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Bertani A.,Service de chirurgie orthopedique et traumatologique | Launay F.,Timone Teaching Hospital Center | Candoni P.,Laveran Military Teaching Hospital | Mathieu L.,Desgenettes Military Teaching Hospital | And 2 more authors.
Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Surgery and Research | Year: 2012

Background: Djibouti has no paediatric orthopaedics department and three options are available for difficult cases: transfer of the patient to another country; overseas mission transfer to Djibouti by a specialised surgical team; and management by a local orthopaedic surgeon receiving guidance from an expert. The extreme poverty of part of the population of Djibouti often precludes the first two options. Telemedecine can allow the local orthopaedic surgeon to receive expert advice. Hypotheses and study design: We prospectively recorded all the paediatric orthopaedics teleconsultations that occurred between November 2009 and November 2011. Our objective was to assess the performance of the teleconsultations. We hypothetized that this option was influential in decision making. Materials and methods: We assessed the influence of the teleconsultation on patient management (i.e., change in the surgical indication and/or procedure). We then used the electronic patient records to compare the actual management to that recommended retrospectively by two independent orthopaedic surgeon consultants who had experience working overseas. Finally, we assessed the clinical outcomes in the patients. Results: Of 48 teleconsultations for 39 patients, 13 dealt with diagnostic problems and 35 with therapeutic problems. The teleconsultation resolved the diagnostic uncertainties in 90% of cases. Advice from the expert modified the management in 37 (77%) teleconsultations; the change was related to the surgical indication in 18 cases, the surgical technique in 13 cases, and both in six cases. Agreement between the advice from the independent consultants and the treatment delivered by the local surgeon was 2.2/3. Clinical outcomes were good or very good in 31 (81%) of the 38 treated patients. Conclusions: This study establishes the feasibility and usefulness of paediatric orthopaedics teleconsultations in Djibouti. The introduction of telemedicine has changed our approach to challenges raised by patients in remote locations or precarious situations. Input from experts considerably benefits patient management. Level of evidence: III, prospective comparative study. © 2012.

Marimoutou C.,Clinical Research Unit | Marimoutou C.,Center for Epidemiology and Public Health for the French Army | Vivier E.,Laveran Military Teaching Hospital | Oliver M.,Laveran Military Teaching Hospital | And 3 more authors.
Medicine (United States) | Year: 2012

We compared the morbidity and quality of life of military policemen ("gendarmes") infected with chikungunya virus (CHIKV+) 30 months after contamination. We categorized the subjects in 3 groups: healed patients (n = 48), non-healed patients (n = 37, 44% of CHIKV+), and uninfected subjects (CHIKV-, n = 297).Data were self-recorded in this retrospective cohort study; they included sociodemographic information, clinical symptoms, and the Medical Outcome Study 36-item short-form health survey (MOS-SF36) quality of life questionnaire.The study population was mostly men (92%), with a median age of 42.8 years, regardless of CHIKV status. The main complaints were rheumatic symptoms (pain, stiffness, and swelling), reported 5 times more often by non-healed CHIKV+ subjects and 2-3 times more often by healed CHIKV+ subjects than by CHIKV-subjects, and fatigue. The CHIKV+ patients reported more use of health care services. Thirty months after infection, all rheumatic symptoms were more frequent and intense among CHIKV+ than among CHIKV-subjects, with a gradient of severity between healed and non-healed CHIKV+ subjects. Non-healed CHIKV+ subjects reported subsequent limitation in their activities. All dimensions of MOS-SF36 as well as physical and mental component summaries were impaired in CHIKV+ compared to CHIKV-subjects, with a decreasing gradient of impairment from non-healed to healed CHIKV+ subjects, then to CHIKV-subjects.These observations confirm the long-term impact of CHIKV infection on both physical and mental health. Questions persist regarding the duration of this impairment and the possibility of a return to "before CHIKV" health status for infected patients. © 2012 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Simon F.,Laveran Military Teaching Hospital | Javelle E.,Laveran Military Teaching Hospital | Oliver M.,Laboratory of Medical Biochemistry | Leparc-Goffart I.,Institute for Biomedical Research of the French Army | And 2 more authors.
Current Infectious Disease Reports | Year: 2011

Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is an alphavirus transmitted by mosquitoes, mostly Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus. After half a century of focal outbreaks of acute febrile polyarthralgia in Africa and Asia, the disease unexpectedly spread in the past decade with large outbreaks in Africa and around the Indian Ocean and rare autochthonous transmission in temperate areas. This emergence brought new insights on its pathogenesis, notably the role of the A226V mutation that improved CHIKV fitness in Ae. albopictus and the possible CHIKV persistence in deep tissue sanctuaries for months after infection. Massive outbreaks also revealed new aspects of the acute stage: the high number of symptomatic cases, unexpected complications, mother-to-child transmission, and low lethality in debilitated patients. The follow-up of patients in epidemic areas has identified frequent, long-lasting, rheumatic disorders, including rare inflammatory joint destruction, and common chronic mood changes associated with quality-of-life impairment. Thus, the globalization of CHIKV exposes countries with Aedes mosquitoes both to brutal outbreaks of acute incapacitating episodes and endemic long-lasting disorders. © 2011 The Author(s).

Savini H.,Laveran Military Teaching Hospital | Gautret P.,Institut Universitaire de France | Gaudart J.,Aix - Marseille University | Gaudart J.,University College London | And 9 more authors.
Emerging Infectious Diseases | Year: 2013

Data collected by the GeoSentinel Surveillance Network for 1,415 ill travelers returning from Indian Ocean islands during 1997-2010 were analyzed. Malaria (from Comoros and Madagascar), acute nonparasitic diarrhea, and parasitoses were the most frequently diagnosed infectious diseases. An increase in arboviral diseases reflected the 2005 outbreak of chikungunya fever.

De Laval F.,Institute of Tropical Medicine | Oliver M.,Laveran Military Teaching Hospital | Rapp C.,Begin Military Teaching Hospital | Pommier De Santi V.,Institute of Tropical Medicine | And 3 more authors.
Malaria Journal | Year: 2010

Background: Plasmodium ovale is responsible for 5% of imported malaria in French travellers. The clinical and biological features of six clustered cases of P. ovale malaria in an army unit of 62 French soldiers returning from the Ivory Coast are reported. Case report. All patients were symptomatic and developed symptoms on average 50 days after their return and 20 days after the end of chemoprophylaxis (doxycycline). Clinical features included fever (6/6), mostly tertian (4/6), aches (6/6), nausea (3/6), abdominal pain (2/6), diarrhoea (2/6), or cough (2/6). Thrombocytopaenia was lower than 100,000/mm3 in half the cases only, and the haemoglobin count was normal for all patients. The diagnosis was made after at least three thick and thin blood smear searches. Parasitaemia was always lower than 0.5%. All rapid diagnostic tests were negative for HRP2 and pLDH antigens. Discussion. Plasmodium ovale malaria is currently a problem to diagnose in travellers, notably in French soldiers returning from the Ivory Coast. Early attempts at diagnosis are difficult due to the lack of specific clinical features, the rarity of biological changes and the poor sensitivity of diagnostic tools to detect low parasitaemia. Thus, the diagnosis is commonly delayed or missed. Physicians should be aware of this diagnostic challenge to avoid relapses and provide prompt and adequate treatment with chloroquine and radical cure with primaquine. © 2010 de Laval et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

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