Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory | Date: 2016-10-21
In one embodiment, a method includes depositing oxide nanoparticles on a nanoporous gold support to form an active structure and functionalizing the deposited oxide nanoparticles. In another embodiment, a system includes a nanoporous gold structure comprising a plurality of ligaments, and a plurality of oxide particles deposited on the nanoporous gold structure; the oxide particles are characterized by a crystalline phase.
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and Texas A&M University | Date: 2016-08-09
Polymeric based closed cell foams, such as shape memory polymer foams, contain bubbles. Making these bubbles continuous is called reticulation. Disclosed are embodiments of a device and method to controllably reticulate polymer-based closed cell foams by puncturing the membranes of these polymer-based closed cell foams.
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and The Regents Of The University Of California | Date: 2015-08-06
Disclosed here is a composition comprising at least one graphene aerogel comprising a three-dimensional structure of graphene sheets, wherein the graphene sheets are covalently interconnected, and wherein the graphene aerogel is highly crystalline. Also described is a method for making a graphene aerogel, comprising preparing a mixture comprising a graphene oxide suspension and at least one catalyst; curing the reaction mixture to produce a wet gel; drying the wet gel to produce a dry gel; and pyrolyzing the dry gel at a temperature of 1500-3500 C. to produce the graphene aerogel.
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory | Date: 2016-10-20
A resistively heated shape memory polymer device is made by providing a rod, sheet or substrate that includes a resistive medium. The rod, sheet or substrate is coated with a first shape memory polymer providing a coated intermediate unit. The coated intermediate unit is in turn coated with a conductive material providing a second intermediate unit. The second coated intermediate unit is in turn coated with an outer shape memory polymer. The rod, sheet or substrate is exposed and an electrical lead is attached to the rod, sheet or substrate. The conductive material is exposed and an electrical lead is attached to the conductive material.
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory | Date: 2016-03-21
A geometric design of ES generator/motor electrodes mounted on the inner surface of a fiber-composite rotor is provided. The electrode configuration is able to sustain very high g levels. The rotor may be formed of carbon-fiber wound an top of an inner E or S-glass fiber composite core. The electrode design provides the needed area to satisfy the power requirements of the storage system and utilizes a stacked wedge-like electrode array that bath solves the high-g problem and results in a doubling or tripling of the electrode area, relative to that of electrodes that conform to the inner cylindrical surface of the rotor.
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory | Date: 2016-05-16
Electrostatic generator electrodes mounted on the outer surface of a fiber-composite rotor. The conducting strips are mounted with a slight tilt in angle such that the electrodes will experience no tension or compression effects as the rotor spins up or slows down. The compression would come about from effects associated with the Poisson Ratio. This change can eliminate any metal fatigue or loss of bonding that might have arisen if the electrodes were to be aligned with the axis.
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory | Date: 2016-02-29
A new rotor start-up system is provided for application to rotating systems such as stationary or vehicular electromechanical battery systems. An embodiment of the system consists of a locator that includes a stationary permanent-magnet pole above which is a circular ferromagnetic (e.g., iron) strip embedded in the lower, inner edge of the flywheel rotor. The lower edge of this strip is wave-like so that the magnet can pull the rotor around to a position where the position relative to the minimum capacity between the rotor and stator electrodes is such as to launch the rotor in a chosen direction, i.e., either clock-wise or counter-clockwise. Startup from rest is then accomplished by applying a short high-voltage ac or dc pulse to the EMB capacitor.
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory | Date: 2016-09-28
According to one embodiment, a method for producing a directed neutron beam includes producing a voltage of negative polarity of at least 100 keV on a surface of a deuterated or tritiated target in response to a temperature change of a pyroelectric crystal of less than about 40 C., the pyroelectric crystal having the deuterated or tritiated target coupled thereto, pulsing a deuterium ion source to produce a deuterium ion beam, accelerating the deuterium ion beam to the deuterated or tritiated target to produce a neutron beam, and directing the ion beam onto the deuterated or tritiated target to make neutrons using at least one of a voltage of the pyroelectric crystal, and a high gradient insulator (HGI) surrounding the pyroelectric crystal. The directionality of the neutron beam is controlled by changing the accelerating voltage of the system. Other methods are presented as well.
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory | Date: 2016-11-01
Provided here is a method for making a graphene-supported metal oxide monolith, comprising: providing a graphene aerogel monolith; immersing said graphene aerogel monolith in a solution comprising at least one metal salt to form a mixture; curing said mixture to obtain a gel; optionally, heating said gel to obtain a graphene-supported metal oxide monolith.
Westbrook C.K.,Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
Annual Review of Physical Chemistry | Year: 2013
This review describes major features of current research in renewable fuels derived from plants and from fatty acids. Recent and ongoing fundamental studies of biofuel molecular structure, oxidation reactions, and biofuel chemical properties are reviewed, in addition to combustion applications of biofuels in the major types of engines in which biofuels are used. Biofuels and their combustion are compared with combustion features of conventional petroleum-based fuels. Two main classes of biofuels are described, those consisting of small, primarily alcohol, fuels (particularly ethanol, n-butanol, and iso-pentanol) that are used primarily to replace or supplement gasoline and those derived from fatty acids and used primarily to replace or supplement conventional diesel fuels. Research efforts on so-called second- and third-generation biofuels are discussed briefly.