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Pullanikkatil D.,Leadership for Environment and Development Southern and Eastern Africa | Mubako S.,University of Texas at El Paso | Phalira W.,Leadership for Environment and Development Southern and Eastern Africa | Chiotha S.,Leadership for Environment and Development Southern and Eastern Africa | Luhanga M.,District Health Office
African Geographical Review | Year: 2014

A large proportion of Malawis more than 13 million people live in rural areas where major livelihood activities include subsistence farming, irrigation and fishing. Therefore the villagers have contact with water, which exposes them to schistosomes. In this case study, surveys and parasitological investigations were conducted to determine the prevalence of schistosomiasis and to explore the relationship between disease prevalence and selected qualitative variables in five villages located in Zomba District in Lake Chilwa Basin. The study revealed a high prevalence, ranging from 23% in Machemba village to 49% in Mukhweya village. Children, 6-15 years old, were the most heavily infested (40%), and the 0-5 years group the least. A high prevalence was observed among school children (39%), and occupations such as irrigated farming (26%) and fishing (24%). Analyses at the 0.05 α-level revealed statistically significant associations between schistosomiasis prevalence and village of residence, age group and occupation type, but there was insufficient evidence to suggest a significant relationship with gender. Based on these findings, targeted awareness and mass treatment programmes were implemented in all the villages, and 9085 people were treated. © 2013 The African Specialty Group of the Association of American Geographers.


Matarira C.H.,Bindura University of Science Education | Pullanikkatil D.,Leadership for Environment and Development Southern and Eastern Africa | Kaseke T.,Bindura University of Science Education | Shava E.,Bindura University of Science Education | Manatsa D.,Bindura University of Science Education
International Journal of Climate Change Strategies and Management | Year: 2013

Purpose: This study was conducted to assess the socio-economic implications of climate change on the three ecological regions of Lesotho. In the view that climate change is affecting agriculture, subsistence communities are at risk. The paper aims to discuss these issues. Design/methodology/approach: Two villages were randomly selected from three regions of Lesotho and at least 40 households in each region. The full range of economic activities undertaken was covered to understand how climate affects the communities, and how they are. A livelihood sensitivity matrix was used to determine which resources and livelihoods are most vulnerable to different types of climatic hazards and how the different livelihood activities are impacted by different climate hazards. Findings: A large percentage of the community (>95 percent) was aware of the changing climate and the effects on land productivity. Food crops are the most vulnerable to weather, followed by soil and livestock. Climate variables of major concern were hail, drought and dry spells which reduced crop yields. Originality/value: This research is important especially to policy makers to make informed decisions in as far as climate change response strategies in Lesotho are concerned. This research thus gives a baseline on these climate change impacts on subsistence communities. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited.

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