Lavochkin Association

Association, Russia

Lavochkin Association

Association, Russia

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Zelenyi L.,Space Research Institute IKI | Korablev O.,Space Research Institute IKI | Martynov M.,Lavochkin Association | Popov G.A.,NII PME | And 10 more authors.
Advances in Space Research | Year: 2011

From 2007 the Russian Academy of Sciences and Roscosmos consider to develop a Europa surface element, in coordination with the Europa Jupiter System Mission (EJSM) international project planned to study the Jupiter system. The main scientific objectives of the Europa Lander are to search for the signatures of possible present and extinct life, in situ studies of the Europa internal structure, the surface and the environment. The mission includes the lander, and the relay orbiter, to be launched by Proton and carried to Jupiter with electric propulsion. The mass of scientific instruments on the lander is ∼50 kg, and its planned lifetime is 60 days. A dedicated international Europa Lander Workshop (ELW) was held in Moscow in February 2009. Following the ELW materials and few recent developments, the paper describes the planned mission, including the science goals, technical design of the mission elements, the ballistic scheme, and the synergy between the Europa Lander and the EJSM. © 2010 COSPAR. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Shustov B.,Russian Academy of Sciences | Sachkov M.,Russian Academy of Sciences | Gomez de Castro A.I.,Complutense University of Madrid | Werner K.,University of Tübingen | And 2 more authors.
Astrophysics and Space Science | Year: 2011

Continuous access to the UV domain has been considered of importance to astrophysicists and planetary scientists since the mid-sixties. However, the future of UV missions for the post-HST era is believed by a significant part of astronomical community to be less encouraging. We argue that key science problems of the coming years will require further development of UV observational technologies. Among these hot astrophysical issues are: the search for missing baryons, revealing the nature of astronomical engines, properties of atmospheres of exoplanets as well as of the planets of the Solar System etc. We give a brief review of UV-missions both in the past and in the future. We conclude that UV astronomy has a great future but the epoch of very large and efficient space UV facilities seems to be a prospect for the next decades. As to the current state of the UV instrumentation we think that this decade will be dominated by the HST and coming World Space Observatory-Ultraviolet (WSO-UV) with a 1. 7 m UV-telescope onboard. The international WSO-UV mission is briefly described. It will allow high resolution/high sensitivity imaging and high/low resolution spectroscopy from the middle of the decade. © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.

Torres Sanchez Carlos G.,Moscow Aviation Institute | Vorontsov V.A.,Lavochkin Association
Proceedings of the International Astronautical Congress, IAC | Year: 2013

For the last years, designing small-sized spacecraft's has been one of the most promising lines of development in the space industry. An important feature of spacecraft platforms created nowadays in Russian is their versatility, which is characterized by their ability to be adapted to a wide range of tasks. As part of the Russian Federal Space Program, NPO Lavochkin Association, for the period 2013 to 2026 aims to put into operation a large number of spacecraft's that includes small satellites for planetary and fundamental researches. One of the main tasks in the worldwide space program is the planetary research including Mars, Venus and Earth exploration. Returning to Earth experiments and production of micro-gravity and other space technologies is not always convenient and not economically doable, particularly when loads are small. Developing and exploiting small unmanned reentry capsules give us a way to solve these problems, by using the advantages of small spacecraft's as design of low cost means; price attractiveness of manufacture and launch into space; possibility of launching clusters of reentry vehicles; long life time and reliability; etc. Following this motivation, it's considered the possibility of using the developmental heritage for Mars and Venus missions, in order to develop a universal, modular platform for a small unmanned space reentry vehicle, based on the development line on small spacecraft's of NPO Lavochkin. The main tasks for this platform include fundamental space research, testing and demonstration of new technologies, flight testing of new structural elements or devices, study of planets and interplanetary space, delivery of samples from other planets to Earth. When creating a platform should be use a set of constructive principles corresponding to the world trends in this area. Among these principles includes modularity, unification and standardization, versatility and flexibility, modernity. The methodological approaching proposed should provide a possibility of reducing the time of mission design and in some cases costs; the ability to use the small reentry vehicle for solving different problems in the presence of light standardized platform and modular design for the payload; a relative simplicity of design; high reliability; the possibility to be launched on different types of launch vehicles as a primary or associated payload.

