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Bousquet J.,Montpellier University | Bousquet J.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Bousquet J.,University of Versailles | Anto J.M.,Center for Research in Environmental Epidemiology | And 94 more authors.
Allergy: European Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology | Year: 2015

Allergic diseases [asthma, rhinitis and atopic dermatitis (AD)] are complex. They are associated with allergen-specific IgE and nonallergic mechanisms that may coexist in the same patient. In addition, these diseases tend to cluster and patients present concomitant or consecutive diseases (multimorbidity). IgE sensitization should be considered as a quantitative trait. Important clinical and immunological differences exist between mono- and polysensitized subjects. Multimorbidities of allergic diseases share common causal mechanisms that are only partly IgE-mediated. Persistence of allergic diseases over time is associated with multimorbidity and/or IgE polysensitization. The importance of the family history of allergy may decrease with age. This review puts forward the hypothesis that allergic multimorbidities and IgE polysensitization are associated and related to the persistence or re-occurrence of foetal type 2 signalling. Asthma, rhinitis and AD are manifestations of a common systemic immune imbalance (mesodermal origin) with specific patterns of remodelling (ectodermal or endodermal origin). This study proposes a new classification of IgE-mediated allergic diseases that allows the definition of novel phenotypes to (i) better understand genetic and epigenetic mechanisms, (ii) better stratify allergic preschool children for prognosis and (iii) propose novel strategies of treatment and prevention. © 2015 John Wiley and Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley and Sons Ltd. Source

Bousquet J.,CHRU de Montpellier | Bousquet J.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Kuh D.,University College London | Bewick M.,Universities of Helsinki and Oulu | And 125 more authors.
European Geriatric Medicine | Year: 2015

The broad concept of Active and Healthy Ageing was proposed by WHO as the process of optimizing opportunities for health to enhance quality of life as people age. It applies to both individuals and population groups. A universal active and healthy ageing definition is not available and may differ depending on the purpose of the definition and/or the questions raised. The European Innovation Partnership on Active and Healthy Ageing (EIP on AHA) has had a major impact but a definition of Active and Healthy Ageing is urgently needed. A meeting was organised in Montpellier October 20-21, 2014 as the annual conference of the EIP on AHA Reference Site MACVIA-LR (contre les MAladies Chroniques pour un VIeillissement Actif en Languedoc Roussillon). The goal of the meeting was to propose an operational definition of Active and Healthy Ageing as well as tools that may be used for this definition. The current paper provides a summary of the plenary presentations that were given during the meeting. © 2015 Elsevier Masson SAS and European Union Geriatric Medicine Society. All rights reserved. Source

Anto J.M.,Center for Research in Environmental Epidemiology | Anto J.M.,Hospital del Mar Research Institute IMIM | Anto J.M.,CIBER ISCIII | Anto J.M.,University Pompeu Fabra | And 97 more authors.
Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology | Year: 2012

Mechanisms of the Development of Allergy (MeDALL), a Seventh Framework Program European Union project, aims to generate novel knowledge on the mechanisms of initiation of allergy. Precise phenotypes of IgE-mediated allergic diseases will be defined in MeDALL. As part of MeDALL, a scientific seminar was held on January 24, 2011, to review current knowledge on the IgE-related phenotypes and to explore how a multidisciplinary effort could result in a new integrative translational approach. This article provides a summary of the meeting. It develops challenges in IgE-related phenotypes and new clinical and epidemiologic approaches to the investigation of allergic phenotypes, including cluster analysis, scale-free models, candidate biomarkers, and IgE microarrays; the particular case of severe asthma was reviewed. Then novel approaches to the IgE-associated phenotypes are reviewed from the individual mechanisms to the systems, including epigenetics, human in vitro immunology, systems biology, and animal models. The last chapter deals with the understanding of the population-based IgE-associated phenotypes in children and adolescents, including age effect in terms of maturation, observed effects of early-life exposures and shift of focus from early life to pregnancy, gene-environment interactions, cohort effects, and time trends in patients with allergic diseases. This review helps to define phenotypes of allergic diseases in MeDALL. © 2012 American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology. Source

Fusco D.,Regional Health Service Lazio Region
BMC health services research | Year: 2012

P.Re.Val.E. is the most comprehensive comparative evaluation program of healthcare outcomes in Lazio, an Italian region, and the first Italian study to make health provider performance data available to the public. The aim of this study is to describe the P.Re.Val.E. and the impact of releasing performance data to the public. P.Re.Val.E. included 54 outcome/process indicators encompassing many different clinical areas. Crude and adjusted rates were estimated for the 2006-2009 period. Multivariate regression models and direct standardization procedures were used to control for potential confounding due to individual characteristics. Variable life-adjusted display charts were developed, and 2008-2009 results were compared with those from 2006-2007. Results of 54 outcome indicators were published online at http://www.epidemiologia.lazio.it/prevale10/index.php. Public disclosure of the indicators' results caused mixed reactions but finally promoted discussion and refinement of some indicators. Based on the P.Re.Val.E. experience, the Italian National Agency for Regional Health Services has launched a National Outcome Program aimed at systematically comparing outcomes in hospitals and local health units in Italy. P.Re.Val.E. highlighted aspects of patient care that merit further investigation and monitoring to improve healthcare services and equity. Source

Hohmann C.,Charite - Medical University of Berlin | Pinart M.,Center for Research in Environmental Epidemiology | Pinart M.,IMIM Hospital del Mar Medical Research Institute | Pinart M.,CIBER ISCIII | And 35 more authors.
International Archives of Allergy and Immunology | Year: 2014

Background: Numerous birth cohorts have been initiated in the world over the past 30 years using heterogeneous methods to assess the incidence, course and risk factors of asthma and allergies. The aim of the present work is to provide the stepwise proceedings of the development and current version of the harmonized MeDALL-Core Questionnaire (MeDALL-CQ) used prospectively in 11 European birth cohorts. Methods: The harmonization of questions was accomplished in 4 steps: (i) collection of variables from 14 birth cohorts, (ii) consensus on questionnaire items, (iii) translation and back-translation of the harmonized English MeDALL-CQ into 8 other languages and (iv) implementation of the harmonized follow-up. Results: Three harmonized MeDALL-CQs (2 for parents of children aged 4-9 and 14-18, 1 for adolescents aged 14-18) were developed and used for a harmonized follow-up assessment of 11 European birth cohorts on asthma and allergies with over 13,000 children. Conclusions: The harmonized MeDALL follow-up produced more comparable data across different cohorts and countries in Europe and will offer the possibility to verify results of former cohort analyses. Thus, MeDALL can become the starting point to stringently plan, conduct and support future common asthma and allergy research initiatives in Europe. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel. Source

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