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San Pedro, Costa Rica

Latin University of Costa Rica , commonly called ULatina, is the largest private university in Costa Rica, with more than 16,000 students enrolled in undergraduate and graduate programs in Business, Education, Engineering, Health science, and Social science. The University is accredited by the National Council of Higher Education .The university has two main campuses: Campus San Pedro, that is located in San Pedro, in San José, which is located in the central area of private and state universities; and Campus Heredia which is located in the city of Heredia. The university also has 10 regional offices located throughout Costa Rica: San José, Grecia, Palmares, Puntarenas, Cañas, Santa Cruz, Guápiles, Limón, Pérez Zeledón and Paso Canoas. Wikipedia.


Aguirre J.,Latin University of Costa Rica
British Food Journal | Year: 2016

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to identify the effect of culture, gender and perceived health benefits on coffee drinking in Costa Rica. Design/methodology/approach – A telephone survey (n=1,328) was conducted in the province of San Jose, where the capital city is located. This location has a population of 845,000, with a 99 per cent, confidence, 1 per cent error and 50 per cent response distribution, the total usable surveys were 1,199. The analytical procedure, consisted of three steps; instrument validation, consumer profile development and developing ordinal logistic modelling. Findings – The total α was estimated at 0.71. The coffee consumer profile is described but consisted of 52 per cent female and 48 per cent male with 77 per cent receiving a secondary education. The factors influencing coffee drinking by Costa Ricans, are in order of importance: first gender followed by family as a source of information, health, amount spent, aroma, anti-migraine effect, family tradition, flavour and energizing effect. H1 – health, culture and gender influence the frequency of coffee consumption in Costa Rica is accepted; H2 – the importance of the health factor varies with gender is accepted and H3 – culture is an important factor in determining coffee consumption is also accepted. Research limitations/implications – The study was only conducted in the province of San Jose. This is considered the urban heart of the country urban but its finding should not be extrapolated to the entire country. A rural/urban comparison may be needed. Practical implications – The results suggest that a country wide survey may be useful in providing information for differential coffee marketing strategies. Originality/value – The material is the first of its kind in the Central American region and may help orient other countries of the area. © 2016, © Emerald Group Publishing Limited. Source


Gonzalez J.A.A.,Latin University of Costa Rica
British Food Journal | Year: 2012

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the impact of the economic crisis in organic consumption in order to better understand how to meet the emerging challenges that the crisis is creating for future consumption and production of organic products in Costa Rica, and to review the material available in the commercial and scientific literature. Design/methodology/approach: A sample survey of 63 consumers was carried out based on an average population of 75 visitors every Saturday, the only day of the week that the market takes place. The analytical procedure was divided in two parts: the descriptive statistic's section base on histograms showing the distribution of the variable's responses; and the inferential statistic's analysis which used standardized forward elimination regression modeling to arrive at the final models to explain the importance of the selected variables in each equation, along with a thorough search of the available and the most recent material. Findings: The profile of the organic consumer in 2009 was very similar to that of 2000, 2004 and 2007. The willingness to pay premiums went down from 25 per cent in 2007, to 15 per cent in 2009 and was associated primarily with irregular availability, limited supply, limited variety and the location of the market. Price was an integral part of all three derived models, something that was not the case in past surveys. Even though consumer's income is very high, the crisis was affecting the purchase of organic products. The hypotheses that the crisis had not affected consumption and willingness to pay were both rejected based on the results obtained. Research limitations/implications: The crisis is still with us, most of the material available for comparison at this time comes from "commercial surveys", sources with basically no "hard" research with which to compare the results that were secured in this survey. Practical implications: The findings can help developing countries in Latin America with similar conditions meet the challenges of the future, as the developing countries overcome the crisis in terms of better policies and strategies. Originality/value: To the author's knowledge, this is the first paper of its kind in a developing country. It provides evidence of the impact of the economic crisis on organic consumption in a developing country and the author knows of no other in Latin America. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited. Source


Voss P.J.,Albert Ludwigs University of Freiburg | Vargas Soto G.,Latin University of Costa Rica | Schmelzeisen R.,Albert Ludwigs University of Freiburg | Izumi K.,Fukuoka Dental College | And 3 more authors.
Head and Face Medicine | Year: 2016

Background: The management of bisphosphonate related necrosis of the jaw has become clinical routine. While approximately two thirds of the lesions are in the mandible, one third is located in the maxilla. In 40-50% of maxillary necrosis the maxillary sinus is involved, leading to maxillary sinusitis and oro-antral communications. Methods: This retrospective single center study includes all patients with diagnosis of BP-ONJ of the maxilla and concomitant maxillary sinusitis. The information collected includes age, gender, primary disease, bisphosphonate intake, involving type of bisphosphonate, route of administration and duration of BP treatment previous to surgical treatment and treatment outcome. Results: A total of 12 patients fulfill the criteria of the diagnosis of maxillary sinusitis associated to maxillary necrosis, of which 6 Patients showed purulent sinusitis. All patients underwent surgical treatment with complete resection of the affected bone and a multilayer wound closure. A recurrence appeared in one patient with open bone and no sign of sinusitis and was treated conservatively. Conclusions: Purulent maxillary Sinusitis is a common complication of bisphosphonate-related necrosis of the maxilla. The surgical technique described can be suggested for the treatment of these patients. © 2016 Voss et al. Source


Grossart H.-P.,Leibniz Institute of Freshwater Ecology and Inland Fisheries | Grossart H.-P.,University of Potsdam | Rojas-Jimenez K.,Leibniz Institute of Freshwater Ecology and Inland Fisheries | Rojas-Jimenez K.,Latin University of Costa Rica
Current Opinion in Microbiology | Year: 2016

Fungi constitute important and conspicuous components of aquatic microbial communities, but their diversity and functional roles remain poorly characterized. New methods and conceptual frameworks are required to accurately describe their ecological roles, involvement in global cycling processes, and utility for human activities, considering both cultivation-independent techniques as well as experiments in laboratory and in natural ecosystems. Here we highlight recent developments and extant knowledge gaps in aquatic mycology, and provide a conceptual model to expose the importance of fungi in aquatic food webs and related biogeochemical processes. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. Source


Plate boundary forces acting within the Cocos Plate that is being subducted at a rate of 8.5-9.0 cm a21 towards N328E below the Caribbean Plate and the Panama microplate are found responsible for contemporaneous superimposed compressive, wrench and extensive fault patterns in Central Costa Rica. The stress inversion of fault-slip planes and focal mechanisms reveals a prevailing convergence-imposed N20°-45°E almost horizontal compression. Ellipsoid R values [R = (σ1-σ2)/(σ2-σ3)] in the range of 0.3-0.05 and 0.8-0.93 are responsible for the permutation of σ2 to σ3 and σ2 to σ1, respectively, and show typical Andersonian configurations with one stress axis vertical or close to it. Coulomb failure stress (CFS) analysis reveals that up to 5 bars (0.5 MPa) of tectonic loading are being imposed on east-west thrusts and on critically oriented conjugate NW- and NE-trending strike-slip faults. Non-optimally oriented structures are potential targets for reactivation even with 2 bars (0.2 MPa) of load. Triggering and interaction with volcanic activity is highly suspected in one documented recent case. When the regional fault population was tested for its slip tendency (T/σn), a good correlation with CFS results was found. © The Geological Society of London 2012. Source

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