Dolgopolov V.P.,Lavochkin Association | Basilevsky A.T.,RAS Vernadsky Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical Chemistry | Robinson M.S.,Arizona State University | Plescia J.B.,Johns Hopkins University | Head J.W.,Brown University
Planetary and Space Science | Year: 2013

Shkuratov et al. (2013) described specific photometric anomalies found around the Luna 16, 20 and 23 spacecraft and not found around the Luna 24 spacecraft. The authors explained this lack of an anomaly at the Luna 24 site as a result of the misidentification of the Luna 23 and 24 spacecraft in the LROC images by Robinson et al. (2012). In order to address this question, we synthesized images of the Luna spacecraft as they might appear in the LROC images (made by the Lavochkin Association, builders of the Luna spacecraft series). We compared the model images of the virtual Luna 23 and Luna 24 spacecraft sitting on the lunar surface with the spacecraft seen in the LROC images and concluded, on the basis of similarity of the spacecraft seen in the LROC images with the synthetic images, that identification of the spacecraft in these images by Robinson et al. (2012) is likely correct. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Reutlinger A.,Kayser Threde GmbH | Sachkov M.,Russian Academy of Sciences | Gal C.,Kayser Threde GmbH | Brandt C.,Kayser Threde GmbH | And 8 more authors.
Astrophysics and Space Science | Year: 2011

The World Space Observatory Ultraviolet (WSO-UV) is a multi-national project lead by the Russian Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos) with the objective of high performance observations in the ultraviolet range. The 1. 7 m WSO-UV telescope is equipped with UV spectrographs (responsibility of Russia and Germany) and UV imagers (responsibility of Spain). The UV spectroscopic instrumentation comprises two high resolution echelle spectrographs operating in wavelength ranges of 102-176 nm and 174-310 nm respectively, and a Long Slit Spectrograph designed to operate in the range of 102-310 nm. All three spectrographs represent individual instruments. In order to save mass while maintaining high stiffness, the instruments are combined to a monoblock, World Space Observatory Ultraviolet Spectrographs (WUVS). Due to strict technical requirements stated by the customer the material CeSiC (provided by the company ECM) has been selected for the design of the spectrograph structure. In contrast to aluminium, the stable structure of CeSiC is significantly less sensitive to thermal gradients. No further mechanism for focus correction with high functional, technical and operational complexity and corresponding additional System costs are necessary. Using CeSiC also relaxes the thermal control requirements of ±5°C, which represents a considerable cost driver for the S/C design. The phase B2 study of the WUVS instrument finished in December 2010 in collaboration with Russia and with industrial support of the Kayser-Threde company. It included construction of a Structural Thermal Model (STM) for verification of thermal and mechanical loads, stability with respect to thermal distortions and CeSiC manufacturing feasibility. © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.

Ford H.A.,U.S. National Radio Astronomy Observatory | Anderson R.,U.S. National Radio Astronomy Observatory | Belousov K.,RAS Lebedev Physical Institute | Brandt J.J.,U.S. National Radio Astronomy Observatory | And 9 more authors.
Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering | Year: 2014

We present the design, commissioning, and initial results of the Green Bank Earth Station (GBES), a RadioAstron data downlink station located at the National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO) in Green Bank, West Virginia. The GBES uses the modernized and refurbished NRAO 140ft telescope. Antenna optics were refurbished with new motors and drives fitted to the secondary mirror positioning system, and the deformable subreflector was refurbished with a new digital controller and new actuators. A new monitor and control system was developed for the 140ft and is based on that of the Green Bank Telescope (GBT), allowing satellite tracking via a simple scheduling block. Tools were developed to automate antenna pointing during tracking. Data from the antenna control systems and logs are retained and delivered with the science and telemetry data for processing at the Astro Space Center (ASC) of the Lebedev Physical Institute (LPI) of the Russian Academy of Sciences and the mission control centre, Lavochkin Association. © 2014 SPIE.

