern Caribbean island, vital marine habitats, 3D printing, Ocean Learning Center, form reef bases, Village Beach Club, van de Ven, Park spokeswoman Anouschka, tiny polyp-like animal, numerous marine creatures, artificial coral, printing coral-like structures, Reef-building coral, traditional molding methods, Bonaire resort, Bonaire park, printing technology, natural growth, artificial structures, diving destination, symbiotic relationship, artificial creations, ideal spot, undulating fans, artificial reef, vital spawning, hard skeletons, natural formations, certain types, extensive research, conservation efforts, calcium-carbonate shell, life cycle, sad statement, complex structures, fireworks display, underwater cameras, feeding grounds, climate change, bright spots, underwater web, greater biodiversityExclusive: 

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