Kozlov O.E.,Russian Academy of Sciences | Aleksashkin S.N.,Lavochkin Association | Ivanov A.V.,Russian Academy of Sciences | Kozlova T.O.,Russian Academy of Sciences | Sutugin S.E.,Lavochkin Association
Solar System Research | Year: 2010

This paper is devoted to the problem of sampling with the use of a manipulator during the mission of the Phobos-Grunt spacecraft. The principle of operation accepted for the chosen engineering solution, as well as the construction of the manipulator scoop, mechanical gears, and the manipulator as a whole, are considered; brief technical specifications are given. The issue of the selection of the soil as an analog of the soil of Phobos to conduct ground-based tests is discussed; the test results and principles of the manipulator operation and control are presented. © 2010 Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.

Sysoev V.K.,Lavochkin Association
Proceedings of the International Astronautical Congress, IAC | Year: 2012

The article describes concept of development Space Solar Power Station (SSPS) starting from the manufacture of photoemitting module up to construction of the prototype of industrial power station. The specific role of the balloon system is emphasized both in testing of the components of the SSPS and during its industrial applications as well.

Vorontsov V.A.,Lavochkin Association | Pichkhadze K.M.,Lavochkin Association
Proceedings of the International Astronautical Congress, IAC | Year: 2013

At present time Venus exploration is carried out using remote methods, in particular through the European orbiter. The need for contact research methods is obvious. Only Russian descent modules and aerostatic balloons were on the surface and in the atmosphere of the planet. The latest expedition ("Vega" project) was performed almost thirty years ago. The revision of the Federal Space Program of Russia, for known reasons, led to the postponement of the implementation of the "Venera-D" project. At the same time, the scientific community during international forums expresses great interest in long-term exploration of Venus, including, and especially, by means of contact methods. In this regard, it is necessary to re-examine the possibility of new technical facilities and schematic technical solutions. However, considering the complexity of the scientific and technical challenges, the limited time and financial resources, particularly relevant are the issues of international cooperation.

Vorontsov V.A.,Lavochkin Association | Khartov V.V.,Lavochkin Association | Pichkhadze K.M.,Lavochkin Association | Martynov M.B.,Lavochkin Association | And 2 more authors.
Proceedings of the International Astronautical Congress, IAC | Year: 2015

In 2015 Lavochkin Science and Production Association celebrates the 50th anniversary in its space activity. Planetary exploration takes a significant place in the enterprise's work program. Considerable success has been achieved in Venus planet observation. Specifically it concerns planet's atmosphere and surface examination by contact methods. Thirty years ago descent vehicles of the Vega mission spent record breaking time, about two hours, on the Venus surface. For the first time in the history of planetary studies balloon-born probes have been drifting in Venus atmosphere for two days (46 hours). They have conducted atmosphere properties examination slightly opened secrets of the planet, in particular an enigma of the atmosphere superrotation, by means of the scientific instrumentation designed and developed by the institutes of the RussianAcademy of Sciences in cooperation with scientists of other countries. Vega mission activities could become an example of the international cooperation. The scientists from eleven countries participated in this project. After a long break in Venus studies various Venus mission scenario alternatives (options) are currently being developed. An orbiter, subsatellites, a lander and balloon-born probes are thought to be integrated into the perspective spacecraft of the Russian Venera-D project. Proposals of the organization of the international mission with distribution of the responsibility for the various spacecraft components and probable usage of various launch vehicles are under consideration. It's obvious that the international cooperation in the implementation of the integrated programmeof the Venus research shall allow to significantly increase the scientific performance of the projects with simultaneously high cost effectiveness. © Copyright 2015 by International Astronautical Federation. All rights reserved.

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